1,089,387 Hits in 4.5 sec

On The Reasons Behind Decisions [article]

Adnan Darwiche, Auguste Hirth
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We present a theory for unveiling the reasons behind the decisions made by Boolean classifiers and study some of its theoretical and practical implications.  ...  We define notions such as sufficient, necessary and complete reasons behind decisions, in addition to classifier and decision bias.  ...  The views in this paper do not necessarily represent those of sponsors.  ... 
arXiv:2002.09284v1 fatcat:rcxk2bme2zck3hdu7snaqcgq24

'Do not resuscitate' decisions in continuing care psychiatric patients: what influences decisions?

Nandini Chakraborty, William J. Creaney
2006 Psychiatric bulletin of the Royal College of Psychiatrists  
The documentation of the DNR order itself was satisfactory but documentation of the reasons behind the decision was inadequate.  ...  Records were reviewed and nursing staff were asked their opinions about DNR orders in general and the way these were implemented on their wards.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the consultants on continuing care wards for permission to look into case records.  ... 
doi:10.1192/pb.30.10.376 fatcat:4d7jytvwvjeg3l3l5pkfjixgi4


Sulette Ferreira, Charlene Carbonatto
2020 Social Work/Maatskaplike Werk  
and the emotional impact on those left behind.  ...  CONCLUSION The decision to emigrate is multifaceted and multi-layered, so more than one reason is involved in justifying such an important life-changing decision.  ... 
doi:10.15270/56-4-860 fatcat:4ziftokwarbafbnljjjcyup66y

The reasons behind medicine shortages from the perspective of pharmaceutical companies and pharmaceutical wholesalers in Finland

Kati Heiskanen, Riitta Ahonen, Risto Kanerva, Pekka Karttunen, Johanna Timonen, Tomasz Bochenek
2017 PLoS ONE  
The reasons for the medicine shortages were supply-related more often than demand-related. However, the reasons were often complex and there was more than one reason behind a shortage.  ...  The aim of this study was to explore the reasons behind medicine shortages from the perspective of pharmaceutical companies and pharmaceutical wholesalers in Finland.  ...  Acknowledgments This study was conducted at the School of Pharmacy of the University of Eastern Finland.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0179479 pmid:28658307 pmcid:PMC5489167 fatcat:jx64pqwtobd7pdxr4o5jycdjbu

Capturing and Replaying Architectural Knowledge through Derivational Analogy

Ibrahim Habli, Tim Kelly
2007 Second Workshop on Sharing and Reusing Architectural Knowledge - Architecture, Rationale, and Design Intent (SHARK/ADI'07: ICSE Workshops 2007)  
Therefore, the reuse of the architecture would be naïve if only carried out based on the architectural views, i.e. without regard to the design reasoning behind the architectural process.  ...  In this paper we review an approach to defining new software architectures through the use of derivational analogy, i.e. by replaying the process, sequence of decisions, behind the definition of a previously  ...  To this end, the reuse of the architecture would be incomplete if only carried out based on the architectural views, i.e. without regard to the design reasoning behind the architectural process.  ... 
doi:10.1109/shark-adi.2007.6 dblp:conf/icse/HabliK07 fatcat:fv5qvgcnevg6pdao2z6qxc2xka

Page 170 of Economic Development and Cultural Change Vol. 28, Issue 1 [page]

1979 Economic Development and Cultural Change  
Economic Development and Cultural Change On the other hand, the reasoning behind the recommendation might have been as follows: the recommendation did not cal!  ...  In my judgment, the failure of this recommendation to diffuse shows that an understanding of the Jogic behind the production decisions that comprise the traditional way, rather than just surveys gathering  ... 

Individual Differences in Decisions on Physical Distancing during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Maria Zirenko, Tatiana Kornilova
2021 Психология Журнал Высшей школы экономики  
During the COVID-19 pandemic decisions on physical distancing including decisions on wearing face masks in public may depend on a number of individual characteristics, representations of threats and the  ...  We developed five verbal tasks – situations where decisions on whether to wear a mask or not were made by choosing from several given reasons.  ...  to wear a mask and on reasons behind this decision.  ... 
doi:10.17323/1813-8918-2021-2-276-286 fatcat:3tye7s45ejcgdkje3lhjlkrkhy

Sufficient reasons for classifier decisions in the presence of constraints [article]

Niku Gorji, Sasha Rubin
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Recent work has unveiled a theory for reasoning about the decisions made by binary classifiers: a classifier describes a Boolean function, and the reasons behind an instance being classified as positive  ...  The main idea is to view classifiers in the presence of constraints as describing partial Boolean functions, i.e., that are undefined on instances that do not satisfy the constraints.  ...  We thus ask: How should one define reasons behind decisions of constrained decision-functions?  ... 
arXiv:2105.06001v1 fatcat:cxtoynaxlzfgbjm4x6x3buk3j4

Page 7 of ALI-ABA Business Law Course Materials Journal Vol. 27, Issue 6 [page]

2003 ALI-ABA Business Law Course Materials Journal  
The covered entity in this situation must document the decision not to implement the addressable specification, the rationale behind that decision, and how the standard is being met. v.  ...  The covered entity that meets the standards through an alternative measure must document the decision not to implement the addressable implementation specification, the rationale behind the decision, and  ... 

Motivation Behind Reshoring Decisions in Manufacturing

William White, Andrew Borchers
2016 Operations and Supply Chain Management An International Journal  
Ellram, Tate, and Petersen (2013) previously explored the factors involved in companies' decisions on where to locate manufacturing and identified 29 motivational factors.  ...  This study investigates the factors firms consider in making decisions to reshore the location of manufacturing work.  ...  While researchers have sufficiently documented the trend towards reshoring, the motivations behind the decisions to reshore are less clear.  ... 
doi:10.31387/oscm0250174 fatcat:6t2mtsuqobcbjgzlnykr77kyhi

Page 745 of ABA Journal Vol. 44, Issue 8 [page]

1958 ABA Journal  
The Reasons Behind the Rules It is not a common practice to state the reasons which lie behind these three basic rules of construction. They should be stated and restated.  ...  The reasons behind these three rules of construction are as follows. 1. The reason behind the rule that the Constitution, or any other written document, must be construed in its entirety.  ... 

Page 275 of Public Administration Vol. 7, Issue 3 [page]

1929 Public Administration  
is a comparatively short letter (which now, by the way, states the reasons for the decision) with little indication of the travail of care which lies behind it.  ...  , but ultimately may make it possible to embody sufficiently precise standards in the general law and thus do away with “ legislative ’’ appeals in some matters, is that the reasons for decisions should  ... 

Study on Hiring Decision: Analyzing Rejected Applicants by Mining Individual Job Placement Data of Public Employment Security Offices

Hiromi Asano, Koji Tanaka, Yoshikatsu Fujita, Kazuhiko Tsuda
2015 Procedia Computer Science  
In concrete terms, we first analyzed the results of the employing corporation's hiring decisions and the reasons behind them in individual cases of job referral, as understood by employees at public employment  ...  We then proposed a method to identify the primary factors behind the decision process.  ...  and the reasons behind it; if the application was successful, they also include salary and date of employment commencement.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.08.173 fatcat:l6adh2j7urb5pk4z3q2fykr36i

Certainty and uncertainty in criminal law and the 'clarity of norms' doctrine

Krisztina Ficsor
2018 Hungarian Journal of Legal Studies  
Judges try to solve criminal cases in which criminal laws are uncertain by searching for the meaning of words in dictionaries and do not tend to take into consideration moral or justificatory reasons behind  ...  The Author throws light on the above mentioned problematic elements in the Hungarian legal practice and makes efforts to suggest a theoretical solution for these problems.  ...  Certainty can be achieved by making every step of their reasoning explicit so that the defendant can follow the arguments on which the decision was based.  ... 
doi:10.1556/2052.2018.59.3.3 fatcat:sjzgk6gzw5ejdlrp4gba32uzf4

Family Physicians%u2019 Views on Caesarean Delivery on Maternal Request

Emel Kurtoğlu
2012 Journal of Clinical and Analytical Medicine  
of caesarean delivery, views on CDMR as a human right and their opinions on the reason behind the increasing rates of caesarean deliveries was administered by one-on-one interviews.  ...  main causes behind the increase in the rate of caesarean delivery.  ...  Aysel Gonenc who helped us in carrying out the study.  ... 
doi:10.4328/jcam.908 fatcat:eugkurvejfd2fjjcfuptquf5ty
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 1,089,387 results