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Sudden altered mental state in the elderly: nonconvulsive status epilepticus and the role of the Emergency Department

Rocco Galimi
2011 Clinical Management Issues  
The absence of clinically apparent convulsions in association with an electroencephalogram showing continuous or recurrent seizure activity has been called nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE).  ...  NCSE is an important, under-recognised and reversible cause of acute prolonged confusion.  ...  Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE), an important, and reversible cause of acute confusion, is a possible explanation and probably is frequently missed.  ... 
doi:10.7175/cmi.v5i1.513 fatcat:ub2jgslokba6lgiq3hgmktkryq


2010 Epilepsia  
Purpose: To explore the causative role of PCDH19 gene, located at Xq22, in females with epilepsy.  ...  Results: We included 10 patients (8 boys) aged 2.1-7.8 (median 3.7) years at the time when LTG was started in comedication. The onset of MAE had been at 1.5-4.3 (median 2.6) years.  ...  Using electronic documentation with Epivista Ò follow up is ongoing in all patients. Acknowledgments: supported by: Italian Ministry of Health, Fondazi-  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2010.02658.x pmid:20590792 fatcat:ylmo7rjtqncydkxeudaib77noy

Preictal Symptomatology in Migraines: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Significance

Surya N Gupta, Vikash S Gupta
2015 Journal of Headache & Pain Management  
The objective of this clinical review is to examine the diagnostic and therapeutic significance of preictal symptomatology in children with migraines.  ...  Future studies' methodology should include physical signs in addition to symptoms and identify the spectrum of the various auras, and relate to their temporal association with ictal and postictal phases  ...  Acknowledgement Authors thanks to Dawn M Fields for her sincere help in obtaining the full text of the needed articles.  ... 
doi:10.4172/2472-1913.100007 fatcat:ddhpyqdotnav3id4wdooukr5le

Biomarkers for epileptogenesis in patients with autoimmune epilepsy

Batool F. Kirmani, Katherine Au, Seema Mir, Matthew Hogan, Dennis Kim, Pushpa Sharma
2020 Neuroimmunology and Neuroinflammation  
Further investigations into potential biomarkers are needed for early detection of AE and include targeted immunotherapies in combination with AEDs.  ...  The goal of this review was to provide an overview of the following biomarkers that have been associated with AE: AMPAR, LGl1, CASPR2, DPPX, GABAAR, GABABR, GFAP, GlyR, mGluR5, NMDAR, VGCC (P/Q types),  ...  Other clinical findings reported with GlyR antibodies include hemiballism/tics, muscle spasms, laryngeal dystonia, hyperekplexia, status epilepticus, and an unusual neurological syndrome with extensive  ... 
doi:10.20517/2347-8659.2020.29 fatcat:7xe4c7duqrfhraccq5uyhcabo4

Frontal Lobe Epilepsies: Neuropsychological and Behavioral Consequences in Children [chapter]

Chiara Vago, Sara Bulgheroni, Silvana Franceschetti, Daria Riv
2011 Epilepsy in Children - Clinical and Social Aspects  
In a later work, Hernandez et al. (2003) looked at sustained attention and inhibition control using visual and auditory tasks.  ...  Continuous spike and wave during slow sleep syndrome Characteristics of EEG discharges In electrical status epilepticus in sleep (ESES), the EEG shows a dramatic activation of epileptiform discharges  ...  The 15 very interesting chapters of the book cover various fields in epileptology â€" they encompass the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease, clinical presentation with special attention to the epileptic  ... 
doi:10.5772/18443 fatcat:qybhtcsabvai7iteiy633l4cta

Saturday, December 5, 2009�Poster Session 1�1:00 p.m.-8:00 p.m

2009 Epilepsia  
The study did not look at seizure control to see if this was a possible variable contributing to bone loss.  ...  The drug group combination information was looked at in both normal femoral neck and lumbar spine measurement groups and with abnormal femoral neck and lumbar spine bone loss groups.  ...  Seizures were detected in 19% of patients on LTM with nonconvulsive seizures and nonconvulsive status epilepticus in 7% and 3% of patients, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2009.02377_1.x pmid:19817824 fatcat:75g2b4qnwrbrnpmcvebgz24dvq

Migraine: mimics, borderlands and chameleons

Heather Angus-Leppan
2013 Practical Neurology  
Acknowledgements Thanks to Professor Jim Lance and Dr Geoff Lambert who inspired my interest in clinical and physiological aspects of migraine; and to Professor Roberto Guiloff for helpful comments on  ...  In adults, the incidence is harder to estimate, and the diagnosis requires exclusion of some lifethreatening causes of confusion, such as nonconvulsive status epilepticus, ischaemia, haemorrhage, neoplasm  ...  , and later, clinical signs of reduced alertness, cranial nerves palsiesincluding sixth nerve palsy-and papilloedema.  ... 
doi:10.1136/practneurol-2012-000502 pmid:23906594 fatcat:6afm4k2jrjhnfl4phihm3bgr2a

Poster Sessions

2011 Epilepsia  
Suboptimal management is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Continuous EEG monitoring is regarded as essential by NICE in the management of refractory status epilepticus (RSE).  ...  We correlated patients' clinical and EEG responses to the BDZ trial with their subsequent outcomes, including survival, recovery of consciousness, and functional status at hospital discharge.  ...  Acknowledgments: Thanks to the University of Ngaoundere for its support.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1528-1167.2011.03207.x fatcat:77ayxa5tcbannis7zksyeo57ju

Program and Abstracts

1991 Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences  
compound. and three with Electrographic Status Epilepticus of Sleep (ESES).  ...  There have been no further seizures and the EEG remains normal. This patient with chronic SIADH presented with two episodes of status epilepticus associated with hyponatremia.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s031716710003167x fatcat:bfo7jzntsbdxbjtry3ccqyz43q