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Not All Features Are Equal: Discovering Essential Features for Preserving Prediction Privacy [article]

Fatemehsadat Mireshghallah, Mohammadkazem Taram, Ali Jalali, Ahmed Taha Elthakeb, Dean Tullsen, Hadi Esmaeilzadeh
2021 arXiv   pre-print
When receiving machine learning services from the cloud, the provider does not need to receive all features; in fact, only a subset of the features are necessary for the target prediction task.  ...  After identifying the subset, our framework, Cloak, suppresses the rest of the features using utility-preserving constant values that are discovered through a separate gradient-based optimization process  ...  The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of Samsung  ... 
arXiv:2003.12154v2 fatcat:5ek3bj3idbdofhljvwqgmacmz4

An equality paradigm for preventing genetic discrimination

Anita Silvers, Michael Ashley Stein
2002 Vanderbilt Law Review  
discovered through predictive genetic testing.  ...  . 303 This result transpires mainly because as a culture we do not yet understand that predictive genetic testing's usefulness as a basis for preventive health care does not make it an equally useful basis  ...  CONCLUSION We have argued for the creation of an equality-based protection for genetic discrimination similar to that of race and sex discrimination.  ... 
pmid:15732209 fatcat:hakutsej2beqhoth6fck2q6tte

Justifying Searches on the Basis of Equality of Treatment

Robert L. Misner
1991 Journal of criminal law & criminology  
to ensure that all persons are treated equally. 2 ' II.  ...  One can also predict that the Court's emphasis on equality of application will continue to denigrate privacy interests when equality of application is ' 1 8 8 But even Justice Marshall does not center  ...  permissible. 3 The Supreme Court then turned to the issue of equality of application to bolster its conclusion.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1143745 fatcat:2x43twpmqfdldei7nenxsm5xpm

Equality of Learning Opportunity via Individual Fairness in Personalized Recommendations [article]

Mirko Marras, Ludovico Boratto, Guilherme Ramos, Gianni Fenu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Therefore, while building overlying content recommendation services, it becomes essential to guarantee that learners are provided with equal recommended learning opportunities, according to the platform  ...  Then, we envision a scenario wherein an educational platform should be arranged in such a way that the generated recommendations meet each principle to a certain degree for all learners, constrained to  ...  For this reason, not all the principles and not all the guidelines can be directly operationalized 3 .  ... 
arXiv:2006.04282v2 fatcat:5gfkaur4m5e75jitfhj4ghel2e

Identity and Personhood in Digital Democracy: Evaluating Inclusion, Equality, Security, and Privacy in Pseudonym Parties and Other Proofs of Personhood [article]

Bryan Ford
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Enhancing pseudonym parties to provide participants a moment of enforced physical security and privacy can address coercion and vote-buying risks that plague today's E-voting systems.  ...  Digital identity seems like a prerequisite for digital democracy: how can we ensure "one person, one vote" online without identifying voters?  ...  Acknowledgments The author wishes to thank Jeff Allen, Lucy Bernholz, Linus Gasser, Philipp Jovanovic, Hélène Landemore, Louis-Henri Merino, Frederic Pont, Rob Reich, and Haoqian Zhang for numerous valuable  ... 
arXiv:2011.02412v1 fatcat:uqoxr2rtzrawnotlem7eqirsli

Equality of Learning Opportunity via Individual Fairness in Personalized Recommendations

Mirko Marras, Ludovico Boratto, Guilherme Ramos, Gianni Fenu
2021 International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education  
Therefore, while building overlying content recommendation services, it becomes essential to guarantee that learners are provided with equal recommended learning opportunities, according to the platform  ...  Then, we envision a scenario wherein an educational platform should be arranged in such a way that the generated recommendations meet each principle to a certain degree for all learners, constrained to  ...  For this reason, not all the principles and not all the guidelines can be directly operationalized 3 .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40593-021-00271-1 fatcat:3trumm6dj5ce5l4wlic3vpjwt4

Intimacy and Racial Equality: The Limits of Antidiscrimination

R. Richard Richard Banks
2003 Social Science Research Network  
The substantive rationale is that it "is essential that people be allowed an ambit of privacy within which they may form intimate relationships, even if those relationships are based on considerations  ...  I do not believe these are good bases for adoption policy.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.427873 fatcat:mj6mzfqvjrf75aqcflsmfcwnci

Equality as a Central Principle in the First Amendment

Kenneth L. Karst
1975 The University of Chicago Law Review  
essentially equal opportunity for 2z Thirty states require some form of party affiliation.  ...  the preservation of equality under law.  ...  the past generation had not made a significant impact on first amendment decisions and theory.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1599191 fatcat:lyc34o5uazd7zlz5g4naaqit5u

Caste, Class, and Equal Citizenship

William E. Forbath
1999 Michigan law review  
all who are willin g)"). 219.  ...  Equality of worth, not in dollars but in the sense of having an op portunity to earn one's livelihood, is essential.  ...  The latter, as Meaney pointedly observed, cared about the pensions, health plans, and job security measures in their union con tracts, not about raising hell until government provided these things for  ... 
doi:10.2307/1290195 fatcat:vhceou5zmnbptiuoay3zbtd3mm

Punishing Drug Addicts Who Have Babies: Women of Color, Equality, and the Right of Privacy

Dorothy E. Roberts
1991 Harvard Law Review  
They are related 160 in the sense that underlying the protection of the individual's autonomy is the principle that all individuals are entitled to equal dignity. 1 6 1 A basic premise of equality doctrine  ...  The constitutional arguments are based on theories of both racial equality and the right of privacy.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1341597 pmid:11650979 fatcat:aa4nqu3nhneidbbpda7x74dap4

Newborn HIV screening and New York Assembly Bill No. 6747-B: privacy and equal protection of pregnant women

Kevin J Curnin
1994 The Fordham urban law journal  
All undue burdens are also unconstitutional. All gender classifications are not unconstitutional.  ...  simply to preserve her own right to privacy. 77 Maternal privacy is said to be subordinate to the newborn's right to life-prolonging treatment, or if the newborn is not actually infected, to its right  ... 
pmid:11660117 fatcat:ccpnzltolbcyhiztnrairh4y6y

Equal Protection, Class Legislation, and Colorblindness

Melissa L. Saunders
1997 Michigan law review  
It was, for example, a prominent feature of the Court's opinion in Brown v.  ...  ("[T]he minority are safe, [if] the majority, who make the law, are operated on by it equally with others."); see also GILLMAN, supra note 11, at 54 (contrasting this equality-based approach to the preservation  ...  racially segregated in the country and the invalidation of two which are among the most racially integrated.  ... 
doi:10.2307/1290069 fatcat:s3lgt6kwezc2peqxw3aiuh4hyy

2. Methodology [chapter]

2018 Equality Governance via Policy Analysis?  
all tensions and contradictions within feminism. 22 She calls it the "postmodernist standpoint approach" 23 and describes how it is possible to avoid the essentialism versus relativism divide: 24 In a  ...  to gender equality are in place, which is the case in the IA areas of my research, 4 then why do gender experts seem disillusioned with the practices and implementation of gender mainstreaming in governance  ...  domination" 308 beyond the binary, challenges the distinctions of all of these categories: "These distinctions are not natural, normal, or essential to the incumbents in question.  ... 
doi:10.14361/9783839443767-003 fatcat:gudd7kmutbhyhb7gsgijlx6iha

Permitting gender equality in Abrahamic circumcision: the central argument – in retrospect and reply

Richard A. Shweder
2022 Global Discourse: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Current Affairs and Applied Contemporary Thought  
If it is legal for males, it should be legal for females?</li><br /><li>Gender-equal Abrahamic circumcision is not female genital mutilation.  ...  When and if those four conditions hold, the custom is arguably protected by principles of religious liberty, family privacy, parental rights and equal protection for both females and males before the law  ...  Not all societies with a multicultural and pluralistic history are politically liberal (for example, China).  ... 
doi:10.1332/204378921x16394338241091 fatcat:gyuaymalmrb3vcoosbp6vzg37a

The Political Process, Equal Protection and Substantive Due Process

Jesse H. Choper, Stephen F. Ross
2017 Social Science Research Network  
First, caurts should consiikr challenges initial/y unikr the Equal Protection Clause.  ...  Protection Clauses, when courts iktermine that the political process does not work normal/y.  ...  all who feel it to discover their own strength and to act in unison with each other.153 Likewise, in Federalist No. 51 Madison predicted that the "multiplicity of interests" present in the United States  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2952862 fatcat:5jcx3u4uafclbn23l7slsi6hqi
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