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On the Meaning of Focalization [chapter]

Michele Basaldella, Alexis Saurin, Kazushige Terui
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
In particular, our study of Focalization in Ludics was primarily motivated by the concluding remarks of the third author's paper on Computational Ludics [17] where focalization on data designs was conjectured  ...  Still, for the very reason that Ludics abstracts over Focalization (being built on hypersequentialized calculi) it is not clear whether an analysis of Focalization can (or shall) be pursued in Ludics:  ...  The underlying meaning of this distinction comes from proof-search motivations.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19211-1_5">doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19211-1_5</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2jqf6is5t5dzlnbb57hhjbii2q">fatcat:2jqf6is5t5dzlnbb57hhjbii2q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170830055421/http://www.lix.polytechnique.fr/Labo/Alexis.Saurin/Recherche/Publi/BST-focalization-ludics.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/55/2a/552a58750a0ec5f207fb9686229bce5112d7bede.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19211-1_5"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

The influence of root mean square phase gradient of continuous phase plate on smoothing focal spot

Feng You-Jun, Lin Zhong-Xiao, Zhang Rong-Zhu
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Acta Physica Sinica, Chinese Physical Society and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qwpj4mxjj5co7jk3dabstqt6t4" style="color: black;">Wuli xuebao</a> </i> &nbsp;
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7498/aps.60.104202">doi:10.7498/aps.60.104202</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fdqxqh6ngjaz3jowufmjg6xsiy">fatcat:fdqxqh6ngjaz3jowufmjg6xsiy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220225235752/https://wulixb.iphy.ac.cn/pdf-content/10.7498/aps.60.104202.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/92/f0/92f0be0cf4d7b5d5424ee0c64779beaf5e5ad13d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7498/aps.60.104202"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Differentiating Small (≤1 cm) Focal Liver Lesions as Metastases or Cysts by means of Computed Tomography: A Case-Study to Illustrate a Fuzzy Logic-Based Method to Assess the Impact of Diagnostic Confidence on Radiological Diagnosis

Rossano Girometti, Francesco Fabris, Andrea Sgarro, Gloria Zanella, Serena Pullini, Lorenzo Cereser, Giuseppe Como, Chiara Zuiani, Massimo Bazzocchi
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="Hindawi Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xytabl7eh5a5lle2ofnetovd7u" style="color: black;">Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine</a> </i> &nbsp;
According to simulations,δ(F,C)(%) was negative/positive depending on the level of confidence in incorrect diagnoses.Conclusion.Fuzzy evaluation shows a measurable effect of uncertainty on radiological  ...  To quantify the impact of diagnostic confidence on radiological diagnosis with a fuzzy logic-based method.Materials and Methods.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors thank Mr. Marco Cosatto for building the webpage dedicated to the estimate of ( , ).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/587976">doi:10.1155/2014/587976</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24587815">pmid:24587815</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3922019/">pmcid:PMC3922019</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pylhvcxg6re3jngns3fotv5uh4">fatcat:pylhvcxg6re3jngns3fotv5uh4</a> </span>
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Performance imbalances in the chain: EU traditional food sector

Adrienn Molnár, Xavier Gellynck
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="University of Debrecen/ Debreceni Egyetem"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ytxclvam3za65k6fgrdedbbzbu" style="color: black;">Apstract: Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce</a> </i> &nbsp;
Acknowledgement The paper is prepared in the frame of the TRUEFOOD -"Traditional United Europe Food" -project.  ...  The authors are grateful for all the partners of WP5 for their contribution. Adrienn Molnár & Xavier Gellynck  ...  During the interviews, each of the focal company was asked to identify suppliers and customers. In the next phase, one supplier and one customer were selected and interviewed.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.19041/apstract/2009/3-4/1">doi:10.19041/apstract/2009/3-4/1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/f26mxvwjlrg63iwlvvcrwoap6i">fatcat:f26mxvwjlrg63iwlvvcrwoap6i</a> </span>
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A Clustering Method Based on K-Means Algorithm

You Guo Li
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Trans Tech Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/alk7ojykl5glnifn5eu5hgyhwa" style="color: black;">Applied Mechanics and Materials</a> </i> &nbsp;
The improved K-Means algorithm effectively solved two disadvantages of the traditional algorithm, the first one is greater dependence to choice the initial focal point, and another one is easy to be trapped  ...  This improved algorithm can make up the shortcomings for the traditional K-Means algorithm to determine the initial focal point.  ...  The improved K-Means algorithm effectively solved the disadvantage that the traditional K-Means algorithm depends too much on the selection of initial focal points.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.380-384.1697">doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.380-384.1697</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ivfab7cozjhppptbnxx25ffmou">fatcat:ivfab7cozjhppptbnxx25ffmou</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171002075119/http://publisher-connector.core.ac.uk/resourcesync/data/elsevier/pdf/b33/aHR0cDovL2FwaS5lbHNldmllci5jb20vY29udGVudC9hcnRpY2xlL3BpaS9zMTg3NTM4OTIxMjAwNjIyMA%3D%3D.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/12/ea/12ea90a1b84f32253245972424f67686629eaffd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amm.380-384.1697"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A Clustering Method Based on K-Means Algorithm

Youguo Li, Haiyan Wu
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/qpenhcs6azc2vn7la5leif7vdy" style="color: black;">Physics Procedia</a> </i> &nbsp;
The improved K-Means algorithm effectively solved two disadvantages of the traditional algorithm, the first one is greater dependence to choice the initial focal point, and another one is easy to be trapped  ...  This improved algorithm can make up the shortcomings for the traditional K-Means algorithm to determine the initial focal point.  ...  The improved K-Means algorithm effectively solved the disadvantage that the traditional K-Means algorithm depends too much on the selection of initial focal points.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2012.03.206">doi:10.1016/j.phpro.2012.03.206</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mwbozleqczedpb4yzzb7w5pffm">fatcat:mwbozleqczedpb4yzzb7w5pffm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171002075119/http://publisher-connector.core.ac.uk/resourcesync/data/elsevier/pdf/b33/aHR0cDovL2FwaS5lbHNldmllci5jb20vY29udGVudC9hcnRpY2xlL3BpaS9zMTg3NTM4OTIxMjAwNjIyMA%3D%3D.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/12/ea/12ea90a1b84f32253245972424f67686629eaffd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2012.03.206"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

FOCAL COLORS AND UNIQUE HUES

ERIKO MIYAHARA
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="SAGE Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/vteulizwtzbpno3sgugadgrvby" style="color: black;">Perceptual and Motor Skills</a> </i> &nbsp;
The results showed that the mean focal colors and the mean unique hues were almost identical for all of the four color terms investigated.  ...  The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate the extent to which focal colors and unique hues are related for red, green, blue, and yellow.  ...  Figure 1 . 1 The CIE chromaticity coordinates of mean focal color loci and mean unique hue loci. The error bars indicate standard deviations.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.97.8.1038-1042">doi:10.2466/pms.97.8.1038-1042</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15002843">pmid:15002843</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC1404500/">pmcid:PMC1404500</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mhduryvlgrgvfeeprvuwgyjfym">fatcat:mhduryvlgrgvfeeprvuwgyjfym</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200209005101/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC1404500&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fa/50/fa50fe2235df04494e3d6db837e99203b544b024.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2466/pms.97.8.1038-1042"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1404500" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Evaluation of functional outcomes following a second focal-HIFU in men with primary localised, non-metastatic prostate cancer; Results from the High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Evaluation and Assessment of Treatment (HEAT) Registry

Catherine E. Lovegrove, Max Peters, Stephanie Guillaumier, Manit Arya, Naveed Afzal, Tim Dudderidge, Feargus Hosking-Jervis, Richard J. Hindley, Henry Lewi, Neil McCartan, Caroline M. Moore, Raj Nigam (+8 others)
<span title="2020-01-23">2020</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fo32gfiuvzdxdbcgquvag4xiwu" style="color: black;">BJU International</a> </i> &nbsp;
After one focal HIFU treatment, the mean change in IPSS was -0.03 (P = 0.02) and in IIEF (EF score) it was -0.4 (P = 0.02) at 1-2 years, with no subsequent decline.  ...  The mean change in EF score after the second focal HIFU treatment was -0.2 at 1-2 years (P = 0.60) and -0.5 at 2-3 years (P = 0.10), with 17.8% and 6.2% of men with new erectile dysfunction.  ...  However, there is a paucity of data on the effects of a second focal-HIFU on functional outcomes 4 .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/bju.15004">doi:10.1111/bju.15004</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31971335">pmid:31971335</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3ivrltthwbekfkbuwy6vcdt6bi">fatcat:3ivrltthwbekfkbuwy6vcdt6bi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210715124944/https://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10090840/1/Moore_Evaluation%20of%20functional%20outcomes%20following%20a%20second%20focal-HIFU%20in%20men%20with%20primary%20localised%2C%20non-metastatic%20prostate%20cancer_AAM.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/46/b5/46b5472beb88801e1390b98708a3b9fa4e53e0ba.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/bju.15004"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Glomerular size and the association of focal glomerulosclerosis in long-surviving human renal allografts

D B Bhathena
<span title="">1993</span> <i title="American Society of Nephrology (ASN)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/4a6tss7zlrg35delx2ugjktj2y" style="color: black;">Journal of the American Society of Nephrology</a> </i> &nbsp;
This biopsy study exploits the unique opportunity offered by long-surviving human renal allografts to analyze the effects of nephronopenia-induced glomerular hypertrophy on the association of focal glomerulosclerosis  ...  yr of transplantation with (Group TxFGS < 2 yr; 165.3 microns +/- SE (mean) 5.35) or without (Group NoTxFGS < 2 yr; 155.8 microns +/- SE (mean) 5.53) focal glomerulosclerosis, or allograft diameters at  ...  values, the group mean gbomerular diameter of those with focal gb- merubosclerosis was significantly larger than the group mean gbomerular diameter of the group without focal gbomeruboscberosis  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.v461316">doi:10.1681/asn.v461316</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/av2pmm63gngxrdpa7ewzhxkmum">fatcat:av2pmm63gngxrdpa7ewzhxkmum</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210508021922/https://jasn.asnjournals.org/content/jnephrol/4/6/1316.full.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5f/ee/5fee8327ea15c7597ae5b44d382382edc3c1ee16.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1681/asn.v461316"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Focal Cubics Associated with Four Points in a Plane

M. G. Boyce
<span title="">1942</span> <i title="Informa UK Limited"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6jb2mei4hzg4vdohokley4c5om" style="color: black;">The American mathematical monthly</a> </i> &nbsp;
Thus an unordered four-point has three focal centers, three pairs of mean points, three middle lines, and one centroid. 3. Equations of the loci.  ...  Thus the mean points of the bases are characteristic points of the curve, and we may speak of them as the mean points of the focal cubic.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/00029890.1942.11991213">doi:10.1080/00029890.1942.11991213</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/js4brn44b5bgdgyfyev765r5ge">fatcat:js4brn44b5bgdgyfyev765r5ge</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/sim_american-mathematical-monthly_1942-04_49_4/page/226" title="read fulltext microfilm" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Archive [Microfilm] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://archive.org/serve/sim_american-mathematical-monthly_1942-04_49_4/__ia_thumb.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1080/00029890.1942.11991213"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> tandfonline.com </button> </a>

Page 231 of The American Mathematical Monthly Vol. 49, Issue 4 [page]

<span title="">1942</span> <i title="Mathematical Association Of America"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/pub_american-mathematical-monthly" style="color: black;">The American Mathematical Monthly </a> </i> &nbsp;
Thus the mean points of the bases are characteristic points of the curve, and we may speak of them as the mean points of the focal cubic.  ...  All of the -A-bases and R-bases of a focal cubic have the same mean points.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> </span>
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In Vivo Visualization of Perforating Vessels and Focal Scleral Ectasia in Pathological Myopia

Alexandre Pedinielli, Eric H. Souied, Francois Perrenoud, Nicolas Leveziel, Violaine Caillaux, Giuseppe Querques
<span title="2013-11-19">2013</span> <i title="Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/bktgmrvaorcfle3nbaxcwpsb44" style="color: black;">Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
The number of focal scleral ectasia in an eye ranged from one to two (mean 1.25 6 0.38).  ...  The mean area of atrophy was 16.7 6 11.3 mm 2 .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.13-12981">doi:10.1167/iovs.13-12981</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24194186">pmid:24194186</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yn5rxtgoabdl7giuz72zi6uga4">fatcat:yn5rxtgoabdl7giuz72zi6uga4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170815230643/http://iovs.arvojournals.org/pdfaccess.ashx?url=/data/journals/iovs/932980/i1552-5783-54-12-7637.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/be/11/be11db94c1842d36c7776b2027d4892f591cd6dc.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.13-12981"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Focal Length Affects Depicted Shape and Perception of Facial Images

Vít Třebický, Jitka Fialová, Karel Kleisner, Jan Havlíček, Pablo Brañas-Garza
<span title="2016-02-19">2016</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s3gm7274mfe6fcs7e3jterqlri" style="color: black;">PLoS ONE</a> </i> &nbsp;
Static photographs are currently the most often employed stimuli in research on social perception.  ...  An important factor influencing the resulting photograph is focal length, as different focal lengths produce various levels of image distortion.  ...  Hahn and Caroline Allen for many useful comments and proof-reading of the manuscript.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149313">doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149313</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26894832">pmid:26894832</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4760932/">pmcid:PMC4760932</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/zszn5pocabhy7g3zd3faze35iq">fatcat:zszn5pocabhy7g3zd3faze35iq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171011152934/http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/file?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0149313&amp;type=printable" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bf/66/bf66fa51c4371f502084e693e3f22e99dbaa5028.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149313"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> plos.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4760932" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Counterfinality: On the Increased Perceived Instrumentality of Means to a Goal

Birga M. Schumpe, Jocelyn J. Bélanger, Michelle Dugas, Hans-Peter Erb, Arie W. Kruglanski
<span title="2018-07-04">2018</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
The present research investigates the counterfinality effect, whereby the more a means is perceived as detrimental to an alternative goal, the more it is perceived as instrumental to its focal goal.  ...  of the product.  ...  FIGURE 5 | 5 Instrumentality perceptions of getting tattooed (means) for low vs. high perceived detrimentality of the means dependent on alternative goal magnitude (AGM) and focal goal magnitude (FGM)  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01052">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01052</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30022959">pmid:30022959</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC6040204/">pmcid:PMC6040204</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/36acz6wmxzfs5c5ge2utm2csm4">fatcat:36acz6wmxzfs5c5ge2utm2csm4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190218145504/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/0d1e/e0e687f5ca648b9fd44cd14a7d5014cf5022.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0d/1e/0d1ee0e687f5ca648b9fd44cd14a7d5014cf5022.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01052"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6040204" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Contrast and accentuation effects in category learning

Joachim Krueger, Myron Rothbart
<span title="">1990</span> <i title="American Psychological Association (APA)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s3gjfi72gfbijhiyaivn3yuvmi" style="color: black;">Journal of Personality and Social Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
The mean favorability of the neutral set was then increased or decreased by adding new traits.  ...  In Experiment 1, 2 sets of trait adjectives were presented-a neutral set and a set of either favorable traits or unfavorable traits. Ss estimated the mean favorability of each set.  ...  This research was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grant MH 40662-02 to Myron Rothbart and by a travel grant from the Max Planck Institute for Human Development and Education to Joachim  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.59.4.651">doi:10.1037//0022-3514.59.4.651</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2254849">pmid:2254849</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/e36joiktijdpxn263sfoekt4vm">fatcat:e36joiktijdpxn263sfoekt4vm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809022806/http://files.clps.brown.edu/jkrueger/journal_articles/krueger-1990-contrast.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d7/e5/d7e5810ca7f535d7a76ba9909824d02f0f0f2889.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-3514.59.4.651"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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