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The Impact of Secondary Notation on Process Model Understanding [chapter]

Matthias Schrepfer, Johannes Wolf, Jan Mendling, Hajo A. Reijers
2009 Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing  
While it has been established for other types of models that their graphical layout is a factor in making sense of these, this aspect has not been investigated in the business process modeling area.  ...  Models of business processes are usually created and presented using some visual notation.  ...  As a consequence, business process design is now one of the major reasons for conducting conceptual modeling projects [14] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-05352-8_13 fatcat:gp7l2x2qvnayvnwkxxbput2wou

Influence of diagram layout and scrolling on understandability of BPMN processes: an eye tracking experiment with BPMN diagrams

Daniel Lübke, Maike Ahrens, Kurt Schneider
2021 Journal of Special Topics in Information Technology and Management  
BPMN modelers should favor a horizontal layout and use a more complex snake or multi-line layout whenever the diagrams are too large to fit on one page in order to support BPMN model comprehension.  ...  The aim of this research is to establish layout guidelines for business process modeling that help business process modelers to create more understandable business process diagrams.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank all participants of this experiment and SMI (Senso-Motoric Instruments) for providing an SMI RED-m eye tracker in order to support our studies.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10799-021-00327-7 fatcat:eprjdvhk65eb3n7d3t3z2jr2rm

User Evaluation of Symbols for Core Business Process Modeling Concepts

Kathrin Figl
2017 European Conference on Information Systems  
In an empirical study with 188 participants, the normative ratings of process model symbols (for the basic concepts of start, end, task, AND, XOR) were gathered on the dimensions of perceptual popout,  ...  Standardization organizations and academic developers of notations can use insights from the study to enhance the usability of process modeling notations.  ...  One goal of this study is to assess the relative strengths and weaknesses of the symbols of EPCs, UML, YAWL, and BPMN for basic process modeling concepts on the basis of a user evaluation study.  ... 
dblp:conf/ecis/Kathrin17 fatcat:jyvfphomrbaq3dgvpabsuojbuq

Managing Process Model Complexity via Concrete Syntax Modifications

Marcello La Rosa, Arthur H. M. ter Hofstede, Petia Wohed, Hajo A. Reijers, Jan Mendling, Wil M. P. van der Aalst
2011 IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics  
One challenge concerns dealing with the ever-growing complexity of business process models.  ...  It presents a collection of patterns that generalize and conceptualize various existing mechanisms to change the visual representation of a process model.  ...  For illustration purposes, we use the BPMN (Business Process Modeling Notation) standard [43] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tii.2011.2124467 fatcat:rfhftx5uufeitca5od25c6uw5i

Specialization of Business Process Model and Notation Applications in Medicine—A Review

Hana Tomaskova, Martin Kopecky
2020 Data  
We compiled a list of 272 medicaldisciplines that we used as a search string with the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) fora Web of Science database search.  ...  Process analysis and process modeling are a current topic that extends to many areas.  ...  From the bibliometric analysis, we identified a total of 392 authors and one publication with a single author.  ... 
doi:10.3390/data5040099 fatcat:m7ctvrovi5ckboqjaiaab2kpju

How do humans inspect BPMN models: an exploratory study

Cornelia Haisjackl, Pnina Soffer, Shao Yi Lim, Barbara Weber
2016 Journal of Software and Systems Modeling  
This paper contributes toward such an understanding and reports an exploratory study investigating how humans identify and classify quality issues in BPMN process models.  ...  Even though considerable progress regarding the technical perspective on modeling and supporting business processes has been achieved, it appears that the human perspective is still often left aside.  ...  Business process models help to obtain a common understanding of a company's business processes [45] , serve as drivers for the implementation and enactment of business processes and enable the discovery  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10270-016-0563-8 pmid:29706861 pmcid:PMC5910471 fatcat:fkpao4n67bfyvflis4hh62sa4a

UML Sequence Diagram: Transformation from the Two-Hemisphere Model and Layout

Oksana Nikiforova, Ludmila Kozacenko, Dace Ahilcenoka
2013 Applied Computer Systems  
Modeling of the object interaction is one of the core tasks during system analysis and design, because it gives developer an ability to define responsibilities of class objects and to sketch general architecture  ...  In this task an ability of automatic generation of the UML sequence diagram becomes one of the most important activities.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The research presented in the paper is partly supported by Grant of Latvian Council of Science No. 09.1269 "Methods and Models Based on Distributed Artificial Intelligence and Web Technologies  ... 
doi:10.2478/acss-2013-0004 fatcat:sbfballpgfenbhehajwqzim3q4

A study on the effects of routing symbol design on process model comprehension

Kathrin Figl, Jan Recker, Jan Mendling
2013 Decision Support Systems  
Process modeling grammars are used to create models of business processes. In this paper, we discuss how different routing symbol designs affect an individual's ability to comprehend process models.  ...  Our results inform important principles about notational design of process modeling grammars and the effective use of process modeling in practice.  ...  There is a history on exploring aesthetics in conceptual models and graphs [51] and indeed process models [15] ; however, this stream of research has mainly focused on layout aesthetics of models as  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dss.2012.10.037 fatcat:vcb2tl64a5f37k4itdexuc6iqi

Detection and quantification of flow consistency in business process models

Andrea Burattin, Vered Bernstein, Manuel Neurauter, Pnina Soffer, Barbara Weber
2017 Journal of Software and Systems Modeling  
Business process models abstract complex business processes by representing them as graphical models. Their layout, solely determined by the modeler, affects their understandability.  ...  First, to empirically identify key visual features of business process models which are perceived as meaningful to the user.  ...  This work is partially funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) projects "The Modeling Mind: Behavior Patterns in Process Modeling" (P26609) and "ModErARe" (P26140).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10270-017-0576-y pmid:29706860 pmcid:PMC5910466 fatcat:ocbmylzlojecvllu52fl77pdee

A linear time layout algorithm for business process models

Thomas Gschwind, Jakob Pinggera, Stefan Zugal, Hajo A. Reijers, Barbara Weber
2014 Journal of Visual Languages and Computing  
The layout of a business process model influences how easily it can be understood.  ...  Existing layout features in process modeling tools often rely on graph representations, but do not take the specific properties of business process models into account.  ...  Research on Cheetah Experimental Platform, which was used for the empirical evaluation, was funded by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF): P23699-N23.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jvlc.2013.11.002 fatcat:sx7u6x5hzfhavgbc72soz5bi54

Making sense of business process descriptions: An experimental comparison of graphical and textual notations

Avner Ottensooser, Alan Fekete, Hajo A. Reijers, Jan Mendling, Con Menictas
2012 Journal of Systems and Software  
We compare the success of university students in interpreting business process descriptions, for an established graphical notation (BPMN) and for an alternative textual notation (based on written use-cases  ...  Our experiments showed significant increases by both groups in their understanding of the process from reading the textual model.  ...  38] . • The Business Process Modelling Notation (BPMN) depicts the flow of a business process as a graph.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jss.2011.09.023 fatcat:nazk5rvwujh7vl5dcc77z6pxpm

Comprehension of Procedural Visual Business Process Models

Kathrin Figl
2017 Business & Information Systems Engineering  
Acknowledgements Open access funding provided by Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU).  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://crea tivecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ...  Primary Notation and Notational Characteristics A high number of studies in all three article categories use or discuss BPMN as a notation for modeling processes, which reflects the establishment of BPMN  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12599-016-0460-2 fatcat:6thw5y3pxbbulbxs6yoaqoujgy

Pragmatic Guidelines for Business Process Modeling

Isel Moreno-Montes de Oca, Monique Snoeck
2014 Social Science Research Network  
Based on empirical findings of a recent study [5] the use of two start events is still fine.  ...  Use a uniform style for flow layout. Motivation:  To improve empirical quality of the models.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2592983 fatcat:ar2tkuauy5aazok47wrtrsnboq

Managing Process Model Complexity Via Abstract Syntax Modifications

Marcello La Rosa, Petia Wohed, Jan Mendling, Arthur H. M. ter Hofstede, Hajo A. Reijers, Wil M. P. van der Aalst
2011 IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics  
This paper focuses on complexity reduction mechanisms that affect the abstract syntax of a process model, i.e. the structure of a process model.  ...  Abstract-As a result of the growing adoption of Business Process Management (BPM) technology different stakeholders need to understand and agree upon the process models that are used to configure BPM systems  ...  Each of the 12 patterns in the final set is illustrated in this paper by the use of BPMN (Business Process Model and Notation), an industry standard for modeling processes [87] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tii.2011.2166795 fatcat:tb65jtmbjnhxzhadosjcbyy6ze

Factors influencing the understandability of process models: A systematic literature review

Ahmet Dikici, Oktay Turetken, Onur Demirors
2018 Information and Software Technology  
Our study is a comprehensive source for researchers working on the understandability of process models and related fields, and a useful guide for practitioners aiming to generate understandable process  ...  Conclusions: The existing research calls for comprehensive empirical studies to contribute to a better understanding of the factors of process model understandability.  ...  Visual layout Several works stress on the importance of the visual layout of a process model as an influential factor for user's understanding of the process model [49, 50] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2017.09.001 fatcat:2ze6a2nmbrfnfdzc6kywrvft5i
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