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On Social Attribution: Implications of Recent Cognitive Neuroscience Research for Race, Law, and Politics

Darren Schreiber
2012 Science and Engineering Ethics  
After laying out some of the basic concepts, the paper examines social attribution in the context of race, law, and politics, arguing that it is very easy to make a social attribution when one is not warranted  ...  This paper briefly explores the developing understanding of social attribution in the light of new evidence from cognitive neuroscience and related disciplines.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11948-012-9381-8 pmid:22806219 fatcat:mrmcdga3k5hjbco2ecugmst7pi

The Context of Correctness: A Comment on Rushton

Andrew Winston
1996 Journal of social distress and the homeless  
According to Philippe Rushton, the "equalitarian fiction, "a "scientific hoax" that races are genetically equal in cognitive ability, underlies the "politically correct" objections to his research on racial  ...  Examination of the intertwined history of Mankind Quarterly, German Rassenhygiene, far right politics, and the work of Roger Pearson suggests that some cries of "political correctness" must be viewed with  ...  I am grateful to Michael Biltig for providing a copy of his 1979 pioneering work. I thank Judith Winston for comments on earlier drafts of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02088001 fatcat:t74cfho2q5f4rnhls2b5x4vs6m

On Engagement: Learning to Pay Attention

R. Lisle Baker, Daniel P. Brown
2013 Social Science Research Network  
In an age of electronic and mental distraction, the ability to pay attention is a fundamental legal skill increasingly important for law students and the lawyers and judges they will become, not only for  ...  Professor Baker teaches property, negotiation, mediation, leadership, and law practice planning, and also serves on the Board of Aldermen in Newton, Massachusetts. Dr.  ...  It is especially true for law students who have been socialized and taught that the path to success is reasoned analysis.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2269726 fatcat:3lplbppsgzhr7gzluqmawgk2o4

Chip on the shoulder? The hunchback heuristic predicts the attribution of anger to low status groups and calm to high status groups

Chuma Kevin Owuamalam, Maas Misha���ari Weerabangsa, Jaya Kumar Karunagharan, Mark Rubin, Traci Craig
2016 Cogent Psychology  
The interactive effect of race-based and size-based status on the attributions of anger (a) and calm (b) to targets.  ...  SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY | RESEARCH ARTICLE Chip on the shoulder?  ... 
doi:10.1080/23311908.2016.1210998 fatcat:ttk7moicgvd6bks2bo3gs3no5m

Tolling for the Aching Ones Whose Wounds Cannot Be Nursedd: The Marginalization of Racial Minorities and Women in Institutional Mental Disability Law

Michael L. Perlin, Heather Cucolo
2017 Social Science Research Network  
'most political song' and an expression of 'affinity' for a 'legion of the abused.'"'  ...  and why it is essential that this area of law must be contextualized in the prevailing social policies that relate to race, gender, class, and culture.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2901144 fatcat:4lylqot65fcpxea2lfjwcoufti

A Guide to Psychology Resources on Electronic Networks

Brian Quinn
1995 Behavioral & social sciences librarian (Print)  
Other recent funding announcements have appeared for topics such as ethnic min~rity. gerontology, AIDS, cognitive neuroscience, behavioral therapIes, inhalant abuse research, drug addiction, needle hygiene  ...  One recent issue contained a call for papers on instrumentation and measure- Psyche-L Ps)'che-L is a refereed interdisciplinary journal of research on the nature of consciousness and its relation to  ... 
doi:10.1300/j103v13n02_03 fatcat:e6ve4qaskzho3chamgllyrbkhi

The American Bar Association Joint Task Force on Reversing the School-to-Prison Pipeline Preliminary Report

Sarah E. Redfield, Jason P. Nance
2016 Social Science Research Network  
Decades of study and calls for action have not removed concerns about disproportionality along the educational pipeline and in juvenile justice. The Coleman  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The ABA's Joint Task Force on Reversing the School-to-Prison Pipeline would like to express our deep gratitude and sincere appreciation to the following individuals and entities: Acknowledging  ...  been an explosion of research in both social and neuroscience arenas concerning implicit bias, 379 and the social science is increasingly confirmed by neuroscience research. 380 For example, functional  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2736323 fatcat:gcghmevlhrfbnggcb7dswonpfa

Banking on Diversity: Does Gender Diversity Improve Financial Firms' Risk Oversight?

Kristin N. Johnson
2017 Social Science Research Network  
Implications for both strategic human resource management and future research are discussed.") Return on investment measures net income divided by investment capital. Id. 81.  ...  controlling for the bank's asset risk and other attributes.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3050927 fatcat:tv7ye7dcsncc7c274d7gdhzvkq

Political Neuroscience: The Beginning of a Beautiful Friendship

John T. Jost, H. Hannah Nam, David M. Amodio, Jay J. Van Bavel
2014 Political Psychology  
-Aristotle One of the most trenchant social and political psychologists of the twentieth century, William J.  ...  We address limitations, criticisms, and potential pitfalls of existing work-including the "chicken-and-egg problem"-and propose an ambitious agenda for the next generation of research in political neuroscience  ...  Categorization and Perception of Race and Sex Although the social psychological literature on person perception suggests that attributes such as race and sex are categorized rapidly and automatically  ... 
doi:10.1111/pops.12162 fatcat:jydoqmrazbadje2pzdlemy7ceu

The Neuroscience of Intergroup Relations

Mina Cikara, Jay J. Van Bavel
2014 Perspectives on Psychological Science  
Acknowledgments Many thanks to members of the Social Perception and Evaluation Lab at New York University and Tatiana Lau for comments on drafts.  ...  Special thanks to Lisa Kaggen for assistance preparing the manuscript.  ...  models of intergroup relations (e.g., stereotype content model) with recent research on the neural systems underlying social cognition will move the field toward a more comprehensive theory of the neuroscience  ... 
doi:10.1177/1745691614527464 pmid:26173262 fatcat:7fsvvqhmrzblpgpotknajukjom

Cultural neuroscience and psychopathology: prospects for cultural psychiatry [chapter]

Suparna Choudhury, Laurence J. Kirmayer
2009 Progress in Brain Research  
The shifting meanings of culture and psychopathology have implications for efforts to apply cultural neuroscience to psychiatry.  ...  Contemporary research in social and cultural neuroscience holds the promise of moving beyond these invidious comparisons to a more sophisticated understanding of cultural variations in brain function relevant  ...  Concepts and categories of culture, race, and ethnicity depend on social and historical context.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0079-6123(09)17820-2 pmid:19874976 pmcid:PMC5161496 fatcat:qoiiubotifdozpeeza5vewbqye

Neuroethics: a modern context for ethics in neuroscience

Judy Illes, Stephanie J. Bird
2006 Trends in Neurosciences  
Broadly defined, neuroethics is concerned with ethical, legal and social policy implications of neuroscience, and with aspects of neuroscience research itself.  ...  Neuroethics, a recently modernized field at the intersection of bioethics and neuroscience, is founded on centuries of discussion of the ethical issues associated with mind and behavior.  ...  We thank Dr Eric Kandel for his contribution. We also wish to acknowledge TINS reviewers, Dr Jen McCormick and Dr Eric Racine for helpful comments, and Katie Alton for graphic design.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tins.2006.07.002 pmid:16859760 pmcid:PMC1656950 fatcat:j6vfvbgml5h27hq44bznqfgqju

Reflections on Neurofeminism and Intersectionality Using Insights From Psychology

Annie Duchesne, Anelis Kaiser Trujillo
2021 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
This is a powerful and important perspective from which to investigate the processes and consequences of social group memberships, one which has been overlooked by most neuroscientific research.  ...  In reflecting on how intersectionality has advanced feminist research in psychology, this paper provides a critical analysis of potential novel research avenues for neurofeminism.  ...  A neuroimaging point of view on the diversity of social cognition: evidence for extended influence of experience-and emotion-related factors on face processing. Cult.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2021.684412 pmid:34658813 pmcid:PMC8513714 fatcat:gbmlbv3a2bfolkzxjzvo33it3m

The Geography of Opportunity: Race and Housing Choice in Metropolitan America and The Social Medicine Reader: Health Policy, Markets, and Medicine

Sanford F. Schram
2006 Perspectives on Politics  
Rosen applies research in neuroscience on the complex interplay of reason and emotion in the brain and endocrine system to explain the decision making of leaders in times of international crises.  ...  Recent events have only confirmed such worries about the rule of law, and about the work that might be done in its name. Metaphors are a staple of the practice of political theory.  ...  Those looking for a sophisticated and systematic examination of the relation between fundamentalism and extremism like that on political parties and terrorism will need to look elsewhere.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s153759270635027x fatcat:obcnns2tarbnxp53dgpmjjyxv4

A hypothetical neurological association between dehumanization and human rights abuses

Gail B. Murrow, Richard Murrow
2015 Journal of Law and the Biosciences  
Murrow JD, LL.M: Master of Laws in the specialization of Legal Theory and History from the University of London, currently engaged in an independent research and writing that apply neuroscience to legal  ...  We hypothesize that 'empathy' for the pain and suffering of dehumanized social groups is automatically reduced because, as the research we review suggests, an individual's neural mechanisms of pain empathy  ...  be attributed to others and the serious gratuitous infliction of 79 For an edited collection of works that focuses on various implications of neuroscience for criminal responsibility, see infra note  ... 
doi:10.1093/jlb/lsv015 pmid:27774198 pmcid:PMC5034371 fatcat:atl42yhqczaylhv5uuhi75zz6a
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