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Ocean and atmosphere: predicting monthly to seasonal climate variability and the oceanic and atmospheric causes and effects

S. Schubert, M. Rienecker, M. Mlynczak, T. Miller, M. Schoeberl
IGARSS 2003. 2003 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Proceedings (IEEE Cat. No.03CH37477)  
Major future predictive capabilities will extend predictions well past the present limits of weather predictability, to include monthly to seasonal predictions of climate variability and the oceanic and  ...  atmospheric causes and effects of this variability.  ...  This development will continue and expand within the ESMF to contribute to the intra-seasonal prediction problem, as well as to the national effort to develop ESMs for long-term climate variability and  ... 
doi:10.1109/igarss.2003.1293705 fatcat:azbzkbrntve2leddonlqs3qcgm

Coupled ocean–atmosphere modeling and predictions

Arthur J. Miller, Mat Collins, Silvio Gualdi, Tommy G. Jensen, Vasu Misra, Luciano Ponzi Pezzi, David W. Pierce, Dian Putrasahan, Hyodae Seo, Yu-Heng Tseng
2017 Journal of Marine Research  
Models used for climate studies and seasonal forecasting attempt to represent all the important physical processes that affect ocean-atmosphere-land interactions.  ...  : Coupled ocean-atmosphere modeling and predictions 363  ...  AJM was supported by the NSF Earth System Modeling Program (OCE1419306) and the NOAA Climate Variability and Prediction Program (NA14OAR4310276).  ... 
doi:10.1357/002224017821836770 fatcat:crjrk43flfccjnefkebcvb3q3q

Atmosphere and Ocean Origins of North American Droughts

Richard Seager, Martin Hoerling
2014 Journal of Climate  
The atmospheric and oceanic causes of North American droughts are examined using observations and ensemble climate simulations.  ...  The models indicate that oceanic forcing of annual mean precipitation variability accounts for up to 40% of total variance in northeastern Mexico, the southern Great Plains, and the Gulf Coast states but  ...  XiaoWei Quan and Phil Pegion for various model simulations and Jon Eischeid for data analysis, and the NOAA Climate Program Office for support.  ... 
doi:10.1175/jcli-d-13-00329.1 fatcat:fwzinbnr2verjiiun2h6nda534

Causal Interactions between Southern Ocean Polynyas and High-Latitude Atmosphere–Ocean Variability

Zachary S. Kaufman, Nicole Feldl, Wilbert Weijer, Milena Veneziani
2020 Journal of Climate  
atmosphereocean variability.  ...  We use a fully coupled, synoptic-scale preindustrial control simulation of the Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SMv0-HR) to effectively simulate open-ocean polynyas and investigate their role in the  ...  Department of Energy's Office of Science, as contribution to the HiLAT-RASM project.  ... 
doi:10.1175/jcli-d-19-0525.1 fatcat:mgxphciy2zcbdloplb2dekog24

Progress in the development and application of climate ocean models and ocean-atmosphere coupled models in China

Tianjun Zhou, Yongqiang Yu, Hailong Liu, Wei Li, Xiaobao You, Guangqing Zhou
2007 Advances in Atmospheric Sciences  
A review is presented about the development and application of climate ocean models and oceanatmosphere coupled models developed in China as well as a review of climate variability and climate change studies  ...  The focus of the review is the climate ocean models and the associated coupled models, including both global and regional models, developed at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences  ...  The cyclonic eddy in the northern SCS is formed due to the joint actions of Kuroshio, bottom topography effect and baroclinic effect.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00376-007-1109-3 fatcat:kfbvhdwe25hyje46yuapf4i5pa

Ocean–Atmosphere Interactions in the Tropical and Subtropical Atlantic Ocean

Bohua Huang, J. Shukla
2005 Journal of Climate  
The forced SST anomalies then change the local sea level pressure and winds, which in turn affect the northward shift of the atmospheric disturbance and cause further SST changes in the deep Tropics during  ...  From summer to fall, however, the NTA SST anomalies are likely to persist within the subtropics for more than one season after it is generated.  ...  This study is supported by Grants NA96GP0446 and NA169PI570 from National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's CLIVAR Atlantic Program. We thank Drs. P. Schopf and B.  ... 
doi:10.1175/jcli3368.1 fatcat:c2onyllxgfb5zlyu4hwqwknm74

Ocean-Atmosphere Water Flux and Evaporation [chapter]

W. Timothy Liu, Xiaosu Xie
2014 Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series  
The Climate Science Center of JPL supported the data production in its strategic planning.  ...  The Precipitation Measuring Mission, Physical Oceanography Program and the Aquarius Science Team of NASA jointly supported this effort.  ...  circulation, deposited as excess precipitation over evaporation on land, and returned to the ocean as river discharge, is critical to the existence of human life and the variability of weather and climate  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-36699-9_122 fatcat:2sbszpgv6rbe7gmayb7zvnpzri

Atmospheric and Oceanic Origins of Tropical Precipitation Variability

Jie He, Clara Deser, Brian J. Soden
2017 Journal of Climate  
This intrinsic atmospheric variability features a red noise spectrum from daily to monthly time scales and a white noise spectrum beyond the monthly time scale.  ...  The intrinsic atmospheric and ocean-induced tropical precipitation variability is studied using millennial control simulations with various degrees of ocean coupling.  ...  We appreciate the thoughtful comments and suggestions of the three anonymous reviewers. Thanks also go to Dr. Isla Simpson for providing the FullSST simulation and Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1175/jcli-d-16-0714.1 fatcat:nqtwvt3rcfdvzkt6kbawanly5a

Chapter 2 Global Change and Oceanic Primary Productivity: Effects of Ocean–Atmosphere–Biological Feedbacks [chapter]

Arthur J. Miller, Albert J. Gabric, John R. Moisan, Fei Chai, Douglas J. Neilson, David W. Pierce, Emanuele Di Lorenzo
2007 Elsevier Oceanography Series  
The primary effects of ocean biology on physical climate include its influence on the carbon cycle, the influence of oceanic phytoplankton on upper-ocean absorption, and the influence of DMS production  ...  Our current understanding of how climate change due to increasing greenhouse gases is expected to affect oceanic biology and of how the physical-biological feedbacks may influence the evolving physical  ...  Acknowledgments Financial support for Miller, Neilson, Pierce, and Di Lorenzo was provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NAG5-9788), the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0422-9894(06)73002-1 fatcat:fxnf2jt3z5emnahtfwtkqmj3nu

Monitoring and interpreting the ocean uptake of atmospheric CO2

A. J. Watson, N. Metzl, U. Schuster
2011 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
of climate variability.  ...  This would provide a valuable constraint on both the ocean and (by difference) land vegetation sinks for atmospheric CO 2 .  ...  We thank the European Commission for support under the CarboOcean project (511176 GOCE), the Natural Environment Research Council in the UK, and INSU and l'Institut Paul Emile Victor in France for financial  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsta.2011.0060 pmid:21502172 fatcat:jy6su5tqyzhlzdqa37mpmhyuxe

Sensitivity of the CRCM atmospheric and the Gulf of St. Lawrence Ocean‐Ice models to each other

Manon Faucher, Daniel Caya, François J. Saucier, René Laprise
The runs are iterated several times over the same period from the output of the previous run to allow the atmosphere and the ocean to interact several times with each other and to study the evolution of  ...  The results indicate that on a monthly or longer timescale, the CRCM is not very sensitive to the details of the oceanic fields from GOM, except locally over the Gulf of St. Lawrence (GSL).  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Claude Desrocher and the CRCM research group at UQÀM, in particular Michel Giguère for technical support.  ... 
doi:10.3137/ao.420201 fatcat:g6uw2xrkijc4he2ot6gw77h2oe

Indian Ocean tripole mode and its associated atmospheric and oceanic processes

Yazhou Zhang, Jianping Li, Sen Zhao, Fei Zheng, Juan Feng, Yang Li, Yidan Xu
2020 Climate Dynamics  
This study proposes the concept of the IOT and further investigates the associated atmospheric and oceanic processes.  ...  Using empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis, the IOT (IOD) is represented by the third (second) leading mode of the monthly SSTAs in the tropical Indian Ocean, explaining about 8.2% (10.3%) of the  ...  as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00382-020-05331-1 fatcat:hq5swwxl2bhsla6mse3c2qptne

Ocean–atmosphere coupling and the boreal winter MJO

Hye-Mi Kim, Carlos D. Hoyos, Peter J. Webster, In-Sik Kang
2009 Climate Dynamics  
In general, the ocean-atmosphere coupling acts to improve the simulation of the spatio-temporal evolution of the eastward propagating MJO and the phase relationship between convection (OLR) and SST over  ...  The influence of ocean-atmosphere coupling on the simulation and prediction of the boreal winter Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is examined using the Seoul National University coupled general circulation  ...  the effect of ocean-atmosphere coupling, since they do not use the same SST as a boundary forcing.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0612-x fatcat:qdjnymeldfaxxecjmvtk3ik6ym

Influence of the North American Dipole on ENSO onset as simulated by a coupled ocean–atmosphere model

Jinghua Chao, Guangzhou Fan, Ruiqiang Ding
2021 Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters  
The present study analyzed the NAD-ENSO relationship as simulated by a coupled ocean-atmosphere model -namely, the Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land System model, gridpoint version 2 (FGOALS-g2).  ...  By comparison, the winter Northern Atlantic Oscillation had no significant impact on the occurrence of ENSO a year later owing to its failure to induce the SST and surface wind anomalies over the NESP.  ...  The monthly precipitation data were extracted from NOAA's Climate Prediction Center Merged Analysis of Precipitation dataset ( Xie and Arkin, 1997 ) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.aosl.2021.100058 fatcat:nsa7zythojgd7em3hcp2rfrvza

Atmospheric bridge, oceanic tunnel, and global climatic teleconnections

Zhengyu Liu, Mike Alexander
2007 Reviews of Geophysics  
1] We review teleconnections within the atmosphere and ocean, their dynamics and their role in coupled climate variability.  ...  The thermohaline circulation can provide an effective oceanic teleconnection for interhemispheric climate interactions.  ...  surface to the bottom ocean and contributes to a strong seasonal variability of the oceanic heat transport [Jayne and Marotzke, 2001] .  ... 
doi:10.1029/2005rg000172 fatcat:gmbye3rnvbaybcmlhoxrhfc334
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