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The Copernicus Global 1/12° Oceanic and Sea Ice GLORYS12 Reanalysis

Lellouche Jean-Michel, Greiner Eric, Bourdallé-Badie Romain, Garric Gilles, Melet Angélique, Drévillon Marie, Bricaud Clément, Hamon Mathieu, Le Galloudec Olivier, Regnier Charly, Candela Tony, Testut Charles-Emmanuel (+5 others)
2021 Frontiers in Earth Science  
GLORYS12 is a global eddy-resolving physical ocean and sea ice reanalysis at 1/12° horizontal resolution covering the 1993-present altimetry period, designed and implemented in the framework of the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS). The model component is the NEMO platform driven at the surface by atmospheric conditions from the ECMWF ERA-Interim reanalysis. Ocean observations are assimilated by means of a reduced-order Kalman filter. Along track altimeter sea level
more » ... y, satellite sea surface temperature and sea ice concentration, as well as in situ temperature and salinity vertical profiles are jointly assimilated. A 3D-VAR scheme provides an additional correction for the slowly-evolving large-scale biases in temperature and salinity. The performance of the reanalysis shows a clear dependency on the time-dependent in situ observation system. The general assessment of GLORYS12 highlights a level of performance at the state-of-the-art and the capacity of the system to capture the main expected climatic interannual variability signals for ocean and sea ice, the general circulation and the inter-basins exchanges. In terms of trends, GLORYS12 shows a higher than observed warming trend together with a slightly lower than observed global mean sea level rise. Comparisons made with an experiment carried out on the same platform without assimilation show the benefit of data assimilation in controlling water mass properties and sea ice cover and their low frequency variability. Moreover, GLORYS12 represents particularly well the small-scale variability of surface dynamics and compares well with independent (non-assimilated) data. Comparisons made with a twin experiment carried out at 1/4° resolution allows characterizing and quantifying the strengthened contribution of the 1/12° resolution onto the downscaled dynamics. GLORYS12 provides a reliable physical ocean state for climate variability and supports applications such as seasonal forecasts. In addition, this reanalysis has strong assets to serve regional applications and provide relevant physical conditions for applications such as marine biogeochemistry. In the near future, GLORYS12 will be maintained to be as close as possible to real time and could therefore provide relevant and continuous reference past ocean states for many operational applications.
doi:10.3389/feart.2021.698876 fatcat:rfk4knddvzg6bdq252hgdjo2ti

Nomenklatorische Notizen zu paläarktischen Cicadiden

F. Schumacher
1922 Berliner entomologische Zeitschrift  
Cicatlatva coitcirriia Germ. (1 Cicada ativ Olivier, Encycl. mBth. Kist. nat. Ins. V, Cicada concinitu Grrmar, Germars Mag. Ent. IV, 1821, Tibicej, zfitreus BrullB, ExpBd.  ...  I C o 1 e 11 a t i bildet (Melet. ent.. VII, 1857, p. 11, t. V f. 2 I ein ,typisches Exemplar" von (J. comiwm Germ. ab, das ilim VOLL F i e b e r mitgeteilt, wurde.  ... 
doi:10.1002/mmnd.192219220212 fatcat:xwkzjod4vjdkdp5s7hcxybrylq

Page 147 of Revue Des Deux Mondes Vol. 115, Issue [page]

1893 Revue Des Deux Mondes  
Grâce à l’obligeance du proèdre Zolôtas, de l’éphore Hornstein et de l’épi- mélète Alimonakis, j'ai pu profiter de tous ces trésors.  ...  avec les vieux chroniqueurs, Anne Comnène, Nicéphore Gregoras, Nicétas Choniate, George Pachymère, Michel Ducas, sans compter les excellens voyageurs Belon, Stockhove, Tournefort, Paul Lucas, Galland, Olivier  ... 

Volatiles from wasabi inhibit entomopathogenic fungi: implications for tritrophic interactions and biological control

Ayako Atsumi, Tsutomu Saito
2015 Journal of Plant Interactions  
entomopathogenic fungi, Beauveria 28 bassiana sensu lato (Balsamo) Vuillemin and Isaria fumosorosea Wize, which 29 contribute to regulation of a major pest of wasabi, the striated white butterfly, Pieris 30 melete  ...  (b)-(f) Mycosed pupae of P. melete infected by B. bassiana s.l., I. fumosorosea, I. tenuipes, I. cateniannulata, and Lecanicillium sp., respectively.  ...  et al., 1999); some of these other isothiocyanates have fungicidal activity 277 against entomopathogenic fungi (Inyang et al., 1999) and the plant pathogens H. solani 278 and V. dahlia (Olivier et al.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17429145.2015.1039613 fatcat:xsojuq6qevgzdnvuv47n3v45d4

Page 722 of Revue Des Deux Mondes Vol. 4, Issue [page]

1843 Revue Des Deux Mondes  
de Pins, Maussac, Olivier de Hautpoul, Bertrand, Prohenques de Noé, Chastenay, Vezian, Rabaudy, Cadilhac (3). « Veu par la court, les deux chambres assemblées, le procès faict d'icelles à la requeste  ...  ., en la grand’ chambre, icelle avec la chambre criminelle assemblée, présents Messieurs de Mazuyer premier pré- sident, de Bertier et Segla , aussi présidents, Assezat, Caulet, Catel, Melet, Barthélemy  ... 

Chronique bibliographique

2008 La Revue des Sciences de Gestion  
dans le domaine du manage- ment, Benoît Melet nous convie à recon- sidérer la nature et la variété des relations qui se développent entre les individus et les organisations.  ...  Le changement sans fin par Olivier Vassal Pearson éducation -22,00 € L'entreprise se trouve face à une véritable contradiction : d'un côté, pour réussir, elle a besoin de l'engagement de tous ses salariés  ... 
doi:10.3917/rsg.231.0171 fatcat:m2k52xnv7fajfoz2vqilt4ap5q

DieCicadidaein Ramburs Fauna von Andalusien

F. Schumacher
1922 Berliner entomologische Zeitschrift  
I C o 1 e 11 a t i bildet (Melet. ent.. VII, 1857, p. 11, t. V f. 2 I ein ,typisches Exemplar" von (J. comiwm Germ. ab, das ilim VOLL F i e b e r mitgeteilt, wurde.  ...  Cicada atra Olivier, Encycl. mkth. Hist. nat. Ins. V, 1821. Cicada concinna Germar, Germars Mag. Ent. IV, 1821, 1790, p. 759 (nec Gmel. 1789190). = p. 98.  ... 
doi:10.1002/mmnd.192219220211 fatcat:3b4u2d6fdramdfrbd7r7mntbyq

The Pig: A Relevant Model for Evaluating the Neutrophil Serine Protease Activities during Acute Pseudomonas aeruginosa Lung Infection

Claire Chevaleyre, Mickaël Riou, Déborah Bréa, Clarisse Vandebrouck, Céline Barc, Jérémy Pezant, Sandrine Melo, Michel Olivier, Rémy Delaunay, Olivier Boulesteix, Patricia Berthon, Christelle Rossignol (+9 others)
2016 PLoS ONE  
Blood cell count Blood cells were counted with a MS9-5 Hematology Counter1 (digital automatic hematology analyzer, Melet Schloesing Laboratories, France).  ...  biochemical parameters (alanine aminotransferase (ALAT), aspartate aminotransferase (ASAT), bilirubin, glucose, creatinine, and urea) were measured using Select-6V rings with the M-ScanII Biochemical analyzer (Melet  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0168577 pmid:27992534 pmcid:PMC5161375 fatcat:p3i3b6aacfcxne454w5r6fepvm

Reduced CaCO 3 flux to the seafloor and weaker bottom current speeds curtail benthic CaCO 3 dissolution over the 21 st century

Olivier Sulpis, Carolina O. Dufour, David S. Trossman, Andrea J. Fassbender, Brian K. Arbic, Bernard P. Boudreau, John P. Dunne, Alfonso Mucci
2019 Global Biogeochemical Cycles  
We thank Angélique Melet  ...  it is larger in the Southern Ocean; see Figure 3 in Melet et al. (2015) .  ...  According to Melet et al. (2015) , the contribution of the parameterized bottom speed to the total bottom Figure 6 .  ... 
doi:10.1029/2019gb006230 fatcat:f74d5v7cynggdi4fuigqow5gy4

Ffar2 expression regulates leukaemic cell growth in vivo

Laure B Bindels, Paolo E Porporato, Sarah Ducastel, Martina Sboarina, Audrey M Neyrinck, Evelyne M Dewulf, Olivier Feron, Sophie Lestavel, Patrice D Cani, Bart Staels, Pierre Sonveaux, Nathalie M Delzenne
2017 British Journal of Cancer  
White blood cell count was performed on a MS9-3 Hematology Analyzer (Melet Schloesing Laboratoires, Osny, France). Mice were housed in a 12 h light/dark cycle. Mice were necropsied under anesthesia.  ... 
doi:10.1038/bjc.2017.307 pmid:28873082 pmcid:PMC5672929 fatcat:uhqj4tdmaraergmcvem6pxsjau

Mimn. fr. 9, 5 W.2

Andrea Emiliani
2020 Cuadernos de Filología Clásica Estudios griegos e indoeuropeos  
cristalline du Tahtalı Çai, qui vient à travers la plaine de Smyrne du Tahtalı Daǧ, au Sud-Est de Smyrne, et qui se jette dans la mer, après le défilé, en une petite plaine bien cultivée et avec des oliviers  ...  Una descrizione del sito è in Cadoux (1938: 9) , che tuttavia avanza alcuni dubbi circa l'identificazione dello stesso con l'antico Melete; cf.  ... 
doi:10.5209/cfcg.68477 fatcat:tvnu5y4kcfbgvayenmqw4suy2i

Projecting Global Mean Sea‐Level Change Using CMIP6 Models

Tim H. J. Hermans, Jonathan M. Gregory, Matthew D. Palmer, Mark A. Ringer, Caroline A. Katsman, Aimée B. A. Slangen
2021 Geophysical Research Letters  
GSAT change, emissions should be reduced early (e.g., Mengel et al., 2018) , making time-integrated emissions metrics more relevant for GMSL rise targets than endpoint metrics (Collins et al., 2020; Olivié  ...  While GTE correlates positively with GSAT change (r = 0.59-0.80; Figure S5 ), GTE is also controlled by the ocean dynamics governing OHU and expansion efficiency, which cause intermodel spread (Melet  ... 
doi:10.1029/2020gl092064 fatcat:ha2bloxz7ngm3bb37yisoafpoy

A Stormy Debate

Olivier Demerre
2020 Mnemosyne: A Journal of Classical Studies  
A meletē is an advanced school exercise and also the vehicle for sophists to display their skills in front of an educated audience.  ...  The formulation of the problem in a meletē would be something like this: "Rich young men fasten their boat to shore with a rope. Goats eat the rope, and the boat with all their belongings is lost.  ... 
doi:10.1163/1568525x-12342680 fatcat:l44uqet6cnbpdgqsk6ievb27qa

Une réforme complexe et polémique : la rénovation du français à l'école élémentaire de 1963 à 1972

Marie-France Bishop
2008 Le Télémaque  
La revue L'Éducation se montre très pédagogue sur cette question, donnant la parole à diverses reprises à des linguistes et en proposant des articles d'analyse, comme celui de Robert Mélet, enseignant  ...  Au niveau institutionnel, il est soumis à la commission Pierre Emmanuel 25 , nouvelle commission installée le 17 mars 1970 par le ministre Olivier Guichard avec pour mission d'envisager une rénovation  ...  Mélet, « Le français subversif », p. 20. 40. L. Legrand, « Un nouveau départ », p. 12. 41. P. Emmanuel, « Un projet pour la poésie », L'Éducation, n° 108, 17 juin 1971, p. 12-15. 42. R.  ... 
doi:10.3917/tele.034.0059 fatcat:zga4gce5njdcvlgjxon3dlc4li

Page 102 of Revue d'Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine Vol. 19, Issue [page]

Revue d'Histoire Moderne et Contemporaine  
Paris, Melet, 3.50. — Cne 4. Dussauge. Etudes sur la guerre de Sept ans. Le ministére de Belle-Isle. Tome Ier. Krefeld et Liitterberg, 1758. Paris, L. Fournier, 7.50. — Cre A. Grasset.  ...  Olivier, M. Rouff. La vie parisienne au xvii siécle. Paris, Alcan, 6.00. -— F. Berranger. La mine de Rancié depuis la Révolution jusqu’a nos jours. Toulouse, V. Riviere. — R. Besnard et C. Aymard.  ... 
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