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On the concept of relevance in legal information retrieval

Marc van Opijnen, Cristiana Santos
2017 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
We discuss a conceptual framework on relevance within legal information retrieval, based on a typology of relevance dimensions used within general information retrieval science, but tailored to the specific  ...  The concept of 'relevance' is crucial to legal information retrieval, but because of its intuitive understanding it goes undefined too easily and unexplored too often.  ...  , and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-017-9195-8 fatcat:g2poezb5nvhg7ixuodldzcw2ey

Case law retrieval by concept search and visualization

Elisabeth M. Uijttenbroek, Michel C. A. Klein, Arno R. Lodder, Frank van Harmelen
2007 Proceedings of the 11th international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '07  
The main advantage of this technique is that, when compared to standard information retrieval techniques based on the vector space model, the indexing is guided by a thesaurus; in this way, only terms  ...  Tort law doctrine, the relevance of the concept in light of case law and context have been used to determine how to split up a section into legal concepts.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1276318.1276336 dblp:conf/icail/UijttenbroekKLH07 fatcat:ne3qwisx4rgxbhnamc2vnrngpm

Retrieval of Case Law to Provide Layman with Information about Liability: Preliminary Results of the BEST-Project [chapter]

Elisabeth M. Uijttenbroek, Arno R. Lodder, Michel C. A. Klein, Gwen R. Wildeboer, Wouter Van Steenbergen, Rory L. L. Sie, Paul E. M. Huygen, Frank van Harmelen
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The aim of the project is to provide laymen with information about their legal position in a liability case, based on retrieved case law.  ...  The process basically comes down to (1) analyzing the input of a layman in terms of a layman ontology, (2) mapping this ontology to a legal ontology, (3) retrieve relevant case law based, and finally (  ...  The retrieved case-law is then presented in a way comprehensible to the user and provides information relevant for his legal position.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-85569-9_19 fatcat:s5qwizvy4vcmdjvh4vpy6t2fme

FLEXICON

Daphne Gelbart, J. C. Smith
1993 Proceedings of the fourth international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '93  
The model is evaluated and compared to alternative information retrieval models. Experimental test data is presented to demonstrate the model's retrieval effectiveness in comparison to boolean search.  ...  , and as an external representation used to summarize legal text for rapid evaluation of the search results.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was sup orted by the Law t Foundation of British Colum ia and the Social Sciences and Humanities  ... 
doi:10.1145/158976.158994 dblp:conf/icail/GelbartS93 fatcat:wyhieo432bfthed3cxj6utottu

A Query System for Extracting Requirements-Related Information from Legal Texts

Amin Sleimi, Marcello Ceci, Nicolas Sannier, Mehrdad Sabetzadeh, Lionel Briand, John Dann
2019 2019 IEEE 27th International Requirements Engineering Conference (RE)  
In this paper, we investigate the use of our metadata extraction framework as an enabler for smart legal search with a focus on requirements engineering activities.  ...  Searching legal texts for relevant information is a complex and expensive activity. The search solutions offered by present-day legal portals are targeted primarily at legal professionals.  ...  Q1 (What are the relevant concepts of the domain?) aims at characterizing all the relevant domain concepts in a legal text.  ... 
doi:10.1109/re.2019.00041 dblp:conf/re/SleimiCSSBD19 fatcat:5wktreh6ozeyrkhtod5bo3biri

Legal document similarity: a multi-criteria decision-making perspective

Rupali S. Wagh, Deepa Anand
2020 PeerJ Computer Science  
Relevant document retrieval is the backbone of the legal domain. The concept of relevance in the legal domain is very complex and multi-faceted.  ...  The vast volume of documents available in legal databases demands effective information retrieval approaches which take into consideration the intricacies of the legal domain.  ...  LIR aims at retrieving legal information objects relevant to a user's query.  ... 
doi:10.7717/peerj-cs.262 pmid:33816914 pmcid:PMC7924540 fatcat:wdndjpzsbbaira27ydf7eyte3a

A Knowledge Based System for Guidance and Training on Legal Concepts

Nicola Capuano, Saverio Salerno, Carmen De Maio
2014 2014 International Conference on Intelligent Networking and Collaborative Systems  
The training path is then enriched with legal information like relevant laws and jurisprudence retrieved on an external legal repository.  ...  The defined system is able to detect relevant legal concepts from the textual description also relying on a ontology and on the enrichment of the case text with common-sense knowledge.  ...  with feasible learning resources and concludes with the addition of informative legal resources retrieved on an external legal repository.  ... 
doi:10.1109/incos.2014.32 dblp:conf/incos/CapuanoSM14 fatcat:6rjwtixfajhi3dtggjwbz4qvfe

Relevance and information processing in the design of specialized glossaries

Celina Frade
2015 Revista Linguística  
The STF's online legal dictionary requires a deep and careful review regarding concept database, methods of definition and information retrieval in order to provide more accurate and relevant information  ...  information provided in the definitions will be relevant if it is able to produce contextual effects and c) information provided requires the least effort on the part of the reader in order to be worth  ...  Legal information as an essential aspect of citizenship. In: Peruginelli, G.; Ragona, M. (Eds.) . Law via the Internet: free access, quality of information, effectiveness of rights.  ... 
doaj:c330840c9460488e95babe357abda998 fatcat:6wut47vw3bgjtbsmz6vhg65rfm

Accessing Legal Information Across Boundaries: A New Challenge

Ginevra Peruginelli
2009 International Journal of Legal Information : Official Publication  
This paper focuses on cross-language retrieval systems' ability to facilitate access to legal information across different languages and legal orders.  ...  services to citizens, of common understanding and exchange of legal concepts of the various legal systems.  ...  These have an impact on the exchange and retrieval of legal information.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0731126500005345 fatcat:t6sekljenncfbou5ty26wbo6rm

Combining structured and unstructured information in a retrieval model for accessing legislation

Marie-Francine Moens
2005 Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '05  
Current information retrieval research takes into account the structured information content of documents when computing the relevance ranking.  ...  Such an approach is very promising for the retrieval of legal documents. This is illustrated with two retrieval models specifically designed for the retrieval of legislation.  ...  The drafters of legal documents often define or redefine concepts that have a certain scope of applicability in one or a set of documents.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1165485.1165507 dblp:conf/icail/Moens05 fatcat:73tf7wv755ggdcdlbgb7kyqxuy

Ontology-driven Generation of Training Paths in the Legal Domain

Nicola Capuano, Andrea Longhi, Saverio Salerno, Daniele Toti
2015 International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET)  
This is done via an automatic mechanism, which firstly extracts relevant legal concepts from the given textual description, by relying upon an underlying legal ontology built for such a purpose and an  ...  retrieved from an external legal repository.  ...  ,Qi is the set of all relevant resources, retrieved at the step !, for the query Q i .  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijet.v10i7.4609 fatcat:ta5ftojkhbfn7cxzz3cyzlpl2e

Importance of judicial decisions as a perceived level of relevance

Terezie Smejkalová
2020 Utrecht Law Review  
This paper focuses on two major approaches to relevance: linguistic pragmatism and information retrieval, and shows that the concept of optimal relevance, as understood by theories of relevance, may serve  ...  with other similar words [(legal) relevance, (legal) significance...], with or without attempting explanation of these concepts, or relying purely on operationalization.  ...  in terms of the concept of optimal relevance built on two major approaches to relevance, linguistic pragmatism and information retrieval.  ... 
doi:10.36633/ulr.504 fatcat:mnrw2wdbrrahfjurqyiyphqvzu

Information extraction for legal knowledge representation – a review of approaches and trends

Denis Andrei De Araujo, Carolina Müller, Rove Chishman, Sandro José Rigo
2014 Revista Brasileira de Computação Aplicada  
Abstract: This work presents an introduction to Information Extraction systems and a survey of the known approaches of Information Extraction in the legal area.  ...  This work analyzes with particular attention the techniques that rely on the representation of legal knowledge as a means to achieve better performance, with emphasis on those techniques including ontologies  ...  When a node concept is found, the relevant information in the sentence is extracted and originates one or more IEs.  ... 
doi:10.5335/rbca.2014.3542 fatcat:355kvibnm5autmp5n6jpfkges4

Conceptual information retrieval in litigation support systems

Vijay Mital, Agathoclis Stylianou, Les Johnson
1991 Proceedings of the third international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '91  
This paper is concerned with information retrieval in the context of supporting complex litigation by managing large numbers of documents. It is shown  ...  They have long recognised the need to organise legal information in a manner that enables retrieval based on the meaning and legal signitlcance of text (Hafner, 1981; Bertaina et al, 1982) .  ...  is so relevant because of the presence in the document of references to certain concepts. 5.  ... 
doi:10.1145/112646.112675 dblp:conf/icail/MitalSJ91 fatcat:7bms3xovkzcwdge4r7py3dcud4

Cross-lingual legal information retrieval using a WordNet architecture

Luca Dini, Wim Peters, Doris Liebwald, Erich Schweighofer, Laurens Mommers, Wim Voermans
2005 Proceedings of the 10th international conference on Artificial intelligence and law - ICAIL '05  
The LOIS project encompasses the construction of a large, multilingual WordNet for cross-lingual information retrieval in the legal domain.  ...  In this article, we set out how a hybrid approach, featuring lexically and legally grounded conceptual representations, can fit the cross-lingual information retrieval needs of both legal professionals  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank three anonymous referents for their comments on the full version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1165485.1165510 dblp:conf/icail/DiniLMPPV05 fatcat:at7hcnilrfegpflqde26lwlqyu
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