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OPIAS: Over-Personalization in Information Access Systems

Pınar Barlas, Kyriakos Kyriakou, Antrea Chrysanthou, Styliani Kleanthous, Jahna Otterbacher
2020 Zenodo  
"Filter bubbles," a phenomenon in which users become caught in an information space with low diversity, can have various negative effects.  ...  We propose a standalone demo that does not require any personal data. It emulates Facebook, a well-known and popular social network.  ...  [4, 10] However, these tools are invasive, requiring access to personal data.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4775856 fatcat:3a22bd66prbkxkjo2lkoxd4dny

Impact of COVID-19-induced rural-rural migration on agricultural productivity in Delta State, Nigeria

Albert Ukaro Ofuoku, Bonniface Oji Peter Opia, Eguono Aramide Ikpoza
2021 Scientia Agropecuaria  
Communities need to participate in decisions on issues like this in the future to collectively, fathom a way out especially in rural communities.  ...  Households in sending communities had smaller farm sizes than those in receiving communities.  ...  The rate of migration was accessed through information from the primary data collected. The information on the characteristics of plots, parcel and household were obtained from the respondents.  ... 
doi:10.17268/sci.agropecu.2021.006 fatcat:pxzphxce2bdsjmvaxj3fps3v44

Electric Vehicles in Malaysia and Indonesia: Opportunities and Challenges

Ibham Veza, Mohd Azman Abas, Djati Wibowo Djamari, Noreffendy Tamaldin, Fitri Endrasari, Bentang Arief Budiman, Muhammad Idris, Anthony C. Opia, Firman Bagja Juangsa, Muhammad Aziz
2022 Energies  
In the roadmaps of the automotive industry, the electric vehicle (EV) is regarded as a crucial technology for the future of automotive power systems.  ...  Therefore, this article addresses several critical issues in implementing EVs in Malaysia and Indonesia.  ...  Information and insights from Malaysian Green Technology Corporation (MGTC) and the Malaysian Electric Vehicle Owners Club (MyEVOC) are greatly appreciated.  ... 
doi:10.3390/en15072564 fatcat:wq7krzyvsvd37mqpa4ahdqqruq

Food Fraud in Nigeria: Challenges, Risks and Solutions

Joy Ewomazino Opia
2020
National food control systems 4.4. National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC) 4.4.1. Functions of NAFDAC 4.4.2. Regulatory strategies of NAFDAC 5. RESULTS  ...  Acknowledgements Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise  ...  trade. • It should ensure transparency in the development of food law and access to information.  ... 
doi:10.21427/nm91-rk58 fatcat:qyxtdwqhcffv5fznyjbsoyq3zy

Relationships between test positivity rate, total laboratory confirmed cases of malaria, and malaria incidence in high burden settings of Uganda: an ecological analysis

Jaffer Okiring, Adrienne Epstein, Jane F. Namuganga, Victor Kamya, Asadu Sserwanga, James Kapisi, Chris Ebong, Simon P. Kigozi, Arthur Mpimbaza, Humphrey Wanzira, Jessica Briggs, Moses R. Kamya (+2 others)
2021 Malaria Journal  
surveillance system established in Uganda.  ...  Background Malaria surveillance is critical for monitoring changes in malaria morbidity over time.  ...  The most widely available source of routine malaria surveillance data come from national health management information systems (HMIS).  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12936-021-03584-7 pmid:33441121 fatcat:c5zcvttjzbgcpexjx2klqhfwia

National Program on Amblyopia Prevention in Islamic Republic of Iran

Nikta Hatamizadeh
2003 Iranian Rehabilitation Journal  
Every 5 seconds one person in our world goes blind and a child goes blind every minute  ...  Acknowledgements : Undoubtedly all of these achievements are due to many people who have roles in designing , implementation and managing the program all over the country .  ...  Accessibility and affordability . Establishing visual exam stations in distant urban and rural areas make visual examination accessible for a majority of the people in the country .  ... 
doaj:01709aa765ce4684b616b61fc541c008 fatcat:hkxu4cx6czdzzhltws63a7foka

Public health emergency preparedness and response in South Africa: A review of recommendations for legal reform relating to data and biological sample sharing

M Steytler, School of Law, College of Law and Management Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa, D W Thaldar
2021 South African Journal of Bioethics and Law  
systems.  ...  The second is the development of data trusts, the adoption of open access to research data, and the creation of an African 'data corridor'.  ...  [3] OPIA restricts the export of data by enforcing the requirement for the existence of a legal ground, or legal reason, for the transfer of personal information to a third party in another country.  ... 
doi:10.7196/sajbl.2021.v14i3.772 fatcat:nw5ypiza3zghdhs4kivnznpjrq

Land Tenurial System Influence among Smallholder Farmers' Climate Smart Agriculture Technologies Adoption, Sub-Sahara Africa: A Review Paper

Petros Chavula, Benson Turyasingura
2022 International journal of food science and agriculture  
Based on findings from selected articles, socioeconomic factors (e.g. access to credit, poor extension services, and inputs) and institutional factors (e.g. land tenure system, land scarcity) are major  ...  This study aims to provide an overview of how the land tenure system affects climate-smart agriculture technologies adoption in Sub-Sahara Africa countries.  ...  On the other hand, Mizik [13] recognized the same constraints of CSATs adoption in Ethi-opia as the different empirical research (i.e. information gap, lack of information, land scarcity, and get admission  ... 
doi:10.26855/ijfsa.2022.03.003 fatcat:5woj7zcy2jcmtpc7hshtf5oame

Challenges and contributions of crop production in agro-pastoral systems of Borana Plateau, Ethiopia

Abera Tilahun, Beyene Teklu, Dana Hoag
2017 Pastoralism  
Uncertain climatic conditions, reduced access to grazing land and water, and reduced mobility affect the sustainability of livestock systems in Ethiopia.  ...  There is disagreement about whether integrating crops into pastoralist systems will be a positive experience.  ...  Furthermore, AT and BT contributed the questionnaire design, conducted the pilot, participated in data collection, provided information about the study area, and proofread the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13570-016-0074-9 fatcat:izhg5sibwbephhuquccx5fbkgm

Gender difference in the incidence of malaria diagnosed at public health facilities in Uganda

Jaffer Okiring, Adrienne Epstein, Jane F. Namuganga, Emmanuel V. Kamya, Isaiah Nabende, Martha Nassali, Asadu Sserwanga, Samuel Gonahasa, Mercy Muwema, Steven M. Kiwuwa, Sarah G. Staedke, Moses R. Kamya (+4 others)
2022 Malaria Journal  
Background Routine malaria surveillance data in Africa primarily come from public health facilities reporting to national health management information systems.  ...  these facilities in April 2021.  ...  The most widely available source of routine malaria surveillance data in Africa come from public health facilities reporting to national health management information systems (HMIS).  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12936-022-04046-4 pmid:35062952 pmcid:PMC8778495 fatcat:5m24abgmhfh5rotdkuzekylhri

'All That Glitters Is Not Gold': High-Resolution Crystal Structures of Ligand-Protein Complexes Need Not Always Represent Confident Binding Poses

Sohini Chakraborti, Kaushik Hatti, Narayanaswamy Srinivasan
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Our understanding of the structure–function relationships of biomolecules and thereby applying it to drug discovery programs are substantially dependent on the availability of the structural information  ...  We further propose a few solutions for consideration by the scientific community to promote quality research in structural biology and applied areas.  ...  Sowdhamini (NCBS, Bangalore) for providing the valuable suggestion on masking the identity of the PDB entries so that any person/research group involved in determination of the crystal structures of concerns  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijms22136830 pmid:34202053 pmcid:PMC8268033 fatcat:e4457cf4pfft3l6netzc4byrfq

Deep Thoughts in the Study of Cognition

Earl Hunt
2003 Contemporary Psychology  
One he calls “access consciousness.” Information from the external world achieves ac- cess consciousness when it can be shown to influence some behavioral system.  ...  Ideas like this lead Clark to his fi- nal topic, dynamic system analysis. Briefly, this is the analysis of systems that change over time.  ... 
doi:10.1037/000876 fatcat:zhdtyjvw4ne6heg5iynghvt4ra

Estimation of lifetime survival and predictors of mortality among TB with HIV co-infected children after test and treat strategies launched in Northwest, Ethiopia, 2021; a multicentre historical follow-up study

Ermias Sisay Chanie, Getnet Asmare Gelaye, Tesfaye Yimer Tadesse, Dejen Getaneh feleke, Wubet Taklual Admas, Eshetie Molla Alemu, Melkalem Mamoye Azanaw, Sofonyas Abebaw Tiruneh, Alemayehu Digssie Gebremariam, Binyam Minuye Birhane, Wubet Alebachew Bayih, Getachew Aragie (+1 others)
2021 PLoS ONE  
The overall mortality rate was 3.7 (95% CI (confidence interval): 2.9–4.7) per 100 person-years with a total of 1063.2-year observations.  ...  However, there is no adequate evidence in Ethiopia in general and in the study area in particular.  ...  individuals who participated in the study and data collectors.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0258964 pmid:34932563 pmcid:PMC8691625 fatcat:dd6qmgtegfc7xdq723bmp2salq

Customer Ratings as a Tool for the Information Asymmetry Reduction in the Hospitality Market

Katarzyna Biełuszko
2015 Ekonomiczne Problemy Turystyki  
., do not undermine these systems' usefulness in reducing information asymmetry in the hospitality market and in the decision-making process by the client.  ...  Nowadays, in the information society, the source of this information is no longer primarily a service provider (eg. the hotel), but other consumers who have benefited from these services.The aim of this  ...  and the principles of categorization systems, -limited access to the client categorization requirements in different countries (usually in the local language), -only the quantitative requirements of categorization  ... 
doi:10.18276/ept.2015.3.31-02 fatcat:dzrrounp4jbbhksei7arvprx7q

Commercialization of Smallholder Farmers in light of climate change and logistic challenges: Evidence from central Ethiopia

Gutu Tesso
2016 Global journal of Economics and Business Administration  
The policy recommendation is that government should focus on the boasting of production and productivity through fertility enhancements, improve access to market information through improved agricultural  ...  Investments have been geared toward the same with only little progresses in the endeavor. Market participation and degrees of commercialization still remains unsolved puzzle.  ...  The participation in such local institutions is a strong determinant of household's access to required supports, and information (including market information).  ... 
doi:10.28933/tesso-gjeba-09-2016 fatcat:jhbbkukkrnbp7kfmwbjxupicge
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