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On making SCTP robust to spurious retransmissions

Sourabh Ladha, Stephan Baucke, Reiner Ludwig, Paul D. Amer
2004 Computer communication review  
The result was a series of proposals (Eifel, DSACK-based, F-RTO) targeted towards making a transport robust to such events. Most of the proposals focused on TCP and assumed applicability to SCTP.  ...  This paper focuses on SCTP and makes three contributions.  ...  Armando Caro implemented the timestamp chunk for SCTP in NS.  ... 
doi:10.1145/997150.997161 fatcat:olbpq5qzrren3hizzhb6qyj3t4

A taxonomy and survey of SCTP research

Łukasz Budzisz, Johan Garcia, Anna Brunstrom, Ramon Ferrús
2012 ACM Computing Surveys  
On continuation, a detailed survey of the SCTP multihoming feature is provided, examining possible applications of multihoming, such as robustness, handover support, and loadsharing.  ...  This article aims to provide a detailed survey of one of these new features-multihoming-which, as it is shown, is the subject of evaluation in more than half of all published SCTP-related articles.  ...  Decisions on simultaneously sent data are made on an end-to-end basis and thus it is easier to avoid unnecessary fast retransmissions or spurious timeouts while sending more data [Goff and Phatak 2004  ... 
doi:10.1145/2333112.2333113 fatcat:i5j5kcsec5fhff5owi2u7nk5ai

Research feature - SCTP: a proposed standard for robust internet data transport

A.L. Caro, J.R. Iyengar, P.D. Amer, S. Ladha, G.J. Heinz, K.C. Shah
2003 Computer  
SCTP also features a fourway handshake to establish an association, which makes it resistant to blind denial-of-service attacks and thus improves overall protocol security.  ...  and mechanisms to control network congestion.  ...  They have proposed algorithms for making SCTP robust to the negative effects of a single changeover. 4 Concurrent multipath transfer Currently, multihomed SCTP end points may only transmit new data to  ... 
doi:10.1109/mc.2003.1244536 fatcat:cdndqajrmfau3nszyaseduovnu

Latency evaluation of networking mechanisms for game traffic

Szabolcs Harcsik, Andreas Petlund, Carsten Griwodz, Pål Halvorsen
2007 Proceedings of the 6th ACM SIGCOMM workshop on Network and system support for games - NetGames '07  
In addition, we evaluate some "low latency" extensions to TCP, SCTP and one of the middleware platforms.  ...  In particular, we compare existing user-space middleware running on top of UDP and reliable, fair transport protocols like TCP and SCTP.  ...  Jon Pedersen (jonped@ifi.uio.no) has implemented the modifications for SCTP and Kristian Evensen (kristrev@ifi.uio.no) has implemented the RDB technique for TCP.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1326257.1326280 dblp:conf/netgames/HarcsikPGH07 fatcat:dmj5tj2jnjhdviwhfhs6fyyphu

An Analysis of Resequencing Delay of Reliable Transmission Protocols over Multipath

K. Zheng, X. Jiao, M. Liu, Z. Li
2010 2010 IEEE International Conference on Communications  
Reliable transmission protocols as TCP and SCTP suffer resequencing delay due to asynchronous packet arrivals at the receiver as a result of packet reordering.  ...  In this paper, we make an analysis of the mean resequencing delay for an average packet in a typical multipath transfer scenario.  ...  Further, the authors in [6] propose three algorithms and five retransmission policies to make SCTP more robust to the spurious retransmissions.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icc.2010.5502207 dblp:conf/icc/ZhengJLL10 fatcat:p5xcm72jcbgypglvh4muhqq6mq

Rethinking end-to-end failover with transport layer multihoming

Armando L. Caro, Paul D. Amer, Randall R. Stewart
2006 Annales des télécommunications  
We advocate a new approach to end-to-end failover that temporarily redirects traffic to an alternate path on the first sign of a potential failure (i.e., a timeout) on the primary path, but conservatively  ...  Using the application of bulk data transfer, we investigate end-to-end failover mechanisms and thresholds for transport protocols that support multihoming (e.g., SCTP).  ...  Thus, to be completely robust against spurious failovers on 99% of paths, PMR should be set to 6 (even PMR = 5 spuriously fails over 6% of the time at 10% loss), but that translates to a failover time  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03219970 fatcat:o6mbvyby6fhmfldpdelsm66iqq

Multipath Transmission for the Internet: A Survey

Ming Li, Andrey Lukyanenko, Zhonghong Ou, Antti Yla-Jaaski, Sasu Tarkoma, Matthieu Coudron, Stefano Secci
2016 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
To that end, we present a survey on multipath transmission and make several major contributions: (1) we present a complete taxonomy pertaining to multipath transmission, including link, network, transport  ...  This situation is now changing due to the emergence of multipath protocols on different network stack layers.  ...  Smart Fast Retransmission deals with spurious fast retransmission bursts.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2016.2586112 fatcat:vnpjtjx2dzfobbtzan5l6nnx7y

Improving latency for interactive, thin-stream applications over reliable transport

Andreas Petlund
2010 ACM SIGMultimedia Records  
Due to the fact that such thin-stream applications are commonly interactive and time-dependent, increased delay may severely reduce the experienced quality of the application.  ...  On making SCTP robust to spurious retransmissions. ACM Computer Communication Review, 34(2):123- 135, 2004. [66] D. Leith and R. Shorten.  ...  This is a side effect of delaying retransmissions as long as possible in order to avoid retransmitting spuriously.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1874413.1874416 fatcat:p4hdt74vpjfnznyxae4f55teyq

Stall and Path Monitoring Issues in SCTP

J. Noonan, P. Perry, S. Murphy, J. Murphy
2006 Proceedings IEEE INFOCOM 2006. 25TH IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications  
A stall is where an SCTP end-point ceases to communicate for an extended period of time, but does not report any error to the upper layer.  ...  when a network error occurs that causes only SACKs to be lost, which confuses the SCTP sender about which network path is operational.  ...  The reaction of SCTP to delay spikes is studied by Fu et al [12] , while work performed by Ladha et al [5] focuses on making SCTP more robust to these network irregularities; both schemes remove the  ... 
doi:10.1109/infocom.2006.289 dblp:conf/infocom/NoonanPMM06 fatcat:o2ys6yzc5faudfxngjlnwm76im

SCTP: state of the art in research, products, and technical challenges

Shaojian Fu, M. Atiquzzaman
2004 IEEE Communications Magazine  
We further showed that SCTP SACK could be used to eliminate spurious fast retransmission in SCTP.  ...  There are a number of problems in wireless communications, one of which is the spurious timeout and retransmission caused by sudden long delays, called delay spikes.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2004.1284931 fatcat:wwwrqtq235e45oifnuk4wvtfim

Secure Multipath Transport For Legacy Internet Applications

Andrei Gurtov, Tatiana Polishchuk
2009 Proceedings of the 6th International ICST Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks, and Systems  
Multihoming and advanced security features make the Host Identity Protocol a good candidate to provide multipath data delivery.  ...  However, standard transport protocols TCP and SCTP are unable to take advantage of several available paths so that the application using a single transport connection would receive the aggregate bandwidth  ...  Such mechanisms can dynamically adjust the DUPACK threshold to balance between packet loss recovery and avoiding spurious retransmissions.  ... 
doi:10.4108/icst.broadnets2009.7186 dblp:conf/broadnets/GurtovP09 fatcat:vdtvpliw7varlpswf3if4ikf5i

Using a new protocol to enhance path reliability and realize load balancing in mobile ad hoc networks

Antonios Argyriou, Vijay Madisetti
2006 Ad hoc networks  
A number of additional modifications are incorporated to the SCTP protocol in order to allow its smooth operation.  ...  More specifically, we built a disjoint-path identification mechanism for maintaining multiple routes between two endpoints on top of the Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP), and the Dynamic Source  ...  However, when the SCTP association has only one route available, SCTP reports failure to the upper layer after the usual five retransmissions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.adhoc.2004.04.005 fatcat:ftr6pzieazfljpoc424rwr5ofm

Lifetime packet discard for efficient real-time transport over cellular links

Andrei Gurtov, Reiner Ludwig
2003 ACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing and Communications Review  
We propose using an IP option to communicate the flow requirements to the link layer.  ...  For congestion-responsive flows, the link transmits only headers of expired packets to prevent unnecessary triggering of end-to-end congestion control.  ...  Many thanks to Sally Floyd and Randall Stewart for comments on the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/965732.965738 fatcat:2asiv2ru6jhhndsf47sgyi5mri

Transport layer protocols and architectures for satellite networks

Carlo Caini, Rosario Firrincieli, Mario Marchese, Tomaso de Cola, Michele Luglio, Cesare Roseti, Nedo Celandroni, Francesco Potortí
2006 International Journal of Satellite Communications And Networking  
Stemming from the authors' work on this project, this paper aims to provide the reader with an updated overview of all the possible approaches that can be pursued to overcome the limitations of current  ...  The level of impact on performance depends upon the link design (type of constellation, link margin, coding and modulation) and operational conditions (link obstructions, terminal mobility, weather conditions  ...  According to this view, the LTP protocol will be responsible for guaranteeing the communication robustness on a point-to-point basis, exploiting the procedures of 'retransmission' and 'accelerated retransmission  ... 
doi:10.1002/sat.855 fatcat:yebhhxz3mbcx5jltb7hwpfftz4

MEASURING THE PERFORMANCE OF HANDOFF IN HETEROGENEOUS WIRELESS NETWORKS USING NETWORK LAYER PROTOCOL

Sasikala T, Srivatsa S.K
2008 International Journal on Information Sciences and Computing  
Moving from one subnet to another causes a handoff. During handoff, a mobile node point of attachment to the fixed network is transferred to another.  ...  If a user wishes to have an uninterrupted Internet service, while frequently switching from one network connection to another, a seamless handoff solution with low latency and low packet loss is mandatory  ...  The major problems of wireless communication are higher error rates, lower bandwidth and more frequent spurious disconnection.As a result of these factors, communication latency rises due to higher retransmission  ... 
doi:10.18000/ijisac.50023 fatcat:c5bujimaqbcb7f3zj6jcrdfhb4
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