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Validation of Evaporative Cooling System using CFD Analysis

K.V. Vala, Mahesh Makwana, Nukasani Sagarika
2019 International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences  
doi:10.20546/ijcmas.2019.803.049 fatcat:ey24fnf6qjamhcwfqaffthi4jq

Modeling and Optimization of Process Parameters for Nutritional Enhancement in Enzymatic Milled Rice by Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN)

Anjineyulu Kothakota, Ravi Pandiselvam, Kaliramesh Siliveru, Jai Prakash Pandey, Nukasani Sagarika, Chintada H. Sai Srinivas, Anil Kumar, Anupama Singh, Shivaprasad D. Prakash
2021 Foods  
This study involves information about the concentrations of nutrients (proteins, phenolic compounds, free amino acids, minerals (Ca, P, and Iron), hardness) in milled rice processed with enzymes; xylanase and cellulase produced by Aspergillus awamori, MTCC 9166 and Trichoderma reese, MTCC164. Brown rice was processed with 60–100% enzyme (40 mL buffer -undiluted) for 30 to 150 min at 30 °C to 50 °C followed by polishing for 20–100 s at a safe moisture level. Multiple linear regression (MLR) and
more » ... rtificial neural network (ANN) models were used for process optimization of enzymes. The MLR correlation coefficient (R2) varied between 0.87–0.90, and the sum of square (SSE) was placed within 0.008–8.25. While the ANN R2 (correlation coefficient) varied between 0.97 and 0.9999(1), MSE changed from 0.005 to 6.13 representing that the ANN method has better execution across MLR. The optimized cellulase process parameters (87.2% concentration, 80.1 min process time, 33.95 °C temperature and 21.8 s milling time) and xylanase process parameters (85.7% enzyme crude, 77.1 min process time, 35 °C temperature and 20 s) facilitated the increase of Ca (70%), P (64%), Iron (17%), free amino acids (34%), phenolic compounds (78%) and protein (84%) and decreased hardness (20%) in milled rice. Scanning electron micrographs showed an increased rupture attributing to enzymes action on milled rice.
doi:10.3390/foods10122975 pmid:34945526 pmcid:PMC8700668 fatcat:wj6etzkyybh6bkjo6go2szfqri