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On Evolving Attention Towards Domain Adaptation [article]

Kekai Sheng, Ke Li, Xiawu Zheng, Jian Liang, Weiming Dong, Feiyue Huang, Rongrong Ji, Xing Sun
2021 arXiv   pre-print
on two domains with off-the-shelf domain adaptation methods; 2) evolving the attention configurations under the guide of the discriminative ability on the target domain.  ...  Towards better unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA). Recently, researchers propose various domain-conditioned attention modules and make promising progresses.  ...  All these numerical results can help and encourage researchers to cast a new light on designing novel attention modules towards better domain adaptation.  ... 
arXiv:2103.13561v1 fatcat:hiem7svjjjdn7o72cs56zixpxu

Evolutionary Psychology: New Perspectives on Cognition and Motivation

Leda Cosmides, John Tooby
2013 Annual Review of Psychology  
The first wave focused on computational processes that generate knowledge about the world: perception, attention, categorization, reasoning, learning, and memory.  ...  The second wave views the brain as composed of evolved computational systems, engineered by natural selection to use information to adaptively regulate physiology and behavior.  ...  Because faces are important now, as well as ancestrally, a skeptic could argue that preferential attention to faces is caused by a domain-general expertise system-an evolved system to be sure, but one  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.121208.131628 pmid:23282055 fatcat:374ebvjrv5euvdrnkpmeb424dy

The Evolution of Domain-General Mechanisms in Intelligence and Learning

Dan Chiappe, Kevin MacDonald
2005 The Journal of general psychology  
Although there is a variety of evolved, special purpose learning devices, learning is also characterized by domain-general mechanisms that are able to achieve evolutionary goals by making novel and serendipitous  ...  Domain-general mechanisms interact in complex ways with domain-specific, information-encapsulated modules, most importantly by manipulating information obtained from various modules in attempting to solve  ...  Without framing mechanisms guiding it toward the solution of adaptive problems, a problem solver would "go on forever making up solutions that have nothing to do with a nonassigned problem" (Gelman &  ... 
doi:10.3200/genp.132.1.5-40 pmid:15685958 fatcat:jvwdhrazfzebdoiotczlo2fbwa

Evolving the future by learning from the future (as it emerges)? Toward an epistemology of change

Markus F. Peschl, Thomas Fundneider
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
of innovation and knowledge creation as one of the  ...  Even though Wilson et al. talk about "evolving the future" and the capacity for positive open-ended change and how it can be brought about in various domains, there is no explicit mention of the perspective  ...  Evolving the future by learning from the future (as it emerges)? Toward an epistemology of change Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37(4) , 433-434.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x13003245 pmid:25162878 fatcat:q5p66a753bg3fkilslwwtao4qq

Towards An Evolutionary Psychological Categorization of Individual Differences

Jan Guus Waldorp
2017 Psychology and Behavioral Science International Journal  
Based on our research of evolutionary psychological literature we propose that, in order to successfully attain inclusive fitness, the individual must be successful in at least one of the fundamental evolved  ...  adaptations.  ...  We postulate that the mind of the individual is calibrated by events from the prenatal period onwards towards a favorable competitive strategy that 'prioritizes' one of the three evolved adaptations over  ... 
doi:10.19080/pbsij.2017.03.555618 fatcat:3aoq6xu5wnewvggj2abq6acnte

Evolutionary psychology: Controversies, questions, prospects, and limitations

Jaime C. Confer, Judith A. Easton, Diana S. Fleischman, Cari D. Goetz, David M. G. Lewis, Carin Perilloux, David M. Buss
2010 American Psychologist  
These include issues of testability and falsifiability; the domain specificity versus domain generality of psychological mechanisms; the role of novel environments as they interact with evolved psychological  ...  Just as transmitted culture rests on a foundation of evolved psychological adaptations, novel adaptations can evolve as a consequence of transmitted culture.  ...  Wouldn't one domain-general rationality mechanism be more parsimonious than postulating many domain-specific mechanisms?  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0018413 pmid:20141266 fatcat:7hm4c3b5a5g5fkm2c4jfw54owu

Distinguishing Byproducts from Non-Adaptive Effects of Algorithmic Adaptations

Justin H. Park
2007 Evolutionary Psychology  
I call attention to Sperber's (1994) distinction between proper domains and actual domains of algorithmic mechanisms.  ...  Extending Sperber's distinction, I propose the terms adaptive effects and non-adaptive effects, which more accurately capture the phenomena of interest to psychologists and prevent fruitless adaptation-versus-byproduct  ...  Thus, one can claim to have identified a byproduct of this adaptation only when one has identified some evolved feature that is inextricably linked to this algorithmic mechanism.  ... 
doi:10.1177/147470490700500105 fatcat:owlgzmyo6nedfa2zc4sshywoua

Page 71 of Contemporary Psychology Vol. 49, Issue 1 [page]

2004 Contemporary Psychology  
A supernatu- ral agent concept, according to Boyer, violates just enough (usually one) conventions of our intuitive on- tological categories to make them vivid attention getters, readily re- membered.  ...  domain-specific “evolved” or “Darwinian” cognitive “algorithms’—could be studied em- pirically (the best early synthesis of their views and work is Barkow, Cos- mides, and Tooby, 1992).  ... 

The long-term consequences of childhood emotional maltreatment on development: (Mal)adaptation in adolescence and young adulthood

Tuppett M. Yates, Christine Wekerle
2009 International Journal of Child Abuse & Neglect  
relational domains.  ...  unavailability) versus hostile, critical, and controlling parenting (i.e., hostility) on psychosocial adaptation in early adolescence.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.12.002 pmid:19171379 fatcat:s5wenffhmjabxnptxl7z2mm2wu

Embodiment, evolution, and social cognition: An integrative framework

Michael P. Kaschak, Jon K. Maner
2009 European Journal of Social Psychology  
We begin with the claim that cognition evolved to facilitate the ability to plan and execute action in the world.  ...  This evolution was shaped by the adaptive challenges faced by humans throughout their evolutionary history (e.g., self protection, mate selection, navigating status hierarchies, building social coalitions  ...  Should one perceive anger in a face, the direction of that person's gaze (along with one's recent history with that individual) likely suggests whether that anger is directed toward you or toward someone  ... 
doi:10.1002/ejsp.664 fatcat:tftrr7bu25bwxorcfq3bb3unke

The Evolution of Complementary Cognition: Humans Cooperatively Adapt and Evolve through a System of Collective Cognitive Search

Helen Taylor, Brice Fernandes, Sarah Wraight
2021 Cambridge Archaeological Journal  
We propose that, just as genetic search drives phenotypic adaptation and evolution, complementary cognitive search is central to understanding how our species adapts and evolves through culture.  ...  We build on evidence for individual neurocognitive specialization regarding search abilities in the modern population, and propose that our species cooperatively searches and adapts through a system of  ...  Concurrently, adaptation to a variable environment relies on allocating resources towards exploration.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0959774321000329 fatcat:6dwuya6wvzgexpaywe7goe4qa4

Evolution and education

David C Geary
2010 Psicothema  
There are also domain-general systems that comprise attentional control, working memory, and problem-solving competence that can be used to act on and modify folk systems.  ...  Evolved learning and motivational biases are organized around the domains of folk psychology, folk biology, and folk physics.  ...  There are also domain-general systems that comprise attentional control, working memory, and problem-solving competence that can be used to act on and modify folk systems.  ... 
pmid:20100425 fatcat:iwmroyeajvevjdgycuxei4sshi

Evolution, Culture, and the Five-Factor Model

Kevin Macdonald
1998 Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology  
Humans evaluate and act on the genetic and phenotypic diversity represented by this range of viable strategies in order to solve adaptive problems.  ...  Evolutionary perspectives on cross-cultural variation are noted and illustrated.  ...  Level 1 EVOLVED MOTIVE DISPOSITIONS (Domain-Specific Mechanisms) Level 2 PERSONAL STRIVINGS (Direct Psychological Effects of Domain-Specific Mechanisms) Level 3 CONCERNS, PROJECTS, TASKS (Utilize Domain-General  ... 
doi:10.1177/0022022198291007 fatcat:j375dfp72vdfdknlfgw6c7w5cq

Research Goals for Evolving the 'Form' User Interface Metaphor towards More Interactivity [chapter]

Johannes Harms
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This work proposes to evolve the 'form' UI metaphor towards more interactivity. Related work has proposed interactive form elements such as autocompleting or otherwise assistive input fields.  ...  But a unified concept and scientific reflection on the topic are missing. Methodologically, this work first provides a deeper understanding of forms as UI metaphor.  ...  E.g., attention-reactive UIs can dynamically adapt to the user's focus of attention [14] , but forms are usually very static.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39062-3_60 fatcat:5bnlwlvq75fsddlhzovfgtljeu

Human threat management systems: Self-protection and disease avoidance

Steven L. Neuberg, Douglas T. Kenrick, Mark Schaller
2011 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
Each system is biased in a risk-averse manner, erring toward precautionary responses even when available cues only heuristically imply threat.  ...  Humans likely evolved precautionary systems designed to minimize the threats to reproductive fitness posed by highly interdependent ultrasociality.  ...  One implication of this sex difference is an adaptive (if imperfect) bias toward detecting anger more readily in the faces of men (compared to faces of women).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2010.08.011 pmid:20833199 pmcid:PMC3024471 fatcat:a6wszypjefa6lf5mwej4hgzvou
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