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Objects seen as scenes: neural circuitry for attending whole or parts [article]

Mitchell Valdés-Sosa, Marlis Ontivero-Ortega, Jorge Iglesias-Fuster, Agustin Lage-Castellanos, Jinnan Gong, Cheng Luo, Ana Maria Castro-Laguardia, Maria Antonieta Bobes, Daniele Marinazzo, Dezhong Yao
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
We hypothesize that object hierarchical level is processed by neural circuitry that also analyses spatial layout in scenes, contributing to the control of the spatial-scale used for shape recognition.  ...  AbstractDepending on our goals, we pay attention to the global shape of an object or to the local shape of its parts, since it's difficult to do both at once.  ...  We thank the VLIR-UOS scheme for funds related to the project "A Cuban National School of Neurotechnology for  ... 
doi:10.1101/771899 fatcat:5llgvgc6a5h6dfnxzdpl2flbze

Invariant Representations of Objects in Natural Scenes in the Temporal Cortex Visual Areas [chapter]

Edmund T. Rolls
2007 Representation and Brain  
in which object but not face representations are common, as already described); and to spatial scenes (in a parahippocampal area, which probably corresponds to the macaque parahippocampal gyrus areas in  ...  The neuronal recording studies show that individual neurons can be highly tuned in that they convey information about face identity, or about face expression, or about objects, or about spatial view.  ...  less good for making actions in 3-D space to particular parts of, or inside, objects, as the 3-D coordinates of each part of the object would not be explicitly available.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-4-431-73021-7_3 fatcat:2lb63au7mrfxfi2sudc5mwownu

Gaze Cues Influence the Allocation of Attention in Natural Scene Viewing

Stephen R. H. Langton, Christopher O'donnell, Deborah M. Riby, Carrie J. Ballantyne
2006 Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology  
The authors thank Alan Kingstone and Jari Hietanen for helpful comments on an earlier version of this article.  ...  in the eye region) or through its rapid categorisation via dedicated neural circuitry (see Haxby, Hoffman & Gobbini, 2000 , for a review) -followed by an analysis of gaze direction and a subsequent shift  ...  Thirty-six participants took part in each of the 10 conditions with each critical scene being seen by 12 participants per condition.  ... 
doi:10.1080/17470210600917884 pmid:17095487 fatcat:jxrefhwx5vdztgkrfzihzkoznu

Age and culture modulate object processing and object-scene binding in the ventral visual area

J. O. GOH, M. W. CHEE, J. C. TAN, V. VENKATRAMAN, A. HEBRANK, E. D. LESHIKAR, L. JENKINS, B. P. SUTTON, A. H. GUTCHESS, D. C. PARK
2007 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
In follow-up experiments, object processing adaptation in the LOC was demonstrated again when older adults were instructed to attend to the central object in the scene, as well as when the older adults  ...  Age, Cultural Group, and the Processing of Background Context We found little evidence that neural areas that are specialized for background scene processing differ as a func- tion of age or culture, although  ...  Voxel-by-voxel whole brain ANOVA and ICC analyses using task, subject, and scanner sites as factors were performed on the data; these analyses indicated high reliability across sites.  ... 
doi:10.3758/cabn.7.1.44 pmid:17598734 fatcat:addcxbsemnhl7crtjhypolvs7u

Recall versus familiarity when recall fails for words and scenes: The differential roles of the hippocampus, perirhinal cortex, and category-specific cortical regions

Anthony J. Ryals, Anne M. Cleary, Carol A. Seger
2013 Brain Research  
place area (PPA) showed effects for recall vs. familiarity specific to scenes.  ...  RWCR is the finding that, among cues for which recall fails, subjects generally rate cues that resemble studied items as more familiar than cues that do not.  ...  Brendan Depue, and the Banich lab at the University of Colorado, Boulder for use of their MR-compatible microphone and technical assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2012.10.068 pmid:23142268 pmcid:PMC3633207 fatcat:tzd337vmerdtvgg7m7wkkc7a6i

Animation of natural scene by virtual eye-movements evokes high precision and low noise in V1 neurons

Pierre Baudot, Manuel Levy, Olivier Marre, Cyril Monier, Marc Pananceau, Yves Frégnac
2013 Frontiers in Neural Circuits  
These data support the view that the sparsening and the time precision of the neural code in V1 may depend primarily on three factors: (1) broadband input spectrum: the bandwidth must be rich enough for  ...  Synaptic noise is thought to be a limiting factor for computational efficiency in the brain.  ...  As seen in the cell examples, the response mean rates are higher for DG and GEM, and much lower for NI and DN.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fncir.2013.00206 pmid:24409121 pmcid:PMC3873532 fatcat:yd67r64afjgu5nv2qwbl4v25ce

Genetic Variation in CACNA1C Affects Brain Circuitries Related to Mental Illness

Kristin L. Bigos, Venkata S. Mattay, Joseph H. Callicott, Richard E. Straub, Radhakrishna Vakkalanka, Bhaskar Kolachana, Thomas M. Hyde, Barbara K. Lipska, Joel E. Kleinman, Daniel R. Weinberger
2010 Archives of General Psychiatry  
Objective: To identify the neural system mechanism that explains the genetic association between the CACNA1C gene and psychiatric illness using neuroimaging and human brain expression.  ...  Conclusions: The risk-associated SNP in CACNA1C maps to circuitries implicated in genetic risk for bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.  ...  During the retrieval blocks, subjects were instructed to select the scenes seen during the encoding session (ie, old) or the scenes not seen during the encoding session (ie, new).  ... 
doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.96 pmid:20819988 pmcid:PMC3282053 fatcat:h7j4hy4wwbc4zfgomvq6q2gmam

From Behavior to Neural Dynamics: An Integrated Theory of Attention

Timothy J. Buschman, Sabine Kastner
2015 Neuron  
We refer to these mechanisms as "attention." Attention acts by increasing the strength of selected neural representations and preferentially routing them through the brain's large-scale network.  ...  Attending to a spatial location will select an object (or a piece of an object) at that location.  ...  In daily life, we select meaningful objects from meaningful scenes such as looking for cars when crossing a street.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2015.09.017 pmid:26447577 pmcid:PMC4604109 fatcat:fmfclzwm2rhevirwyun6vib73a

Object Recognition at Higher Regions of the Ventral Visual Stream via Dynamic Inference

Siamak K. Sorooshyari, Huanjie Sheng, H. Vincent Poor
2020 Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience  
The operations performed by the inferior temporal (IT) cortex are represented as not being akin to a neural-network, but rather in-line with a dynamic inference instantiation of the untangling notion.  ...  More importantly, we take a step forward in visual neuroscience by presenting a framework for an inference-based approach that is biologically inspired via attributes implicated in primate object recognition  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant CCF-0939370.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fncom.2020.00046 pmid:32655388 pmcid:PMC7325008 fatcat:r5eaq2gbj5cbza6tfprspbhdne

Measuring auditory selective attention using frequency tagging

Hari M. Bharadwaj, Adrian K. C. Lee, Barbara G. Shinn-Cunningham
2014 Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience  
For visual inputs, the visual steady-state response (VSSR) at the frequency modulating an attended object is enhanced, while the VSSR to a distracting object is suppressed.  ...  Using distributed source modeling of magnetoencephalography results, we estimate how spatially directed attention modulates the ASSR in neural regions across the whole brain.  ...  Support for this project was provided by a fellowship from the Office of Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering to Barbara G. Shinn-Cunningham and NIH grant DC010196 to Adrian K.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnint.2014.00006 pmid:24550794 pmcid:PMC3913882 fatcat:kcpif5tuvvej7bx6nbb2lhl2q4

Datation du site Paléolithique moyen de la Butte d'Arvigny (Moissy-Cramayel, Seine-et-Marne)

Michel Laurent, Jean-Louis Ricard, Jean-Jacques Bahain, Pierre Voinchet, Louis Rousseau
2000 Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2. Sciences de la terre et des planètes  
Wilson for valuable discussions.  ...  While complex objects may be seen, they are generally not heard, felt, tasted or smelled.  ...  However, they may also cover part or all of the normally functioning portion of the field. Faces are particularly common among objects seen; animals and human figures are also reported.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0000-0000(00)00000-0 fatcat:n2ulvane7janddk3c77go6gnta

From grasp to language: Embodied concepts and the challenge of abstraction

Michael A. Arbib
2008 Journal of Physiology - Paris  
of the human capability for language, enriching it with the suggestion that mirror neurons provide the neurological core for this evolution.  ...  From monkey-like action recognition to human language: an evolutionary framework for neurolinguistics (with commentaries and author's response).  ...  G&L make the claim Parameters can be seen as ''higher-level" features of neural organization, while the neural firings in particular motor circuits for various gaits can be seen as being at a ''lower level  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jphysparis.2008.03.001 pmid:18440207 fatcat:ia7quztfu5cqnjf7etnpepyvmy

SENSORIMOTOR SKILLS AND PERCEPTION

Andy Clark, Naomi Eilan
2006 Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society  
aspects of neural circuitry.  ...  ., identifying objects in a visual scene] but a lot of trouble reaching for objects they can see. It is as though they cannot use the spatial information inherent in any visual scene.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0066-7373.2006.00126.x fatcat:7xgznhwbkjdttlwzpxj22kfyri

SENSORIMOTOR SKILLS AND PERCEPTION

Andy Clark, Naomi Eilan
2006 Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society  
aspects of neural circuitry.  ...  ., identifying objects in a visual scene] but a lot of trouble reaching for objects they can see. It is as though they cannot use the spatial information inherent in any visual scene.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0066-7373.2006.00127.x fatcat:cv4azbt5jzhqxeneah43izfdcm

Brain States: Top-Down Influences in Sensory Processing

Charles D. Gilbert, Mariano Sigman
2007 Neuron  
Internal representations of the world, acquired by experience, affect our brain's strategy for analyzing visual scenes.  ...  In this view, the brain goes through a succession of brain states, with each state serving as the source of top-down influences for the subsequent state.  ...  We thank Dov Sagi for providing Figures 2 and 3.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2007.05.019 pmid:17553419 fatcat:ylul43i5wbhx5ddza445jvewhi
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