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On the structure and syntactic complexity of generalized definite languages [article]

Szabolcs Ivan, Judit Nagy-Gyorgy
2013 arXiv   pre-print
We also show that their syntactic complexity coincides with that of the definite languages and give an upper bound of n! for this measure.  ...  We give a forbidden pattern characterization for the class of generalized definite languages, show that the corresponding problem is NL-complete and can be solved in quadratic time.  ...  for the syntactic complexity of the 6 definite languages (thus, of the generalized definite ones as well). In this subsec-7 tion we give an upper bound n!  ... 
arXiv:1304.5714v1 fatcat:5xte65ln4zdixooj3iyv2rkgce

Automatic analysis of syntactic complexity in second language writing

Xiaofei Lu
2010 International Journal of Corpus Linguistics  
The system takes a written language sample as input and produces fourteen indices of syntactic complexity of the sample based on these measures.  ...  We describe a computational system for automatic analysis of syntactic complexity in second language writing using fourteen different measures that have been explored or proposed in studies of second language  ...  In the current system, if competing definitions of the same unit or structure exist, we generally favor the one that appears to be more widely accepted or, in cases where no single definition is more theoretically  ... 
doi:10.1075/ijcl.15.4.02lu fatcat:yhfy7culnnhapgl2ubb32kxhke

Towards a Formal Framework of Cognitive Linguistics

Yingxu Wang, Robert C. Berwick
2012 Journal of Advanced Mathematics and Applications  
Based on it, the cognitive structures of languages at the levels of lexis, phrase, clauses, sentence, paragraph, and article are formally modeled from the bottom up.  ...  Cognitive linguistics is an emerging discipline that studies the cognitive properties of natural languages and the cognitive models of languages in computing linguistics, cognitive computing, and computational  ...  Acknowledgement The authors would like to acknowledge the Natural Science and Engineering Council of Canada (NSERC) for its partial support to this work.  ... 
doi:10.1166/jama.2012.1019 fatcat:dlc57moazvah7fovharfnpscym

Graph-Based Representation Of Syntactic Structures Of Natural Languages Based On Dependency Relations

Chang-ho An, Zhanfang Zhao, Hee-kyung Moon
2021 Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education  
This paper investigates the valency theory and the markedness principle of natural languages to derive an appropriate set of dependency relations for the syntactic knowledge graph.  ...  This paper presents a new graph-based representation of syntactic structures called syntactic knowledge graph based on dependency relations.  ...  Natural languages are a generative system based on the unique linguistic principles that systematically compose diverse, complex structures.  ... 
doi:10.17762/turcomat.v12i5.901 fatcat:3l6ziwm56vex3pri5o5ei2ejri

The Challenges of Existing Syntactic Models for English Language Teaching and Learning in Nigeria

Roseline Abonego Adejare
2019 International Journal of English Language Teaching  
, incorrect definitions, wrong and inappropriate examples,and confusion between constituents and elements of structure.  ...  Using the emerging Natural Language Linguistics (NLL) model as analytical tool, each book was carefullyexamined to identify topics on the syntactic units: sentence, clause and group.  ...  While his comments on the initial draft were quite useful in structuring the arguments of the discourse, I take full responsibility for the outcome.  ... 
doi:10.5430/ijelt.v7n1p1 fatcat:ocww4yieqverrjkuvwubfd5wli

A syntactic complexity analysis of translational English across genres

Jiajin Xu, Jialei Li
2021 Across Languages and Cultures  
The findings of this study will help students of translation to make informed decisions on the arrangement of sentence structures when given texts of different genres.  ...  This study compares the syntactic complexity between translational and non-translational English across four genres (i.e. fiction, news, general prose, and academic prose) and examines the connections  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge the funding by the Beijing Municipal Social Science Foundation project (20YYB013) and the support of the National Research Centre for Foreign Language  ... 
doi:10.1556/084.2021.00015 fatcat:iih5wl7g2vghla5aertgwsbhs4

Development of a Semantic and Syntactic Model of Natural Language by Means of Non-negative Matrix and Tensor Factorization [chapter]

Anatoly Anisimov, Oleksandr Marchenko, Volodymyr Taranukha, Taras Vozniuk
2014 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Syntactic and semantic relations between parts of a sentence are presented in the form of a recursive structure called a control space.  ...  A method for developing a structural model of natural language syntax and semantics is proposed.  ...  So, control spaces can express the syntactic structure of arbitrary complexity and arity as a set of binary and ternary relations.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10816-2_40 fatcat:5l4jhpmyyfgixmtntj6htpj3e4

Measuring Syntactic Complexity in Spoken and Written Learner Language: Comparing the Incomparable?

Pekka Lintunen, Mari Mäkilä
2014 Research in Language  
The present study is based on the analysis of L2 English spoken and written productions of 18 L1 Finnish learners with focus on syntactic complexity.  ...  When learners aim at higher skill levels, the expected outcome of successful second language learning is usually to become a fluent speaker and writer who can produce accurate and complex language in the  ...  on the orality-literacy continuum has some effect on the syntactic structures used.  ... 
doi:10.1515/rela-2015-0005 fatcat:jxfwdkqdu5ccnacfhycmrsmdou

Measures of Syntactic Complexity for Modeling Behavioral VHDL

Neal S. Stollon
1995 Proceedings - Design Automation Conference  
Aspects of the measure, including observed and estimated model length, volume, syntactic information, and abstraction level are defined and discussed.  ...  Experimental data on VHDL modeling and complexity measurement is presented, with potential model comprehensibility and resource estimation applications.  ...  This complexity definition is attractive for modeling at a behavioral level of abstraction, since it is independent of the both the structure and the probability distributions of the function.  ... 
doi:10.1109/dac.1995.250052 fatcat:vjatvewvxndgfcmqv4ihsmumum

THE SYNTACTIC UNIT (FROM DEFINITION TO MODELLING)

Valeria Koroliova, Iryna Popova
2020 Journal "Ukrainian sense"  
of the syntactic unitadjusted for the structural and functional peculiarities.  ...  In context of the terminologicalsystem of present-day modern syntax it is analysed the existent determinations of the syntactic unitas one of the basic syntactic notions, it is proposed the proper definition  ...  separate expression that has the definite syntactic structure and the communicative independence" (Hanych & Oliinyk, 1985: 161) , "The unit of the syntactic level of language that is distinguished on  ... 
doi:10.15421/462005 fatcat:5lb2ba5225aitiz6n4vmp27zx4

Minimal sample size in grammatical inference a bootstrapping approach [chapter]

Ana L. N. Fred, José M. N. Leitão
1998 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
about the structure of the data.  ...  The question that naturally arises in these types of problems is: how far is the training data to achieve structural completeness and what is the minimal sample size to use when there is no a priori knowledge  ...  A set S + is structurally complete if each rule of G is used in the generation of at least one string in S +.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bfb0033320 fatcat:uc6np72shngnjnttxiwfhr5knq

Fundamental methodological issues of syntactic pattern recognition

Mariusz Flasiński, Janusz Jurek
2013 Pattern Analysis and Applications  
Methodological considerations on crucial issues in areas of string and graph grammar-based syntactic methods are made.  ...  Fundamental open problems, which are frontiers of syntactic pattern recognition are discussed in the paper.  ...  Introduction Representing a pattern as a structure of the form of string, tree or graph and a set of structures as a formal language is the main idea of syntactic pattern recognition [6, 24, 27, 42, 55  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10044-013-0322-1 fatcat:42h3kj4zhjdkpoiwjl5plbyece

Page 664 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. 52, Issue 2 [page]

1976 Mathematical Reviews  
The hierarchy that is constructed turns out to be connected with such a complexity: L,” consists of languages whose complexity is not greater than n+1 and contains at least one language having this complexity  ...  structure of source messages is known at the receiver.  ... 

Emergent Semantics [chapter]

Philippe Cudré-Mauroux
2017 Encyclopedia of Database Systems  
This is a complex systems perspective on the problem of dealing with semantics.  ...  DEFINITION Emergent semantics refers to a set of principles and techniques analyzing the evolution of decentralized semantic structures in large scale distributed information systems.  ...  definitions of emergence and emergent structures in the complex systems literature [2] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4899-7993-3_1311-2 fatcat:zbbjpey6ezaaxmkdhgvwpb2bnq

Relations between terms: a cognitive approach. The interaction between Terminology, Lexicology, Translation Studies and translation practice

Marcel Thelen
2021 Linguistica Antverpiensia, New Series – Themes in Translation Studies  
This paper discusses two problem areas of Terminology: the word-term dis-tinction and a particular type of terminological relation, viz. the complex or associative relation.  ...  Both areas will be discussed in the light of the actual practice of translating and the translator.  ...  to form the basis; and 2. one term is a necessary part of the definition of the other term, i.e. if one term is used as a conceptual component in the structure of the concept associated with the other  ... 
doi:10.52034/lanstts.v1i.15 fatcat:6rt4uf2lnjbrjgz4z7lxlizqcu
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