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On Exceptions Versus Continuations in the Presence of State [chapter]

Hayo Thielecke
2000 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We compare the expressive power of exceptions and continuations when added to a language with local state in the setting of operational semantics.  ...  Continuations are shown to be more expressive than exceptions because they can cause a function call to return more than once, whereas exceptions only allow discarding part of the calling context.  ...  On Exceptions Versus Continuations in the Presence of State  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-46425-5_26 fatcat:npr2cbfonrd7dnlfp2afehsrzi

Are "no-drug" cues discriminated during drug-discrimination training?

Donald A. Overton, Dennis A. Merkle, Mark L. Hayes
1983 Animal Learning and Behavior  
Rats were trained in a two-lever operant chamber to discriminate the presence versus the absence of a drug.  ...  cues, rats discriminate presence versus absence of particular drug cues.  ...  N-state response selection is believed to occur when the 0 cues are absent, rather than in response to the presence of N-state cues.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03199779 fatcat:2lmx47llsrcsxgge6tbxczacbq

Page 7 of Information Services Vol. 42, Issue 8 [page]

1963 Information Services  
With the exception of a few areas in Teheran, girls are not employed in capacities where they would meet the public.  ...  The Direction of Change Iran, in the throes of rapid social and economic change sweeping much of the less developed world, will, without doubt, continue to move in the mainstream of changes, Changes now  ... 

A New Species of Hisonotus (Siluriformes, Loricariidae) of the Upper Río Uruguay Basin

2001 American Museum Novitates  
The significance of the distribution of the new species is discussed relative to the degree of endemism of other fish groups in the Uruguay basin.  ...  The new species can be distinguished from all other congeners by the following combination of characters: (1) presence of serrae along distal two thirds of posterior margin of pectoral-fin spine (versus  ...  We thank Julio Garavello for his observations and many discussions concerning hypoptopomatine fishes; to Hugo López for suggestions on a first version of the manuscript; and Lucila Protogino (ILPLA), Angela  ... 
doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2001)333<0001:ansohs>;2 fatcat:oc644wa4zjgmro4gdgqefy57yy

Islam and Politics in Central Asia

M.E. Ahrari
1997 American Journal of Islam and Society  
One has to keep these variables in mind as one readsMehrdad Haghayeghi's book, Islam and Politics in Central Asia.Describing the presence of Islam in Central Asia, The author states that "thesedentary  ...  Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan are two exceptions to thisrule.Not coincidentally. both Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan top the list of ethnicallypluralist states, and their economies are doing well compared to their  ...  Describing the presence of Islam in Central Asia, Lhe author states that "the sedentary populations of the oa ·is enclaves and the tribal populations of the Steppe and Lhe surrounding regions'' were differently  ... 
doi:10.35632/ajis.v14i3.2237 fatcat:ftm4y6227zh5howjo3n2k5nfuu

How Immersive Is Enough? A Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Immersive Technology on User Presence

James J. Cummings, Jeremy N. Bailenson
2015 Media Psychology  
The concept of presence, or "being there" is a frequently emphasized factor in immersive mediated environments.  ...  To investigate this assumption the current metaanalysis synthesizes decades of empirical research examining the effect of immersive system technology on user experiences of presence.  ...  Most notably, the effect of tracking level on user presence was found to be significantly larger than that of nearly all other immersive features (with the exceptions being the effects of update rate and  ... 
doi:10.1080/15213269.2015.1015740 fatcat:tieg6uggfrfo3a7uvg2epumllm

The role of wood anatomy in phylogeny reconstruction of Ericales

Frederic Lens, Jürg Schönenberger, Pieter Baas, Steven Jansen, Erik Smets
2007 Cladistics  
However, when pedomorphic character states are coded as inapplicable, the combined bootstrap topology results in an increase of resolution and support at most deeper nodes compared with the molecular analyses  ...  Based on the morphology of vessels and fibers, and the distribution of axial parenchyma, two major wood types can be distinguished within Ericales: (i) a "primitive" type, nearly identical to the wood  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Helga Ochoterena (UNAM) and Peter Hovenkamp (NHN-Leiden) for their useful comments on the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2006.00142.x pmid:34905864 fatcat:hkpd5o7uazh6bavdj65scht7la

Cardiac Certificate of Need regulations and the availability and use of revascularization services

Vivian Ho, Joseph S. Ross, Brahmajee K. Nallamothu, Harlan M. Krumholz
2007 American Heart Journal  
We compared the number of hospitals performing revascularization and patient utilization in states with and without CON regulations, and in states which discontinued CON regulations during 1989CON regulations  ...  We assessed the association between cardiac CON regulations, availability of revascularization facilities, and revascularization rates.  ...  The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation had no role in the design or conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis or interpretation of the data; or preparation, review or approval of the manuscript  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ahj.2007.06.031 pmid:17893007 pmcid:PMC2084214 fatcat:diqfb2mswfbnllntcssrjngmcq

When the noise goes on: received sound energy predicts sperm whale responses to both intermittent and continuous navy sonar

Saana Isojunno, Paul J. Wensveen, Frans-Peter A. Lam, Petter H. Kvadsheim, Alexander M. von Benda-Beckmann, Lucia M. Martín López, Lars Kleivane, Eilidh M. Siegal, Patrick J. O. Miller
2020 Journal of Experimental Biology  
We conducted at-sea experiments to contrast the effects of navy PAS vs. CAS on sperm whale behaviour using animal-attached sound and movement-recording tags (n=16 individuals) in Norway.  ...  We discuss the importance of exposure context and need to measure cumulative sound energy to account for intermittent vs. more continuous sources in noise impact assessments.  ...  Charlotte Curéand Peter Tyack provided valuable feedback on the study design. We would like to thank 3S partners and funders for enabling this research.  ... 
doi:10.1242/jeb.219741 pmid:32107307 pmcid:PMC7157582 fatcat:kkuugekqxzgo7bfnwxzelirnbm

Page 958 of Journal of Clinical Oncology Vol. 12, Issue 5 [page]

1994 Journal of Clinical Oncology  
except in subset analyses.’  ...  The use of preoperative versus postoperative radiation is an area of continued interest and controversy.'*'> This study indicates that only 20% of patients treated in 1988 and 1989 received preoperative  ... 

Population pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of piperacillin/tazobactam in patients with complicated intra-abdominal infection

Chonghua Li, Joseph L. Kuti, Charles H. Nightingale, Debra L. Mansfield, Adrian Dana, David P. Nicolau
2005 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy  
For patients (n = 26) receiving continuous infusion in the pharmacokinetic study, mean steady-state concentration was 35.31 -12.15 mg/L for piperacillin and 7.29 -3.28 mg/L for tazobactam.  ...  The infusion method had no influence on PK parameters.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Dr Dawei Xuan for his suggestion in the modelling, and Ms Christiana A. Sutherland for her technical support in the HPLC assay.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jac/dki243 pmid:16002420 fatcat:ivgsp7eurbbvffjsgtpcyrzkwi

Temperature Effects on the Allosteric Transition of ATP Sulfurylase from Penicillium chrysogenum

Daniel C Medina, Eissa Hanna, Ian J MacRae, Andrew J Fisher, Irwin H Segel
2001 Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics  
The bireactant kinetics at 42°C were the same as those observed at 30°C in the presence of PAPS, the allosteric inhibitor. In contrast, yeast ATP sulfurylase yielded hyperbolic plots at 42°C.  ...  The effects of temperature on the initial velocity kinetics of allosteric ATP sulfurylase from Penicillium chrysogenum were measured.  ...  Effect of PAPS on initial velocity at 30°C and pH 8.0. (a) v versus [MoO 4 2Ϫ ] at different fixed levels of MgATP in the presence of 100 M PAPS.  ... 
doi:10.1006/abbi.2001.2490 pmid:11516160 fatcat:6alov3x7xravlhco34qzgl7hym

Phase synchronization on scale-free and random networks in the presence of noise

Hamid Khoshbakht, Farhad Shahbazi, Keivan Aghababaei Samani
2008 Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment  
In this work we investigate the stability of synchronized states for the Kuramoto model on scale-free and random networks in the presence of white noise forcing.  ...  We show that for a fixed coupling constant, the robustness of the globally synchronized state against the noise is dependent on the noise intensity on both kinds of networks.  ...  In this work we investigate the stability of synchronized states for the Kuramoto model on scale-free and random networks in the presence of white noise forcing.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-5468/2008/10/p10020 fatcat:lfsdwhpysvbvfdw5fpvhup4nfa

Fluticasone propionate-salmeterol versus inhaled corticosteroids plus montelukast: outcomes study in pediatric patients with asthma

Manan Shah, Stanford, D'Souza
2012 Journal of Asthma and Allergy  
beta-agonist) in a single inhalation device (fluticasone propionate-salmeterol) versus the combination of ICS + montelukast in the treatment of pediatric patients with asthma.  ...  xx) in the one-year pre-index period.  ...  Due to the large differences between the two cohorts in the presence of oral corticosteroid use (21.6% versus 40.5%), presence of ICS use (5.4% versus 14.9%), and presence of respiratory-related hospitalization  ... 
doi:10.2147/jaa.s34582 pmid:23300347 pmcid:PMC3536350 fatcat:brj35r2etrg7rjqii6sslx4rgq

Experimental study of the influence of the degree of saturation on physical and mechanical properties in Tournemire shale (France)

F Valès, D Nguyen Minh, H Gharbi, A Rejeb
2004 Applied Clay Science  
The internal fluids could be drastically modified and, in particular, the presence of water in the rock with regard to hydration and desiccation.  ...  The mechanical behaviour is sensitive to the saturation state of the shale with an important part of the stratification and its relative orientation to the mechanical stress.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank IRSN for providing financial assistance during this experimental program. They also thank Professor P. Bérest for his suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.clay.2003.12.032 fatcat:idu4kiktlrbmxpjqk7o6urhnzm
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