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Distributing Intelligence among Cloud, Fog and Edge in Industrial Cyber-physical Systems

Jonas Queiroz, Paulo Leitão, José Barbosa, Eugénio Oliveira
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="SCITEPRESS - Science and Technology Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/rb4ywm5exbao7bgfa26xtns2u4" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics</a> </i> &nbsp;
The solution lies in taking advantage of Edge and Fog computing to create a decentralized multi-level data analysis computing infrastructure that supports the development of industrial CPS.  ...  In this context, this work discusses the distribution of intelligence along Cloud, Fog and Edge computing layers in industrial CPS, leveraging some research challenges and future directions.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work is part of the GO0D MAN project that has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N o 723764.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5220/0007979404470454">doi:10.5220/0007979404470454</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/icinco/QueirozLBO19.html">dblp:conf/icinco/QueirozLBO19</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xryk5kmlwba5jebcdfsxgqesai">fatcat:xryk5kmlwba5jebcdfsxgqesai</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200507052618/https://bibliotecadigital.ipb.pt/bitstream/10198/20957/4/CINCO19_position_paper_1st_sub.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/48/dd/48dd6fc02b7032f209bf81832aa0228079fcf29e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5220/0007979404470454"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

The Internet of Things, Fog and Cloud continuum: Integration and challenges

Luiz Bittencourt, Roger Immich, Rizos Sakellariou, Nelson Fonseca, Edmundo Madeira, Marilia Curado, Leandro Villas, Luiz DaSilva, Craig Lee, Omer Rana
<span title="">2018</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/gaxfvfx25nbi5nu2biqqlewave" style="color: black;">Internet of Things</a> </i> &nbsp;
Lastly, we present challenging issues yet to be addressed in IoT-Fog-Cloud infrastructures.  ...  The Internet of Things needs for computing power and storage are expected to remain on the rise in the next decade.  ...  from the Brazilian Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovation, and Communication (MCTIC) through RNP and CTIC; the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), grants #2015/16332-8, #2018/02204-6, and #2015  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iot.2018.09.005">doi:10.1016/j.iot.2018.09.005</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/i2dkujrxrnehpdlogypowagthe">fatcat:i2dkujrxrnehpdlogypowagthe</a> </span>
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IoT Provisioning QoS based on Cloud and Fog Computing

Fady Esmat Fathel Samann, Subhi R. M. Zeebaree, Shavan Askar
<span title="2021-03-31">2021</span> <i title="Interdisciplinary Publishing Academia"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/lzfb44euzbd23pxv7vxltr3iui" style="color: black;">Journal of Applied Science and Technology Trends</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this context, application-tailored QoS provisioning mechanisms have been the primary focus of academic research.  ...  The wide-spread Internet of Things (IoT) utilization in almost every scope of our life made it possible to automate daily life tasks with no human intervention.  ...  The reasons for that are the following. First, the RPL default Objective Functions (OFs) depend on a single metric, leading to trade-off in routing performance.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.38094/jastt20190">doi:10.38094/jastt20190</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bmmiplbd4zgzpe3kmzurd5kv4a">fatcat:bmmiplbd4zgzpe3kmzurd5kv4a</a> </span>
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Comprehensive Analysis of Resource Allocation and Service Placement in Fog and Cloud Computing

A. S. Gowri, P.Shanthi Bala, Immanuel Zion
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="The Science and Information Organization"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2yzw5hsmlfa6bkafwsibbudu64" style="color: black;">International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications</a> </i> &nbsp;
The findings of the survey help the researchers, to focus their attention on the research gaps and devise a robust RASP strategy in Fog and Cloud environment.  ...  Among the existing survey articles on Cloud and Fog, issues like scalability and time-critical requirements of the Internet of Things (IoT) are rarely focused on.  ...  Total response time execution speed of VM, and VM tree The trade-off between method.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14569/ijacsa.2021.0120308">doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2021.0120308</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mmftlutfa5dstphhsaxfvvu6ti">fatcat:mmftlutfa5dstphhsaxfvvu6ti</a> </span>
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Hierarchical Scheduling Mechanisms in Multi-Level Fog Computing

Maycon Peixoto, Thiago Genez, Luiz Fernando Bittencourt
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zve2it4dovamndfi3ijj4n3dzi" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Services Computing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Clearly, the Achilles' heel here is in terms of the network latency on the end-to-end communication channel between the IoT application (situated at the network edge) and the cloud data centers (confined  ...  However, applications with complex video and audio processing, such as online gaming [7] and other interactive services, a delay of a few tens of milliseconds can expose the application's performance to  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), grants #2018/23126-3 and  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tsc.2021.3079110">doi:10.1109/tsc.2021.3079110</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wik7mobx4ba5po4jmmr6kqlm7q">fatcat:wik7mobx4ba5po4jmmr6kqlm7q</a> </span>
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All One Needs to Know about Fog Computing and Related Edge Computing Paradigms

Ashkan Yousefpour, Caleb Fung, Tam Nguyen, Krishna Kadiyala, Fatemeh Jalali, Amirreza Niakanlahiji, Jian Kong, Jason P. Jue
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/abrqcwwp5bajjj4an3guihtf7u" style="color: black;">Journal of systems architecture</a> </i> &nbsp;
With the Internet of Things (IoT) becoming part of our daily life and our environment, we expect rapid growth in the number of connected devices.  ...  Next, we provide a taxonomy of research topics in fog computing, and through a comprehensive survey, we summarize and categorize the efforts on fog computing and its related computing paradigms.  ...  As a future direction, one could study path-oriented proactive migration and trade-offs between the probability of reactive migration and the cost of service replications. Orchestration Frameworks.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sysarc.2019.02.009">doi:10.1016/j.sysarc.2019.02.009</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/udonbl6rerfwdap2psex7ryloa">fatcat:udonbl6rerfwdap2psex7ryloa</a> </span>
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Resource Management Techniques for Cloud/Fog and Edge Computing: An Evaluation Framework and Classification

Adriana Mijuskovic, Alessandro Chiumento, Rob Bemthuis, Adina Aldea, Paul Havinga
<span title="2021-03-05">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
Processing IoT applications directly in the cloud may not be the most efficient solution for each IoT scenario, especially for time-sensitive applications.  ...  These paradigms impose to process the large amounts of generated data close to the data sources rather than in the cloud.  ...  Additionally, we would like to thank Maja Piponska for her suggestions regarding the visualization of Figure 2 . Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051832">doi:10.3390/s21051832</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33808037">pmid:33808037</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/sh4dwl2wmba2jhcmcuss5nahsq">fatcat:sh4dwl2wmba2jhcmcuss5nahsq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210716024851/https://ris.utwente.nl/ws/files/252251358/Mijuskovic2021resource.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a4/17/a4176608cf3322f02a82e783bdbc139a6061b48c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051832"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Fog Computing Approaches in Smart Cities: A State-of-the-Art Review [article]

Maryam Songhorabadi, Morteza Rahimi, Amir Mahdi Moghaddam Farid, Mostafa Haghi Kashani
<span title="2020-12-01">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In this regard, fog computing, a robust cloud computing complement, plays a preponderant role by virtue of locating closer to the end-devices.  ...  These days, the development of smart cities, specifically in location-aware, latency-sensitive, and security-crucial applications (such as emergency fire events, patient health monitoring, or real-time  ...  In order to make a trade-off between QoS factors, presenting a productive multi-objective technique can be a promising solution.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.14732v2">arXiv:2011.14732v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/cvof3r247rbt5gmyaxbqsdtcoy">fatcat:cvof3r247rbt5gmyaxbqsdtcoy</a> </span>
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A Comprehensive Survey on Fog Computing: State-of-the-art and Research Challenges [article]

Carla Mouradian, Diala Naboulsi, Sami Yangui, Roch H. Glitho, Monique J. Morrow, Paul A. Polakos
<span title="2017-11-01">2017</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
This article presents a comprehensive survey on fog computing. It critically reviews the state of the art in the light of a concise set of evaluation criteria.  ...  In addition, the lessons learned are reviewed and the prospects are discussed in terms of the key role fog is likely to play in emerging technologies such as Tactile Internet.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work is partially supported by CISCO systems through grant CG-589630 and by the Canadian National Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) through a Discovery Grant.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.11001v3">arXiv:1710.11001v3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fwaecrft3rgcnjictmylrqcopa">fatcat:fwaecrft3rgcnjictmylrqcopa</a> </span>
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A Survey of Fog Computing and Communication: Current Researches and Future Directions [article]

Shubha Brata Nath, Harshit Gupta, Sandip Chakraborty, Soumya K Ghosh
<span title="2018-04-12">2018</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Then, we focus on the architectures of fog computing systems, technologies for enabling fog, fog computing features, security and privacy of fog, the QoS parameters, applications of fog, and give critical  ...  In this survey, we discuss the evolution of distributed computing from the utility computing to the fog computing, various research challenges for the development of fog computing environments, the current  ...  There is a trade-off between the response time and computation power in the fog computing system.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.04365v1">arXiv:1804.04365v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/n5bqi4dtajekvmaripfpm3foxm">fatcat:n5bqi4dtajekvmaripfpm3foxm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200929094702/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1804.04365v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c0/5f/c05f9b13823da9cfe8187ac3d226e39daf609b27.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1804.04365v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Managing the Cloud Continuum: Lessons Learnt from a Real Fog-to-Cloud Deployment

Xavi Masip-Bruin, Eva Marín-Tordera, Sergi Sánchez-López, Jordi Garcia, Admela Jukan, Ana Juan Ferrer, Anna Queralt, Antonio Salis, Andrea Bartoli, Matija Cankar, Cristovao Cordeiro, Jens Jensen (+1 others)
<span title="2021-04-23">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
To operate successfully, such a cloud continuum scenario demands for novel management strategies, enabling a coordinated and efficient management of the entire set of resources, from the edge up to the  ...  In this paper we present the results of one of these experiences driven by an EU H2020 project, focusing on the lessons learnt from a real deployment of the proposed management solution in three different  ...  In a nutshell, the application analyses the flow of assets within smart infrastructures (i.e., enriched with IoT devices), in order to: (i) provide useful information to infrastructure operators; (ii)  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s21092974">doi:10.3390/s21092974</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33922751">pmid:33922751</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pxrugqf3bfevfglfkacoubt47i">fatcat:pxrugqf3bfevfglfkacoubt47i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210506033049/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/sensors/sensors-21-02974/article_deploy/sensors-21-02974-v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/72/5f/725f0ea4e9cb09009992998467f3cd13e12ad0ad.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s21092974"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Fog Computing Enabling Industrial Internet of Things: State-of-the-Art and Research Challenges

Rabeea Basir, Saad Qaisar, Mudassar Ali, Monther Aldwairi, Muhammad Ikram Ashraf, Aamir Mahmood, Mikael Gidlund
<span title="2019-11-05">2019</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of methods and techniques in fog computing. Our focus is on fog infrastructure and protocols in the context of IIoT applications.  ...  This article has two main research areas: In the first half, we discuss the history of industrial revolution, application areas of IIoT followed by key enabling technologies that act as building blocks  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s19214807">doi:10.3390/s19214807</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31694254">pmid:31694254</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC6864669/">pmcid:PMC6864669</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xdiwmkpkkrheni4chxi7kbuc6m">fatcat:xdiwmkpkkrheni4chxi7kbuc6m</a> </span>
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A Survey on Intrusion Detection Systems for Fog and Cloud Computing

Victor Chang, Lewis Golightly, Paolo Modesti, Qianwen Ariel Xu, Le Minh Thao Doan, Karl Hall, Sreeja Boddu, Anna Kobusińska
<span title="2022-03-13">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hijy7jexkvcipg3tulqv73bck4" style="color: black;">Future Internet</a> </i> &nbsp;
Hence, there is an absolute need to differentiate boundaries in personal information and cloud and fog computing globally and the adoption of specific information security policies and regulations.  ...  The goal of the security policy and framework for cloud and fog computing is to protect the end-users and their information, reduce task-based operations, aid in compliance, and create standards for expected  ...  Applications of Fog Computing in IoT IoT applications-one which store data in terabytes (TB) or higher, that have fast or a significant quantity of essential data processing requirements, and that must  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/fi14030089">doi:10.3390/fi14030089</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/wxlz2xeduzdpvbyf63rwosal7e">fatcat:wxlz2xeduzdpvbyf63rwosal7e</a> </span>
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What the Fog? Edge Computing Revisited: Promises, Applications and Future Challenges

Julien Gedeon, Florian Brandherm, Rolf Egert, Tim Grube, Max Muhlhauser
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
This article provides a comprehensive snapshot of the current edge computing landscape, with a focus on the application perspective.  ...  To understand the functional composition of applications, we first define common application components that are relevant w.r.t. edge computing.  ...  The authors study the trade-off between quality of experience for users and the fog nodes' energy efficiency and present a cooperation strategy for optimal workload allocation.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2948399">doi:10.1109/access.2019.2948399</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/j35c35yodzacpbvonjpgn63ar4">fatcat:j35c35yodzacpbvonjpgn63ar4</a> </span>
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FogFrame: a framework for IoT application execution in the fog

Olena Skarlat, Stefan Schulte
<span title="2021-07-05">2021</span> <i title="PeerJ"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zs2czkfyybggbpvr26rbyxpsjy" style="color: black;">PeerJ Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this work, we design and implement the fog computing framework FogFrame—a system able to manage and monitor edge and cloud resources in fog landscapes and to execute Internet of Things (IoT) applications  ...  The framework is evaluated with regard to Quality of Service parameters of IoT applications and the utilization of fog resources using a real-world operational testbed.  ...  According to findings of Nardelli et al., the greedy first fit algorithm is the fastest, however with the worst quality, whereas the local search heuristics shows the best performance trade-off.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj-cs.588">doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.588</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7e22wvhczvbepabs5qpw2knvau">fatcat:7e22wvhczvbepabs5qpw2knvau</a> </span>
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