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fMRI-based detection of alertness predicts behavioral response variability

Sarah E Goodale, Nafis Ahmed, Chong Zhao, Jacco A de Zwart, Pinar S Özbay, Dante Picchioni, Jeff Duyn, Dario J Englot, Victoria L Morgan, Catie Chang
2021 eLife  
Here, we extract a continuous, time-resolved marker of alertness from fMRI data alone.  ...  We demonstrate that this fMRI alertness marker, calculated in a short pre-stimulus interval, captures trial-to-trial behavioral responses to incoming sensory stimuli.  ...  This finding extends a body of prior work linking fMRI spontaneous activity with behavior and perception (e.g., Sadaghiani et al., 2009; Kelly et al., 2008; Thompson et al., 2013; Sadaghiani et al., 2015  ... 
doi:10.7554/elife.62376 fatcat:tiwthv32zjaz5ksw2a4gllfir4

Contribution of Subregions of Human Frontal Cortex to Novelty Processing

Marianne Løvstad, Ingrid Funderud, Magnus Lindgren, Tor Endestad, Paulina Due-Tønnessen, Torstein Meling, Bradley Voytek, Robert T. Knight, Anne-Kristin Solbakk
2012 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
This work forms part of a doctoral thesis to be submitted to the Department of Psychology, University of Oslo.  ...  This research is supported by the Southeastern Norway Regional Health Authority (grants SUN-001-SS and 2008047), the Research Council of Norway (grant 186504/ V50), and the National Institute of Neurological  ...  The issue of group overlap is a potential confound in the study.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00099 pmid:21812562 pmcid:PMC4090805 fatcat:pjlfc5i4tbgdfckbb6szzrfbuy

Near infrared spectroscopy – a bioengineering approach to traumatic brain injury

Vassilios Kontojannis, Martyn Boutelle
2020
We have recruited 205 patients; intracranial haematomas of volume>3.5ml, and deep<2.5cm from the surface of the brain, the sensitivity was found to be 89% and the negative predictive value 93.9%.  ...  With a cross study negative predictive value of 90% and a positive predictive value of 77%, NIRS did not meet the requirements set by this review either as a diagnostic or triage tool.  ...  Lynch et al. found a deviation less than 10% between the invasive (jugular bulb) and non-invasive (cerebral NIRS) determination of the oxygen saturation. Colquhoun et al.  ... 
doi:10.25560/80337 fatcat:6lnkbzp2w5ggrcn5brawuorlwq

Detection of higher visual function deficits and validation of multifocal pupillography in stroke, chiasmal compression and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy [article]

Brendan Tonson-Older, University, The Australian National
2020
The relatively new invention of multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP) provides a number of benefits from other forms of perimetry.  ...  This thesis examines these visual deficits in the common neurological diseases of stroke, chiasmal compression, and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION).  ...  Multifocal pupillographic objective perimetry (mfPOP) is a relatively new technology originating from work on visual evoked potentials; it attempts to provide the benefits of automated perimetry while  ... 
doi:10.25911/rgqc-0804 fatcat:zs2libq6xzge5iyxdvl2p3tkvq

Modulatory effects of emotional arousal on cueing during sleep and retrieval mechanisms

Mick Lehmann
2016
Alpha power decreases during successful recognition have been repeatedly observed in both, scalp (see for a review) and intracranial hippocampal EEG studies Staresina et al., 2016) .  ...  et al., 2012; Schönauer et al., 2014) , a more recent study found that the memory performance of a no-cueing sleep group did not differ from the recall of uncued words in a cueing sleep .  ...  Cueing resulted in a robust preferential strengthening of negative arousing as compared to neutral memories.  ... 
doi:10.5167/uzh-139499 fatcat:zpr7whbdq5cztioeaaywv6do3e

LOW BACK PAIN IN RUNNING: FROM PREVALENCE TO DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS [article]

FILIPPO MASELLI
2020
The authors of this case report describe alarming primary findings caused by increased intracranial pressure, visual and endocrine system symptoms [68] .  ...  According to Briggs et al [15] and Arnold et al.  ...  This Phd study did not revealed relevant risk factors for the onset of LBP in Italian runners also, but, probably, the exposure to a single risk factor is often APPENDIX 1  ... 
doi:10.15167/maselli-filippo_phd2020-05-26 fatcat:7vy5huacjbe4rheigzew6bvpbi

POSTER PRESENTATIONS P1.01 Investigation and management of diabetes in antenatal patients

Malta, Roberta Bugeja, Catriona Zammit, Alison Fava, John Mamo
2015 Medical Journal   unpublished
Rachel Taylor-East Mount Carmel Hospital Introduction: Several studies have shown high rates of psychiatric morbidity in doctors at various stages of their training (Paice, et al., 2002; Levine et al.  ...  The resulting major osteoporotic fracture risk was compared to age-specific assessment thresholds set by J.A. Kanis et al.(2013) .  ...  Conclusion: This study is valuable for validation of the hypothesis of Arisawa et al. using in silico methods, and for suggesting that the rubiatriol scaffold was a suitable lead for the generation of  ... 
fatcat:dfbbpskmzrhqtfi7el7ipevuf4