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A Survey on Recent Work in Hybrid FSO/RF Communication Link

Navdeep Kaur et al., Navdeep Kaur et al.,
2019 International Journal of Electronics Communication & Instrumentation Engineering Research and Development  
Hybrid FSO/RF) is utilized to provide the information at the receiver. This system provides high bandwidth with unlicensed frequencies along with high speed communication of data.  ...  In this paper, a literature survey on recent work done by some renowned researchers around the world in the field of hybrid FSO/RF is carried out which may be useful for future research activities.  ...  ElyesBalti, et.al., (2019) presented a dual -hop RF/FSO system using multiple relays based on amplify and forward (AF) with fixed gain.  ... 
doi:10.24247/ijecierdjun20194 fatcat:7dho3stlsjclfhqejqnkrdtyb4

Unified performance analysis of mixed line of sight RF-FSO fixed gain dual-hop transmission systems

Emna Zedini, Imran Shafique Ansari, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
2015 2015 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC)  
In this work, we carry out a unified performance analysis of a dual-hop fixed gain relay system over asymmetric links composed of both radio-frequency (RF) and unified freespace optics (FSO) under the  ...  Index Terms-Asymmetric dual-hop relay system, Free-space optical (FSO) communications, mixed radio frequency (RF)/FSO systems, Nakagami-m fading, atmospheric turbulence, pointing errors, outage probability  ...  in agreement with the CDF of the hybrid Rayleigh/FSO fixed gain dual hop transmission systems with pointing errors presented in [17, Eq.(2)].  ... 
doi:10.1109/wcnc.2015.7127443 dblp:conf/wcnc/ZediniAA15 fatcat:gajjuzp4fvahbnx7zol737epja

Retrofitting FSO Systems in Existing RF Infrastructure: A Non-Zero Sum Game Technology [article]

Abderrahmen Trichili, Amr Ragheb, Dmitrii Briantcev, Maged A. Esmail, Majid Altamimi, Islam Ashry, Boon S. Ooi, Saleh Alshebeili, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper discusses installing infrared OWC, known as free space optics (FSO), systems on top of installed radio frequency (RF) networks for outdoor applications to benefit from the reliability of RF  ...  We equally review commercially available solutions and the hardware requirements for RF and FSO technology co-existence. The potential of hybrid RF/FSO for space communication is further discussed.  ...  studied the outage performance of a dual-hop heterogeneous RF/FSO system with a fixed gain AF relay TABLE II MOST II COMMON LOS MODELS FOR FSO AND RF CHANNELS.  ... 
arXiv:2105.07543v1 fatcat:jhy7r6aocba2lmiw7gk7qsxesq

Unified Performance Analysis of Mixed Line of Sight RF-FSO Fixed Gain Dual-Hop Transmission Systems [article]

Emna Zedini, Imran Shafique Ansari, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
2014 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we carry out a unified performance analysis of a dual-hop fixed gain relay system over asymmetric links composed of both radio-frequency (RF) and unified free-space optics (FSO) under the  ...  The RF link is modeled by the Nakagami-m fading channel and the FSO link by the Gamma-Gamma fading channel subject to both types of detection techniques (i.e. heterodyne detection and intensity modulation  ...  in agreement with the CDF of the hybrid Rayleigh/FSO fixed gain dual hop transmission systems with pointing errors presented in [17, Eq.(2)].  ... 
arXiv:1404.1269v1 fatcat:jb6otjzdvzg3rn2przsl4h5sd4

Adaptive-Combining-based Hybrid FSO/RF Satellite Communication With and Without HAPS

Suyash Shah, Mokkapati Siddharth, Narendra Vishwakarma, R Swaminathan, AS Madhukumar
2021 IEEE Access  
Similarly, dual-hop hybrid FSO/RF system with adaptive combining scheme performs better than dual-hop FSO system with the SNR gain of around 14 dB at the SER value of 10 −3 .  ...  It is also observed that the hybrid FSO/RF system (both single-hop and dual-hop) with adaptive combining scheme performs better than the hard-switching-based hybrid FSO/RF system with the SNR gain of more  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3086024 fatcat:gjls6kh6jvgglmk4gdhpi65xui

Performance of a Free-Space-Optical Relay-Assisted Hybrid RF/FSO System in Generalized $M$ -Distributed Channels

Lei Kong, Wei Xu, Lajos Hanzo, Hua Zhang, Chunming Zhao
2015 IEEE Photonics Journal  
This paper investigates the average symbol error rate (ASER) performance of a dual-hop hybrid relaying system relying on both radio frequency (RF) and free space optical (FSO) links.  ...  Considering non-line-of-sight (NLoS) RF transmissions and a generalized atmospheric turbulence (AT) channel, the associated statistical features constituted of both the exact and the asymptotic moment  ...  Against this background, our contributions are as follows: we study 89 the ASER performance of various modulation schemes in a dual-hop hybrid RF/FSO relaying 90 system relying on both fixed-gain and on  ... 
doi:10.1109/jphot.2015.2470106 fatcat:3pwi45kwffcupgvuk4irryojfa

A Cognitive Radio Enabled RF/FSO Communication Model for Aerial Relay Networks: Possible Configurations and Opportunities

Eylem Erdogan, Ibrahim Altunbas, Nihat Kabaoglu, Halim Yanikomeroglu
2020 IEEE Open Journal of Vehicular Technology  
For an air-to-air channel, FSO communication is used, since the air-to-air path can provide perfect line-of-sight connectivity, which is vital for FSO systems.  ...  Finally, for an air-to-ground channel, a hybrid RF/FSO communication system is employed, where the RF communication functions as a backup for the FSO communication in the presence of adverse weather conditions  ...  More precisely, we showed how employing cognitive radio enabled RF communication for the ground-to-air channel, FSO communication for the air-to-air path, and a hybrid RF/FSO communication system for the  ... 
doi:10.1109/ojvt.2020.3045486 fatcat:npmvz4gccvf35bbzvvq2imiwiy

Game-Theoretic Spectrum Trading in RF Relay-Assisted Free-Space Optical Communications [article]

Shenjie Huang, Vahid Shah-Mansouri, Majid Safari
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Using the leased spectrum, the source establishes a dual-hop RF/FSO hybrid link to maintain its throughout to the destination.  ...  This work proposes a novel hybrid RF/FSO system based on a game theoretic spectrum trading process.  ...  of the system can be significantly improved by means of establishing the dual-hop RF/FSO hybrid link.  ... 
arXiv:1806.10464v1 fatcat:fdgnby3khve7rjvpz6n3qc4rjq

Performance Analysis Of A Hybrid Df-Af Hybrid Rf/Fso System Under Gamma Gamma Atmospheric Turbulence Channel Using Mppm Modulation

Hechmi Saidi, Noureddine Hamdi
2018 Zenodo  
The performance of hybrid amplify and forward - decode and forward (AF-DF) hybrid radio frequency/free space optical (RF/FSO) communication system, that adopts M-ary pulse position modulation (MPPM) techniques  ...  Thanks to the use of hybrid AF-DF hybrid RF/FSO configuration and MPPM, the effects of atmospheric turbulence is mitigated; hence the capacity of combating atmospheric turbulence and the transmissitted  ...  probability of the all-optical AF dual-hop FSO system using PPM.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1316503 fatcat:e42eyjgifrcopcprjncrtqhmcm

Performance Analysis of Hybrid FSO Systems Using FSO/RF-FSO Link Adaptation

Banibrata Bag, Akinchan Das, Imran Shafique Ansari, Ales Prokes, Chayanika Bose, Aniruddha Chandra
2018 IEEE Photonics Journal  
Our results demonstrate that the FSO/RF-FSO topology performs better than a single FSO link in terms of outage probability and BER.  ...  The dual-hop mixed RF-FSO link is realized with an amplify and forward (AF) relay that adapts an average power scaling strategy.  ...  System Configuration and Channel Model In our proposed hybrid FSO/RF-FSO system, the FSO link works in parallel with a mixed RF-FSO link, 2 as the one depicted in Fig. 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jphot.2018.2837356 fatcat:mdfcjfgi6vf7dcgandezddj7wy

Full-Duplex DF Relaying with Parallel Hybrid FSO/RF Transmissions

Michalis P. Ninos, Priyadarshi Mukherjee, Constantinos Psomas, Ioannis Krikidis
2021 Zenodo  
Therefore, in this paper we study a robust FD relaying system comprised of parallel hybrid FSO/RF communication links, where the coordination of transmissions between the FSO/RF subsystems is carried out  ...  The achievable outage diversity orders of both FSO and RF subsystems are determined, which provide significant insight into the design of such hybrid systems in a wide variety of operating conditions.  ...  Under these assumptions, the outage of dual-hop DF hybrid FSO/RF system is analyzed.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5648795 fatcat:ipw257gsgvg23jjdnbv5ulc7ga

Experimental Investigation of All-Optical Relay-Assisted 10 Gb/s FSO Link Over the Atmospheric Turbulence Channel

Norhanis Aida Mohd Nor, Zabih Ghassemlooy, Jan Bohata, Prakriti Saxena, Matej Komanec, Stanislav Zvanovec, Manav R. Bhatnagar, Mohammad-Ali Khalighi
2017 Journal of Lightwave Technology  
This document may differ from the final, published version of the research and has been made available online in accordance with publisher policies.  ...  To read and/or cite from the published version of the research, please visit the publisher's website (a subscription may be required.) Manuscipt received XX; revised YY; accepted ZZ.  ...  Recently a hybrid RF/FSO was considered to further enhance the system performance by adopting RF and FSO links from source-torelay and from relay-to-destination, respectively [25] , [26] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jlt.2016.2629081 fatcat:2b63x5vvv5eetotdqgkrvzffgy

Resource Allocation for Mixed RF and Hybrid RF/FSO Relaying [article]

Vahid Jamali, Diomidis S. Michalopoulos, Murat Uysal, Robert Schober
2015 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we consider a mixed RF and hybrid RF/FSO system where several mobile users transmit their data over an RF link to a relay node (e.g. a small cell base station) and the relay forwards the  ...  Our numerical results show the effectiveness of the proposed communication architecture and resource allocation policy, and their superiority compared to existing schemes which employ only one type of  ...  FSO transceivers are mainly attractive for nodes with fixed locations where a line-of-sight link can be established.  ... 
arXiv:1506.04894v1 fatcat:dwqp646qdjcrvllg3draq7h2ry

Performance of Two-Way Relaying over α-μ Fading Channels in Hybrid RF/FSO Wireless Networks [article]

Mohammed A. Amer, Suhail Al-Dharrab
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Furthermore, we analyze the effect of number of nodes, opportunistic scheduling among K nodes, and α-μ parameters on the overall performance of mixed RF/FSO and backup RF systems.  ...  In this paper, the performance of two-way relaying in mixed RF/FSO communication system with a backup RF link is investigated.  ...  The authors acknowledge King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) for supporting this research.  ... 
arXiv:1911.05959v1 fatcat:fl5vhlug2nbytbydpuigtkih3u

Secure Transmission for Energy-Efficient Parallel Mixed FSO/RF System in Presence of Independent Eavesdroppers

Dipti R. Pattanayak, Vivek K. Dwivedi, Vikram Karwal, Abhijeet Upadhya, Hongjiang Lei, Ghanshym Singh
2021 IEEE Photonics Journal  
In this paper, the physical layer security (PLS) challenges for a decode and forward (DF) based dual hop mixed free space optical (FSO) / radio frequency (RF) communication system in the presence of multiple  ...  The FSO and RF links are assumed to experience independent Málaga (M) and Nakagami-m fading distributions, respectively.  ...  CONCLUSION In this paper, we have studied the secrecy performance of a DF based dual link mixed FSO/RF system in the presence of multiple eavesdroppers.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jphot.2021.3132199 fatcat:elfm6ljd5jbo3n22n66rxgkdky
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