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On Shapley Value in Data Assemblage Under Independent Utility [article]

Xuan Luo, Jian Pei, Zicun Cong, Cheng Xu
2022 pre-print
Moreover, we identify interesting properties of independent utility and develop fast computation techniques for exact Shapley value under independent utility.  ...  In this paper, we explore the decomposability of utility in data assemblage by formulating the independent utility assumption. We argue that independent utility enjoys many applications.  ...  Shapley value computation under independent utility opens a new direction for future work.  ... 
doi:10.14778/3551793.3551829 arXiv:2208.01163v1 fatcat:nyq4imkydnbvvbfm2h6ulrzvwe

The Influence of Fetch on the Holocene Thermal Structure of Hidden Lake, Glacier National Park

Jeffery R. Stone, Jasmine E. Saros, Trisha L. Spanbauer
2019 Frontiers in Earth Science  
Our model suggests that small changes in the lake surface elevation at Hidden Lake would produce threshold-like responses in effective fetch, which in turn would have a profound influence on average lake  ...  ., "The Influence of Fetch on the Holocene Thermal Structure of Hidden Lake, Glacier National Park" (2019). Papers in the Earth and Atmospheric Sciences. 528.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Karlyn Westover and Audrey Bamberg assisted with the collection of sediment cores and bathymetric data. Steve Wooden processed and prepared the diatom slides.  ... 
doi:10.3389/feart.2019.00028 fatcat:du3fshdubncp5oasn3wddkrg3u

Causal links between North Sea fish biomass trends and seabed structure

M Rademaker, IM Smallegange, A van Leeuwen
2021 Marine Ecology Progress Series  
We analysed the interdependencies between these time series using a causal association network and found independent biomass density trends between adjacent seascapes at a time interval of 0 yr in all  ...  This combination is particular to the flatfish and ray species included in the present study.  ...  We thank Karin van der Reijden for explaining seascape delineation and Misha Zhemchuzhnikov for his advice on data visualization.  ... 
doi:10.3354/meps13845 fatcat:eeoeyew52fdg3ptdsmj2kjnchm

Coherent late-Holocene climate-driven shifts in the structure of three Rocky Mountain lakes

Jeffery R Stone, Jasmine E Saros, Gregory T Pederson
2016 The Holocene  
We observe coherent changes in the stratification patterns of three deep (>30 m) lakes inferred from fossil diatom assemblages as a response to shifts in the location and intensity of the Aleutian Low  ...  This change in atmospheric circulation ultimately produced deeper mixing in the upper waters of these three lake systems.  ...  Data from Emerald and Beauty Lakes are presented as percentage of the total diatom assemblage.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0959683616632886 fatcat:tmy3nnltovhrbbvai7phwfklja

Energy Consumption Patterns Paving Way To Isolate Black Hole Attack in WSN

Upekha Sharma, Sunita Gupta
2020 SKIT research journal  
The put forth technique focuses on energy consumption model primarily and different energy parameter values are recorded under the Invasion-case and Non-invasion case.  ...  This paper revolves around the well-known "Black Hole Attack" by probing its behavior in depth and also detecting it in view of various parameters.  ...  Reliance among the nodes is computed by independent probability distribution functions and mutual probability functions utilizing the above mentioned techniques.  ... 
doi:10.47904/ijskit.10.2.2020.13-20 fatcat:opr2zwxoz5cijcfnnp4fvqblq4

Operation comfort vs. the importance of system components [article]

Krzysztof J. Szajowski, Małgorzata Średnicka
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In the first work of Birnbaum (1968) on this subject, many interesting studies were created and important indicators were constructed that allowed to organize the components of complex systems.  ...  The purpose of this report is to look at the measures of importance of components in systems in terms of reliability.  ...  The factor (3) highly depends on the statistical method implemented in the analyzes of exploratory data analyzes.  ... 
arXiv:2101.08205v1 fatcat:5ywcs52ijbaglfrro6stufwzq4

Evaluating Landscape Degradation Along Climatic Gradients During the 1930s Dust Bowl Drought From Panchromatic Historical Aerial Photographs, United States Great Plains

Kasey C. Bolles, Steven L. Forman
2018 Frontiers in Earth Science  
Discrete spatial signatures of the drought are observed not only within the classically recognized southern Dust Bowl area, but also in the northern and central plains.  ...  The dominant sources of degradation found for sites east of the 100th meridian are cultivated fields and fluvial deposits, associated with woody vegetation response to water availability in uncultivated  ...  A significant assumption of this approach is that separate classes are represented by discrete differences between gray scale values and that these classes are spectrally independent (Anderson and Cobb  ... 
doi:10.3389/feart.2018.00153 fatcat:m3ar3hwywvaupnyf5tkptyf3du


1937 Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific  
in that instead of tabulation for equidistant arguments they "show the limiting values of the independent variable for which the dependent variable has a fixed value."  ...  These have been carried out almost entirely with the large reflectors on Mount Wilson, the 100-inch telescope in particular providing all important data not obtainable with smaller instruments.  ... 
doi:10.1086/124764 fatcat:5q7ygczotbdmhk6ln47gjmzsp4

Fractal Approach to Large-Scale Galaxy Distribution [article]

Yurij Baryshev Astronomical Institute, St.Petersburg University, Tuorla Observatory, Turku University)
2005 arXiv   pre-print
On scales, where the fractal analysis is possible in completely embedded spheres, a power--law density field has been found.  ...  It was realized later that a normalization condition for the reduced correlation function estimator results in distorted values for both R_hom and fractal dimension D.  ...  In fact,The Third Reference Catalogue was already based on the LEDA data.  ... 
arXiv:astro-ph/0505185v1 fatcat:63wn5hlojbctrdrtjohs73k6xi

A primer and discussion on DNA-based microbiome data and related bioinformatics analyses

Gavin M. Douglas, Morgan G. I. Langille
2021 Peer Community Journal  
This is a highly pertinent topic because although these data types are inherently connected, they are often analyzed independently and primarily only linked anecdotally in the literature.  ...  Many newcomers are in need of primers on the fundamentals of microbiome sequencing data types and the methods used to analyze them.  ...  We would like to thank the recommender and the three reviewers who provided helpful feedback on our preprint while it was under review.  ... 
doi:10.24072/pcjournal.2 fatcat:ra4zj7gmhfgglohsfu4g7px3ti

Modeling the commons as a game with vector payoffs

Raul P. Lejano, Helen Ingram
2011 Journal of Theoretical Politics  
Other alternative models can be found in the literature. For example, Frohlich and Oppenheimer (2006: 259) propose a decision model where preferences are a function of elements of context.  ...  We feel that the paper reflects a deeper understanding of issues like the bison phenomenon, including the buffer zone hypothesis, as a result. argued for a grand nature preserve in the Great Plains and  ...  On the other hand, when we set δ to higher values, the converse result emerges.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0951629811423120 fatcat:56qv3ipnjrc2jnx6bgy64vhjwu

Some Problems of Sidereal Astronomy

H. N. Russell
1919 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
mind, and to plan the program of observation in such a way as to secure as soon as practicable data which bear directly upon definite phases of these problems.  ...  The main object of astronomy, as of all science, is not the collection of facts, but the development, on the basis of collected facts, of satisfactory theories regarding the nature, mutual relations, and  ...  And, above all, it is essential that this luminosity curve should be independent of the brightness of the stars under observation.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.5.10.391 pmid:16576410 pmcid:PMC1091622 fatcat:c2u4pgposvaenniso732fpulse

The Institute of Management Sciences Report of the Fifth Annual International Meeting

1959 Management science  
As the decision making process comes more and more under scrutiny by management accountants and others, improve- ment in the utility of such information has become a genuine objective.  ...  Given n observations on p “‘independent”’ variables and one ‘‘dependent”’ variable, a regression line of best fit is sought; ‘‘best fit’?  ... 
doi:10.1287/mnsc.5.3.340 fatcat:sbtv53uxc5ccte6xxmhvju4sha

The History of Cosmological Star Formation: Three Independent Approaches and a Critical Test Using the Extragalactic Background Light

Kentaro Nagamine, Jeremiah P. Ostriker, Masataka Fukugita, Renyue Cen
2006 Astrophysical Journal  
Taking three independent approaches, we investigate the simultaneous constraints set on the cosmic star formation history from various observations, including stellar mass density and extragalactic background  ...  We find good agreement among the three independent approaches up to the order of observational errors, except that all the models predict bolometric EBL of I_tot ~= 37-52 nW m^-2 sr^-1, which is at the  ...  We thank Thorsten Naab, Alice Shapley, and Michael Strauss for useful comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1086/508765 fatcat:popxzl64lrfzlan7jbsh77b3ye

A regional-scale climate reconstruction of the last 4000 years from lakes in the Nebraska Sand Hills, USA

J. Schmieder, S.C. Fritz, J.B. Swinehart, A.L.C. Shinneman, A.P. Wolfe, G. Miller, N. Daniels, K.C. Jacobs, E.C. Grimm
2011 Quaternary Science Reviews  
Additional funding was provided through the Department of Geosciences of the University of Nebraska, the Yatkola-Edwards Grant of the Nebraska Geological Society, and the Great Plains Studies Research Grant-in-Aid  ...  At least 300 diatom valves from each interval were counted in transects under oil immersion on a Zeiss Axioscop 2 plus microscope with a 100× objective.  ...  Fritz provided the research idea and funding and helped with valuable feedback on data interpretation and the manuscript in varied stages of development. J.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.04.011 fatcat:z3v6bgxro5c25a3zojwxhourwi
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