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Norm internalization in artificial societies

Giulia Andrighetto, Daniel Villatoro, Rosaria Conte
2010 AI Communications  
In order to check the individual and social effect of internalization, we have adapted an existing agent architecture, EMIL-A, providing it with internalization capabilities, turning it into EMIL-I-A.  ...  Internalization is at study in social-behavioural sciences and moral philosophy since long; of late, the debate was revamped within the rationality approach to the study of cooperation and compliance since  ...  Fourth, how does internalization perform in societies characterized by a high degree of norms, possibly in sharp conflict with one another?  ... 
doi:10.3233/aic-2010-0477 fatcat:cfffatfe2faqtgevccomw5xaey

Self-Policing Through Norm Internalization: A Cognitive Solution to the Tragedy of the Digital Commons in Social Networks

Daniel Villatoro, Giulia Andrighetto, Rosaria Conte, Jordi Sabater-Mir
2015 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
In particular, a normative goal is a goal that an agent happens to have as long as she has a normative belief about a.  ...  In other words, an agent has a normative goal only if she believes herself to be subject to a norm (Conte & Castelfranchi 1995; Conte 2009; Miller et al. 1960) .  ...  The difference between Not_allowed_to_share and Do_not_share is that in the former, there is a socially accepted norm that prevents the agent from sharing the service (in the benefit of the society that  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.2759 fatcat:lmmwvatfzrebpjptqt2r4qjj7m

Relationship between Norm-internalization and Cooperation in N-person Prisoners' Dilemma Games
N人囚人のジレンマゲームにおける規範内部化と協調の関係

Mitsutaka Matsumoto
2006 Transactions of the Japanese society for artificial intelligence  
I call this mechanism norm-internalization and call our model "norminternalization game".  ...  The results of computer simulation indicated that unequal distribution of cooperating norm and uniform distribution of sanctioning norm are more effective in establishing cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.1527/tjsai.21.167 fatcat:6yesqxzysveipa5d2ppsdiqka4

Role Model Based Mechanism for Norm Emergence in Artificial Agent Societies [chapter]

Bastin Tony Roy Savarimuthu, Stephen Cranefield, Maryam Purvis, Martin Purvis
Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems III  
In this paper we propose a mechanism for norm emergence based on role models. The mechanism uses the concept of normative advice whereby the role models provide advice to the follower agents.  ...  In addition to undergraduate teaching, the department is also strongly involved in postgraduate research programmes leading to MCom, MA, MSc and PhD degrees.  ...  Norms in the agent society Each agent in a society has an internal norm.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-79003-7_15 dblp:conf/atal/SavarimuthuCPP07 fatcat:j6aop2a6sngvhi344ckil7jpam

Migration Dynamics in Artificial Agent Societies

Harjot Kaur, Karanjeet Singh, Rajinder Singh
2014 International Journal of Advanced Research in Artificial Intelligence (IJARAI)  
These artificial agent societies have some kind of dynamics existing in them in terms of dynamics of Agent Migration, Role-Assignment, Norm-Emergence, Security and Agent-Interaction.  ...  An Artificial Agent Society can be defined as a collection of agents interacting with each other for some purpose and/or inhabiting a specific locality, possibly in accordance to some common norms/rules  ...  Artificial Agent Societies can also be viewed as normative systems, as in them, the member agents residing have to obey certain rules/norms which are created and abolished from time-to-time in a society  ... 
doi:10.14569/ijarai.2014.030208 fatcat:c6etlfebm5hd5j5iwkamqvasse

The Current State of Normative Agent-Based Systems

Christopher D. Hollander, Annie S. Wu
2011 Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation  
What is Norm Internalization What is Norm Internalization ? ?  ...  Thoughtless conformity theory: The more agents have conformed to a norm in the past, the more they will redo it in the future (Epstein, 2007 Internalized N-goal: goal relativized to N-belief and no more  ...  Internalized Internalized action action Norms are  world-states ("Keep your room cleaned"),  actions ("Shut up!").  ... 
doi:10.18564/jasss.1750 fatcat:cp6efkbhfjetbgekj7by43ovxu

Minding morality: ethical artificial societies for public policy modeling

Saikou Y. Diallo, F. LeRon Shults, Wesley J. Wildman
2020 AI & Society: The Journal of Human-Centred Systems and Machine Intelligence  
For example, by leaving out distinctive moral and normative dimensions of cultural contexts in artificial societies, estimations of downstream policy effectiveness fail to account for dynamics that are  ...  artificial intelligence models and simulations.  ...  society to see what changes, and (4) validate the model again to determine if the changes in the artificial society correspond to changes in real-world societies.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00146-020-01028-5 pmid:32836907 pmcid:PMC7411344 fatcat:mqwimbexi5dw7em7bhp4wsf2om

Introduction to normative multiagent systems

Guido Boella, Leendert van der Torre, Harko Verhagen
2006 Computational and mathematical organization theory  
By integrating norms and individual intelligence normative multiagent systems provide a promising model for human and artificial agent cooperation and co-ordination, group de-  ...  Since the use of norms is a key element of human social intelligence, norms may be essential too for artificial agents that collaborate with humans, or that are to display behavior comparable to human  ...  artificial societies.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10588-006-9537-7 fatcat:tg4psndkmrbobphzn42j63kldm

Information Societies, Ethical Enquiries

Mariarosaria Taddeo, Elizabeth Buchanan
2015 Philosophy & Technology  
Moreover, is there any room for social norms and transnational law as new sources of the system, in addition to those of national and international law? And, how about the automation of the law?  ...  In his article The Democratic Governance of Information Societies.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13347-015-0193-z fatcat:ajknvdmle5dbxlbfzghzbgkxve

Making Corporate Social Responsibility an International Concern-Norm Construction in a Globalizing World

Knut-Erland Berglund
2009 Scandinavian Economic History Review  
3.2 Civil Society in the International System 72 3.2.1 Powers of Civil Society: Moral Authority, Legitimacy and Persuasion ....75 3.3 Non-Governmental Organizations 77 3.3.1 General Characteristics  ...  Relations 35 2.1 Norms and International Norms 36 2.1.1 Defining a Norm 36 2.1.2 Norms in International Relations 38 2.2 International Human and Labour Rights 46 2.2.1 Foundations of Rights  ... 
doi:10.1080/03585520903122640 fatcat:ii7jzjqhancy7mpn73sf2lyieq

Introduction to the special issue: simulation, norms and laws

Giulia Andrighetto, Rosaria Conte, Eunate Mayor Villalba, Giovanni Sartor
2012 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
The works presented are based on or inspired to artificial societies.  ...  The authors apply this approach to norm emergence and internalization in systems of learning agents.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-012-9138-3 fatcat:4qmbf32gt5f2dlugoeoivcnna4

Ethical Problems and Countermeasures of Artificial Intelligence Technology

H Y Li, J T An, Y Zhang, K.H.M. Mansur, Y. Fu
2021 E3S Web of Conferences  
The in-depth development of artificial intelligence has brought great benefits and convenience to humankind.  ...  Therefore, we should deepen the scientific and technological ethics under the guidance of Marxism, construct artificial intelligence ethical standards, strengthen the supervision of artificial intelligence  ...  From the perspective of moral system norms, users will internalize them into the relevant beliefs of the subject itself in the actual use process.  ... 
doi:10.1051/e3sconf/202125101063 fatcat:63gr5njdljfethmce77nlg77rm

Editorial

Lou Goble, John-Jules Ch. Meyer
2008 Journal of Applied Logic  
Artificial Normative Systems. These are computer-based systems in which norms and normative behavior play a role.  ...  Recently one form of artificial normative system that has gained a lot of attention lies in the field of distributed artificial intelligence, and multi-agent systems (MAS) in particular.  ...  the action language C+ of Giunchiglia et al. is extended to the language nC+, designed to represent normative and institutional aspects of (human or computer) societies.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jal.2007.06.004 fatcat:iv5lw3hmhjb6bifmto5ro36bpa

Escaping the Western Cosm-Ethical Hegemony: The Importance of Cultural Diversity in the Ethical Assessment of Artificial Intelligence

Emmanuel Goffi
2021 AI Ethics Journal  
The world of Artificial intelligence (AI) is struggling to set standards that would be globally applied.  ...  Aware of the power of norms, the West has slowly spread its normative influence all around the world, releasing hundreds of documents pertaining to ethical principles, and denying the reality of a world  ...  AI Ethics Journal The International Race for AI Dominance Artificial intelligence has undoubtedly become a new tool for power [1] [2] .  ... 
doi:10.47289/aiej20210716-1 fatcat:iqhgycllsbbwfp24x3tprd3w24

On the potential of norm-governed behavior in different categories of artificial societies

Paul Davidsson, Stefan Johansson
2006 Computational and mathematical organization theory  
Based on a classification of artificial societies and the identification of four different types of stakeholders in such societies, we investigate the potential of norm-governed behavior in different types  ...  of artificial societies.  ...  In open societies the agent preferences (both designer and owner) will completely decide what will happen in the society.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10588-006-9542-x fatcat:vot72ushbfdyrcllzgdkhyiyby
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