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On the Capacity of Intensity-Modulation Direct-Detection Gaussian Optical Wireless Communication Channels: A Tutorial [article]

Anas Chaaban, Zouheir Rezki, Mohamed-Slim Alouini
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Optical wireless communication (OWC) using intensity-modulation and direct-detection (IM/DD) has a channel model which possesses unique features, due to the constraints imposed on the channel input.  ...  The aim of this tutorial is to overview results on the capacity of IM/DD channels with input-independent Gaussian noise as a model of OWC channels.  ...  in optical wireless communications (OWC).  ... 
arXiv:2011.08327v2 fatcat:5n4mtk72rrdnplz6ut76k6y4vq

Survey on Free Space Optical Communication: A Communication Theory Perspective

Mohammad Ali Khalighi, Murat Uysal
2014 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
Optical wireless communication (OWC) refers to transmission in unguided propagation media through the use of optical carriers, i.e., visible, infrared (IR), and ultraviolet (UV) bands.  ...  In this paper, we present an up-to-date survey on FSO communication systems. The first part describes FSO channel models and transmitter/receiver structures.  ...  INTRODUCTION A. Overview of Optical Wireless Communication The proliferation of wireless communications stands out as one of the most significant phenomena in the history of technology.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2014.2329501 fatcat:exn6xduerrb37nr3t4x3vuj6cy

Underwater Optical Wireless Communications in Swarm Robotics: A Tutorial

Peter A. Hoeher, Jan Sticklus, Andrej Harlakin
2021 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
Among all media suitable for wireless underwater communications, UOWC systems offer the largest bandwidth and channel capacity needed for high-speed communication in swarm networks [39] , [40] .  ...  An alternative to electromagnetic waves is magneto-inductive (MI) communication, which is traditionally based on a modulated magnetic field emitted by a transmitter coil and picked-up by a receiver coil  ...  The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for constructive comments that improved the quality of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2021.3111984 fatcat:dbu6v37agnaa7o46emq4qjjc4q

Indoor Visible Light Communication: A Tutorial and Survey

Galefang Allycan Mapunda, Reuben Ramogomana, Leatile Marata, Bokamoso Basutli, Amjad Saeed Khan, Joseph Monamati Chuma, Daniel G. Reina
2020 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
The ability of switching between different levels of luminous intensity at such a rate has enabled the inception of a new communication technology referred to as visible light communication (VLC).  ...  This paper provides a tutorial and a survey of VLC in terms of the design, development, and evaluation techniques as well as current challenges and their envisioned solutions.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to acknowledge the Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST) for research funding.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/8881305 fatcat:wypzpfvejjdsjlqy4b6jitjiwe

RIS-Assisted Visible Light Communication Systems: A Tutorial [article]

Sylvester Aboagye and Alain R. Ndjiongue and Telex M. N. Ngatched and Octavia Dobre and H. Vincent Poor
2022 arXiv   pre-print
However, there have been limited studies on RISs for optical wireless communication (OWC) systems. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive tutorial on indoor VLC systems utilizing RISs technology.  ...  We also provide a comprehensive overview of optical RISs and examine the differences between optical RISs, RF-RISs, and optical relays.  ...  At the receiver, with the help of a transconductance amplifier (TIA), the PD converts the detected light intensity into a voltage (i.e., direct detection (DD)), readily understandable by the signal processing  ... 
arXiv:2204.07198v1 fatcat:b3cihbfitnd2hm5cu25rokyppu

LIGHTNETs: Smart LIGHTing and Mobile Optical Wireless NETworks — A Survey

Abdullah Sevincer, Aashish Bhattarai, Mehmet Bilgi, Murat Yuksel, Nezih Pala
2013 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
Free-space-optical (FSO), a.k.a. optical wireless, communication has been considered as one of the viable solutions to respond to the ever-increasing wireless capacity demand.  ...  In this paper, we present a tutorial and survey of advances in these two technologies and explore the potential for integration of the two as a single field of study: LIGHTNETs.  ...  Free-space-optical (FSO), a.k.a. optical wireless, communication has been considered as one of the viable solutions to respond to the ever-increasing wireless capacity demand.  ... 
doi:10.1109/surv.2013.032713.00150 fatcat:dv33l67lajbgbgz2bwl74l6hgy

A tutorial on microwave photonic filters

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor
2006 Journal of Lightwave Technology  
This paper provides a tutorial introduction of this subject to the reader not working directly in the field but interested in getting an overall introduction of the subject and also to the researcher wishing  ...  to get a comprehensive background before working on the subject.  ...  Relative intensity noise (RIN) produced in the optical source [case (a)] propagates along the optical processor up to the detector and is one of the dominant sources of noise when direct IM is employed  ... 
doi:10.1109/jlt.2005.860478 fatcat:ooyobg62bzbu3oy4gugliwddea

A Survey on Quantum Channel Capacities

Laszlo Gyongyosi, Sandor Imre, Hung Viet Nguyen
2018 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
Here we review the properties of the quantum communication channel, the various capacity measures and the fundamental differences between the classical and quantum channels.  ...  It offers fundamentally new solutions in the field of computer science and extends the possibilities to a level that cannot be imagined in classical communication systems.  ...  The quantum state is sent through a quantum communication channel, which in practice can be implemented e.g. by an optical-fiber channel, or by a wireless quantum communication channel.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2017.2786748 fatcat:fuy72e365jcfncszn6mkelfkqu

Wireless Communication in Data Centers: A Survey

Abdelbaset S. Hamza, Jitender S. Deogun, Dennis R. Alexander
2016 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
We present a generic classification scheme that can be used to classify current and future DCNs based on the communication technology used in the network.  ...  Index Terms-Wireless data centers, 60 GHz, free space optical (FSO), optical wireless communication (OWC), data centers, data center network.  ...  Intensity modulation with direct detection (IM/DD) is usually employed in FSO links.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2016.2521678 fatcat:afzupzfhc5c7tk2la2ysmsyoom

Hybrid LiFi and WiFi Networks: A Survey

Xiping Wu, Mohammad Dehghani Soltani, Lai Zhou, Majid Safari, Harald Haas
2021 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
For indoor wireless communications, one promising approach is to coordinate light fidelity (LiFi) and wireless fidelity (WiFi), namely hybrid LiFi and WiFi networks (HLWNets).  ...  In this paper, we present a survey-style introduction to HLWNets, starting with a framework of system design in the aspects of network architectures, cell deployments, multiple access and modulation schemes  ...  Within the range of reception angles, the received optical intensity depends on the direction of incident light.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2021.3058296 fatcat:ktvgidxwsfe4jcvrjbzhsj4zxq

A Survey on OFDM-Based Elastic Core Optical Networking

Guoying Zhang, Marc De Leenheer, Annalisa Morea, Biswanath Mukherjee
2013 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) is a modulation technology that has been widely adopted in many new and emerging broadband wireless and wireline communication systems.  ...  In this paper, we present a comprehensive survey on OFDM-based elastic optical network technologies, including basic principles of OFDM, O-OFDM technologies, the architectures of OFDMbased elastic core  ...  Detection Direct-detection optical OFDM is realized by sending the optical carrier along with the OFDM baseband so that direct detection with a single photodiode can be used at the receiver to convert  ... 
doi:10.1109/surv.2012.010912.00123 fatcat:3xolbe4dxjcihgfba7prh5zzmi

Trade-offs in Sensor Systems Design: A Tutorial

Marios Sophocleous, Christos Sapsanis, Andreas G. Andreou, Julius Georgiou
2022 IEEE Sensors Journal  
Although the discussion focuses on all the processing steps of the AFE, a more systemlevel approach is further explored, including stand-alone system approaches and system communication.  ...  With examples from engineered systems in our laboratories, we address design considerations at the different system levels, from the choice of a particular sensor to the signal conditioning circuits, the  ...  Depending on their output, sensors can be separated into direct and modulated. Direct sensors produce a direct electrical output such as voltage or current.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jsen.2022.3151129 fatcat:opqlfogkc5cchio2iq7ad4doxi

Millimeter-Wave Communications: Physical Channel Models, Design Considerations, Antenna Constructions, and Link-Budget

Ibrahim A. Hemadeh, Katla Satyanarayana, Mohammed El-Hajjar, Lajos Hanzo
2018 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
The millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency band spanning from 30 to 300 GHz constitutes a substantial portion of the unused frequency spectrum, which is an important resource for future wireless communication  ...  Finally, we present the mmWave channel model and its challenges in the context of mmWave communication systems design.  ...  . • Intensive 5G channel modeling efforts: Based on extensive measurements at the 28 GHz, 38 GHz, 60 GHz and 73 GHz, multiple channel models were proposed by NYU WIRELESS under the title of 5G Channel  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2017.2783541 fatcat:xkfiyyr6sza4zcacgzmvlvujcq

Novel Index Modulation Techniques: A Survey

Tianqi Mao, Qi Wang, Zhaocheng Wang, Sheng Chen
2018 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
In the past few years, the novel index modulation (IM) has emerged as a promising technology that is widely employed in wireless communications.  ...  In fifth generation wireless networks, the escalating teletraffic and energy consumption has necessitated the development of green communication techniques in order to further enhance both the system's  ...  Applications to Optical Communications Due to the shortage of frequency resources and the ever-increasing demand for high-rate communication, optical communication has become as a promising complementary  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2018.2858567 fatcat:at3u4vzr7vf4pe3b4tzrnnxkji

Machine Learning Techniques for Optical Performance Monitoring and Modulation Format Identification: A Survey

Waddah Saif, Maged A. Esmail, Amr Ragheb, Tariq Alshawi, Saleh Alshebeili
2020 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
In this subsection, we review the various modulation formats where ML-based MFI techniques play an important role in their classification. 1) Intensity modulation-direct detection (IM-DD): a) On-Off  ...  New multiplexing techniques Besides the traditional multiplexing technique, SDM is a large player in next generation of optical networks to overcome the capacity limit of the existing optical communication  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2020.3018494 fatcat:qtspg36ylvbvhjil6u5or7seja
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