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Not All Memories are Created Equal: Learning to Forget by Expiring [article]

Sainbayar Sukhbaatar, Da Ju, Spencer Poff, Stephen Roller, Arthur Szlam, Jason Weston, Angela Fan
<span title="2021-06-13">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
This forgetting of memories enables Transformers to scale to attend over tens of thousands of previous timesteps efficiently, as not all states from previous timesteps are preserved.  ...  Recent work investigated mechanisms to reduce the computational cost of preserving and storing memories. However, not all content in the past is equally important to remember.  ...  Analysis and Discussion EXPIRE-SPAN creates the phenomena of selective forgetting: it allows memories to be permanently deleted if the model learns they are not useful for the final task.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2105.06548v2">arXiv:2105.06548v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ekbejwehvrcsrkiw467e7lfy6u">fatcat:ekbejwehvrcsrkiw467e7lfy6u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210616041157/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2105.06548v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6d/6d/6d6d9d99129a2c2b72dc27fd81400d320e2b7d0f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2105.06548v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Chapter Three Equalities [chapter]

<span title="2016-08-11">2016</span> <i title="Routledge"> Everyday Women&#39;s and Gender Studies </i> &nbsp;
By focusing on key concepts and not star theorists, ordinary life and not iconic examples, this book provides a welcome and innovative introduction to the twisted and all-too-ever-present ways in which  ...  The result is an intellectually rigorous yet practical guide not only to rethinking women and gender but, more importantly, to reactivating, with a twist, that ancient ethical question: how are we to live  ...  file charges, and the statute of limitations in their cases expired by the time of her trial.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315643205-10">doi:10.4324/9781315643205-10</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ikiniciqyfcc5oaslgu2ouwsru">fatcat:ikiniciqyfcc5oaslgu2ouwsru</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201229074403/https://s3-euw1-ap-pe-ws4-capi2-distribution-p.s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/books/9781315643205/HUBPMP/9781315643205_googleScholarPDF.pdf?response-content-disposition=attachment%3B%20filename%3D%229781315643205_googlepreview.pdf%22&amp;response-content-type=application%2Fpdf&amp;x-amz-security-token=IQoJb3JpZ2luX2VjEJ%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2F%2FwEaCWV1LXdlc3QtMSJHMEUCIDIXIENx6IFjH5JuET671em6ZuuBtne8jHqC1N43ipQRAiEA3lN%2BeSh2VhNzD3HunSmteBGd2DPGhbGdq12AYpmSudoqtAMIWBACGgwwMTIxNzcyNjQ1MTEiDAqUmN951p7wL0QuACqRA%2BYWLAw2CQgCcJM4dNKrIZzrzaebpqsTH%2BxXwLjmEVEWM2tnkbGebT%2FX%2BE5OMZ5v83LjHfgShG0k9Qyw7rZLg9OT%2Bk5r4zv88yUv0371iGn71y3wOZY68GJreWZWTuNZi9XHY0RzS0QfS3Z2h7AdSE%2Fzv7QFzgpXjTZVTEoHU6DhjzuysWGUTDulPlh05VXYlS7L7qJPYFOMyrWoHFoVA6h6ajpmObZPm%2BkBsc6olKbz0%2FDABcZedKV7OBEN%2FcNZw%2BKISXWRCBWfIfZ5vVEcifh6DuzzFik2SoXyAZBEe4lY4cSfRPGphQq7GRCZcts0IKJ267yKUC7YJRQ8eqlSIC3wZL%2FFA%2BdMrR8xy6BLYLePBFn2V%2Bh%2Bz1Q7teXeXELTUMDPuUjY6Ou5GqsBvEsjmqXzmwfjaU7il8B%2F2fLHL8KzTqy62r1SA%2BgRTKlE6OQ4usrIE0%2BIMW2G40twRfkK3t8a56RPD08FjKDGcprMzf7eQn1AsXNxm0h7TvMXg0XTyLFM9c2E89gfGPrKwDp5hqnOMJiWq%2F8FOusB%2FrRD2b6Z9d459adFLwfoPL7d7wSIfuFGIJ6E1QLVPAJ1cGY%2BrTDllKE2ma%2BreXrIOgaKUosrzWjSwvLvcJLs%2FqQ2ZpMTAaX3lMg9kPH88gMbJ0kzYD%2BzF674BxOsoiQC53%2BlC0j8SKJypxLlN2kEwgoZzlXRCJH8bOy3odUpP0A9EsZZ7QVD1Gp%2BfVssabRLxUntqeGFbuFLmKkPdg4z4FftR4t8%2B%2BN3herTDEe89gYwUK2s7NumuPZKqFtyxZRwEwB8zu%2B31aqOpA1YGCuXO%2BN7qL%2FFnciNGuWek0v3%2B2MQ79fHPgmaPV7kFA%3D%3D&amp;AWSAccessKeyId=ASIAQFVOSJ57WWPPCKO2&amp;Expires=1609832642&amp;Signature=OLcFT1Jpd%2BfgxFnuoBikbup2G10%3D" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/64/22/6422ff3c27671ca438d6340ba27a9535ee5bee36.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315643205-10"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Madisonian Equal Protection

James S. Liebman, Brandon L. Garrett
<span title="">2004</span> <i title="JSTOR"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/37uptjo5avfehlysxu2kac5fpi" style="color: black;">Columbia Law Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
Exactly as Madison predicted, however, protection of local minorities cannot be entrusted to "dim and doubtful" words enforced after the fact by courts that are inaccessible to minorities and too distant  ...  Expanding this strategy, the Fourteenth Amendment admonished states against all denials of "the equal protection of the laws."  ...  By all evidence, moreover, liberated individuals strongly resist equality and fraternity even when they are not, strictly speaking, left to their own devices and instead are legally admonished by the Equal  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2307/4099365">doi:10.2307/4099365</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5nsbnf2huvgnzlyatgeqt3rbzm">fatcat:5nsbnf2huvgnzlyatgeqt3rbzm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190623022848/https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1120&amp;context=faculty_scholarship" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/2f/5a/2f5afeacc389fb2097dac9593bc10e2d78a199a4.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2307/4099365"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> jstor.org </button> </a>

Equal Protection, Class Legislation, and Colorblindness

Melissa L. Saunders
<span title="">1997</span> <i title="JSTOR"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/xphnijab6nhqbforbxax255ibe" style="color: black;">Michigan law review</a> </i> &nbsp;
Thayer (R-Penn.)). laws which are not on their face and in their provisions of equal application to all the citizens of the State . . . like the air of heaven, covering all and resting upon all with equal  ...  may have, the protection and the benefit of that law shall extend to all classes ... in other words, the States cannot create inequality by their own legislation"). 198.  ...  Justice O'Connor's suggestion that the North Carolina plan "segregates" voters by race as not "a particularly accurate description of what has occurred"); Pamela S.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2307/1290069">doi:10.2307/1290069</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/s3lgt6kwezc2peqxw3aiuh4hyy">fatcat:s3lgt6kwezc2peqxw3aiuh4hyy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200319202540/https://repository.law.umich.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1805&amp;context=mlr" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0f/5a/0f5a8c1d1f4b5aadd1e2b6b4b432256d314804ef.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2307/1290069"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> jstor.org </button> </a>

Identity and Personhood in Digital Democracy: Evaluating Inclusion, Equality, Security, and Privacy in Pseudonym Parties and Other Proofs of Personhood [article]

Bryan Ford
<span title="2020-11-04">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
We also examine other proposed approaches to proof of personhood, some of which offer conveniences such as all-online participation.  ...  But digital identity solutions - ID checking, biometrics, self-sovereign identity, and trust networks - all present flaws, leaving users vulnerable to exclusion, identity loss or theft, and coercion.  ...  discussions contributing to the formation of ideas in this paper.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.02412v1">arXiv:2011.02412v1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uqoxr2rtzrawnotlem7eqirsli">fatcat:uqoxr2rtzrawnotlem7eqirsli</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201106205421/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2011.02412v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d0/90/d09015d78a9ec52fa9f72f5f6dada29d9dce81fa.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2011.02412v1" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Deletion Practices in the Era of Permanent Digital Memory

Eric Kula
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="University of Texas at Arlington Libraries"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/us7zwn2sorcwlkmjwfdp5zvql4" style="color: black;">Fast Capitalism</a> </i> &nbsp;
There are a number of perfectly reasonable arguments for why the ability to forget, to move on unhindered by the past, would be a positive to not only individuals, but to collectives as well.  ...  (Mayer-Schönberger 2009) Mayer-Schönberger strongly supports a technological and social solution to the perils of permanent memory by arguing that expiration dates on data will reintroduce forgetting  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.32855/fcapital.201401.007">doi:10.32855/fcapital.201401.007</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/3ddrtztanbf5jertl3ofh72jfa">fatcat:3ddrtztanbf5jertl3ofh72jfa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200216082226/https://fastcapitalism.journal.library.uta.edu/index.php/fastcapitalism/article/download/303/351" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f6/86/f6869996111dc946572adb8b6ec6c015275331aa.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.32855/fcapital.201401.007"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Variable length consonant stimuli in a "Peterson & Peterson" short-term memory paradigm

B. James Starr, Gilbert J. Harris, Robert Aronoff
<span title="">1970</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6eeadzr2czdqrgirbdeqzexf7m" style="color: black;">Psychonomic Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
The rapid forgetting that characterizes *Thanks are due to Dr. Roy Lachman and Dr.  ...  Such a notion would predict equal rates of forgetting for the three rehearsal conditions, given equal interpolated task durations.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03329045">doi:10.3758/bf03329045</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5l7nevdmxzarzgb5k4whg37mbm">fatcat:5l7nevdmxzarzgb5k4whg37mbm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180727223402/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.3758%2FBF03329045.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/dc/a4/dca451b3c8490d466d4550e9da81702d543a238e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3758/bf03329045"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Review Lecture: Psychological Aspects of Short-Term and Long-Term Memory

D. E. Broadbent
<span title="1970-09-29">1970</span> <i title="The Royal Society"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/f4dvulqgv5hongx66rijauzrt4" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences</a> </i> &nbsp;
All parties now agree th a t an 'iconic' or 'pre-perceptual' storage exists, to which the principles of long-term memory do not apply.  ...  That is, much forgetting is due to the need to remember other things, rather than to deterioration of the desired memory itself.  ...  Secondly, in long-term memory we are all agreed th a t the principle of associative interference will explain most, if not all, forgetting.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1970.0026">doi:10.1098/rspb.1970.0026</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/al2jlvulr5ao7oq5gef3u7hn6u">fatcat:al2jlvulr5ao7oq5gef3u7hn6u</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191026161640/https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/pdf/10.1098/rspb.1970.0026" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.1970.0026"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A comprehensive simulation tool for the analysis of password policies

Richard Shay, Elisa Bertino
<span title="2009-06-12">2009</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/pmp3fe6mtncjnmxpkeavdxh6sm" style="color: black;">International Journal of Information Security</a> </i> &nbsp;
This model and its implementation enable administrators responsible for creating and managing password policies to test them before giving them to actual users.  ...  Modern organizations rely on passwords for preventing illicit access to valuable data and resources. A well designed password policy helps users create and manage more effective passwords.  ...  Calling the help desk assigns a new password to the Account and makes it not compromised. Note that the help desk is not called to create a new password when a password expires.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10207-009-0084-3">doi:10.1007/s10207-009-0084-3</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ljvj6komrbebnn7gwll76bydfq">fatcat:ljvj6komrbebnn7gwll76bydfq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170810104821/http://cups.cs.cmu.edu/rshay/pubs/ppsp2009.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ae/62/ae623ef30288ee16c3808e3d987b2fc644bc2b0e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10207-009-0084-3"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Page 1532 of Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature Vol. 8, Issue 6 [page]

<span title="">1868</span> <i title="Open Court Publishing Co"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/pub_eclectic-magazine-of-foreign-literature" style="color: black;">Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature</a> </i> &nbsp;
First- rate talkers are very rare ; but Milman’s amazing memory, his stores of erudition and learning on the one hand, and of anecdote and personal recollection on the other, made him first among the first  ...  But it was Milm.an—we are not forget¬ ting cither Heber or Keble—who was one of the first to cast an early seeu on those fields which Trench and Neale, aud Hymns Ancient and Modern^ have so fully cultivated  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> </span>
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BERTnesia: Investigating the capture and forgetting of knowledge in BERT [article]

Jonas Wallat, Jaspreet Singh, Avishek Anand
<span title="2021-09-08">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
When it comes to learning facts, we found that capacity and fact density are key factors.  ...  The extent of forgetting is impacted by the fine-tuning objective and the training data.  ...  By learning which parts of the context are important and systematically expiring ones faster that are not, Sukhbaatar et al. (2021) reduced the necessary capacity to attend to extremely long sequences  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.02902v2">arXiv:2106.02902v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/pjcsf4jrw5f47funlbfrqtx25y">fatcat:pjcsf4jrw5f47funlbfrqtx25y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210914162632/https://arxiv.org/pdf/2106.02902v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fb/d0/fbd0dbea8a63ed0cb386b6c434ef9bbaf60ef33c.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2106.02902v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

SoK: Managing Longitudinal Privacy of Publicly Shared Personal Online Data

Theodor Schnitzler, Shujaat Mirza, Markus Dürmuth, Christina Pöpper
<span title="2021-01-01">2021</span> <i title="Walter de Gruyter GmbH"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/feed3pdnijhbnm6huwkkxavghy" style="color: black;">Proceedings on Privacy Enhancing Technologies</a> </i> &nbsp;
Following a systematic approach, we derive conflicts between these two sides that have not yet been addressed appropriately, resulting in a list of challenging open problems to be tackled by future research  ...  Our systematic evaluation reveals interesting challenges broadly categorized by expiration conditions, data co-ownership, user awareness, and security and trust.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank our shepherd Michelle L. Mazurek and the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2478/popets-2021-0013">doi:10.2478/popets-2021-0013</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5ehzkvuhbvhend3mf5xd2tl434">fatcat:5ehzkvuhbvhend3mf5xd2tl434</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210101051301/https://content.sciendo.com/downloadpdf/journals/popets/2021/1/article-p229.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d1/a6/d1a621a49f62afb05c328a563e6e7091a145dd03.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2478/popets-2021-0013"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

The Effect of Testing on the Retention of Coherent and Incoherent Text Material

Mario de Jonge, Huib K. Tabbers, Remy M. J. P. Rikers
<span title="2015-03-17">2015</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/j4rpjb6rxjf4rfvhvjsd7qaclu" style="color: black;">Educational Psychology Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
For the incoherent version of the text, testing slowed down the rate of forgetting compared to a restudy (control) condition.  ...  In Experiment 2, text coherence was disrupted by scrambling the order of the sentences from the text. The material was subsequently presented as a list of facts as opposed to connected discourse.  ...  Clearly, our conclusions are limited to the test format used and, importantly, we would not want to imply that testing as a general learning activity might not be a useful tool for learning texts.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-015-9300-z">doi:10.1007/s10648-015-9300-z</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lq6lsghmmvbnhg3eqk5y326px4">fatcat:lq6lsghmmvbnhg3eqk5y326px4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171010164909/http://publisher-connector.core.ac.uk/resourcesync/data/Springer-OA/pdf/2ea/aHR0cDovL2xpbmsuc3ByaW5nZXIuY29tLzEwLjEwMDcvczEwNjQ4LTAxNS05MzAwLXoucGRm.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/a8/74/a8747d2562e6e799166fe2212e9dced4145a4e9f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-015-9300-z"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Exploration: Ways and Functions of Oblivion [chapter]

<span title="2021-10-22">2021</span> <i title="Brill | Fink"> Oblivionism </i> &nbsp;
This is an open access chapter distributed under the terms of the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.  ...  Studies on directed forgetting focus on the experimentally analysed question about an improvement or deterioration of memory if lists of words are learned, sometimes -or sometimes not -connected to the  ...  "Forgetting then becomes part of the process by which newly shared memories are constructed because a new set of memories are frequently accompanied by a set of tacitly shared silences."  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846765739_002">doi:10.30965/9783846765739_002</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/f24t2odhifgynpvonbnjwp7uki">fatcat:f24t2odhifgynpvonbnjwp7uki</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220116033359/https://www.fink.de/downloadpdf/book/9783846765739/BP000007.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/21/49/214960098b4502548ecc70a3cc81641dc9503e5a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846765739_002"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Imagination Has No Quarantine but It Is Free to Fly

Seija Ulkuniemi
<span title="2020-12-28">2020</span> <i title="International Society For Education Through Art- InSEA"> InSEA ART Education VISUAL Journal - Making/Teaching ART Differently </i> &nbsp;
The work of 10 out of 16 students was somehow "contaminated" by the virus. Luckily, the results are positive: This essay offers some new ways to use private photography in visual art education.  ...  If you are forbidden from leaving your home, how can you create a project that involves taking photos of people?  ...  Here are some shots from the video where she shows all the pages.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.24981/2414-3332-10.2020-8">doi:10.24981/2414-3332-10.2020-8</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/feolh4jo75ca3fi4dfbueaxge4">fatcat:feolh4jo75ca3fi4dfbueaxge4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201231141151/https://www.insea.org/IMAG/Imag10/imag10_7.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/61/a4/61a48101656ea2aaed77434c0ccdf4189521b91f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.24981/2414-3332-10.2020-8"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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