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A Review of Microrobot's System: Towards System Integration for Autonomous Actuation In Vivo

Zhongyi Li, Chunyang Li, Lixin Dong, Jing Zhao
2021 Micromachines  
The hardware integration has two situations according to sharing the transmitting equipment or not, with the consideration of interference, efficiency, microrobot's material and structure.  ...  Furthermore, system integration of hybrid actuation and multimodal imaging can improve the navigation effect of the microrobot.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/mi12101249 pmid:34683300 fatcat:qdsariwsq5cyrcuv5k4cwqxigi

Magnetically Driven Micro and Nanorobots

Huaijuan Zhou, Carmen C Mayorga-Martinez, Salvador Pané, Li Zhang, Martin Pumera
2021 Chemical Reviews  
, high degree of reconfigurability, programmability, recyclability, and versatility.  ...  Actuation mechanisms of flagella-inspired MagRobots (i.e., corkscrew-like motion and traveling-wave locomotion/ciliary stroke motion) and surface walkers (i.e., surface-assisted motion), applications of  ...  A multiple section microstructure of Au−Ag−Ni−Ag−Ni−Ag− Au, using three elastic Ag nanowires as hinges and fabricated by sequential electrochemical deposition, can mimic the swimming of a fish with a speed  ... 
doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.0c01234 pmid:33787235 pmcid:PMC8154323 fatcat:phadtv263jcjrhiv7seosc5wxa

Refractometric Sensing Using Plasmonic Nanoparticles [chapter]

Erik Martinsson, Daniel Aili
2016 Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology  
An insightful and curated web site on the recent development of RNAi therapeutics, career opportunities, consulting, and overview over the market and enterprise portfolios can be found here:  ...  but efficient description of chemical reactivity is required.  ...  three-dimensional information.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9780-1_100984 fatcat:mfkokslav5fddendtnn2mjcuoy

Remotely Powered Propulsion of Helical Nanobelts [chapter]

Gilgueng Hwang, Stéphane Régnier
2016 Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology  
An insightful and curated web site on the recent development of RNAi therapeutics, career opportunities, consulting, and overview over the market and enterprise portfolios can be found here:  ...  but efficient description of chemical reactivity is required.  ...  three-dimensional information.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9780-1_204 fatcat:6mgkahuskvex3lg42y2iexjusa

Utilization and control of bioactuators across multiple length scales

Vincent Chan, H. Harry Asada, Rashid Bashir
2014 Lab on a Chip  
Depending on the size, composition, and organization of these hierarchical tissue constructs, contractile forces have been demonstrated to produce between 25 μN to 1.18 mN.  ...  Microorganisms, such as flagellated bacteria, protozoa, and algae, can naturally swim at speeds between 20 μm s −1 to 2 mm s −1 and produce thrust forces between 0.3 pN to 200 pN.  ...  Cardiomyocytes were aligned on a patterned film of Cr/Au, which was attached to a thin Si beam.  ... 
doi:10.1039/c3lc50989c pmid:24345906 fatcat:aejf6dsoqndi3h37quneoestfq

Actuators based on liquid crystalline elastomer materials

Hongrui Jiang, Chensha Li, Xuezhen Huang
2013 Nanoscale  
This article reviews some recent exciting developments in the field of LCE materials with an emphasis on their utilization in actuator applications.  ...  By comparing the actuating properties of different systems, general relationships between the structure and the properties of LCEs are discussed.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was partially supported by the US National Institutes of Health (Grant no. 1DP2OD008678-01) and partially by the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation (WARF).  ... 
doi:10.1039/c3nr00037k pmid:23648966 pmcid:PMC3697106 fatcat:55ajmu7x6naidpud3qlntqtbui

Micromanufacturing of Composite Materials: A Review

Mahadi Hasan, Jingwei Zhao, Zhengyi Jiang
2019 International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing  
These issues have led researchers to find alternatives for producing three-dimensional (3D) microparts with the desired strength, better durability, complex geometry, better surface finish and cost-effectiveness  ...  Synthesis of polymer composite materials and their biomedical applications Trinath Biswal et al -Effect of the sintering temperature on microstructure and properties of Al 2 O 3 -Cu-Ni hybrid composites  ...  We also acknowledge the use of facilities within the UOW Electron Microscopy Centre.  ... 
doi:10.1088/2631-7990/ab0f74 fatcat:cu33h3tvcffzdcrgqf2th6azhe

Rolled-up nanotech on polymers: from basic perception to self-propelled catalytic microengines

Yongfeng Mei, Alexander A. Solovev, Samuel Sanchez, Oliver G. Schmidt
2011 Chemical Society Reviews  
Since rolled-up nanotech on polymers can easily integrate almost any type of inorganic material, huge potential and advanced performance such as high speed, cargo delivery, motion control, and dynamic  ...  The control over speed, directionality and interactions of the microengines to perform tasks such as cargo transportation is also discussed.  ...  YFM also thanks the support from the Visiting Scholar Foundation of Key Laboratory of Opto-electronic Technology and Systems in Chongqing University. Notes and references  ... 
doi:10.1039/c0cs00078g pmid:21340080 fatcat:htgnc6ih2vg7pjuvbzwlyaxtpm

Design and manufacture of high-performance microbatteries: lithium and beyond

Feiyang Chen, Zheng-Long Xu
2022 Microstructures  
The accelerated development of miniaturized and customized electronics has stimulated the demand for high-energy microbatteries (MBs) as on-chip power sources for autonomous state operations.  ...  The applications of advanced MBs in on-chip microsystems and wearable electronics are also highlighted. Finally, conclusions and perspectives for the future development of MBs are proposed.  ...  of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), China.  ... 
doi:10.20517/microstructures.2022.10 fatcat:qzeji2zn7bf55mq75mh5o7tk4e

New materials for micro-scale sensors and actuators

Stephen A. Wilson, Renaud P.J. Jourdain, Qi Zhang, Robert A. Dorey, Chris R. Bowen, Magnus Willander, Qamar Ul Wahab, Magnus Willander, Safaa M. Al-hilli, Omer Nur, Eckhard Quandt, Christer Johansson (+15 others)
2007 Materials science & engineering. R, Reports  
The review concludes with a short discussion of structural polymers that are extending the range of micro-fabrication techniques available to designers and production engineers beyond the limitations of  ...  Materials properties, transducer mechanisms and end applications are described and the potential for integration of the materials with ancillary systems components is viewed as an essential consideration  ...  Acknowledgements The Authours gratefully acknowledge the EU 4M Network of Excellence for their support in the preparation of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.mser.2007.03.001 fatcat:hqnk7a5nqbanrfxo4kn5sjyxja

Optofluidic devices and applications

Demetri Psaltis, Wuzhou Song, Andreas E. Vasdekis
2012 2012 International Electron Devices Meeting  
His work focuses on the development of theoretical models to simulate electron energy losses of swift electrons traveling near surfaces; thin-film oxide synthesis with tailored properties, through the  ...  on microstructured multilayers as local temperature sensors based on Fabry-Perot resonators or liquid sensors based on porous Bragg microcavities.  ...  All authors took part in regular discussions and were involved in the completion of the manuscript. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iedm.2012.6479027 fatcat:hk4rogmukfdz5m53oct2gpz2ae

Multifunctional integration on optical fiber tips: challenges and opportunities

Yifeng Xiong, Fei Xu
2020 Advanced Photonics  
Next, we review typical structures integrated on fiber tips and their known and potential applications, categorized with respect to functional structure configurations, including "optical functionalization  ...  In recent decades, the increasing demand for multifunctional optical fibers has created opportunities to develop various structures on fiber tips.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61925502 and 61535005) and the National Key R&D Program of China (2017YFA0303700 and 2017YFA0700503).  ... 
doi:10.1117/1.ap.2.6.064001 fatcat:cu4f56iahbdrbmtbjgpapal6dy

Artificial muscles based on conducting polymers

María Teresa Cortés, Juan Carlos Moreno
2003 E-Polymers  
This paper presents a brief summary of some of the actuators based on these polymers, focusing on their design, performance and actuation mechanism.  ...  Most of this kind of actuators only work in liquid media. It is necessary to increase the response time and obtain more durable actuators with longer lifetime and higher stability.  ...  The working electrode was a Ni wire (0.2 mm diameter) in 2 M pyrrole and a slender pipe made of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was attached on top of the Ni wire; PPy was deposited on top of the Ni wire  ... 
doi:10.1515/epoly.2003.3.1.523 fatcat:k44f4cdt2zd7hd3pqatmxh2zna

MEMS-based micropumps in drug delivery and biomedical applications

A. Nisar, Nitin Afzulpurkar, Banchong Mahaisavariya, Adisorn Tuantranont
2008 Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical  
lab-on-a-chip and point of care testing systems (POCT).  ...  Electroosmotic micropumps consume high voltages but exhibit high pressures and are intended for applications where compactness in terms of small size is required along with high-pressure generation.  ...  The dosing system comprised of a micromachined channel and reservoir structure made of silicon and pyrex cover on which a set of platinum electrodes were patterned.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.snb.2007.10.064 fatcat:qsjsmsvmyney7by4qmz6epvm24

Micro Electromechanical Systems (MEMS) Based Microfluidic Devices for Biomedical Applications

Muhammad Waseem Ashraf, Shahzadi Tayyaba, Nitin Afzulpurkar
2011 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
The presented literature review on micropumps and microneedles will provide comprehensive information for researchers working on design and development of microfluidic devices for biomedical applications  ...  Microneedles can be categorized according to their structure, fabrication process, material, overall shape, tip shape, size, array density and application.  ...  Guo and Asaka [64] proposed an underwater fish like microrobot using ICPF actuator as the servo actuator swimming motion with three degrees of freedom. Nguyen et al.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijms12063648 pmid:21747700 pmcid:PMC3131584 fatcat:svxnyzitjzhnnng74wtrv7c5aq
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