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Properties of ABA+ for Non-Monotonic Reasoning [article]

Kristijonas Cyras, Francesca Toni
2017 arXiv   pre-print
These pave way to the satisfaction by ABA+ of some (arguably) desirable principles of preference handling in argumentation and nonmonotonic reasoning, as well as non-monotonic inference properties of ABA  ...  Verifying this is left as future work. 6 Non-Monotonic Reasoning Properties (Čyras and Toni 2015) proposed and studied the well known non-monotonic inference properties of Cautious Monotonicity (MON  ...  the well studied area of analysing non-monotonic reasoning with respect to information change (cf.  ... 
arXiv:1603.08714v3 fatcat:r3fouq4z5faw3jejwn3rspshwi

Non-Monotonic Reasoning and Story Comprehension [article]

Irene-Anna Diakidoy, Antonis Kakas, Loizos Michael, Rob Miller
2014 arXiv   pre-print
This paper develops a Reasoning about Actions and Change framework integrated with Default Reasoning, suitable as a Knowledge Representation and Reasoning framework for Story Comprehension.  ...  This priority amongst these basic units of knowledge gives a form of non-monotonic reasoning (NMR) for deriving new properties that hold in the story.  ...  In some cases, we may want to extend the notion of a comprehension model to allow some non-sceptical entailments.  ... 
arXiv:1407.3832v1 fatcat:zs6a5clfb5apfedqsqexpuk7f4

A review of proposed principles of causal non-monotonic reasoning

Patrick Marchisella
2020 The Australasian Journal of Logic  
Within Non-monotonic Reasoning, numerous principles of causal reasoning have been proposed.  ...  Further, we discuss a new approach to causal non-monotonic reasoning motivated by how humans typically reason with causality.  ...  Non-monotonic Reasoning (NMR) is an attempt to formally capture at least the non-monotonic reasoning capability native to humans.  ... 
doi:10.26686/ajl.v17i3.5705 fatcat:kxadtc34xrcsplxdxavaus2vuu

Detecting intrusions within RFID systems through non-monotonic reasoning cleaning

Peter Darcy, Bela Stantic, Aikaterini Mitrokotsa, Abdul Sattar
2010 2010 Sixth International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing  
To combat this considerable threat, we have proposed a cleaning algorithm designed specifically to identify and flag potential intrusions utilising intelligent analysis coupled with Non-Monotonic Reasoning  ...  Non-Monotonic Reasoning Non-Monotonic Reasoning (NMR) is a type of logic that allows multiple conclusions and eliminates the choices when given sufficient evidence to do so.  ...  We have done this by using Non-Monotonic Reasoning to investigate information regarding the suspicious entry.  ... 
doi:10.1109/issnip.2010.5706753 fatcat:fdhnnaxosjeljelis2ffa5ople

Non monotonic reasoning and belief revision: syntactic, semantic, foundational and coherence approaches

Alvaro del Val
1997 Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics  
We formally clarify the connection between belief revision and non monotonic reasoning, in a particularly simple way which also throws light on the connection between consistence{restoring and reasoning  ...  As a direct application of the above, we show that Poole's (syntax-based) system of default reasoning and Shoham's preferential semantics for non monotonic reasoning are also expressively equivalent, in  ...  BR, NMR, and reasoning from inconsistency There are two arguments in favor of the greater generality of belief revision over non monotonic reasoning.  ... 
doi:10.1080/11663081.1997.10510906 fatcat:qtwrpkcvgza23bgfuyaihosoqe

The Role of Non-monotonic Reasoning in Future Development of Artificial Intelligence (Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 19072)

Anthony Hunter, Gabriele Kern-Isberner, Thomas Meyer, Renata Wassermann, Michael Wagner
2019 Dagstuhl Reports  
This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Perspectives Workshop 19072 "The Role of Non-monotonic Reasoning in Future Development of Artificial Intelligence".  ...  The workshop brought together researchers both from core topics and peripheral areas of nonmonotonic reasoning (NMR), but also attracted researchers from other scientific domains in which recent developments  ...  The case of Description logic is an interesting case study for non-monotonic reasoning, which encompasses a limited treatment of non-monotonic reasoning in first order logic, namely, the treatment of the  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.9.2.73 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/HunterK0W19 fatcat:y22z7z4ixzc2bo55zmtzwka2dy

A unifying view for logic programming with non-monotonic reasoning

Antonio Brogi, Evelina Lamma, Paolo Mancarella, Paola Mello
1997 Theoretical Computer Science  
We provide a simple formulation of a framework where some extensions of logic programming with non-monotonic reasoning are treated uniformly, namely, two kinds of negation and abduction.  ...  Negation as failure was first introduced in [26] to express negative information, and it has been later recognized as a suitable form of non-monotonic reasoning.  ...  Other authors [16, 47, 40] have pointed out that the framework of [35] is in fact an argumentation approach to logic programming and non-monotonic reasoning.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0304-3975(97)80755-4 fatcat:7xvy72jhizeybildnx7w35ysqa

Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Argumentation in Logic Programming and Non-Monotonic Reasoning (Arg-LPNMR 2016) [article]

Sarah Alice Gaggl, Juan Carlos Nieves, Hannes Strass
2016 arXiv   pre-print
This volume contains the papers presented at Arg-LPNMR 2016: First International Workshop on Argumentation in Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning held on July 8-10, 2016 in New York City, NY.  ...  On the Acceptability of Arguments and its Fundamental Role in Non-Monotonic Reasoning, Logic Programming and n-Person Games. Ar- tificial Intelligence Journal, 77:321-357, 1995.  ...  Propositions accepted on the basis of given arguments don't grow monotonically with the available information.  ... 
arXiv:1611.02439v1 fatcat:sjsiat3jyjf5bpkjjivvf5szim

A fusion of data analysis and non-monotonic reasoning to restore missed RFID readings

Peter Darcy, Bela Stantic, Abdul Sattar
2009 2009 International Conference on Intelligent Sensors, Sensor Networks and Information Processing (ISSNIP)  
In this paper, we propose an architecture that utilises a fusion of both intelligent data analysis of the observational records and a non-monotonic reasoning engine designed to determine the most likely  ...  Non-Monotonic Reasoning Non-Monotonic Reasoning (NMR) refers to a certain deterministic logic that may be used to determine a solution given several inputs.  ...  Fig. 6 . 6 The cleaning rate of the different Non-Monotonic Reasoning Formulas correcting various amounts of test cases.  ... 
doi:10.1109/issnip.2009.5416745 fatcat:7viy5kbagvfhjhvyaevoilykmy

Revising Incompletely Specified Convex Probabilistic Belief Bases

Gavin Rens, Thomas Meyer, Giovanni Casini
2016 Proceedings of the 16th International Workshop on Non-Monotonic Reasoning (NMR)   unpublished
Both the boundary distribution method and the optimum entropy method are reasonable, yet yield different results.  ...  Both the boundary distribution method and the optimum entropy method are reasonable, yet yield different results.  ... 

Can Formal Non-monotonic Systems Properly Describe Human Reasoning?

Gregory Kuhnmünch, Marco Ragni
This assumption is relaxed in non-monotonic reasoning. However, there are only few formal non-monotonic theories of reasoning that have inspired psychological theory-building.  ...  We describe a different methodological approach and report related experimental findings that run counter to current approaches to human non-monotonic reasoning.  ...  This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) as part of the priority program New Frameworks of Rationality (SPP 1516, project Models of human non-monotonic reasoning).  ... 

Measurement of intravascular Na+ during increased CBF using23Na NMR with a shift reagent

Itamar Ronen, Seong-Gi Kim
2001 NMR in Biomedicine  
Intravascular sodium changes in the rat brain were measured during increased blood flow induced by hypercapnia using volumelocalized 23 Na-NMR.  ...  The intravascular CBV monotonically increases with arterial pCO 2 .  ...  [23] [24] [25] This particular approach is not very suitable for investigating neural activity for several reasons: it is substantially time consuming-the collection of data from a reasonably small  ... 
doi:10.1002/nbm.736 pmid:11746937 fatcat:uxy3oc4kszajbbqai64w7t5mfu

Nonclassical correlation in NMR quadrupolar systems

D. O. Soares-Pinto, L. C. Céleri, R. Auccaise, F. F. Fanchini, E. R. deAzevedo, J. Maziero, T. J. Bonagamba, R. M. Serra
2010 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
We present a method for computing the correlations from experimental NMR deviation-density matrices and show that, given the action of the nuclear-spin environment, the relaxation produces a monotonic  ...  In this paper, we report a theoretical and experimental study on the dynamics of quantum and classical correlations in an NMR quadrupolar system.  ...  [13, 36] , the existence of quantum correlation other than entanglement in NMR systems may be the reason for the success of most bulk NMR implementations.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physreva.81.062118 fatcat:feny37qflve65joda2atrfqn6m

Benford distributions in NMR [article]

Gaurav Bhole, Abhishek Shukla, T. S. Mahesh
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Here we report the Benford analysis of various NMR databases and draw several interesting inferences.  ...  We observe that, in general, NMR signals follow Benford distribution in time-domain as well as in frequency domain.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors acknowledge Ujjwal Sen and Aditi Sen, of HRI, India, for bringing Benford's law to their attention, and Anil Kumar of IISc, Bangalore, for suggesting to carry out Benford analysis of NMR  ... 
arXiv:1406.7077v1 fatcat:azmuhrys65bsbd7dptkwmli6pe

Randomization improves sparse sampling in multidimensional NMR

Jeffrey C. Hoch, Mark W. Maciejewski, Blagoje Filipovic
2008 Journal of magnetic resonance (San Diego, Calif. 1997 : Print)  
While a number of strategies have been developed to reduce data collection requirements for multidimensional NMR based on non-Fourier methods of spectrum analysis, there is an increasing awareness that  ...  blurring of zero (non-blurred), 0.625, and 1.25, respectively.  ...  Randomness has been and continues to be useful in other fields of NMR.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jmr.2008.05.011 pmid:18547850 pmcid:PMC2574885 fatcat:sdueha6ft5gk5cud7rrb2svbai
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