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Journal of Climate
(a) Composite of TRMM-derived IWP, precipita- tion, column water vapor (CWV), and high cloud fraction relative to the period of the SST cycle. ... Clearly the above-mentioned energy balance studies of Zhang et al. (1995) and the follow-up study of Chen et al. (2000) are important examples of research that connect ISCCP cloud properties to TOA-, SFC ...
Here we use these observations to quantify the influence of cloud properties on the variations of the LWCRE observed between 2008 and 2015 in the tropics and at global scale. ... Measurements of the longwave cloud radiative effect (LWCRE) at the top of the atmosphere assess the contribution of clouds to the Earth warming but do not quantify the cloud property variations that are ... We also thank CNES for supporting the development of CALIPSO-GOCCP. ...doi:10.1002/2017gl074628 fatcat:eetd5kggcrhbxfct4wmc7ia6fu
At the Manus site, monthly anomaly values of cloud fraction, overcast cloud 23 occurrence and optical depth, to some extent, are bifurcately correlated with SOI, 24 depending on the phase of El Niño/Southern ... At the Nauru site, cloud properties are statistically significantly 20 correlated with Pacific Decadal Oscillation index; the monthly anomaly values of cloud 21 fraction, overcast cloud occurrence and ... one important cloud properties of cloud fraction at both 268 Manus and Nauru sites. ...doi:10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.11.003 fatcat:wvvdxay7knflhfwv3dracxzt2a
The model development provides the polymer mass fraction balance and pressure balance or momentum balance for inter- facial continuum by using a general variational approach on minimization of the total ... SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS A model (eqs 18 and 24) has been presented based on the variation of thermodynamic free energy to determine the interfacial properties of compress- ible polymer solutions when compressibility ...
The balance equations are used in a scheme of continued fractions, and they appear as a closure condition. ... A foundation on microscopic dynamics within the Langevin picture sheds some light on the coming into existence of fractional dynamics as is shown in the paper of Metzler and Klafter. ... Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. ...doi:10.3390/math4040067 fatcat:yusfhvd7u5dy7ljp7ya6mfy73m
For a large sample of long-developed groundwater systems, the depletion fraction averages about 0.15 and the capture fraction averages about 0.85 based on cumulative volumes. ... Higher depletion fractions tend to occur in more arid regions, but the variation is high and the correlation coefficient between average annual precipitation and depletion fraction for individual systems ... Supporting Information Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article: Table S1 . Supporting Data and References for Estimates of Groundwater Depletion ...doi:10.1111/gwat.12204 pmid:24890464 fatcat:apeutftqgfgvpeqmcy3diy4ufa
To avoid inconsistencies and inaccuracies the impact of a non-negligible solid volume fraction should be considered carefully when interpreting mean profiles, when deriving mathematical relations for averaged ... We illustrate the properties of intrinsic and superficial averages and their effect on mean profiles with example data from a simulation of flow over constant-height cubes. ... Acknowledgements We are grateful for discussions on the method of volume averaging for porous media with Stephen Whitaker and Roger Shaw at UC Davis, and William Gray at UNC. ...doi:10.1007/s10546-019-00470-3 pmid:31708585 pmcid:PMC6822781 fatcat:4u2poleskbap5dchtpkuknr2sa
activity Enhanced local polynya activity changes the nutrient budget significantly Abstract Large gradients and inter annual variations on the Laptev Sea shelf prevent the use of uniform property ranges ... We argue that the PCA derived water types are consistent with the Laptev Sea hydrography and indeed represent the major water masses on the central Laptev Sea shelf. ... Based on S/ 18 O mass balance calculations fractions of river water and sea-ice meltwater are derived following Bauch et al. (1995; 2011a) . ...doi:10.1002/2017jc013524 fatcat:ukvq3uxh6berreoauhdnlbpom4
reaction rate has the largest impact on the variations on each property. ... of the properties surveyed. ... Mass of the ONe core as a function of the central 12 C mass fraction for six solar grid models. ...doi:10.3847/1538-4365/aaa29b fatcat:6ji6nuiwczasxilh7ilk2drldq
We derive a statement that demonstrates the relative importance of solar radiation, water, carbon, and physical/chemical denudation mass fluxes to the critical zone energy balance. ... The "critical zone" includes the coupled earth surface systems of vegetation, regolith and groundwater that are essential to sustaining life on the planet. ... kBIO C 6 H 12 O 6 þ 6O 2 , with CO 2 derived from the atmosphere, H 2 O sourced from the subsurface critical zone and equivalent to the BIO fraction of the water balance, and kBIO is the fraction of incoming ...doi:10.1007/s10533-010-9476-8 fatcat:b6nqjiliofgu7icdflxkdwcspy
Changes in acid-base balance have a profound influence on many aspects of the action of drugs. ... , however, of practical importance in relation to the urinary content of many indolic metabolites and also in the excretion of pigments derived from the degradation of haemoglobin. ... Acknowledgment: I am grateful to Dr A M Asatoor for preparation of the chromatograms. ...pmid:5854429 pmcid:PMC1898658 fatcat:ldbll22t4ncdjbzolbppmwokcy
Journal of Climate
properties of Arctic stratus, and thereby the indirect effect of aerosol on the surface energy balance in this region. d. ... Certainly more study is needed to investigate the day-to-day and month-to- month variations of aerosol concentrations at the ARM NSA site and the effect of seasonable variation in aero- sol on the microphysical ...
This strategy is based on asymptotic geometric properties of the corresponding complex critical points sets. ... To bring out the shapes of the suggested curves, we introduce an original use of fractional derivatives. Then we present several conjectures and outline a strategy to explain the presented phenomena. ... versions of this work. ...doi:10.1145/2331684.2331703 dblp:conf/snc/Galligo11 fatcat:ar7zvksywvcmleo5ivwmacneu4
The central parts of NGC 628, at high metallicity and with a high molecular gas fraction, are mainly affected not only by accretion but also by coagulation of dust grains. ... The centre of M 33, having lower metallicity and lower molecular gas fraction, presents an increase of D(S)/D(L), showing that shattering is very effective in creating a large fraction of small grains. ... Takeuchi, for very constructive comments that have helped to improve first version of the paper. ...arXiv:2002.01945v1 fatcat:crh2d7eejbbmhpjhaz4jxti67e
More mafic rocks show a large range of d~80 values, reflecting original variations in source material compositions. ... The majority of samples have a limited range of 6t80 values (+ 10.0-+ 10.4) that is antieorrelated with colour index; this variation is compatible with crystallization of rocks with varying mineral abundances ... Support for RIH was also provided by a Conoco Fellowship and by the Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology. ...doi:10.1007/bf00572164 fatcat:nnvdytuymbabzna3gczihnqgay
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