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Role of heuristics and biases in information security decision making

Amir Fard Bahreini
2021
In Chapter 4, I examined the impact of several nudging strategies by using the most prevalent heuristic cues discovered in Chapter 3 and the construal level (i.e., level of abstraction) of messages on  ...  Additionally, with respect to the security level of settings, low-level [...]  ...  observed using descriptive theories and offer corrections so that decisions improve according to normative theories (Over, 2004) .  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0398452 fatcat:cknclaa6yvgyfpfmy6m6yrcs6i

When Nudges Fail: Slippery Defaults

Lauren E. Willis
2012 Social Science Research Network  
See Yaacov Trope and Nira Liberman, Construal-Level Theory of Psychological Distance, 117 Psych Rev 440, 451-53 (2010) (explaining the tendency for people to discount over psychological distance, including  ...  Marteau, et al, Judging Nudging: Can Nudging Improve Population Health?  ...  The form might list the benefits of sticking with the policy default prominently, both to explicitly advise consumers to stick with the default and to attempt to invoke the operation of query effects to  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2142989 fatcat:kcorrlwoifgzjmgu3oghal442q

From the Quest to Replace Passwords towards Supporting Secure and Usable Password Creation

Verena Zimmermann
2021
Nudges are small tweaks of the choice architecture that target automatic cog [...]  ...  To shine light on this seemingly intractable issue, a laboratory and an online study were conducted to explore the user perceptions of authentication schemes.  ...  Kaleta, Lee, and Yoo [157] designed a technique to nudge users to focus on the desirability of creating strong passwords as compared to feasibility based on construal level theory.  ... 
doi:10.26083/tuprints-00017425 fatcat:cvfuyv6bqndx5pxdmyjivclt2q

Anxious, threatened, and also unethical: How anxiety makes individuals feel threatened and commit unethical acts

Maryam Kouchaki, Sreedhari D. Desai
2015 Journal of Applied Psychology  
In Studies 1 and 2, we find that compared with individuals in a neutral state, anxious individuals are more willing (a) to participate in unethical actions in hypothetical scenarios and (b) to engage in  ...  In Study 6, data from subordinate-supervisor dyads demonstrate that experienced anxiety at work is positively related with experienced threat and unethical behavior.  ...  to upper level construals such as abstract thoughts about morality (White, McDonnell, & Dahl, 2011) .  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0037796 pmid:25243997 fatcat:x43knppqgjh53lgokyzdv2zlma

The Impact of Social Influence and Risk Assessment Cues on User Conversion in Gam(bl)ified Digital Business Models

Konstantin Röthke
2022
Despite calls for IS research on gamification to leverage insights from behavioral economics and social psychology in the context of gam(bl)ified IS (i.e., IS that use game/gambling design elements for  ...  Accordingly, this branch of IS research has employed psychological theories since its inception.  ...  Gamification refers to the use of design elements for games in non-game contexts with the goal to enhance user experience and to motivate users towards target behaviors, ultimately improving societal or  ... 
doi:10.26083/tuprints-00020723 fatcat:zdmt3vz5sjem3a6rtgsmtsduo4

Process-tracing choice quality in riskless multi-attribute decisions

Gotz Giering
2021
However, it is not well understood what information decision makers use when making a multi-attribute choice, and if training decision makers can improve multi-attribute choice quality.  ...  Choice heuristics displayed efficiency and performed at least as good as strategies based on Multi-attribute Value Theory (MAVT).  ...  In my opinion, SWING uses a procedure that corresponds well with the intended meaning of attribute weights, which is the desirability of shifts from worst to best attribute performance levels (Pöyhönen  ... 
doi:10.26174/thesis.lboro.14500233 fatcat:szafmrw57fclxckt77fnxtmawi

Advice

Sean Williams
2021
Promoting, incentivizing, or even sometimes mandating advice can help us improve our decision-making in numerous contexts such as consumer contracts, health care, education, and financial planning. *  ...  Far from the blind leading the blind, our friends and family see us and our situation far more clearly than we do. Currently, peer advice is an entirely untapped resource.  ...  As this Article suggests, it is useful to analyze advice on its own, and it is useful to ask how it might interact with well-known nudges like setting welfare-enhancing default rules and informing people  ... 
doi:10.26054/0d-zv6d-3dew fatcat:eqix6zwfifd4pnlqtcai3ocp4u

If you wrong us, shall we not revenge? daring entertainment to challenge ideologies of the Arab-Israeli conflict

Dana Lori Chalmers
2014
In addition, 86% of the audience expressed their intention to discuss the production with others, thereby encouraging critical engagement with, and broader dissemination of the material.  ...  Each performance included two versions of the adaptation: a Jewish dominated society with an Arab Muslim minority, contrasted with an Arab Muslim dominated society and a Jewish minority.  ...  This variation, as with other choices in the production, was both a product of Shakespeare's wonderful writing and an intentional choice to depict characters with depth and range -in other words, as human  ... 
doi:10.14288/1.0166906 fatcat:juewbzpo5jcybndda7acv3toiq

Professional Doctorate in Sport and Exercise Psychology

S Bicker
2021
Contained within are a range of research and applied works that aim to inform and develop the sport and exercise psychology field.  ...  These case studies contain unique outcomes that aim to provide informative and thoughtful implications for both the discipline of sport psychology and sport psychology practitioners.  ...  Although construalism posits that no theory or measure can apply to everyone and places emphasis on the individual's experience, using an integrated approach can allow practitioners to adopt psychometrics  ... 
doi:10.24377/ljmu.t.00015805 fatcat:r7mkguhftzfrfb3cd5v47gxqce

Sustainable Hotel Information, Tourist Profile and Booking Intentions – How Sustainable Hotel Information and Tourist Profile Influence Booking Intentions

Sindhuri Ponnapureddy
2021
and labels; b) Sustainable tourist profile: Perceived benefits, Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), Trust and Distrust; c) Sustainable behaviour: Booking intentions.  ...  compared to a standard hotel in Switzerland, Germany and USA.  ...  His research focuses on cognitive, emotional, and persuasive aspects of media use, media reception, and media effects.  ... 
doi:10.5167/uzh-202625 fatcat:pekhqb4qafbcbci5c5lmgsaqfm

Tuning In Situ: Articulations of Voice, Affect, and Artifact in the Recording Studio

William Owen Marshall
2017
It begins by tracing how recording engineers have historically thought about and worked with "emotion," specifically with respect to its relationship between the studio's technological artifacts and the  ...  The remaining chapters take as their starting point the distinction between "place" and "time" theories of pitch perception in psychoacoustics and signal processing, in an attempt to thicken and ethnographically  ...  applying it to the role of "current theories, goals, problem-solving strategies, and practices of use" (Bijker et al. 2012, 167) at the level of the social group.  ... 
doi:10.7298/x48p5xhf fatcat:ekypybb6gjbfbhy6mzrfpoua5i

Entrepreneurs' Prospective Sensemaking: Path of a Magical Realist

Maxim Ganzin
2019
Second, a magical realist perception helps entrepreneurs to cope with anxiety and insecurity associated with risk and uncertainty.  ...  This research makes three significant contributions to organizational theory.  ...  I also consulted the literature to make sense of the themes and locate them within theory on the topic. With each step of the analysis, I was going to higher levels of abstraction. perceptions.  ... 
doi:10.7939/r3-kpdk-yj35 fatcat:ksnw46bsj5g67coojiixofkiui