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On the data consumption benefits of accepting increased uncertainty

Eric Martin, Arun Sharma, Frank Stephan
2007 Theoretical Computer Science  
We use mind change bounds on the output hypotheses as a measure of uncertainty and interpret 'desirable' as reduction in data memorization, also defined in terms of mind change bounds.  ...  We show that situations exist where the more mind changes the learner is willing to accept, the less the amount of data it needs to remember in order to converge to the correct hypothesis.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Steffen Lange for very helpful comments on a first draft of this paper. They also thank the reviewers for numerous useful remarks.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tcs.2007.03.037 fatcat:mv32jmuvuzfbtpfttl5bf5zfnm

Characterization of Uncertainties in Smart City Planning: A Case Study of the Smart Metering Deployment

Kristina Perić, Zdenko Šimić, Željko Jurić
2022 Energies  
This study describes a parameter uncertainty characterization methodology applied on the cost-benefit analysis of smart city development with a case study, focused on smart metering infrastructure.  ...  Cost-benefit analysis results are given as both point value and as uncertainties. Uncertainty is considered for 25 variables of investment and operating costs, and benefits estimation.  ...  The authors would also like to thank Ludbreg mayor Dubravko Bilić and city officials, Darko Crnković, and others for the data and information about the city of Ludbreg that they made available to them,  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15062040 fatcat:did6wz2s3fckfdkgcveknt7ucu

Workers' Applications to Social Insurance Programs When Earnings and Eligibility Are Uncertain

Brent Kreider
1998 Journal of Labor Economics  
We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.  ...  JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive.  ...  That is, the model predicts that the net effect of an increase in wage uncertainty is to increase a worker's probability of applying for SSDI benefits as long as his probability of successful application  ... 
doi:10.1086/209908 fatcat:va4mmwvxprh4fe5izfiipp6qwe

Cost‐effectiveness of volumetric alcohol taxation in Australia

Joshua M Byrnes, Linda J Cobiac, Christopher M Doran, Theo Vos
2010 Medical Journal of Australia  
and the consumption of spirits (raising beer prices reduces an individual' s budget to purchase spirits). 11 Intervention effect Uncertainty in the net effect on alcohol consumption of implementing  ...  Each point represents one of the 2000 simulated results calculated to represent uncertainty around inputs to the model.  ...  COMPETING INTERESTS The funding body had no role in study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation or writing of this article.  ... 
doi:10.5694/j.1326-5377.2010.tb03667.x fatcat:r3wx42jotbehlmu3umxl3byedi

Cost-effectiveness of volumetric alcohol taxation in Australia

Joshua M Byrnes, Linda J Cobiac, Christopher M Doran, Theo Vos, Anthony P Shakeshaft
2010 Medical Journal of Australia  
To estimate the potential health benefits and cost savings of an alcohol tax rate that applies equally to all alcoholic beverages based on their alcohol content (volumetric tax) and to compare the cost  ...  An equalized volumetric tax that would reduce beer and wine consumption while increasing the consumption of spirits would need to be approached with caution.  ...  and the consumption of spirits (raising beer prices reduces an individual' s budget to purchase spirits). 11 Intervention effect Uncertainty in the net effect on alcohol consumption of implementing  ... 
pmid:20402606 fatcat:5xoqia6mgfhrplx4toaxulymie

Energy-efficient localization

Raja Jurdak, Peter Corke, Alban Cotillon, Dhinesh Dharman, Chris Crossman, Guillaume Salagnac
2013 ACM transactions on sensor networks  
An obvious solution is to duty cycle the GPS module, which prolongs the device lifetime at the cost of increased position uncertainty while the GPS is off.  ...  We then explore the benefits of using short-range radio contact logging alongside GPS as an energy-inexpensive means of lowering uncertainty while the GPS is off, and we propose strategies that use RSSI  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Sensors and Sensor Networks Transformation Capability Platform at CSIRO.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2422966.2422980 fatcat:ib5k3niibjcvzmolko44vosgoi

Health effects of nutrients and environmental pollutants in Baltic herring and salmon: a quantitative benefit-risk assessment

Jouni T. Tuomisto, Arja Asikainen, Päivi Meriläinen, Päivi Haapasaari
2020 BMC Public Health  
The new risk assessment issued by the European Food Safety Authority clearly increases the fraction of the population exceeding the tolerable dioxin intake, but nonetheless, quantitative estimates of net  ...  Value of information analysis demonstrated that the remaining scientific uncertainties are not large.  ...  Due to these reasons, ethical permission was not needed in any of the study countries, according to national guidelines for research and data protection: Finland (National Advisory Board of Research Ethics  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12889-019-8094-1 pmid:31941472 pmcid:PMC6964011 fatcat:3hiqi55z6vacndfglmucr32w5i

Potential Effects of Automated Vehicles on Road Transportation: A Literature Review

Abebe Dress Beza, Mohammad Maghrour Zefreh
2019 Transport and Telecommunication  
However, the long-term effects of AVs especially on energy consumption, emission, pedestrian interaction, safety and security has uncertainty due to the complexity of predicting the future mobility pattern  ...  In this paper, literature findings on the potential effects of automated vehicles on traffic flow, pedestrians mobility, travel demand and travel pattern, safety and security, and energy consumption and  ...  Acknowledgements The research reported in this paper was supported by the Higher Education Excellence Program of the Ministry of Human Capacities in the frame of Artificial Intelligence research area of  ... 
doi:10.2478/ttj-2019-0023 fatcat:dmhujrucp5amdfh65542h5he3y

PRODUCTION, CONSUMPTION AND PRICE (IMPORTS, PRODUCERS AND CONSUMER) VOLATILITY OF SHALLOT IN PROBOLINGGO REGENCY

Susanti Evie Sulistiowati, Ratya Anindita, Rosihan Asmara
2021 AGRISE  
This study uses monthly secondary data (time series) on production, price, imports, and consumption of shallots in Probolinggo Regency, for seven years (2013-2019).  ...  Based on the description of the problems above, it is important to analyze price, production, import, and consumption volatility to determined the level of risk and uncertainty faced by producers and consumers  ...  To the Central Bureau of Statistics, the Department of Agriculture and the Trade Office of Probolinggi Regency who have been willing to present data to support this research.  ... 
doi:10.21776/ub.agrise.2021.021.3.8 fatcat:2ng6wolmpnc73hkrj4zaxce3h4

Household behavior to manage electricity consumption after the tariff increase

Edward Edward, Johannes Johannes
2019 Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah  
The event of price electricity increases in Indonesia since 2017 is expected to encourage households to take planned actions on electricity consumption.  ...  Hence, this study is intended to reveal the behavior of households to support electricity consumption saving program of the household consumers.  ...  Hence, the research question is: how is consumer behavior intension on electricity consumption after tariff increase.  ... 
doi:10.22437/ppd.v7i2.7756 fatcat:bzj5dcv3cfbnximtpdylm2uqhq

Lawmakers should recognize uncertainties in risk assessment

Curl Winter
1994 California Agriculture  
Results from animal metabolism studies provide information to assess the toxicological effects of chemicals.  ...  . , Dietary pesticide risk assessment is an imprecise process requiring a series of judgments based on both scientific and  ...  Where uncertainties exist, scientists make conservative assumptions designed to increase the risk estimate so that errors are made on the side of safety.  ... 
doi:10.3733/ca.v048n01p21 fatcat:cwnenbgmynh2rpp6fsyko2j2wi

Useful energy balance for the UK: An uncertainty analysis

Leonardo Paoli, Richard C. Lupton, Jonathan M. Cullen
2018 Applied Energy  
Supplementary data Supplementary data associated with this article can be found, in the online version, at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.063.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was supported by the UK's Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council through Grant No. EP/M506485/1. Appendix A.  ...  Overall, 85% of Useful energy consumption has uncertainties below the acceptability threshold of 25%.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.06.063 fatcat:e6l3qvfegnh43p7ufbwzpnexve

Assessing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Health Co-Benefits: A Structured Review of Lifestyle-Related Climate Change Mitigation Strategies

Vivian Quam, Joacim Rocklöv, Mikkel Quam, Rebekah Lucas
2017 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
A data extraction tool (PRISMA) was created for article selection and evaluation. A rubric was devised to assess the biases, limitations and uncertainties of included articles.  ...  A total of 31 articles were reviewed and assessed using the rubric, as one article met the inclusion criteria for both active transport and diet co-benefits.  ...  Of the 23 selected diet articles, seven were based on UK data, three were based on Swedish data, two each were based on Brazilian, French, Danish, and European data, and one each on New Zealand, Italian  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph14050468 pmid:28448460 pmcid:PMC5451919 fatcat:53toeioeqbacvn2v67uqwytwte

Development and application of a machine learning supported methodology for measurement and verification (M&V) 2.0 [article]

Colm V. Gallagher, Kevin Leahy, Peter O'Donovan, Ken Bruton, Dominic T.J. O'Sullivan
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The range of savings estimated with each model are presented and the acceptability of uncertainty is reviewed.  ...  Improved knowledge discovery and an expanded boundary of analysis allow more complex energy systems be analysed, thus increasing the applicability of M&V.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to acknowledge the funding received by the Science Foundation Ireland under Grant no. 12/RC/2302.  ... 
arXiv:1801.08175v1 fatcat:q7dwgxiti5hyzohxdrkhuniqx4

Addressing the risk of inadequate and excessive micronutrient intakes: traditional versus new approaches to setting adequate and safe micronutrient levels in foods

Maaike J. Bruins, Gladys Mugambi, Janneke Verkaik-Kloosterman, Jeljer Hoekstra, Klaus Kraemer, Saskia Osendarp, Alida Melse-Boonstra, Alison M. Gallagher, Hans Verhagen
2015 Food & Nutrition Research  
RiskÁbenefit approaches assist in decision making at different micronutrient intake scenarios by balancing the magnitude of potential health benefits of reducing inadequate intakes against health risks  ...  This approach reduces the uncertainty for policy makers as compared to classic cut-point methods.  ...  Recently, software has been developed that can simulate distributions of usual intake of foods and nutrients based on consumption data (Intake Monitoring, Assessment and Planning Program, IMAPP) (25)  ... 
doi:10.3402/fnr.v58.26020 pmid:25630617 pmcid:PMC4309831 fatcat:jhh6brp7p5dcpe3en654gjn5je
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