Filters








164,780 Hits in 3.8 sec

On prediction in theorist

Michael Thielscher
1993 Artificial Intelligence  
., On prediction in Theorist (Research Note), Artificial Intelligence 60 (1993) 283-292.  ...  In this note, we present an algorithm for prediction which is shown to be correct within the entire Theorist framework.  ...  The idea of the algorithm In Theorist, a formula g can be predicted in W if and only if it is in every extension of W.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0004-3702(93)90004-u fatcat:ztb57aebi5bvvgenqh5dqfper4

Lay dispositionism and implicit theories of personality

Chi-yue Chiu, Ying-yi Hong, Carol S. Dweck
1997 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
As predicted, compared with those who believed that personal attributes are malleable (incremental theorists), those who believed in fixed traits (entity theorists ) used traits or trait-relevant information  ...  to make stronger future behavioral predictions (Studies 1 and 2) and made stronger trait inferences from behavior (Study 3).  ...  link in Figure 1 ).2 In this study, we thus predicted that relative to incremental theorists, entity theorists would make stronger predictions of a target's behavior in a particular situation on the  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-3514.73.1.19 fatcat:j7irau2vyrfnth6evk6q6g5gdm

Lay dispositionism and implicit theories of personality

Chi-yue Chiu, Ying-yi Hong, Carol S. Dweck
1997 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
As predicted, compared with those who believed that personal attributes are malleable (incremental theorists), those who believed in fixed traits (entity theorists ) used traits or trait-relevant information  ...  to make stronger future behavioral predictions (Studies 1 and 2) and made stronger trait inferences from behavior (Study 3).  ...  link in Figure 1 ).2 In this study, we thus predicted that relative to incremental theorists, entity theorists would make stronger predictions of a target's behavior in a particular situation on the  ... 
doi:10.1037//0022-3514.73.1.19 pmid:9216077 fatcat:44u4it4y75em7midnaodnpkvcq

Believing Is Seeing: The Effects of Racial Labels and Implicit Beliefs on Face Perception

Jennifer L. Eberhardt, Nilanjana Dasgupta, Tracy L. Banaszynski
2003 Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  
In Study 2, participants also drew the target face more consistently (entity theorists) or less consistently (incremental theorists) with the racial label.  ...  As predicted, entity theorists, who believe traits are immutable, perceived and remembered the target face as consistent with the racial label, whereas incremental theorists, who believe traits are malleable  ...  As predicted, in Studies 1 and 2, both entity and incremental theorists were moderately confident about their performance on the face recognition task (Study 1: entity theorists' M = 3.55, incremental  ... 
doi:10.1177/0146167202250215 pmid:15273013 fatcat:gmd77xf5pjh6jkzb5vf44jnuk4

Unexpected improvement, decline, and stasis: A prediction confidence perspective on achievement success and failure

Jason E. Plaks, Kristin Stecher
2007 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
restore prediction confidence than did incremental theorists (who believe that intelligence is malleable).  ...  Taken together, these studies provide evidence that lay theory violation and damaged prediction confidence have significant and measurable effects on emotion and motivation.  ...  In summary, the effects of theory violation on anxiety and prediction and control motivation found in Study 1 were generally replicated in Study 2 when theories were manipulated.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-3514.93.4.667 pmid:17892338 fatcat:mjs7cesaxvdhjb2t3rhmcpxqjq

Implicit Theories and Their Role in Judgments and Reactions: A Word From Two Perspectives

Carol S. Dweck, Chi-yue Chiu, Ying-yi Hong
1995 Psychological Inquiry  
In contrast, when people believe that attributes are more dynamic, malleable, and developable (an incremental theory), they tend to focus less on broad traits and, instead, tend to understand outcomes  ...  In this target article, we present evidence for a new model of individual differences in judgments and reactions.  ...  Incremental theorists do not infer traits as readily and do not rely on them as much to predict behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327965pli0604_1 fatcat:adsjdd4y5vfz5gqkwisf4tstdu

Violations of Implicit Theories and the Sense of Prediction and Control: Implications for Motivated Person Perception

Jason E. Plaks, Heidi Grant, Carol S. Dweck
2005 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
In Experiment 3, the authors found that after exposure to theory-violating information, participants felt greater anxiety and worked harder to reestablish their sense of prediction and control mastery.  ...  theorists (who believe that human attributes are malleable) with stereotype-relevant information about a target person that supported or violated their respective theory.  ...  Because such a person might be considered "too" consistent on the trait dimension, we predicted that incremental theorists would exhibit Figure 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-3514.88.2.245 pmid:15841857 fatcat:zroghbyemvgjtcpigrjypq4hha

Individual differences in implicit theories of relationships and partner fit: Predicting forgiveness in developing relationships

Jeni L. Burnette, Renae Franiuk
2010 Personality and Individual Differences  
In contrast, work-it-out theorists' decisions about forgiveness do not vary as a function of partner fit. Results supported predictions.  ...  Extending past research on implicit theories of relationships (ITRs), we investigated how the role played by partner fit in predicting forgiveness varies as a function of individual differences in beliefs  ...  Johnson, and Taran Shepard for their help in data collection and Eli Finkel for his enormously important suggestions during the preparation of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.paid.2009.09.011 fatcat:gioip5tprzgkljov6htk3zqf4e

Forecasting decisions in conflict situations: a comparison of game theory, role-playing, and unaided judgement

Kesten C. Green
2002 International Journal of Forecasting  
Twenty-one game theorists made 99 forecasts of decisions for six conflict situations.  ...  Can game theory aid in forecasting the decision making of parties in a conflict? A review of the literature revealed diverse opinions but no empirical evidence on this question.  ...  A year after the first appeal to game theorists, I sent material on the Nurses situation to those who had provided predictions in response to the first appeal.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0169-2070(02)00025-0 fatcat:b63jghznuza2rm4f5ngpdsdpbq

Theorists feast on Higgs data

Geoff Brumfiel
2012 Nature  
Many of the recent arXiv papers focus on the slivers of hope for SUSY that are buried in the new data.  ...  "There's going to be a huge massacre of theoretical ideas in the next couple of years, " predicts Joe Lykken, a theoretical physicist at Fermilab in Batavia, Illinois.  ...  PARTICLE PHYSICS Theorists feast on Higgs data  ... 
doi:10.1038/487281a pmid:22810668 fatcat:5vdcvgq5uzdwjiw6nzqihcw6xa

Game theory, simulated interaction, and unaided judgement for forecasting decisions in conflicts: Further evidence

Kesten C. Green
2005 International Journal of Forecasting  
Experienced game theorists were not more accurate. Neither were those who spent more time on the task.  ...  As before, role-players in simulated interactions were students, and other students forecast using their judgement. Game theorists did better than previously.  ...  Green (2002) presented findings on the accuracy of forecasts from three methods for predicting decisions in conflicts.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijforecast.2005.02.006 fatcat:myqebzr2yjgfvio6vnarvv547a

Implicit Theories and Evaluative Processes in Person Cognition

Ying-yi Hong, Chi-yue Chiu, Carol S. Dweck, Russell Sacks
1997 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  
Later, they were asked to perform on a priming task in which the test scores were used as primes on some trials.  ...  As predicted, entity theorists' response times indicated that they attached evaluative meaning to the test scores, but those  ...  We predicted that entity theorists' relatively extensive evaluative processing would reflect in (a) a significant framing effect on judgment and on recall/ reconstruction and (b) a significant automatic  ... 
doi:10.1006/jesp.1996.1324 fatcat:hmahylwlqvgo7cipmzclyvegni

T2K and T2K-upgrade

A. K. Ichikawa
2020 Zenodo  
Invited talk presented at the "NuPhys2019: Prospects in Neutrino Physics"  ...  Improved reconstruction, efficiency increase by up to 50%  Neutrino and hadronic interaction models Many experts including theorists in collaboration Higher intensity proton accelerator and neutrino  ...  Improved reconstruction, efficiency increase by up to 50%  Neutrino and hadronic interaction models Many experts including theorists in collaboration 17 Off-axis beam : intense & narrow-band beam   ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4007188 fatcat:ucnfuxl4bjguheadr5dnkeesxq

Bayesian Analysis of Individual Level Personality Dynamics

Edward Cripps, Robert E. Wood, Nadin Beckmann, John Lau, Jens F. Beckmann, Sally Ann Cripps
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
The approach is used to examine whether the patterns of within-person responses on a 12-trial simulation task are consistent with the predictions of ITA theory (Dweck, 1999) .  ...  While Bayesian techniques have many potential advantages for the analyses of processes at the level of the individual, ease of use is not one of them for psychologists trained in traditional frequentist  ...  This enabled us to show not all individuals exhibited the outcomes predicted based on their categorization as either an entity theorist or an incremental theorist, and the onset of the spiraling behavior  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01065 pmid:27486415 pmcid:PMC4949490 fatcat:f6tn3jt4wbdthiht2fz7xin5y4

Assessing game theory, role playing, and unaided judgment

J.Scott Armstrong
2002 International Journal of Forecasting  
For those cases that simulated interactions among people with conflicting roles, game theory was no better than chance (28% correct), whereas role-playing was correct in 61% of the predictions.  ...  For those cases that simulated interactions among people with conflicting roles, game theory was no better than chance (28% correct), whereas role-playing was correct in 61% of the predictions.   ...  Intrinsic incentives would seem to favor the game theorists because they were asked to use game theory in making predictions. Presumably, 4 .10. Did Green provide full disclosure?  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0169-2070(02)00024-9 fatcat:asln5k2v5bawjpkv5j4gpl3iua
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 164,780 results