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Efficient digital-to-analog encoding

M.A. Gibson, J. Bruck
1999 IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  
A natural question is: What is the complexity of implementing the digital-to-analog encoding function?  ...  That question was recently answered by Wegener, who proved matching lower and upper bounds on the size of the circuit for the encoding function.  ...  The computing power of analog elements depends on the basis used. In this paper, the basis will be considered. Circuits using this basis are called arithmetic circuits.  ... 
doi:10.1109/18.771156 fatcat:lhu36ewjabgrzidrll5rlgn4i4

Efficient Circuit Structure Analysis for Automatic Behavioral Model Generation in Mixed-Signal System Simulation

Ling-Yen Song, Yu-Kang Lou, Ching-Ho Lin, Chien-Nan Liu, Juinn-Dar Huang, Jing-Yang Jou, Meng-Jung Lee, Yu-Lan Lo
2021 Electronics  
In order to tackle the complexity of real cases, a hierarchical partition-based analysis methodology and an encoding-based fast screening technique are proposed in this work.  ...  For mixed-signal systems, identifying the analog and digital circuit blocks in the transistor-level netlist has many benefits for system analysis and verification.  ...  Introduction In System-on-Chip (SoC) designs, digital circuits and analog circuits are often integrated in the same chip.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10091088 doaj:2f52f1dc48bb421e911afcaf74739a97 fatcat:ww242ly5pbatxowub5ggzf7lbm

Cascade-Encoder Technique for High Speed Analog-to-Digital Conversion

L. F. Requicha Ferreira, C. A. N. Conde
1985 IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  
A simple circuit based on a fast operational amplifier, a comparator and a few additional components is used as the basic building block for a high speed analog-to-digital converter of the cascade-encoder  ...  The properties of this circuit and the performance of an implementation using standard components are discussed. Its potential for LSI is considered.  ...  than The Basic Module The cascade-encoder type of ADC here described is based on a circuit module [6] which is shown in Fig. 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tns.1985.4336915 fatcat:exodqn7yxjcjdlxefqwsj3xm7u

Study and Designing of Fourth Order BEC Circuit for Flash Analog to Digital Converter using MUX based Encoder

Mayank Mrinal, Jagatbir S. Jaijee, Paurush Bhulania, Anu Mehra, Haneet Rana, Shweta Khanna
2017 Indian Journal of Science and Technology  
Objectives: To design and study a fourth order Bubble error correction circuit for a Flash Analog to Digital Converter by making use of a Multiplexer based encoder.  ...  Findings: The Number of transistors required in different types of encoders can be understood through the tables.  ...  Introduction The majority of signals existing on the planet are analog in nature.  ... 
doi:10.17485/ijst/2017/v10i18/106370 fatcat:louoxd57lza5vgjub2xx3jgk64

Thermometer-to-binary encoder with bubble error correction (BEC) circuit for Flash Analog-to-Digital Converter (FADC)

Bui Van Hieu, Seunghyun Beak, Seunghwan Choi, Jongkook Seon, Taikyeong Ted Jeong
2010 International Conference on Communications and Electronics 2010  
Thermometer-to-binary (TM2B) encoder is an important component of a Flash Analog-to-Digital Converter (FADC).  ...  Bubble error, extremely often, effects the correction of TM2B as well as high speed sampling rate. In this paper, we propose a MUX-based TM2B circuit that can correct bubble errors.  ...  The ROM-based encoding sub-circuit is a ROM circuit that convert input in one-hot code to output in binary code. TABLE I. illustrates the operation of a 7-to-3 ROM-based TM2B encoder.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icce.2010.5670690 fatcat:vyhcsr7cwbhv7bvp5f6pi6r7z4

Implementing Boolean Functions in Hybrid Digital-Analog Systems

Vivek Kohar, Behnam Kia, John F. Lindner, William L. Ditto
2017 Physical Review Applied  
We propose an architecture to implement multi−input one−output Boolean functions using chaos computing in hybrid digital-analog systems consisting of a digital block of conventional AND gates and a nonlinear  ...  We demonstrate the utility of this architecture in a 3−transistor circuit.  ...  Digital block in the hybrid digital-analog architecture adds to the complexity of the circuit but the overall complexity of this approach is lower or comparable to the conventional approach.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevapplied.7.044006 fatcat:xg6kh6bohzctpdmssccnetw62y

Versatile graphs for tail-biting convolutional codes

M. R. Zahabi, V. Meghdadi, H. Meghdadi, J. P. Cances
2008 2008 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems  
The graphs obtained by this method have low complexity even for codes with a large number of states.  ...  Analog realization of such a graph employing MOS transistors is discussed and its circuit-level simulation results are given.  ...  Handling of this nonbinary variable demands a complex analog realization. In addition, if we change m, the design of circuit changes.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iscas.2008.4541393 dblp:conf/iscas/ZahabiMMC08 fatcat:ttlaxkz3djatnhvbvklfalkyri

Low-power all-analog circuit for rectangular-type analog joint source channel coding

Xueyuan Zhao, Vidyasagar Sadhu, Dario Pompili
2016 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)  
A low-complexity all-analog circuit is proposed to perform efficiently Analog Joint Source Channel Coding (AJSCC), which can compress two or more sensor signals into one with controlled distortion while  ...  Results indicate that the design is feasible for low-complexity systems like persistent wireless sensor networks requiring low circuit power.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank Rutgers ECE graduate student Priyank Bharad for helping with the implementation.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iscas.2016.7527514 dblp:conf/iscas/ZhaoSP16 fatcat:jdzqirzjbnerjbvv7baj3urkvm

Universal Principles for Ultra Low Power and Energy Efficient Design

R. Sarpeshkar
2012 IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems - II - Express Briefs  
, or in the voltage on a capacitor in a digital processor.  ...  To save power, one must then reduce the rate of information processing. The information may be represented by analog state variables, digital state variables, or both.  ...  In either the analog or digital domain, if the input is not inherently parallel, e.g., as in an image, then an encoder and/or a decoder is needed to perform one-to-N encoding and N -to-one decoding.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcsii.2012.2188451 fatcat:k4vkyx7xdnflxgfwu344a3x35e

The Age of Analog Networks

Claudio Mattiussi, Daniel Marbach, Peter Dürr, Dario Floreano
2008 The AI Magazine  
The proposed approach is called analog genetic encoding (AGE) and realizes an implicit genetic encoding of analog networks.  ...  In this paper we will discuss the general relevance of the analog network concept and describe an evolutionary approach to the automatic synthesis and the reverse engineering of analog networks.  ...  Acknowledgments Many thanks to Simon Harding for reading and commenting on the manuscript. This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation, grant no. 200021-112060.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v29i3.2156 fatcat:nf3oitjnh5f55o56pobithegqq

Evolutionary Synthesis of Fractional Capacitor Using Simulated Annealing Method

J. Slezak, T. Gotthans, J. Drinovsky
2012 Radioengineering  
Synthesis of fractional capacitor using classical analog circuit synthesis method was described in [6].  ...  Based on given desired characteristic function as input impedance or transfer function, the proposed method is able to synthesize topology and values of the components of the desired analog circuit.  ...  Acknowledgements Research described in the paper was supported by the Czech Ministry of Education under research program MSM 0021630513.  ... 
doaj:695c132c91424a1d86f2dd2ca5f0fee6 fatcat:psuwvlttn5ckzeitmn7bvbzclu

Feasibility Study of Multiplexing Method Using Digital Signal Encoding Technique

Kyu Bom Kim, Hyun Tae Leem, Yong Hyun Chung, Han-Back Shin
2020 Nuclear Engineering and Technology  
The digital encoding multiplexing (DEM) method was developed based on the time-over-threshold (ToT) method to provide more information including the activation time, position, and energy in one-bit line  ...  Radiation imaging systems consisting of a large number of channels greatly benefit from multiplexing methods to reduce the number of channels with minimizing the system complexity and development cost.  ...  The encoded digital pulse of the DEM circuit included The developed multiplexing method that reduces the complexity of thousands of readout channels for the PET or gamma-camera has also the potential of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.net.2020.03.027 fatcat:b7dmtssyenhqlgdpoml4g7do4e

An Improved Linearization Circuit Used for Optical Rotary Encoders

Jelena Jovanović, Dragan Denić, Uglješa Jovanović
2017 Measurement Science Review  
The proposed linearization circuit is composed of a mixed-signal circuit, which generates analog pseudo-linear signal and determines the first four bits of the final digital result, and the two-stage piecewise  ...  To improve the optical encoder sensitivity and to increase its accuracy, an improved linearization circuit based on pseudo-linear signal generation and its further linearization with the two-stage piecewise  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported by the funds of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia (grant number TR 32045).  ... 
doi:10.1515/msr-2017-0029 fatcat:kclknnhl4ja5zc2tupuv6qpbaq

An analog turbo decoder for the UMTS standard

A. Graell i Amat, G. Montorsi, S. Benedetto, D. Vogrig, A. Neviani, A. Gerosa
2004 International Symposium onInformation Theory, 2004. ISIT 2004. Proceedings.  
The design and test results of a three-metal, double-poly, 0.35 µm CMOS analog turbo decoder for the rate-1/3, block length 40, UMTS Turbo Code, are presented.  ...  This model can be used as a tool to both predict chip performance in a short time and give design guidelines for complex decoders, for which circuit-level simulations are impractical.  ...  The discrete-time model allows to estimate BER performance of complex analog decoders in a reasonable time, and can be used on top of the circuit design as a tool to provide valuable guidelines for the  ... 
doi:10.1109/isit.2004.1365329 dblp:conf/isit/AmatMBVNG04 fatcat:r5645ncecnfpzizx6nzxkqy6ya

Page 573 of SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal Vol. 89, Issue 8 [page]

1980 SMPTE Motion Imaging Journal  
Dramatic reductions in circuit complexity are realized, but at the expense of consid- erably more analog circuitry and a reduc- tion in the conversion throughput rate (which can be restored through analog  ...  Development of alternate conversion methods has been a successful effort to re- duce the component count of the converter by performing encoding in stages, adjust- ing the analog input based on the results  ... 
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