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Page 72 of IBM Journal of Research and Development Vol. 1, Issue 3 [page]

1957 IBM Journal of Research and Development  
When both AND circuit diodes become back-biased, on the coincidence of the sampling pulse and an error signal, the current in the 220K AND circuit resistor switches into the flip-flop circuit and triggers  ...  Physical and construction problems Figure 19 shows the completed system mounted in a closed relay rack.  ... 

Perceptual Bias in Speech Error Data Collection: Insights from Spanish Speech Errors

Elvira Pérez, Julio Santiago, Alfonso Palma, Padraig G. O'Seaghdha
2006 Journal of Psycholinguistic Research  
As a result, collecting speech errors "in the wild" seems to be free of bias to a reasonable extent even when using a multiple-collector method.  ...  Unlike findings in the Germanic languages, Spanish speech errors show many patterns which run contrary to those expected from bias: (1) more phonological errors occur between words than within word; (2  ...  Acknowledgments This research served as partial fulfilment of the requirements for a Master's Thesis by Elvira Pérez at the Dept. de Psicología Experimental y Fisiología del Comportamiento, Universidad  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10936-006-9042-7 pmid:17186384 fatcat:dm56ug2oxnf4lb53zagapfuycu

Researcher Interaction Biases and Business Ethics Research: Respondent Reactions to Researcher Characteristics

Anthony D. Miyazaki, Kimberly A. Taylor
2007 Journal of Business Ethics  
Problems occur, however, in that what the respondents perceive as being salient is often unknown, thus the need persists for investigating potential biases as well as understanding their effects on the  ...  The researcher must be aware, however, that obtrusive observation (even if disguised) may still elicit biased behavior from respondents based on their observation of the data collector.  ...  Appendix Types of researcher interaction biases  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10551-007-9547-5 fatcat:dqwprrwppjcvxajck6au5zlk4u

Counting by Coin Tossings [chapter]

Philippe Flajolet
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
-Birthday Paradox: It takes on average 23 to get a birthday collision -Coupon Collector: After 365 persons have entered, expect a partial collection of ∼ 231 different days in the year; it would take  ...  The situation is like listening to a play of Shakespeare and at the end estimate the number of different words. Rules: Very little computation per element scanned, very little auxiliary memory.  ...  . • PROBLEM: Recover asympt. f n from f (z) = X n f n z n n! ? [Here: "Luck" means good lifting of φ(z) to C ≡ Poisson flow of complex rate!]  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30502-6_1 fatcat:3cjt3i2rpfa5jbv7rm5v2txyqq

On the quality of BGP route collectors for iBGP policy inference

Luca Cittadini, Stefano Vissicchio, Benoit Donnet
2014 2014 IFIP Networking Conference  
However, those studies focused on techniques to extract information about the AS-level Internet topology.  ...  We find that the same datasets exhibit significantly diverse biases for these two metrics. For example, the sensitivity to the number and position of collectors is noticeably different.  ...  Donnet's work is partially funded by the European Commission funded mPlane ICT-318627 project.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ifipnetworking.2014.6857091 dblp:conf/networking/CittadiniVD14 fatcat:uruljuecindvjjfznylg6htpxu

A study of concurrent real-time garbage collectors

Filip Pizlo, Erez Petrank, Bjarne Steensgaard
2008 SIGPLAN notices  
Concurrent collectors also offer much better scalability over incremental collectors. The main problem with concurrent real-time collectors is their complexity.  ...  Finally, we have implemented all three collectors on the Bartok compiler and runtime for C# and we present measurements to compare their efficiency and responsiveness.  ...  We studied these three collectors for the absolute and relative properties. We have also implemented all three collectors and presented measurements of their performance and overheads.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1379022.1375587 fatcat:qcajutt5sncxzozngpc7kohgx4

A study of concurrent real-time garbage collectors

Filip Pizlo, Erez Petrank, Bjarne Steensgaard
2008 Proceedings of the 2008 ACM SIGPLAN conference on Programming language design and implementation - PLDI '08  
Concurrent collectors also offer much better scalability over incremental collectors. The main problem with concurrent real-time collectors is their complexity.  ...  Finally, we have implemented all three collectors on the Bartok compiler and runtime for C# and we present measurements to compare their efficiency and responsiveness.  ...  We studied these three collectors for the absolute and relative properties. We have also implemented all three collectors and presented measurements of their performance and overheads.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1375581.1375587 dblp:conf/pldi/PizloPS08 fatcat:u6m3c43p4vdmzjnlmnkrgxfjyi

Circuit techniques for large CSEA SRAMs

D.E. Wingard, D.C. Stark, M.A. Horowitz
1992 IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  
The CMOS-storage emitter-access (CSEA) memory cell offers faster access than the MOS cells used in conventional BiCMOS SRAM'S, but using it in large memory arrays poses several problems.  ...  It also reports results on a 64-kb CSEA SRAM using these techniques.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors are indebted to the staff of TI's Semiconductor Process Laboratory and VLSI Design Laboratory for support of this research. In particular, they wish to thank H. Davis, L.  ... 
doi:10.1109/4.135335 fatcat:u4bfifiazjcn3nzdtvc4tz5ywe

Impact of missing data on analysis of postoperative cognitive decline (POCD)

Susan K. DeCrane, Laura P. Sands, Kristen Marie Young, Glen DePalma, Jacqueline M. Leung
2013 Applied Nursing Research  
Re-coding word list scores from missing to zero when a patient was too cognitively impaired to complete the tests improved sample size by 13.5% of postoperative day (POD) 1 and 12.8% on POD 2.  ...  Recoding missing data to zero for the digit symbol test resulted in 29.3% larger sample size on POD 1 and 22.7% on POD 2.  ...  Acknowledgment We gratefully acknowledge the Perioperative Medicine Research Group at the University of California, San Francisco, for their support and assistance with this study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.apnr.2012.11.001 pmid:23290047 pmcid:PMC3620895 fatcat:tatvdb5tbrasnhbsf3db25afjm

Connectivity-based garbage collection

Martin Hirzel, Amer Diwan, Matthew Hertz
2003 Proceedings of the 18th ACM SIGPLAN conference on Object-oriented programing, systems, languages, and applications - OOPSLA '03  
These collectors rely on an analysis of object connectivity; this dissertation describes the first non-trivial pointer analysis that handles all of Java, including dynamic class loading, reflection, and  ...  The dissertation concludes by describing the design and implementation of a connectivity-based garbage collector in a Java virtual machine, using the pointer analysis.  ...  In other words, connectivity-based collectors emphasize partial collections for high responsiveness, but the partial collections are more flexible than in age-based collectors, with more flexibility for  ... 
doi:10.1145/949305.949337 dblp:conf/oopsla/HirzelDH03 fatcat:e6polgizfbgvjeq65vb6gaqoou

Connectivity-based garbage collection

Martin Hirzel, Amer Diwan, Matthew Hertz
2003 Proceedings of the 18th ACM SIGPLAN conference on Object-oriented programing, systems, languages, and applications - OOPSLA '03  
These collectors rely on an analysis of object connectivity; this dissertation describes the first non-trivial pointer analysis that handles all of Java, including dynamic class loading, reflection, and  ...  The dissertation concludes by describing the design and implementation of a connectivity-based garbage collector in a Java virtual machine, using the pointer analysis.  ...  In other words, connectivity-based collectors emphasize partial collections for high responsiveness, but the partial collections are more flexible than in age-based collectors, with more flexibility for  ... 
doi:10.1145/949334.949337 fatcat:blklnfwhhfaqhe54hr225j2jui

Connectivity-based garbage collection

Martin Hirzel, Amer Diwan, Matthew Hertz
2003 SIGPLAN notices  
These collectors rely on an analysis of object connectivity; this dissertation describes the first non-trivial pointer analysis that handles all of Java, including dynamic class loading, reflection, and  ...  The dissertation concludes by describing the design and implementation of a connectivity-based garbage collector in a Java virtual machine, using the pointer analysis.  ...  In other words, connectivity-based collectors emphasize partial collections for high responsiveness, but the partial collections are more flexible than in age-based collectors, with more flexibility for  ... 
doi:10.1145/949343.949337 fatcat:7bchou7rgfbdrlv46foxal2yoq

How beneficiaries see complex health interventions: a practice review of the Most Significant Change in ten countries

Kendra Tonkin, Hilah Silver, Juan Pimentel, Anne Marie Chomat, Ivan Sarmiento, Loubna Belaid, Anne Cockcroft, Neil Andersson
2021 Archives of Public Health  
Although the approach can surface unexpected impacts, it is not a 360-degree evaluation. Its strength lies in characterising the changes, where these happen, in the words of the beneficiaries.  ...  Notes taken during the meeting provided the framework for this article.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank participants in the meeting including Luis País, David Loutfi, Anna Dion, Nadia O'Brien and Katherine Pizzaro.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13690-021-00536-0 pmid:33557938 fatcat:cqkewtha6na6zj5n6tlgr2jbzi

Acquiring data in medical research: A research primer for low- and middle-income countries

Vicken Totten, Erin L. Simon, Mohammad Jalili, Hendry R. Sawe
2020 African Journal of Emergency Medicine  
The importance of a detailed protocol and research manual are emphasized. Data collectors and data collection forms, both electronic and paper-based are discussed.  ...  There may be interesting speculation, new paradigms or theories, but without data gathered from the universe, as representative of the truth in the universe as possible, there will be no new knowledge.  ...  Ideally, your data collectors would be blinded to the outcome of interest, to prevent bias. However, real life is full of biases.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.afjem.2020.09.009 pmid:33304796 pmcid:PMC7718444 fatcat:yrc5lts5ajfkdbkyxlfipoaib4

System design of the Gamma 60

Phillippe Dreyfuss
1958 Proceedings of the May 6-8, 1958, western joint computer conference: contrasts in computers on XX - IRE-ACM-AIEE '58 (Western)  
tion in one instruction. A 64-bit instruction would be wasteful for the highly stylized floating-point and indexing operations with their fixed data formats.  ...  Only 18 bits of address are needed because a floatingpoint number occupies a full 64-bit word.  ...  The data distributor handles the priority problem of time-slot allocation (one slot equals one catena) to demanding elements on the transfer buses.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1457769.1457805 fatcat:6ekvkygd6jd7rigfvxsja7nz6m
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