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Reclaiming Rational Theory Choice as Central: A Critique of Methodological Applications of Critical Realism

K. Robert Isaksen
2016 Journal of Critical Realism  
The method of rational theory choice and the key criterion for it are presented: immanent critique combined with retroduction to determine whether a theory has greater explanatory power than its rivals  ...  My central claim is that texts introducing and explaining critical realism focus on its ontological insights, and even though issues of judgemental rationality and theory choice are central to research  ...  I would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their insightful suggested changes on revising the article, David Scott and David Isaksen for their comments on earlier drafts of this article, and  ... 
doi:10.1080/14767430.2016.1169369 fatcat:cnl557oasne3xjzu5l277wve7u

Measurement in metrology, psychology and social sciences: data generation traceability and numerical traceability as basic methodological principles applicable across sciences

Jana Uher
2020 Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology  
for measurement. (1) Data generation traceability requires that numerical assignments depend on the properties to be quantified in the study objects (object-dependence).  ...  Therefore, scientists must establish unbroken documented connection chains that directly link (via different steps) the quantitative entity to be measured in the study property with the numerical value  ...  Acknowledgements The author thanks the editor and four reviewers for their constructive comments on  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11135-020-00970-2 fatcat:vrwc6a7tsjbk5jytxc3zg34bf4

Developing a Systemic Program Evaluation Methodology: A Critical Systems Perspective

Maria Alejandra Torres-Cuello, Luis Pinzón-Salcedo, Gerald Midgley
2018 Systems research and behavioral science  
For this reason, the following research seeks to address this issue by introducing systems thinking concepts in the methodological design of a program evaluation methodology.  ...  In order to do so, Ulrich relies on the work of Habermas (1976) concerning the nature of rationality.  ...  In order to do so, I seek to frame my own systemic methodological evaluation design in terms of understanding power under Michel Foucault´s ideas (1979, 1990) and studying which are the implications  ... 
doi:10.1002/sres.2561 fatcat:2ylca5aaw5dtxhu2mo47e7nt4y

Exploring the Workings of the Psyche: Metatheoretical and Methodological Foundations [chapter]

Jana Uher
2015 Psychology as the Science of Human Being  
This research applies the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals (TPS-Paradigm) to metatheoretically define the peculiarities of psychical phenomena of which various  ...  kinds are differentiated and to derive therefrom basic methodological principles and criteria applicable to any investigation.  ...  This chapter was previously entitled "Exploring individuals and the workings of their minds: Methodological principles derived from the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-21094-0_18 fatcat:wtj4h72onzcpxjyg6zitdly4ca

Developing "Personality" Taxonomies: Metatheoretical and Methodological Rationales Underlying Selection Approaches, Methods of Data Generation and Reduction Principles

Jana Uher
2014 Integrative Psychological and Behavioural Science  
Analyses of some currently popular taxonomies reveal frequent mismatches between the researchers' explicit and implicit metatheories about "personality" and the abilities of previous methodologies to capture  ...  practice of radically matching the methodological tools to researchers' preconceived ideas and to pre-existing statistical theories rather than to the particular phenomena and individuals under study.  ...  on previous drafts (previously entitled "Methodological approaches to personality taxonomies: The Behavioural Repertoire x Environmental Situations Approach-A nonlexical alternative").  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12124-014-9280-4 pmid:25249469 fatcat:kyadniakfzd2jc2zfenpgc3snu

Ontology, methodology, and causation in the American school of international political economy

Henry Farrell, Martha Finnemore
2009 Review of International Political Economy  
Tierney and Maliniak's TRIP data point to a strong elective affinity between, on the one hand, rationalist/liberal 10 ontological assumptions and quantitative methodologies, and on the other, constructivist  ...  As a variety of philosophers of science have insisted, we need to do much better in thinking about the relationship 15 between our underlying notions of causation and the methodological tools that we employ  ...  pathologies of 470 international bureaucracy, and won the International Studies Association's award for best book in 2006.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09692290802524075 fatcat:fnc4jw7alrh3tbungndxl64ptq

Quantitative Data From Rating Scales: An Epistemological and Methodological Enquiry

Jana Uher
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
Rating methods sufficiently specify neither the empirical study phenomena nor the symbolic systems used as data nor rules of assignment between them.  ...  The demands rating methods impose on data-generating persons are deconstructed and compared with the demands involved in other quantitative methods (e.g., ethological observations).  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author thanks the editor and the three reviewers for their thoughtful comments on previous drafts of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02599 pmid:30622493 pmcid:PMC6308206 fatcat:jm6udfcp2bd55kbn5k6yrah5wa

An Emerging Theory for Evidence Based Information Literacy Instruction in School Libraries, Part 2: Building a Culture of Enquiry

Carol A. Gordon
2009 Evidence Based Library and Information Practice  
Part 2 continues to build on the Information Search Process and Guided Inquiry as foundational to studying the information-to-knowledge connection and the concepts of help and intervention characteristic  ...  Such a theory is needed to support research on the integrated approach to teaching information skills and knowledge construction within the framework of inquiry learning.  ...  The connection between Dewey's metatheory and Lewin's substantive social psychology theory generates a theory of methodology ( Fig. 2) for studying action research-based teaching informed by the methods  ... 
doi:10.18438/b8ck69 fatcat:53zyart7gzfhxjfbbyjs223y54

Beyond methodology choice: critical systems thinking as critically systemic discourse

W Ulrich
2003 Journal of the Operational Research Society  
TSI 1 and TSI 2 both seek to locate ‘critique’ in the choice of methodology.  ...  We need, on the one hand, to identify the sources of such selectivity (a); on the other hand, we need to assess its practical and ethical implications and to surface options (b).  ... 
doi:10.1057/palgrave.jors.2601518 fatcat:bwmloncxdfevvf2nxx4btufkl4

Methodological frameworks for the geography of organizations

Vincent J. Del Casino, Andrew J. Grimes, Stephen P. Hanna, John Paul Jones III
2000 Geoforum  
In this paper, we present three methodological frameworks for the geographic study of organizations.  ...  To supplement the methodological contributions of this paper, we suggest how each of these frameworks might inform empirical investigations of Appalshop, a media arts organization located in Whitesburg  ...  We are also grateful to David Watt, Vice-President of Research and Graduate Studies at the University of Kentukcy, for ®nancial support.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0016-7185(00)00019-1 fatcat:yo5ovyjwjfbutaxurvab36ti3m

Methodological behaviorism from the standpoint of a radical behaviorist

J. Moore
2013 The Behavior Analyst  
Methodological behaviorism is a stance on verbal processes and the meaning of "psychological" terms and concepts that are deployed in theories and explanations of behavior.  ...  A second interpretation allowed psychologists to appeal indirectly to mediating mental terms, provided the psychologists could logically connect the terms to observables through operational definitions  ...  made or whether it is made of one stuff or two but rather the dimensions of the things studied by psychology and the methods relevant to them.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03392306 pmid:28018031 pmcid:PMC5147434 fatcat:pbnngsmstbcexji6hskrzvesaa

Data generation methods across the empirical sciences: differences in the study phenomena's accessibility and the processes of data encoding

Jana Uher
2018 Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology  
connections to concepts of data generation developed in metrology.  ...  Metatheoretical concepts and methodological principles are elaborated that open up new perspectives on methods of data generation across the empirical sciences, highlighting commonalities and differences  ...  disciplines' focus on standardised assessment methods and establish connections to concepts of data generation developed in metrology.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11135-018-0744-3 fatcat:m3xxdpqvhvhztcbzovy67hhh5m

Social Justice Research in Library and Information Sciences: A Case for Discourse Analysis

Tami Oliphant
2015 Library Trends  
Drawing on the findings of the goodness of fit of Rioux's metatheory and examples of discourse analytic studies in LIS, this article offers practical strategies for social justice researchers wanting to  ...  Scholars have employed a variety of research methodologies and methods to explore, probe, and uncover ways in which social justice is enacted, embodied, supported, or not supported by researchers, educators  ...  & Savolainen, 2002) , including a special issue of Library Quarterly on discursive approaches to information seeking in context (Talja & McKenzie, 2007) .  ... 
doi:10.1353/lib.2015.0046 fatcat:um4ajxnqlzdmlgzr42vd52ui5e

Critical realism as a philosophy and social theory in information science?

Marianne Wikgren, Birger Hjørland
2005 Journal of Documentation  
In the study of information seeking and use, the objects of our inquiry are empirical events.  ...  Regardless of the method, the work of theory is to explain the hidden powers -processes or mechanisms -that produce the effects or events that we study.  ...  The purpose of this model is to portray a person's entire information-seeking (in this case web-seeking) world and enable an analysis of the connection between information behaviour, or information action  ... 
doi:10.1108/00220410510577989 fatcat:b62ljkveenf2vcmyay7uphfrne

User Studies Differ Across Some Disciplines and May Not Be Very Effective

Virginia Wilson
2007 Evidence Based Library and Information Practice  
Objective – As part of a multi-staged project, this study seeks to identify the unanswered questions about users as found in three fields: library and information science (LIS), human computer interaction  ...  The researchers contend that this analysis is one of many that could be done on the information retrieved from the interviews.  ...  "On Studying Information Seeking Methodologically: The Implication of Connecting Metatheory to Method." Information Processing and Management. 35.6 (Nov. 1999): 727-50.  ... 
doi:10.18438/b8bs3x fatcat:6ktl546amrb5jm5nty37armtya
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