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On buffering with stochastic guarantees in resource-constrained media players

Balaji Raman, Guillaume Quintin, Wei Tsang Ooi, Deepak Gangadharan, Jerome Milan, Samarjit Chakraborty
2011 Proceedings of the seventh IEEE/ACM/IFIP international conference on Hardware/software codesign and system synthesis - CODES+ISSS '11  
We show that when the constraints on output are slightly relaxed, the playout delay needed can be reduced to a negligible value with no perceivable loss in video quality.  ...  Playout delay or buffering are commonly used in the case of streaming multimedia to ensure smooth playout. A large delay, however, is required for promising a high quality in display.  ...  CONCLUSION Multimedia players do not require hard real-time guarantees; soft-real time guarantees are sufficient. Towards this, we presented a framework with probabilistic constraints on the output.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2039370.2039398 dblp:conf/codes/RamanQOGMC11 fatcat:wf72tsttkvewrg4lcpefohsggu

What happens when stochastic adaptive video streaming players share a bottleneck link?

Koffka Khan, Wayne Goodridge
2019 International journal of advanced networking and applications  
There have been many attempts in recent years to overcome some of these problems. This work focuses on such a situation.  ...  Competition among adaptive video streaming players severely diminishes user-QoE. When players compete at a bottleneck link many do not obtain adequate resources.  ...  However, in a constrained bandwidth environment with two or more players fair sharing of bandwidth is not achieved.  ... 
doi:10.35444/ijana.2019.10061 fatcat:3rmtltivwbeaphfkfixxf3ey6y

Multi-channel Resource Allocation for Smooth Streaming: Non-convexity and Bandits [article]

Akhil Bhimaraju, Atul A. Zacharias, Avhishek Chatterjee
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In a more practical setting, where these statistics are not available a priori at the BS, a learning based scheme with provable guarantees is developed.  ...  All these algorithms require none to minimal feedback from the user equipment to the base station regarding the states of the media player buffer at the application layer, and hence, are of practical interest  ...  Once the content has been served by the BS to a user, it is stored in the user's media player buffer, from which every epoch the media player either reads one frame or none.  ... 
arXiv:2105.05243v2 fatcat:qzja3yua6ne3jgd7q3v7zmeucy

Analysis on the Capacity of a Cognitive Radio Network under Delay Constraints

Yuehong GAO, Yuming JIANG
2012 IEICE transactions on communications  
In addition, particular focus is made on average values (such as average delay) with little investigation on probabilistic distribution bounds.  ...  Probabilistic performance guarantees can be analyzed using stochastic network calculus.  ...  The distributed media access strategy with partial spectrum information is discussed from a game theoretical view in [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1587/transcom.e95.b.1180 fatcat:2enpxswbevd6tgwl4c4aqj5vh4

Stochastic modeling and performance analysis of multimedia SoCs

Balaji Raman, Ayoub Nouri, Deepak Gangadharan, Marius Bozga, Ananda Basu, Mayur Maheshwari, Axel Legay, Saddek Bensalem, Samarjit Chakraborty
2013 2013 International Conference on Embedded Computer Systems: Architectures, Modeling, and Simulation (SAMOS)  
In future mobile devices, the playout buffer size is expected to increase, so, buffer dimensioning will remain as an important problem in system design.  ...  We compare our approach with a framework comprising both simulation and statistical model checking, built to simulate large embedded systems in detail.  ...  In this context, the framework we are proposing in this paper is an apt choice for designing resource-constrained SoC for multimedia.  ... 
doi:10.1109/samos.2013.6621117 dblp:conf/samos/RamanNGBBMLBC13 fatcat:wvbf63dsebhyzgzubpd5nmucs4

Impact of Network Dynamics on User's Video Quality: Analytical Framework and QoS Provision

T.H. Luan, L.X. Cai, Xuemin Shen
2010 IEEE transactions on multimedia  
In specific, we model the playback buffer at the receiver by a 1 and 1 queue, respectively, with arbitrary patterns of packet arrival and playback.  ...  Based on the analytical framework, we propose adaptive playout buffer management schemes to optimally manage the threshold of video playback towards the maximal user utility, according to different quality-of-service  ...  to guarantee the stochastic video performance to end users.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tmm.2009.2036294 fatcat:ooxfjf4wnjcknigmxarz7n36si

Game Theoretic Issues in Cognitive Radio Systems (Invited Paper)

Jane Wei Huang, Vikram Krishnamurthy
2009 Journal of Communications  
In game theory, by one or more players.  ...  depends on only one player.  ... 
doi:10.4304/jcm.4.10.790-802 fatcat:ot7tn3zkhvhr3hjt4jhk5khpb4

Soft Real-Time on Multiprocessors: Are Analysis-Based Schedulers Really Worth It?

Christopher J. Kenna, Jonathan L. Herman, Bjorn B. Brandenburg, Alex F. Mills, James H. Anderson
2011 2011 IEEE 32nd Real-Time Systems Symposium  
However, end users routinely run such workloads atop general-purpose operating systems with seemingly good results, albeit typically on over-provisioned systems.  ...  In this paper, this question is addressed via a video-decoding case study in which a scheme based on the global earliest-deadline-first (G-EDF) algorithm was compared against Linux's CFS scheduler.  ...  We developed a simple video player that uses the FFmpeg library as the video demuxer 3 and decoder instead of modifying a more complex player such as the VLC Media Player, whose code-base has been under  ... 
doi:10.1109/rtss.2011.16 dblp:conf/rtss/KennaHBMA11 fatcat:zuc4poinejfyradmeup4co2wyy

Process group management in cross-layer adaptation

Wanghong Yuan, Klara Nahrstedt, Nalini Venkatasubramanian
2003 Multimedia Computing and Networking 2004  
Similar to the way a process control block interacts with the OS on behalf of its process, a GCB interacts with the GRACE resource manager on behalf of the processes in the group.  ...  ., q m }, trading off output quality for CPU demand. 6, 11 For example, a VoD player can decode video with different frame rates and resolutions.  ...  energy saving and feedback on process group management.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.538821 fatcat:hhup5i54jfdsbivtf6b4aclfpu

Modelling of Content Adaptation in 5G Networks: A Survey

M. Megha, Ishwari Ginimav, S. Gowrishankar
2020 SN Computer Science  
In this paper, surveys on various video streaming strategies are identified and its application to content adaptation is observed.  ...  In the recent years, with the ongoing exponential increase in the data, video traffic has become a major problem and is undergoing serious bottleneck issues.  ...  Stochastic fluid flow system is the input output model where in input is considered as continuous fluid which enters and leaves the buffer, based on the randomly varying rates.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42979-020-00174-3 fatcat:mfz5j7lum5bkxjo7ad5kpbunze

A Survey on Applications of Model-Free Strategy Learning in Cognitive Wireless Networks

Wenbo Wang, Andres Kwasinski, Dusit Niyato, Zhu Han
2016 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
According to the system models that those applications are based on, a systematic overview of the learning algorithms in the domains of single-agent system, multi-agent systems and multi-player games is  ...  Furthermore, the applications of model-free learning to various problems in cognitive wireless networks are discussed with the focus on how the learning mechanisms help to provide the solutions to these  ...  except in (a) two-player games and (b) multi-player game with com- mon payoff [44] ǫ-NE Exchange of local- action information Stochastic FP Not guaranteed except in (a) potential games, (b) supermodular  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2016.2539923 fatcat:fj6hqhs7o5gttd22h3xjs3gage

Performance of Q-Learning algorithms in DASH

Koffka Khan, Wayne Goodridge
2019 International journal of advanced networking and applications  
Though DASH is very popular method of video delivery in recent years it is plagued with problems when multiple players share a bottleneck link.  ...  Q-Learning is an important class of stochastic optimization which has recently been used in the area of dynamic adaptive streaming over HTTP (DASH).  ...  playlist that contains a list of uniform resource identifiers (URIs) that are addresses to media segments.  ... 
doi:10.35444/ijana.2019.11021 fatcat:x4asjquqfnefpkgizckiib7cca

Two Can Play That Game: An Adversarial Evaluation of a Cyber-alert Inspection System [article]

Ankit Shah, Arunesh Sinha, Rajesh Ganesan, Sushil Jajodia, Hasan Cam
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Further, with the recent attacks on learning systems, it is even more important to test the limits of this RL approach.  ...  A recent work, in collaboration with Army Research Lab, USA proposed a reinforcement learning (RL) based approach to prevent the cyber-alert queue length from growing large and overwhelming the defender  ...  Thus, robustness is highly dependent on the resources of the players, that is, the player with a resource advantage wins the game.  ... 
arXiv:1810.05921v1 fatcat:z45hqufitzbljjadfimzpcqdje

Transmission algorithm for video streaming over cellular networks

Y. Falik, A. Averbuch, U. Yechiali
2009 Wireless networks  
The algorithm utilizes the available buffers on the route of the streaming data in a unique way that guarantees high QoS.  ...  However, network characteristics make the use of streaming applications very difficult with an unacceptable quality of service (QoS).  ...  Stochastic analysis of ASA performance In this section, we present a stochastic analysis of the performance of ASA.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11276-009-0214-x fatcat:i2mutqfnejcxxb2lxrqgnmuana

Improving Video Quality by Diversification of Adaptive Streaming Strategies

2016 KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems  
In an emulated environment, we implemented three algorithms of adaptive video play-out based on bandwidth or buffer assessment.  ...  As it has been observed, multiple video players sharing the same network link have often problems with achieving good efficiency and stability of play-out due to a mutual interference and competition among  ...  As a video player, we chose the VLC media player with the DASH plug-in [11] .  ... 
doi:10.3837/tiis.2017.01.020 fatcat:h6y5m2yxtfctflox3uqzqwfogq
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