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On the Suitability of Real-Time Assessment of Programming Proficiency using Gaze Properties

Calvin Liang, Jakob Karolus, Thomas Kosch, Albrecht Schmidt
2018 Proceedings of the 7th ACM International Symposium on Pervasive Displays - PerDis '18  
While we cannot relate these indicators to programming proficiency directly, this study serves as an evaluation of real-time methods for evaluating programming proficiency.  ...  Specifically, we conducted a study (N=14) using an eye tracker to analyze the participants' abilities to understand source code by presenting them with a series of programs.  ...  Gaze properties have been shown to be influenced by the representation form of text such as its language and difficulty [8] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/3205873.3210702 dblp:conf/perdis/LiangKK018 fatcat:jyfq5oobvzhb3dpznxae2w63pi

Using Eye-Tracking Technology to Measure Environmental Factors Affecting Street Robbery Decision-Making in Virtual Environments

Jae weon Yang, Dowoo Kim, Sungwon Jung
2020 Sustainability  
Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to verify the significance of the measured data.  ...  Factors affecting criminals' decision-making were then quantitatively assessed using eye-tracking technology.  ...  First, the length of time for which the participant's gaze remains fixed on an AOI is defined as the "time of fixation," reflecting the total amount of time an individual's gaze is fixated on an AOI.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12187419 fatcat:a2poklwjqra55leur32ru5mnuq

The development and psychometric properties of the American sign language proficiency assessment (ASL-PA)

S Maller
1999 Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education  
reference of the gaze.  ...  The ASL-PA assessment allowed us to objectively evaluate the ASL skills of children attending ASL-using schools, as compared to traditional residential programs for the deaf that use MCE in the classroom  ...  MCEs are the predominant mode of communication used in current educational practice. See Wilbur (1979) for more information on MCE. 4.  ... 
doi:10.1093/deafed/4.4.249 pmid:15579893 fatcat:jqjqzbjqrneg7bwoiof4hy747i

The Applicability of Augmented Reality Technologies for Evaluating Learning Activities

Talgat Sembayev, Zhanat Nurbekova, Gulmira Abildinova
2021 International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET)  
The present study provides the calculation of validity and reliability coefficients of the assessment materials contained in the "AR Quiz" application that reflects the suitability of indicators for the  ...  Along with integration map of compliance of AR interaction types with assessment materials, the paper provides recommendations for teachers on evaluating learning activities based on AR.  ...  AR is a combination of the physical world with virtual objects in real time [5] .  ... 
doi:10.3991/ijet.v16i22.22987 fatcat:qrktabjguvhnzdgrzhi3lqydoy

A Gaze-Contingent Adaptive Virtual Reality Driving Environment for Intervention in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Joshua Wade, Lian Zhang, Dayi Bian, Jing Fan, Amy Swanson, Amy Weitlauf, Medha Sarkar, Zachary Warren, Nilanjan Sarkar
2016 ACM transactions on interactive intelligent systems (TiiS)  
We present the development and preliminary assessment of a gaze-contingent adaptive virtual reality driving simulator that uses real-time gaze information to adapt the driving environment with the aim  ...  We conducted a small pilot study of 20 adolescents with ASD using our system: 10 with the adaptive gaze-contingent version of the system and 10 in a purely performance-based version.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank Zhi Zheng for her assistance with the experiments and Esube Bekele for his input in regards to software design and algorithm development.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2892636 fatcat:5mfphosuoraaddumdudrlxsfhe

A Framework for Learning Assessment through Multimodal Analysis of Reading Behaviour and Language Comprehension [article]

Santosh Kumar Barnwal
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We also demonstrate, using example experiments on multiple forms of learners' responses, how frequent reading practices could impact on the variables of multimodal skills (reading pattern, writing, and  ...  In a nutshell, through this dissertation, we show that multimodal skills of learners could be assessed to measure their comprehension skills as well as to measure the effect of repeated readings on these  ...  is one of the most important components of oral proficiency and can be used to represent general oral proficiency.  ... 
arXiv:2110.11938v1 fatcat:dw6mmccebneazlse2gxvy7ytdu

Supporting School Aged Children to Train Their Vision by Using Serious Games

Ilona Heldal, Carsten Helgesen, Qasim Ali, Daniel Patel, Atle Birger Geitung, Håvard Pettersen
2021 Computers  
Via these activities, a trainee can, with her eye gaze, follow objects which are moving, change their directions and speed, or pop up on the screen.  ...  The findings demonstrate the potential of using SGs and ETs to train OMD and point to future needs for improvements.  ...  Much of this paper is based on the MSc works of Håvard Homme Pettersen (HP) on vision training [70] and Mads Gjerstad Eide and Ruben Watanabe on vision screening [48] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/computers10040053 fatcat:qjqozjxikfeajd3jeorkj7brsi

The Potential of Immersive Virtual Reality for the Study of Event Perception

Julia Misersky, David Peeters, Monique Flecken, Monique Flecken, Monique Flecken
2022 Frontiers in Virtual Reality  
Using growth curve analysis to analyze fixation patterns over time, we found no differences in eye gaze behavior between German and English speakers.  ...  that resemble the real world.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Albert Russel and Jeroen Derks for their technical support, Eleanor Huizeling for her helpful discussion of the data, and Sebastian Sauppe for his input concerning growth curve  ... 
doi:10.3389/frvir.2022.697934 doaj:1e4191eadab9473c8fb680eb14a4a66d fatcat:xlmsgcoljzeelohp3qjrpramra

Eye and Voice-Controlled Human Machine Interface System for Wheelchairs Using Image Gradient Approach

Saba Anwer, Asim Waris, Hajrah Sultan, Shahid Ikramullah Butt, Muhammad Hamza Zafar, Moaz Sarwar, Imran Khan Niazi, Muhammad Shafique, Amit N. Pujari
2020 Sensors  
A web camera is used to capture real-time images. The processor used is Raspberry-Pi with Linux operating system.  ...  Basic skills like movement on plain and rough surfaces in forward, reverse direction and turning capability were analyzed for easier comparison with other existing wheelchair setups on the bases of controlling  ...  Therefore, in order to assess the mobility and working proficiency of the wheelchair, a simple test was conducted.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20195510 pmid:32993047 pmcid:PMC7582778 fatcat:qyq7lchc3rh77in5rmdwnlhbli

Student destraction detection Project Thesis.pdf

Zeeshan Keerio
2021 figshare.com  
It uses only information provided by the typical built-in web-camera present in a laptop computer, and was designed to work in real time.  ...  Here, we present a system to detect the Distraction level of the students.  ...  We implemented the algorithm for 3D position estimation. The combination of estimated locations and eye-gaze is a reliable assessment of the estimated user attention.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.14130023.v1 fatcat:ednzq3ijrvbqfanofphdh4vyyq

From processing efficiency to attentional control: a mechanistic account of the anxiety–performance relationship

Mark Wilson
2008 International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology  
Furthermore, cognitive sport psychologists have recently examined direct influences of anxiety on the efficiency of information processing via gaze behaviour analyses.  ...  It is evident that ACT may provide a useful framework for examining the relationship between anxiety, attention and performance in sport skills.  ...  An Applied Science Laboratories (ASL) 501 pan-tilt gaze registration system was used to assess pupil diameter for the duration of each drive.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17509840802400787 fatcat:xtvt5x2gi5dkbixmv7rv63h6ku

Reading Development, Word Length and Frequency Effects: An Eye-Tracking Study with Slow and Fast Readers

Sabrina Gerth, Julia Festman
2021 Frontiers in Communication  
For fast readers, we detected significant interactions of word length and frequency in first fixation duration, gaze duration, and total reading time.  ...  Children's oral reading fluency was used as measure of reading ability.  ...  Further, we are grateful to Sabine Röttig for providing the data of the oral reading task and helping with participant recruitment of the eyetracking study.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fcomm.2021.743113 fatcat:ww7fgdetifg5tbqx5iec4uw55q

Vol. 2, No. 3, September 2009

Editor ELT
2009 English Language Teaching  
Hao-Jan Chen in NTNU for his guidance on the research area of online dictionary use, to the students who had participated in this study, and to the two anonymous reviewers for their precious comments on  ...  The term 'authentic' has been used as a reaction against the prefabrication artificial language of textbooks and instructional dialogues; it refers to the way language is used in non-pedagogic, natural  ...  of time to assess the proficiency of a large group of testees. 2).  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v2n3p0 fatcat:buraiij6cvamnhthqhvkgehmx4

Cognitive externalism meets bounded rationality

Eric Arnau, Saray Ayala, Thomas Sturm
2013 Philosophical Psychology  
One promising avenue to explore here is the theory of bounded rationality (BR). In this paper, we try to clarify the potential relationship between these two programs.  ...  We then turn to analyze BR from the CE perspective. Finally, we argue that internalism about cognition cannot explain important aspects of the BR program.  ...  A model example of this kind of heuristics is the gaze heuristic that people use to catch a flying ball: Fix your gaze on the ball, start running, and adjust your running speed so that the angle of gaze  ... 
doi:10.1080/09515089.2013.828588 fatcat:nsoi75dlu5bc5ok4v4gfhbodum

Gaze and Eye Tracking: Techniques and Applications in ADAS

Khan, Lee
2019 Sensors  
A discussion on the required features of current and future eye and gaze trackers is also presented.  ...  The process of acquisition of driver's eyes and gaze data and the algorithms used to process this data are explained.  ...  Their proposed approach, which estimates driver's gaze region without using eye movements, extracts facial features and classifies their spatial configuration into six regions in real time.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19245540 pmid:31847432 pmcid:PMC6960643 fatcat:5ujzwbbr65dmtpebey2t6bmk5u
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