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The Form of Gentrification [article]

Alessandro Venerandi, Mattia Zanella, Ombretta Romice, Sergio Porta
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Porta, Romice, Maxwell, Russell, & Baird, 2014) .  ... 
arXiv:1411.2984v1 fatcat:f7mwkypxkzaznlv7bvjszlu774

Conhecimento, interdisciplinaridade e Psicologia Ambiental

Ombretta Romice
2005 Psicologia USP  
Isto pode ser esperado na medida em que se pensa que os estudantes de PA são mais centrados em pessoas e os estudantes de AC são mais centrados em construir (Romice & Uzzell, in print (Romice & Uzzell  ...  os residentes a se sentir pressionados a responder, ou terem se sentido desconfortáveis em suas próprias residências, o que, de novo, levanta questões éticas sobre c omo tratamos nossos participantes(Romice  ... 
doi:10.1590/s0103-65642005000100018 fatcat:jkuhavw6xzaznh57ieozkhtoxy

Undergraduate Dissertations in a Department of Architecture

Ombretta Romice, Paul Yaneske
2005 CEBE Transactions  
Background -context, problem tackled and aims Ombretta Romice, as Dissertation Convenor, has coordinated the honours year dissertation programme in the Department of Architecture at Strathclyde for three  ...  Dissertation Convenor and the Head of Department (where involved in assessment) The involvement of the departmental Learning and Teaching Group through Paul Yaneske, together with external examiners, CAP, Ombretta  ... 
doi:10.11120/tran.2005.02020004 fatcat:k4jayxibprbhxkr234owb4gqsy

BOOK REVIEW: COMPLEX HOUSING. DESIGNING FOR DENSITY, JULIA WILLIAMS ROBINSON

Ombretta Romice
2017 Archnet-IJAR  
This is a clear, useful and practical book, which makes an important link between research in environment-behaviour studies and practice, in this case architecture, urbanism and planning. The goal of the book is straightforward: to analyse 'complex housing', here defined as middle-high density, with a mix of tenures, uses and renting/ownership ranges, and of urban significance, in a structured and consistent manner, and with a degree of professional criticism stemming both from the author's
more » ... and that of a range of professionals involved in the projects illustrated. The context selected is the Netherlands, a country that for geographic, political, cultural and religious reasons has had a rather special and successful record in dealing with density in housing both from an architectural and urban point of view, at least until recently, as the author reminds us ('spatial plans' have been abandoned in 2005).
doi:10.26687/archnet-ijar.v11i3.1412 fatcat:kpepjjkktzhs5hy3tffa32jyii

Community Design Studio: a Collaboration of Architects and Psychologists

Ombretta Romice, David Uzzell
2005 CEBE Transactions  
, 2003; Romice & Frey, 2003) .  ...  Students were then introduced to a sequential combination of methods; mental maps, openended questions, sensory walks, multiple sorting techniques and semantic differential (Romice, 2000; Uzzell and Romice  ...  For more information on each technique, with a description on how to use them in practice, see Romice & Frey (2003) .  ... 
doi:10.11120/tran.2005.02010073 fatcat:d3ydjspknrgwdla7ttdgeerxau

Representing Sensory Experience in Urban Design

Raymond Lucas, Ombretta Romice
2008 Design Principles and Practices: An International Journal  
Thanks are also due to Ombretta Romice collaborated with me on this paper.  ...  Ombretta Romice Dr.  ...  Ombretta Romice is a Lecturer in the Department of Architecture at the University of Strathclyde, in Glasgow, a Registered Architect in Italy and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.  ... 
doi:10.18848/1833-1874/cgp/v02i04/37579 fatcat:2lx52bezfnb4vorlu66tbfzrne

Urban Morphometrics: Towards a Science of Urban Evolution [article]

Jacob Dibble, Alexios Prelorendjos, Ombretta Romice, Mattia Zanella, Emanuele Strano, Mark Pagel, Sergio Porta
2015 arXiv   pre-print
The SA can be determined objectively, consistently and internationally (Porta, Romice, Maxwell, Russell, & Baird, 2014) , therefore it complies to the criteria above and has been adopted as the OTU of  ... 
arXiv:1506.04875v2 fatcat:wegdh6r65fhk7cjgv247zpjde4

DEFINING SLUMS USING MULTIDIMENSIONAL AND RELATIONAL PROPERTIES: A DYNAMIC FRAMEWORK FOR INTERVENTION

Aisha Abubakar, Ombretta Romice, Ashraf M. Salama
2017 Archnet-IJAR  
Phenomenon as old as cities themselves, slums - in their many permutations - have been part of city management for a long time. Descriptions and definitions have gone through trends and so have the strategies to address their conditions and relationship to cities. Summarising various trends, definitions and approaches to solutions of slums, this paper critically analyses more recent and structured approaches that attempt to grasp the complexity of all realities constituting the slum as a key to
more » ... their management. Then, from a detailed review of properties of slums from literature, it proposes a rational framework – the Slum Property Map – that organises such properties (cultural, social, economic, environmental) into a relationship map where reciprocal links between properties are highlighted and used both to develop narratives of the slum – how it originates, develops and functions for its inhabitants, and in relation to the city- and thus eventually to guide intervention through investment in and management of local assets. The paper presents the Slum Property Map as a comprehensive and dynamic way to understand slums as holding potential for their immediate and future prosperity.
doi:10.26687/archnet-ijar.v11i2.1261 fatcat:m7fp7p7fbnayjef6vwtvp2lwai

Climate Adaptation Plans in the Context of Coastal Settlements: The Case of Portugal

Francesca Dal Cin, Martin Fleischmann, Ombretta Romice, João Pedro Costa
2020 Sustainability  
The impact of sea-level rise on coastal towns is expected to be a major challenge, with millions of people exposed. The climate-induced risk assessment of coastal areas subject to flooding plays an essential role in planning effective measures for adaptation plans. However, in European legislation, as well as in the regional plans adopted by the member states, there is no clear reference to urban settlement, as this concept is variable and difficult to categorise from the policy perspective.
more » ... s lack of knowledge makes it complicated to implement efficient adaptation plans. This research examines the presence of the issue in Portugal's coastal settlements, the European coastal area most vulnerable to rising sea levels, using the case of seashore streets as the most exposed waterfront public urban areas. Using the morphometric classification of the urban fabric, we analyse the relationship between urban typology and legislative macro-areas aimed at providing integrated adaptation plans. The study suggests that there is only a minimal relationship between the proposed classification and the geographical zones currently identified in coastal planning policies. Such incongruence suggests the need for change, as the policy should be able to provide a response plan tailored to the specificities of urban areas.
doi:10.3390/su12208559 fatcat:rnffitiw5vesnfjeglslj67zmi

Urban Design and Quality of Life [chapter]

Ombretta Romice, Kevin Thwaites, Sergio Porta, Mark Greaves, Gordon Barbour, Paola Pasino
2016 Handbook of Environmental Psychology and Quality of Life Research  
This chapter deals with those aspects of the design of cities that have been shown to affect quality of life. Whilst direct causal relationships between physical space and well-being are often difficult to establish, physical space certainly does play a significant part in shaping the way we engage with it, informing the individual and collective sense of attachment to our own environment; this will become increasingly important, with the urbanization process predicted to grow, a significant
more » ... t of which in conditions of informality. The aim of this chapter is to gather relevant and recent research that highlights advances in the study of the reciprocal effect between urban form and urban life and use this to compile an agenda for future thinking, research and practice in the field of socially sustainable urban design. The thrust of this agenda is centered on the concept of control. Since urbanization is an ongoing phenomenon and life in cities is now the norm for the vast majority of people, the traditional role of design needs to be reconsidered to give way to more collaborative and flexible forms of conceptualization, creation, occupation and management of space. This is important in order to relieve pressure on land and institutions, and instill an overall proactive and reciprocal attitude towards space itself, and space as a form of collective and social life. The chapter will highlight that urban quality of life rests on four core themes of: material well-being; emotional and personal development; interpersonal relationships; and physical well-being. These themes provide an organizational framework for exploration of how they are manifest at the metropolitan, neighbourhood and pedestrian levels of scale. during industrialization called again for large-scale intervention. Healthier cities (physically and morally), more efficient cities, less city-like cities, and reformed cities were the ambitions of these early experiments in urban planning, which were broadly translated into a dispersed model and the zoning of functions. Dispersion and zoning combined to shape post-war urbanization, and are still playing a part in our daily environments. Nevertheless, the potential benefits of density and mix became clear in the early 1970s when the oil crises and greater environmental awareness revealed the un-tenability of a world based on the consumption of finite resources and the need for a different model of development. Between the 1980s and 1990s, advances in technology and globalization brought a very polarized economic growth, changing the form of cities yet again, making it more specialized, with great repercussions on the relationships between regions around the world, resulting in increased social inequalities. Everyone is affected by the problem of sustainable development: on the one hand, there are areas in the world where population and urban infrastructure are not yet synchronized, that is the scale of urbanization is not yet fully matched by income growth and institutional development, and where the experimented paradigms and planning approaches cited are imported as signs of aspiring modernization. Here, we call these "the becoming cities", or the Global South. On the other hand, there are those countries where planning, policy, technological and scientific advances are available and matched, but the nature of change is profoundly cultural and therefore slow, due to a complex balance of economic, political, social, and environmental interests; we call these "retrofitting countries", or the Global North. These are not fundamentally different problems, but more like two sides of the same coin. The apparent mismatch between the resources available to deliver sustainability and the scale of the task calls for a different paradigm of creation and delivery of our space, one in which the responsibilities of structuring, equipping, using and managing land are shared between institutions (intended here in the broadest sense) and users, in a way that recognizes that the benefits derived from responsibility can actually become shared benefitscultural, societal, financial and environmental. The form of our cities has a role in generating such benefits, in relation to its capacity to afford its users control. It embeds cultural values and supports habits but, unlike values and habits, it has, in principle, a longer life span. Life span and adaptability are now the key issue because the cost of remediation for environments that are not fitting and supporting will become increasingly prohibitive. Individual urban forms differ greatly, but the principles that govern and structure them are surprisingly lasting over time and were only significantly challenged after WWII. The capacity of these structures to survive life spans, representing and supporting changing values and habits, may also differ accordingly; we cannot stay in some places, we cannot inhabit them without losing our identity, feeling unsafe, alienated, or threatened, while others have remained with us for centuries, adapting to our transformations, responding to our needs, fulfilling our lives, and allowing a bond to form. Establishing what determines this difference in responsiveness, and what benefits are derived from it, is summarized in the literature review of this chapter, and will lead to more holistic and phenomenological concepts of human-environment relationships as solutions better able to integrate city form and social processes. 14.1.1 The Research/Review Problem Overviews of cities and their effect on people, presented in handbooks in the area of environment behavior studies, often start by listing the positive and negative traits of citiesmainly in relation to density and opportunities on one hand, and crowdedness, pollution and alienation on the other. Individual studies on single aspects of urban form and their impact on 4 cognition, affection and behavior and attitudes are also very plentiful, with several journals dedicated to this theme, and a fast-growing international portfolio of cases and examples. More recently, encompassing publications have linked the discussion on cities to environmental effects (Speck 2013), and overall quality of life (Montgomery 2013). Planning, design and social sciences have also benefitted from the more recent interest and activity of data analysts, mathematicians, etc., with great advances in the understanding of how cities function as complex systems, and how socio-economic and environmental aspects of life are linked to form. Even more recently, the study of cities and their character has become popularized, being embraced by entire communities, often through innovations in social media outlets/forums, to observe, record, map and track morphological, behavioral, and usage data (we can now model, use remote sensing and crowd sourcing, and conduct simultaneous morphological comparisons at global, national, metropolitan and local scales). This is significant as it is creating a much broader pool of diverse knowledge than we have ever had, to the point that we can now link advances in quantitative work to the study of trends and patterns at any scale, and make increasingly sophisticated observations of shared, cross-cultural and contextual behavior, to use both as evidence and as guidance. In theory, with this knowledge at hand, "Planning and design, when aware of these complex molar systems, can act on city form, to enhance, enable or alleviate immediate and extended relations and behaviours in cities (Gifford 2007 p. 265)". The reality is that, with this knowledge and the goal of making life healthier, fairer, more efficient and richer, our cities have, over the past century, been shaped by the dominance of design as a catalyst and instigator of behavior and habits. We have overprofessionalized urban place-making, especially at the human scale, with two consequences. First, this has caused the progressive distancing of the design and delivery sectors from the users of their work (Punter 2011)this was a necessary outcome, due to the sheer scale of development and lately of its success (Thwaites et al. 2007) . Secondly, people have been left with the belief that nearly everything about the shape and management of environmental form is a professional problem, whether it belongs to a policy, management, legal, political or planning framework. Thus, today, people are disempowered and discouraged from acting on and taking charge of space for themselves; in an age of increasing interest in localism, this may well no longer be tenable. The timing is right. Large-scale and sophisticated operations such as global, national and urban observatories are now widely established; they are repositories of data to monitor, compare and guide sustainable growth. Municipalities are extending and sharing their "guarantors of fair development" role to non-profit urban design groups, agreeing to widen roles and responsibilities to the users and the city. On a local level, responsibility for development is taken up by community movements, supported by the locally-oriented and participative agenda of place-keeping research, which explores innovative approaches to designing and managing open space while securing its long-term future by putting the right people, funding, policies and evaluative processes in place (Dempsey and Burton 2012), trying to disentangle change from excessive professionalism and bureaucracy. Knowledge is power, for all these levels. Urban design needs to use this broad pool of knowledge to guide strategic and structural work at metropolitan and neighborhood levels, and accompany all of us in the gradual transformation of small-scale environments. Urban form is the setting where a more complex sharing of responsibilities needs to occur because, as we will show, shaping, controlling and being able to access the urban realm is significant for our well-being. Morphological structures and control relationships that are capable of better integrating social processes, material form and spatial organization can be found in the literature and require further investigation and development in the context of
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-31416-7_14 fatcat:kh4hdwsgczdo3mx5chkv5jgjwa

Methodological Foundation of a Numerical Taxonomy of Urban Form [article]

Martin Fleischmann, Alessandra Feliciotti, Ombretta Romice, Sergio Porta
2021 arXiv   pre-print
DOI: 10.1177/2399808320910444 • Fleischmann M, Feliciotti A, Romice O, et al. (2020b) Morphological tessellation as a way of partitioning space: Improving consistency in urban morphology at the plot scale  ... 
arXiv:2104.14956v3 fatcat:ar4w7sbsrnd4hjrzezagdnsdxy

Alterations in scale: Patterns of change in main street networks across time and space

Sergio Porta, Ombretta Romice, J Alexander Maxwell, Peter Russell, Darren Baird
2014 Urban Studies  
2014) Alterations in scale : patterns of change in main street networks across time and space. Urban Studies, 51 (16). pp. 3383-3400. ISSN 0042-0980 , http://dx.
doi:10.1177/0042098013519833 fatcat:tc63vygfxjekhabl2c4hf4wsmq

The Timeless Way of Educating Architects: A New Master in 'Building Beauty' in Naples, Italy

Maggie Moore Alexander, Enzo Zecchi, Peter Russell, Mariapia Vidoli, Antonio Caperna, Ombretta Romice, Sergio Porta
2016 Social Science Research Network  
Ombretta Romice. Ombretta Romice (RTPI) is Senior Lecturer in Urban design at the Department of Architecture, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow and Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.  ...  However, the differenceÑindeed crucialÑis that Alexander conducts the exploration at the profound level of usersÕ shared human values and ÒdreamsÓ (Porta, Russell, Romice, & Vidoli, 2014) . 3) Heuristic  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2846153 fatcat:opmxewqdireinbq2wx473x2lom

On the origin of spaces: Morphometric foundations of urban form evolution

Jacob Dibble, Alexios Prelorendjos, Ombretta Romice, Mattia Zanella, Emanuele Strano, Mark Pagel, Sergio Porta
2017 Environment and Planning B Urban Analytics and City Science  
1984) in a way that echoes that of the healthy adulthood in the growth of living individuals; and by so doing, they have produced a developmental rather than truly evolutionary form of the analogy Romice  ... 
doi:10.1177/2399808317725075 fatcat:44pj4jwlzrfuljapdunkdswnwe

Form and urban change – An urban morphometric study of five gentrified neighbourhoods in London

Alessandro Venerandi, Mattia Zanella, Ombretta Romice, Jacob Dibble, Sergio Porta
2016 Environment and Planning B Urban Analytics and City Science  
2017) Form and urban change : an urban morphometric study of five gentrified neighbourhoods in London. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 44 (6). The Strathprints institutional repository (https://strathprints.strath.ac.uk) is a digital archive of University of Strathclyde research outputs. It has been developed to disseminate open access research outputs, expose data about those outputs, and enable the management and persistent access to Strathclyde's intellectual output. FORM
more » ... URBAN CHANGE. An urban morphometric study of five gentrified neighbourhoods in London. Abstract Research in Urban Morphology has long been exploring the form of cities and their changes over time, especially by establishing links with the parallel dynamics of these cities' social, economic and political environments. The capacity of an adaptable and resilient urban form to provide a fertile environment for economic prosperity and social cohesion is at the forefront of discussion. Gentrification has emerged in the past few decades as an important topic of research in urban sociology, geography and economy, addressing the social impact of some forms of urban evolution. To some extent, these studies emphasise the form of the environment in which gentrification takes place. However, a systematic and quantitative method for a detailed characterization of this type of urban form is still far from being achieved. With this paper, we make a first step towards the establishment of an approach based on "urban morphometrics". To this end, we measure and compare key morphological features of five London neighbourhoods that have undergone a process of piecemeal gentrification. Findings suggest that these five case studies display similar and recognisable morphological patterns in terms of their built form, geographical location of main and local roads and physical relationships between street fronts and street types. These initial results, while not implying any causal or universal relationship between morphological and social dynamics, nevertheless contribute to; a) highlight the benefits of a rigorous quantitative approach towards interpreting urban form beyond the disciplinary boundaries of Urban Morphology and b) define the statistical recurrence of a few, specific morphological features amongst the five cases of gentrified areas in London.
doi:10.1177/0265813516658031 fatcat:hsu3r36m3nczlcgy6eo7lmzqzu
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