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Building phonetic categories: an argument for the role of sleep

F. Sayako Earle, Emily B. Myers
<span title="2014-10-28">2014</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
Thus, in speech, the perceptual discrimination of novel speech tokens is likely to be 371 similarly strengthened during REM sleep following perceptual training.372 3.3.2 Consolidation during non-REM sleep  ...  Specifically, we found that passive539 exposure to conflicting phonetic information following the perceptual training of non-native 540 consonants prevented the overnight improvement of perceptual discrimination  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01192">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01192</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25477828">pmid:25477828</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4234907/">pmcid:PMC4234907</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/l3ulwspuy5ahpbwmjwvfgbigvy">fatcat:l3ulwspuy5ahpbwmjwvfgbigvy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20141015102948/http://journal.frontiersin.org:80/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01192/pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/52/e7/52e7d6b99904df9d547fb715dc1fff4893314fad.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01192"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4234907" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Speech perception as an active cognitive process

Shannon L. M. Heald, Howard C. Nusbaum
<span title="2014-03-17">2014</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/j33hgvvadjhazfxeupgxga54ai" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
This kind of pattern matching can be termed a passive process which implies rigidity of processing with few demands on cognitive processing.  ...  that can be compared to speech input.  ...  But both models make explicit a process by which rapidly learned, short-term memories can be consolidated into more stable forms.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2014.00035">doi:10.3389/fnsys.2014.00035</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24672438">pmid:24672438</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3956139/">pmcid:PMC3956139</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6cgzsquk7zcz3iaxjqcshkdxy4">fatcat:6cgzsquk7zcz3iaxjqcshkdxy4</a> </span>
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Arabic-speakers Learning Finnish Vowels: Short-term Phonetic Training Supports Second Language Vowel Production

Satu Savo, Maija S. Peltola
<span title="2019-01-01">2019</span> <i title="Academy Publication"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/atgolbgnobebbpybfjbvyj4ywm" style="color: black;">Journal of Language Teaching and Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
The main purpose of this study was to see whether Arabic speakers learn to produce universally difficult non-native vowel sounds with only a short and simple articulatory training protocol.  ...  This implies that even a short-term phonetic training improves the production of the target language, which is worth noting as an enabler of the language learning process that immigrants undergo during  ...  This work was supported in part by a grant for the first author from Turku Finnish University Society (Valto Takala fund).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.1001.05">doi:10.17507/jltr.1001.05</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/o5zv2ayorvc35ddmo7qogsdcme">fatcat:o5zv2ayorvc35ddmo7qogsdcme</a> </span>
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Is there a bilingual advantage in phonetic and phonological acquisition? The initial learning of word-final coronal stop realization in a novel accent of English

Laura E Spinu, Jiwon Hwang, Renata Lohmann
<span title="2016-12-08">2016</span> <i title="SAGE Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6jrc6tftlfcixgot4g6sxi5icm" style="color: black;">International Journal of Bilingualism</a> </i> &nbsp;
Originality: We interpret these findings in light of recent psycholinguistic work and conclude that echoic memory strategies, possibly underlain by stronger subcortical encoding of sound in bilinguals,  ...  in which echoic memory is involved.  ...  Recent studies have further strengthened this point by demonstrating that imitation improves language comprehension (Adank et al. 2010) , and can lead to fast modification of both phonetic and phonological  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006916681080">doi:10.1177/1367006916681080</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/hqg7sjsj5bgfrd5euk3vnoiho4">fatcat:hqg7sjsj5bgfrd5euk3vnoiho4</a> </span>
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How musical experience affects tone perception efficiency by musicians of tonal and non-tonal speakers?

Si Chen, Yiqing Zhu, Ratree Wayland, Yike Yang, Ifat Yasin
<span title="2020-05-08">2020</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s3gm7274mfe6fcs7e3jterqlri" style="color: black;">PLoS ONE</a> </i> &nbsp;
details from their auditory short-term working memory.  ...  The effect of musical training strengthens categorical perception more consistently in non-tonal speakers than tonal speakers.  ...  extent to which musical training can further strengthen an already strong categorical perception of native tones.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232514">doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0232514</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32384088">pmid:32384088</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6y45igq3ljhv5eiy2kzqm4uoui">fatcat:6y45igq3ljhv5eiy2kzqm4uoui</a> </span>
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The Role of Temporal Acoustic Exaggeration in High Variability Phonetic Training: A Behavioral and ERP Study

Bing Cheng, Xiaojuan Zhang, Siying Fan, Yang Zhang
<span title="2019-05-24">2019</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
High variability phonetic training (HVPT) has been found to be effective in helping adult learners acquire non-native phonetic contrasts.  ...  Furthermore, the HVPT-E group exhibited more native-like categorical perception based on spectral cues after training, together with corresponding training-induced changes in the MMN responses to within  ...  The research was supported in part by grants from the National Social Science Fund of China (15BYY005).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01178">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01178</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31178795">pmid:31178795</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC6543854/">pmcid:PMC6543854</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/eikl6lwmibfsxf3xogyqmnxome">fatcat:eikl6lwmibfsxf3xogyqmnxome</a> </span>
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Effects of stimulus duration and vowel quality in cross-linguistic categorical perception of pitch directions

Si Chen, Yiqing Zhu, Ratree Wayland, Charles R Larson
<span title="2017-07-03">2017</span> <i title="Public Library of Science (PLoS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/s3gm7274mfe6fcs7e3jterqlri" style="color: black;">PLoS ONE</a> </i> &nbsp;
We investigated categorical perception of rising and falling pitch contours by tonal and nontonal listeners.  ...  Overall, tonal listeners' perception is more categorical than non-tonal listeners.  ...  Long-term categorical representations could also enhance encoding of short-term categorical memory as well as being activated for "bottom-up matching of similar features" [36] (p. 1071).  ... 
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Sleep and native language interference affect non-native speech sound learning

F. Sayako Earle, Emily B. Myers
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="American Psychological Association (APA)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/56hvd5qfnjepfok2bljk5bfdsy" style="color: black;">Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance</a> </i> &nbsp;
Adults learning a new language are faced with a significant challenge: non-native speech sounds that are perceptually similar to sounds in one's native language can be very difficult to acquire.  ...  Results of Experiment 1 showed that participants trained on a non-native contrast at night improved in discrimination 24 hr after training, while those trained in the morning showed no such improvement  ...  of novel (non-native) acoustic-phonetic features.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000113">doi:10.1037/xhp0000113</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26280264">pmid:26280264</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC4666788/">pmcid:PMC4666788</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yfhdt7fwg5cxtflp4cshqunvba">fatcat:yfhdt7fwg5cxtflp4cshqunvba</a> </span>
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Understanding Sound [chapter]

Shannon L.M. Heald, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Howard C. Nusbaum
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="Elsevier"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/57c7nhaac5dfrahqv6xqojhnpy" style="color: black;">The psychology of learning and motivation</a> </i> &nbsp;
ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported by the Multidisciplinary University Research Initiatives (MURI) Program of the Office of Naval Research through grant, DOD/ONR N00014-13-1-0205.  ...  The fact that mistuning within a note category can also be detected by non-AP listeners strengthens that conclusion.  ...  Further work in speech development by Nittrouer and colleagues has shown that the shaping of perceptual sensitivities and acoustic to phonetic mappings by one's native language experience occurs throughout  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.plm.2017.03.003">doi:10.1016/bs.plm.2017.03.003</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lt5arsona5flxlyb6r76qhyrt4">fatcat:lt5arsona5flxlyb6r76qhyrt4</a> </span>
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Perceptual Plasticity for Auditory Object Recognition

Shannon L. M. Heald, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Howard C. Nusbaum
<span title="2017-05-23">2017</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5r5ojcju2repjbmmjeu5oyawti" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Psychology</a> </i> &nbsp;
However, some acoustic variability, if systematic, is lawful and can be exploited by listeners to aid in recognition.  ...  This framework suggests that the process of auditory recognition cannot be divorced from the short-term context in which an auditory object is presented.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by the Multidisciplinary University Research Initiatives (MURI) Program of the Office of Naval Research through grant, DOD/ONR N00014-13-1-0205.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00781">doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00781</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28588524">pmid:28588524</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5440584/">pmcid:PMC5440584</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/uv7uodn53fct5jrghrke4nm24y">fatcat:uv7uodn53fct5jrghrke4nm24y</a> </span>
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Neural signatures of phonetic learning in adulthood: A magnetoencephalography study

Yang Zhang, Patricia K. Kuhl, Toshiaki Imada, Paul Iverson, John Pruitt, Erica B. Stevens, Masaki Kawakatsu, Yoh'ichi Tohkura, Iku Nemoto
<span title="2009-05-15">2009</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/sa477uo7lveh7hchpikpixop5u" style="color: black;">NeuroImage</a> </i> &nbsp;
Although training did not produce native-like phonetic boundary along the /r-l/ synthetic continuum in the second language learners, success was seen in highly significant identification improvement over  ...  Together, the data provide corroborating evidence that substantial neural plasticity for second-language learning in adulthood can be induced with adaptive and enriched linguistic exposure.  ...  and Scholarship Program administered by the Office of the Dean of the Graduate School.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.01.028">doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.01.028</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19457395">pmid:19457395</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2811417/">pmcid:PMC2811417</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ntftprupbrbt5kdcp4uktgb54y">fatcat:ntftprupbrbt5kdcp4uktgb54y</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809060717/http://ilabs.washington.edu/kuhl/pdf/Zhang_etal_2009.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/93/7a/937a6e5af59792ae2738cdd7550b02fc634422dc.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.01.028"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2811417" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Neurophysiological Correlates of Asymmetries in Vowel Perception: An English-French Cross-Linguistic Event-Related Potential Study

Linda Polka, Monika Molnar, T. Christina Zhao, Matthew Masapollo
<span title="2021-06-03">2021</span> <i title="Frontiers Media SA"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/adcuz6lgabeidhngmk32v7egkq" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Human Neuroscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
The vowels were presented with a long (1,600-ms) inter-stimulus interval to restrict access to short-term memory traces and tap into a "phonetic mode" of processing.  ...  By adulthood, linguistic experience has altered vowel perception; analogous asymmetries are observed for nonnative contrasts but are mitigated for native contrasts.  ...  The research reported here was supported by two grants from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, one to LP (RGPIN-2018-05823), and another to MMo (RGPIN-2019-06523) and by a  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2021.607148">doi:10.3389/fnhum.2021.607148</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34149375">pmid:34149375</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8209302/">pmcid:PMC8209302</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ppcvuasc3ffx7cmdtxxoaqvbxe">fatcat:ppcvuasc3ffx7cmdtxxoaqvbxe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210606124918/https://fjfsdata01prod.blob.core.windows.net/articles/files/607148/pubmed-zip/.versions/1/.package-entries/fnhum-15-607148/fnhum-15-607148.pdf?sv=2018-03-28&amp;sr=b&amp;sig=njvkzg7201f3zM14VGdqTZUoKLXgkGeM5GhMYHw7HM8%3D&amp;se=2021-06-06T12%3A49%3A48Z&amp;sp=r&amp;rscd=attachment%3B%20filename%2A%3DUTF-8%27%27fnhum-15-607148.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/27/39/2739d85c8a5cf31564d0bd2ec0029b6c091b1f93.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2021.607148"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> frontiersin.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8209302" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

The mismatch negativity (MMN) in basic research of central auditory processing: A review

R. Näätänen, P. Paavilainen, T. Rinne, K. Alho
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/r4d34df3vbd3tclrz3ddvmj26i" style="color: black;">Clinical Neurophysiology</a> </i> &nbsp;
In the present article, the basic research using the mismatch negativity (MMN) and analogous results obtained by using the magnetoencephalography (MEG) and other brain-imaging technologies is reviewed.  ...  This response is elicited by any discriminable change in auditory stimulation but recent studies extended the notion of the MMN even to higher-order cognitive processes such as those involving grammar  ...  Hence, this study showed that with the MMN, one can, in addition to the long-term speech-sound memory traces, also probe, and hence demonstrate the presence of, merely acoustic long-term memory traces.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2007.04.026">doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2007.04.026</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17931964">pmid:17931964</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/oeowmnwgajgptic36d273d3bbu">fatcat:oeowmnwgajgptic36d273d3bbu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170830034517/http://web.mit.edu/carrien/Public/speechlab/papers/naatanen-paavilainen-rinne-alho-2007.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/64/93/649375a6bb61fc0d747f5d34f8857d915b79c377.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2007.04.026"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Phonological deficits: Beneath the surface of reading-acquisition problems

Beatrice de Gelder, Jean Vroomen
<span title="">1991</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/laatgl3gbzferdbldge6khioyy" style="color: black;">Psychological Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
In experiment 2, we compared another group of reading retarded children with CA and RA controls on the classification of pseudowords, either by common phoneme or by overall phonetic similarity.  ...  The dyslexics made fewer classifications based on a common phoneme than the normals, while no difference was found in classifications based on overall phonetic similarity.  ...  Acknowledgements The present research was partly supported by a research grant from Tilburg University to the first author.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00867336">doi:10.1007/bf00867336</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1857758">pmid:1857758</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/25cfjkyndzdjfl4tkns5liusaa">fatcat:25cfjkyndzdjfl4tkns5liusaa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170705184227/https://pure.uvt.nl/ws/files/669834/4.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c8/ee/c8ee0c7562a871b13eef389c263e8464b7a135cf.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00867336"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Difficulty in learning similar-sounding words: A developmental stage or a general property of learning?

Bozena Pajak, Sarah C. Creel, Roger Levy
<span title="">2016</span> <i title="American Psychological Association (APA)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2pe4y6xz6bgrfma4ipt7rcrx2u" style="color: black;">Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition</a> </i> &nbsp;
, while a discrimination task only requires comparing short-term memory traces of phonetic input, without the need to link them to referents.  ...  a phonetically-trained Polish native speaker.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000247">doi:10.1037/xlm0000247</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26962959">pmid:26962959</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC5009011/">pmcid:PMC5009011</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gbkfoblrubdpfcfmesbweif2rq">fatcat:gbkfoblrubdpfcfmesbweif2rq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180724011517/https://cloudfront.escholarship.org/dist/prd/content/qt4qr6h389/qt4qr6h389.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b9/11/b91196c1b288e94a6e134dbb1c7aa1b2c8d02239.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000247"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5009011" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>
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