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Classification and Design of Islamic Geometric Patterns Using Computer Graphics

Ahmad M. Aljamali
2009 2009 Second International Conference in Visualisation  
This paper presents an innovative method to classify and design Islamic geometric patterns (IGP) using computer software.  ...  This approach resulted in a measurable method of classification for any given Islamic geometric design.  ...  AUTOMATIVE CLASSIFICATION AND DESIGN The objective of this paper is to propose a new classification method and designing tool for developing Islamic geometric pattern using computer software based on the  ... 
doi:10.1109/viz.2009.46 fatcat:zav3eq2v65gefle5bacdhnvb4m

Grid Method Classification of Islamic Geometric Patterns [chapter]

Ahmad M. Aljamali, Ebad Banissi
2004 Geometric Modeling: Techniques, Applications, Systems and Tools  
This paper proposes a rational classification of Islamic Geometric Patterns (IGP) based on the Minimum Number of Grids (MNG) and Lowest Geometric Shape (LGS) used in the construction of the symmetric elements  ...  The paper considers the current symmetric group theories only as arrangement patterns and not as classifications of IGP since they have a "global approach" and have failed to explore the possibilities  ...  Figure 3 . 3 Hexagonal and octagonal patterns by Issam El-Said in "Islamic Art and Architecture, The System of Geometric Design" [Sai93].  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-1689-5_13 fatcat:xxmdamc5cva5fb54pfykefmrwe

THE METHODOLOGY OF DESIGN BY GEOMETRIC CODE IN TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURE

Ismail Amer, Ahmed Ahmed Gaber
2019 Journal of Al-Azhar University Engineering Sector  
Geometrical analyses of various designs of historical buildings from Greek, Roman and Islamic architecture , are presented to illustrate how design idea and the building design have been derived geometrically  ...  by depending on the geometric code, which remain the backbone of the process of "designing" of all buildings, and it played the role of design generator which control all the design process.  ...  15-[Aljamali and Banissi,2003] Ahmed Aljamali and Ebad Banissi, Normalisation and Exploration Design Method of Islamic Geometric Patterns, IEEE computer society, International Conference on Geometric  ... 
doi:10.21608/auej.2019.28485 fatcat:sk24ercus5f2dezlw6hvpqcr4a

Quantifying the Differences in Geometry and Size Distributions of Buildings Within Cities

Nahid Mohajeri, Agust Gudmundsson
2014 Nexus Network journal  
This paper presents a new application of statistical methods for quantifying the geometric difference between different parts of a city using, as a case study, the old (historical) and new parts of the  ...  There have been many studies on the spatial configuration of cities, but few attempts to quantify the difference in building patterns between the old and new parts of cities.  ...  Introduction There have been many studies of the geometric patterns of cities.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00004-014-0191-y fatcat:lkudwxaajbgslcb3bv5i6vkmvu

Early Weed Detection Using Image Processing and Machine Learning Techniques in an Australian Chilli Farm

Nahina Islam, Md Mamunur Rashid, Santoso Wibowo, Cheng-Yuan Xu, Ahsan Morshed, Saleh A. Wasimi, Steven Moore, Sk Mostafizur Rahman
2021 Agriculture  
This paper explores the potential of machine learning algorithms for weed and crop classification from UAV images.  ...  The identification of weeds in crops is a challenging task that has been addressed through orthomosaicing of images, feature extraction and labelling of images to train machine learning algorithms.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest. Abbreviations The following abbreviations are used in this manuscript:  ... 
doi:10.3390/agriculture11050387 doaj:306eab1ad3b94d1d982823c4643567dd fatcat:mz2b2ckv7fbvhfawlfb2okngvi

Real-time flow simulation of indoor environments using lattice Boltzmann method

M. Amirul Islam Khan, Nicolas Delbosc, Catherine J. Noakes, Jonathan Summers
2015 Building Simulation  
We study the time evolution of the turbulent air flow and temperature inside a test chamber and in a simple model of a four-bed hospital room.  ...  Reasonable agreement between LBM results and LES method are observed with significantly faster computational times.  ...  Contours of normalised mean velocity magnitude u (Top plots) 7 compares the profiles of the mean velocity and temperature computed along the chamber height at five different positions designated as  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12273-015-0232-9 fatcat:iklama4vdbb7nanogg4uri5f2y

SKETCHBOOK

Luísa Mendes Tavares, Danielle Spada Tavares
2018 Boletim da Aproged  
Há uma demanda crescente de profissionais de design para trabalhar com software de representação virtual.  ...  Para isso, é incentivada a utilização do caderno de rascunhos, reunindo as ideias e imagens daquele que o constrói, fundando um repertório e prática para o futuro designer.  ...  test genetic algorithms as geometric and design issues' solvers to explain and explore the possibilities of this computing technique in design and research.  ... 
doi:10.24840/2184-4933_2018-0034_0017 fatcat:bp2zm4r5vnaele3dqzt6xz7zny

Factors Contributing to the Formation of an Urban Heat Island in Putrajaya, Malaysia

Siti Aekbal Salleh, Zulkiflee Abd.Latif, Wan Mohd. Naim Wan Mohd, Andy Chan
2013 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
Land use/land cover and land surface temperature maps were produced in order to quantify the urbanization and its impacts towards the thermal behaviour of an urban area.  ...  The two approaches adopted in this study, are land use changes evaluation and historical climate data comparison.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to express their gratitude to the Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) and the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MOSTI) for funding this project under  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.11.086 fatcat:bicr4llii5ervkcefxrpfmnq2i

Size reduction in feed technology and methods for determining, expressing and predicting particle size: A review

F. Lyu, M. Thomas, W.H. Hendriks, A.F.B. van der Poel
2019 Animal Feed Science and Technology  
Besides geometric mean diameter (GMD), particle size can also be expressed with parameters such as D 50 , D 4,3 and span of PSD.  ...  This review explores new possibilities to determine, express and predict particle size.  ...  In addition we like to acknowledge the support of the Chinese Scholarship Council (grant# 201706350114).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2019.114347 fatcat:qcblts33svfk3oymbbvmr7p2ha

Quantitative Analysis of Cell Nucleus Organisation

Carol Shiels, Niall M. Adams, Suhail A. Islam, David A. Stephens, Paul S. Freemont
2007 PLoS Computational Biology  
In this review we describe recent advances in the use of quantitative methods to understand nuclear spatial organisation and discuss some of the practical applications resulting from this work.  ...  The proteins' subcellular distribution patterns within interphase nuclei can be complex, ranging from diffuse to punctate or microspeckled, yet they all work together in a coordinated and controlled manner  ...  The positioning of nuclear compartments relative to the geometric centre is then calculated and usually expressed as a normalised distance because of variation in nuclear size and shape within cell populations  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030138 pmid:17676980 pmcid:PMC1933473 fatcat:o5z6r3dterda7dcj42xkofunoi

Discrete distributional differential expression (D3E) - a tool for gene expression analysis of single-cell RNA-seq data

Mihails Delmans, Martin Hemberg
2016 BMC Bioinformatics  
Conclusion: Evaluation using synthetic data shows that D 3 E performs better than other methods for identifying differentially expressed genes since it is designed to take full advantage of the information  ...  Results: We present a discrete, distributional method for differential gene expression (D 3 E), a novel algorithm specifically designed for single-cell RNA-seq data.  ...  MD was funded by the University of Cambridge BBSRC DTP, and MH was funded by the Wellcome Trust.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12859-016-0944-6 pmid:26927822 pmcid:PMC4772470 fatcat:kfozjtcmjff55jpxjshanauj3u

Tackling Racial Bias in Automated Online Hate Detection: Towards Fair and Accurate Classification of Hateful Online Users Using Geometric Deep Learning [article]

Zo Ahmed, Bertie Vidgen, Scott A. Hale
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Geometric deep learning produces the most accurate and fairest classifier, with an AUC score of 90.8\% on the entire dataset and a false positive rate of zero among the African-American subset for the  ...  Such an approach is also easily operationalized for real-world content moderation as it has an efficient and scalable design.  ...  Moreover, they fail to compare their model to different types of geometric deep learning or against deep learning methods.  ... 
arXiv:2103.11806v1 fatcat:et35xmiotzgjbfvdvd44yvzkai

Discrete Distributional Differential Expression (D3E) - A Tool for Gene Expression Analysis of Single-cell RNA-seq Data [article]

Mihails Delmans, Martin Hemberg
2015 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
Here, we present a discrete, distributional method for differential gene expression (D3E), a novel algorithm specifically designed for single-cell RNA-seq data.  ...  We use D3E to investigate experimental data, and with the help of the underlying model, we directly test hypotheses about the driving mechanism behind changes in gene expression.  ...  MD was funded by the University of Cambridge BBSRC DTP, and MH was funded by the Wellcome Trust.  ... 
doi:10.1101/020735 fatcat:ad4xxqkma5h45nksqhizeuofj4

Spatial Memory Engram in the Mouse Retrosplenial Cortex

Michal M. Milczarek, Seralynne D. Vann, Frank Sengpiel
2018 Current Biology  
Highlights d Longitudinal C-fos imaging reveals retrosplenial spatial memory engrams in mice d Engrams become progressively more stable with learning and are maintained over weeks d The degree of memory  ...  retention is related to the stability of the engrams  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS All authors designed the study and wrote the paper. M.M.M. collected the data and performed the analyses. DECLARATION OF INTERESTS The authors declare no competing interests.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2018.05.002 pmid:29887312 pmcid:PMC6013279 fatcat:mg5qqoicdnattkhew6sf4igxve

The weakest link hypothesis for adaptive capacity: An empirical test

Richard S.J. Tol, Gary W. Yohe
2007 Global Environmental Change  
We estimate a structural form designed to accommodate the full range of possible interactions across determinants.  ...  built an indexing method for vulnerability based on the hypothesis that the adaptive capacity for any system facing a vector of external stresses could be explained by the weakest of eight underlying determinants  ...  Acknowledgements This paper would not have been possible without the series of Climate Change Impacts and Integrated Assessment meetings at Snowmass, organised by Susan Sweeney and John Weyant of the Energy  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2006.08.001 fatcat:jfim44vdgfg3rgr3jlohwflsda
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