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Side-Informed Image Watermarking Scheme Based on Dither Modulation in the Frequency Domain

Osama Hosam
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Bentham Science Publishers Ltd."> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ncu2k3rifbgg7kxvucgeyudczm" style="color: black;">Open Signal Processing Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Digital communication and media sharing have extensively increased in the last couple of years. Research is focused on protecting digital media through copyright protection.  ...  We have developed an image watermarking technique in the frequency domain to hide secure information in the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) coefficients of the carrier image.  ...  The massive production of communication technologies and the insecurity of transferring digital data in digital channels made it urgent to find a method to protect digital media and secure digital communication  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2174/1876825301305010001">doi:10.2174/1876825301305010001</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7o6eeefnnzenvb3gksdqg7egcm">fatcat:7o6eeefnnzenvb3gksdqg7egcm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190428020842/https://benthamopen.com/contents/pdf/TOSIGPJ/TOSIGPJ-5-1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/97/91/979127ff9c48962510f95f41efde8834fd7decac.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2174/1876825301305010001"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A Compact Neural Network-based Algorithm for Robust Image Watermarking [article]

Hong-Bo Xu, Rong Wang, Jia Wei, Shao-Ping Lu
<span title="2021-12-27">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In order to enhance the robustness of our watermarking solution, we specifically introduce a simple but effective bit message normalization module to condense the bit message to be embedded, and a noise  ...  In this paper, we propose a novel digital image watermarking solution with a compact neural network, named Invertible Watermarking Network (IWN).  ...  features of watermarking is still one of the main challenges in this research domain.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2112.13491v1">arXiv:2112.13491v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4du3de57wjehxl2ldslir5xcy4">fatcat:4du3de57wjehxl2ldslir5xcy4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220105104132/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2112.13491v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/5b/e2/5be2b93e98231e001aec0741798c8d84ba4fe74b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2112.13491v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Adaptive Watermarking based on Tree Structure based using 3-4 Level DWT and DCT

Savneet Kaur, Kumud Sachdeva
<span title="2015-10-15">2015</span> <i title="Foundation of Computer Science"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/b637noqf3vhmhjevdfk3h5pdsu" style="color: black;">International Journal of Computer Applications</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper an adaptive watermarkingschemeusing tree structure is proposed.This watermarking method makes use of a classificationprocedure for identifying various parts of the image which can be watermarkedby  ...  This classificationdependson a reference image which is derived from the image itself and aprediction of it necessarywhich has the property of being invariant change tothe watermark insertion process.In  ...  Figure 1 , 1 Figure 1, Comparison of PSNR graphEmbedding Capacity -In table 2, embedding capacity of the watermarking images is compared on the basis of previous algorithm and the proposed algorithm.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5120/ijca2015906608">doi:10.5120/ijca2015906608</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mpgmmffyrvfdpj4bshzo3pq2ky">fatcat:mpgmmffyrvfdpj4bshzo3pq2ky</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180604101220/https://www.ijcaonline.org/research/volume128/number18/kaur-2015-ijca-906608.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/20/a0/20a02fd7b5c0c0cdab408511ab83537b318f9962.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5120/ijca2015906608"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Provably robust digital watermarking

Brian Chen, Gregory W. Wornell, Andrew G. Tescher, Bhaskaran Vasudev, V. Michael Bove, Jr., Barbara Derryberry
<span title="1999-11-22">1999</span> <i title="SPIE"> Multimedia Systems and Applications II </i> &nbsp;
Indeed, QIM methods exist that achieve performance within a few dB of capacity in the case of a (possibly colored) Gaussian host signal and an additive (possibly colored) Gaussian noise channel.  ...  one signal (e.g., the digital watermark) within another "host" signal to form a third, "composite" signal.  ...  In fact, the capacity does not depend on the host signal statistics, and thus, the capacity in this case is the same regardless of whether or not the host signal is available during watermark decoding.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1117/12.371232">doi:10.1117/12.371232</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2usagix33jem5nrdf7iezvbhfq">fatcat:2usagix33jem5nrdf7iezvbhfq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170813030650/http://rleweb.mit.edu/dspg/documents/ProvablyRobust.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9e/d1/9ed10b24f84c0ebec86682afa0bcdf5a8e4307ed.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1117/12.371232"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT IN SPREAD SPECTRUM IMAGE WATERMARKING USING WAVELETS

SANTI P. MAITY, MALAY K. KUNDU
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="World Scientific Pub Co Pte Lt"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/nt43ge63cnbllg3y2b3kw6sx4a" style="color: black;">International Journal of Wavelets, Multiresolution and Information Processing</a> </i> &nbsp;
Performance of a digital image watermarking algorithm, in general, is determined by the visual invisibility of the hidden data (imperceptibility), reliability in the detection of the hidden information  ...  after various common and deliberate signal processing operations (robustness) applied on the watermarked signals and the amount of data to be hidden (payload capacity) without affecting the imperceptibility  ...  The outcome of these works motivate the use of wavelets in spread spectrum watermarking over the years and activities are still blooming in this field.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1142/s0219691311003931">doi:10.1142/s0219691311003931</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/agrv3ip6tfgjjpm4mpdh74m6rq">fatcat:agrv3ip6tfgjjpm4mpdh74m6rq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190309081704/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f626/3408dc92728f552514a53bfef6d5091cfe83.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f6/26/f6263408dc92728f552514a53bfef6d5091cfe83.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1142/s0219691311003931"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> worldscientific.com </button> </a>

Image and Video based double watermark extraction spread spectrum watermarking in low variance region

Mriganka Gogoi, Koushik Mahanta, H.M.Khalid Raihan, Dibya Jyoti, Ankita Dutta
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="The Science and Information Organization"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2yzw5hsmlfa6bkafwsibbudu64" style="color: black;">International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications</a> </i> &nbsp;
Another feature is that as this algorithm is based on embedding of watermark in low variance region, therefore proper extraction of the watermark is obtained at a lesser modulating factor.  ...  Digital watermarking plays a very important role in copyright protection.  ...  In this paper, they proposed a digital watermarking system where YIQ signal channels and embedded watermark image channel are separately used. R.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14569/ijacsa.2013.040615">doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2013.040615</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/la46vrqkffarnbwihpq5bgylga">fatcat:la46vrqkffarnbwihpq5bgylga</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20130923053324/http://thesai.org/Downloads/Volume4No6/Paper_15-Image_and_Video_based_double_watermark_extraction_spread_spectrum_watermarking_in_low_variance_region.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/07/52/0752b9a45c4982bbf5fdfefa1282adb0835181a4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.14569/ijacsa.2013.040615"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Robust Spatial Data Hiding for Color Images [chapter]

Xiaoqiang Li, Xiangyang Xue, Wei Li
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
In paper [1], we present a new watermarking technique in spatial domain expressly devised for color images, which is based on transmit diversity techniques.  ...  In this paper, we describe the revised scheme of algorithm [1] in detail, and give experimental results that demonstrate the unmistakable advantage of our new approach over algorithms operating on not  ...  Capacity Analysis Watermarking based on direct-sequence spread spectrum in spatial domain is a highpayload technique. But we have to trade off bandwidth and capacity in reality.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-45184-6_17">doi:10.1007/978-3-540-45184-6_17</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/frxbldhs6naeja5jlwuva6pig4">fatcat:frxbldhs6naeja5jlwuva6pig4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190503050248/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-540-45184-6_17.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0f/f9/0ff957ba24179bd7f94c3f876d1ed96e789e4bb7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-45184-6_17"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Capacity improvement for a blind symbolic music score watermarking technique

Martin Schmucker, Edward J. Delp III, Ping W. Wong
<span title="2002-04-29">2002</span> <i title="SPIE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/aauf57th6zd4diqxn2jsimb7fm" style="color: black;">Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents IV</a> </i> &nbsp;
Current music score watermarking techniques either lack in robustness or in capacity: While embedding data into staff lines guarantees a certain payload, modulation of the staff lines' thickness can be  ...  It is sufficient to cluster the symbols according to their properties and to treat symbols of the same cluster equally. The described method guarantees a minimum payload and increased robust.  ...  This solution provides a high capacity channel: 160 bits (120 bits data and 40 bits CRC) can be embedded in a single staff line. A unique identifier can be easily hidden in a one staff line.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1117/12.465277">doi:10.1117/12.465277</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/sswmc/Schmucker02.html">dblp:conf/sswmc/Schmucker02</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ymcaucrzl5hstdw4kmpgo5rfmu">fatcat:ymcaucrzl5hstdw4kmpgo5rfmu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190227162553/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/7e03/e7ddc4451ab76a97ab015575496a0e6c5eb7.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7e/03/7e03e7ddc4451ab76a97ab015575496a0e6c5eb7.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1117/12.465277"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Watermarking Using Complex Wavelets With Resistance To Geometric Distortion

Patrick Loo, Nick Kingsbury
<span title="2015-12-28">2015</span> <i title="Zenodo"> Zenodo </i> &nbsp;
Publication in the conference proceedings of EUSIPCO, Tampere, Finland, 2000  ...  INTRODUCTION In recent years, digital watermarks have emerged as a means to protect the copyright of digital images.  ...  An image can be regarded a set of such channels and the total capacity is given by the sum of the capacities of individual channels.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.37221">doi:10.5281/zenodo.37221</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3ng5vkdyszagvolo2wpq4fogia">fatcat:3ng5vkdyszagvolo2wpq4fogia</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181102140400/https://zenodo.org/record/37221/files/CR1252.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/34/9d/349d172a432828fd6c7c0f079f1401eb781e4378.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.37221"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> zenodo.org </button> </a>

Copyright Protection by Robust Digital Image Watermarking in Unsecured Communication Channels

Layth Alasafi, Tuna Göksu, Ammar Albayati
<span title="2017-07-01">2017</span> <i title="Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/trvfti3jm5hnxhei7rl7owpcqq" style="color: black;">Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
two marks into an image for the purpose of authentication and copyright when digital content travels through an unsecured channel.  ...  In addition to the extraction process, watermarking images will be subjected to a set of attack tests.  ...  A. and A. J. thank the Iraqi Board of Supreme Audit Iraq/Baghdad and Iraqi Ministry of Electricity, which contributed effectively to give us this opportunity for publication.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v7.i1.pp234-249">doi:10.11591/ijeecs.v7.i1.pp234-249</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xnxsf6v4qzcmzosjqpsgdlulzi">fatcat:xnxsf6v4qzcmzosjqpsgdlulzi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190426203154/http://www.iaescore.com/journals/index.php/IJEECS/article/download/7985/6990" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/64/3c/643c6f55886188f0028a9192b390fe0a57fd6b40.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeecs.v7.i1.pp234-249"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Performance Lower Bounds for Existing and New Uncoded Digital Watermarking Modulation Techniques [chapter]

Marcos de Castro Pacitti, Weiler Alves Finamore
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
Many coded digital watermarking systems development requires first the selection of a (uncoded) modulation technique to be part of a coded architecture.  ...  This paper introduces a new performance lower bound for uncoded binary watermarking modulation techniques, based on a simple equivalence with a binary communication system, considering an additive gaussian  ...  With the widespread use of digital representation of images, video, audio, and other signals, the copyright protection by using "invisible" digital watermarks became a very active area of research.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/11551492_31">doi:10.1007/11551492_31</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/j7pxpkcymvhirbia6rjtfwzrsm">fatcat:j7pxpkcymvhirbia6rjtfwzrsm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20070221102241/http://www.cetuc.puc-rio.br:80/~weiler/RECOMENDED_FINAMOREpapers/Lower_Bounds_IWDW_2005.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bb/73/bb7302f80822c6a061306010b357ea939c6781ea.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/11551492_31"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Performance analysis of a 2-D-multipulse amplitude modulation scheme for data hiding and watermarking of still images

J.R. Hernandez, F. Perez-Gonzalez, J.M. Rodriguez, G. Nieto
<span title="">1998</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/onirm7ye2bfobnpwuwaopap5yu" style="color: black;">IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper a watermarking scheme for copyright protection of still images is modeled and analyzed.  ...  In this scheme a signal following a key-dependent two-dimensional multipulse modulation is added to the image for ownership enforcement purposes.  ...  Telecomunicaciòn, University of Vigo, Vigo 36200, Pontevedra, Spain (e-mail: jhernan@tsc.uvigo.es, fperez@tsc.uvigo.es). Publisher Item Identifier S 0733-8716(98)01107-X.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/49.668974">doi:10.1109/49.668974</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uutijpf6q5byjlhrv4ooip3mom">fatcat:uutijpf6q5byjlhrv4ooip3mom</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20050722195126/http://www.gts.tsc.uvigo.es/gpsc/publications/wmark/jsac98.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c1/5a/c15a2d97e08f36a678bb119930c007f7626159ac.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/49.668974"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Watermarking digital images for copyright protection

J.J.K. Ó Ruanaidh, W.J. Dowling, F.M. Boland
<span title="">1996</span> <i title="Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fzgia24dyfgd3dfdi22qkc5wty" style="color: black;">IEE Proceedings - Vision Image and Signal Processing</a> </i> &nbsp;
The authors present an overview of watermarking techniques and demonstrate a solution to one of the key problems in image watermarking, namely how to hide robust invisible labels inside grey scale or colour  ...  A watermark is an invisible mark placed on an image that is designed to identify both the source of an image as well as its intended recipient.  ...  Cullen for helpful advice and stimulating discussions. 9  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1049/ip-vis:19960711">doi:10.1049/ip-vis:19960711</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/scvindvhfzbmbgbfsys3cf2kx4">fatcat:scvindvhfzbmbgbfsys3cf2kx4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809073602/http://www.tara.tcd.ie/bitstream/handle/2262/19682/F%20Boland.pdf?sequence=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/64/0a/640a13df3a9c70ac152b150680e811cd40ed045e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1049/ip-vis:19960711"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Perceptually adaptive spread transform image watermarking scheme using Hadamard transform

Santi P. Maity, Malay K. Kundu
<span title="2011-02-01">2011</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ozlq63ehnjeqxf6cuxxn27cqra" style="color: black;">Information Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
Performance of the proposed method is compared with a number of recently reported watermarking schemes based on spread spectrum (SS) and quantization index modulation (QIM).  ...  The choice of Hadamard transform as watermark embedding domain offers several advantages, such as low loss in image information (higher image fidelity), greater reliability of watermark detection and higher  ...  Review of related watermarking methods, limitations and scope of the present work Literature on digital image watermarking is quite rich.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ins.2010.09.029">doi:10.1016/j.ins.2010.09.029</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2ph2rltcdnfv3pddyusc7t5yqu">fatcat:2ph2rltcdnfv3pddyusc7t5yqu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20110913141434/http://www.isical.ac.in/~malay/Papers/Inf%20sci_11.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3b/20/3b2046979696655acee384dfbb5085bdff842e45.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ins.2010.09.029"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Orientation Modulation for Data Hiding in Chrominance Channels of Direct Binary Search Halftone Prints

Vlado Kitanovski, Marius Pedersen
<span title="2016-11-07">2016</span> <i title="Society for Imaging Science &amp; Technology"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/emray5vynfh25mrotrlaax2pkm" style="color: black;">Final program and proceedings (Color and Imaging Conference)</a> </i> &nbsp;
Experimental results show that this proposed CDBS-based data hiding method offers both higher data hiding capacity and higher robustness to the print-and-scan channel when compared to the state-of-the-art  ...  In this article, we propose a joint halftoning and data hiding technique for color images.  ...  The proposed method provides high quality of the watermarked image, variable data embedding capacity, and relatively high robustness to the print-and-scan channel.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2352/issn.2169-2629.2017.32.32">doi:10.2352/issn.2169-2629.2017.32.32</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gcof2zu3enckpbcdivuuf57wn4">fatcat:gcof2zu3enckpbcdivuuf57wn4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180724123820/https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/2449960/Kitanovski2016.pdf?sequence=1" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bc/2c/bc2c623eb0b4ec13f7073b6758e208e8e1b7e6c1.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2352/issn.2169-2629.2017.32.32"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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