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No Reservations: A First Look at Amazon's Reserved Instance Marketplace [article]

Pradeep Ambati, David Irwin, Prashant Shenoy
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To mitigate demand risk, Amazon operates a Reserved Instance Marketplace (RIM) where users may publicly list the remaining time on their VM reservations for sale at a price they set.  ...  This paper provides a first look at this data and its implications for cost-effectively provisioning cloud infrastructure.  ...  Conclusion This paper provides a first look at data from Amazon's Reserved Instance Marketplace.  ... 
arXiv:2005.12249v1 fatcat:u75ojfxfjzaodnqpquvze6dhj4

Should Platforms be Allowed to Charge Ad Valorem Fees?

Zhu Wang, Julian Wright
2017 Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond Working Papers  
We find the use of ad valorem fees generally increases welfare, including for calibrated versions of the model based on data from Amazon's marketplace and Visa's signature debit cards.  ...  In this paper, using a model that connects platforms' use of ad valorem fees to third-degree price discrimination, we evaluate the welfare consequences of banning such fees.  ...  The price is taken as the price posted at Amazon's marketplace for the DVD.  ... 
doi:10.21144/wp17-05 fatcat:yofc4lguhvajxeqr2k3bmjw3si

An Empirical Analysis of Algorithmic Pricing on Amazon Marketplace

Le Chen, Alan Mislove, Christo Wilson
2016 Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '16  
In this study, we develop a methodology for detecting algorithmic pricing, and use it empirically to analyze their prevalence and behavior on Amazon Marketplace.  ...  We explore the characteristics of these sellers and characterize the impact of these strategies on the dynamics of the marketplace.  ...  First, we look into price changes for each seller/product pair, followed by price and product changes in the Buy Box.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2872427.2883089 dblp:conf/www/ChenMW16 fatcat:hqxhqdaahvddvngnvowtzvbnee

Cost-effective cloud HPC resource provisioning by building semi-elastic virtual clusters

Shuangcheng Niu, Jidong Zhai, Xiaosong Ma, Xiongchao Tang, Wenguang Chen
2013 Proceedings of the International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis on - SC '13  
We present a set of integrated batch scheduling plus resource scaling strategies uniquely enabled by SEC, as well as an online reserved instance provisioning algorithm based on job history.  ...  In this paper, we propose a Semi-Elastic Cluster (SEC) computing model for organizations to reserve and dynamically resize a virtual cloud-based cluster.  ...  It has also been sponsored by NSF grants 0546301 (CAREER), 0915861, 0937908 and 0958311, in addition to a joint faculty appointment between ORNL and NCSU, plus a senior visiting scholarship at Tsinghua  ... 
doi:10.1145/2503210.2503236 dblp:conf/sc/NiuZMTC13 fatcat:74aqdoexknbdhgrcinub2op7pq


Robert J. Kauffman, Dan Ma, Richard Shang, Jianhui Huang, Yinping Yang
2014 Services Transactions on Cloud Computing  
instances.  ...  They also leverage the benefits of various services delivery mechanisms for reserved, on-demand, spot-price, and re-sold services in markets that have learned how to transact in full contracts and services  ...  In addition, Yang Yinping benefited from the funding provided by her Independent Investigator research grant at A*STAR. References  ... 
doi:10.29268/stcc.2014.2.1.1 fatcat:oklufmgojbh77ovc3ggxaab73e

The pricing model of cloud computing services

Dan Ma, Jianhui Huang
2012 Proceedings of the 14th Annual International Conference on Electronic Commerce - ICEC '12  
Spot instance is charged at a per use price which is dynamically changing over time; users of spot instance face the risk of service termination on the provider's side.  ...  Amazon provides users with virtual computing instances as a combination of interruptible service (i.e., spot instance) and uninterruptible service (i.e., on-demand and reserved instance).  ...  When a job arrives, customer will submit to the Cloud provider, either as a reserved instance, if this customer purchased reserved service at the first stage, or as a spot instance.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2346536.2346586 dblp:conf/ACMicec/MaH12 fatcat:gcry2eh5cjb5nkiqg2usay3huy

When the Umpire is also a Player: Bias in Private Label Product Recommendations on E-commerce Marketplaces [article]

Abhisek Dash, Abhijnan Chakraborty, Saptarshi Ghosh, Animesh Mukherjee, Krishna P. Gummadi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We propose a network-centric framework to quantify and compare the biases across organic and sponsored related item recommendations.  ...  Along a number of our proposed bias measures, we find that the sponsored recommendations are significantly more biased toward Amazon private label products compared to organic recommendations.  ...  2020 Framework Programme (grant agreement no. 789373).  ... 
arXiv:2102.00141v2 fatcat:7aqe76itvvcm5iac5n23lhmkci

Extension of Strict Liability to E-Retailers

Erdem Büyüksagis
2022 Journal of European Tort Law  
On the nature of user agreements, see T Billing, Vertragliche Strukturen, in: P Bräutigam/ D Rücker (eds), E-Commerce (2017) 407. 13 See eg Conditions of Use, available online at . 14 As written  ...  by Marshall S Shapo in: Tort Law and Culture (2003) 194, '... the seemingly technical issue of whether to impose retailer strict liability for defective products presents a cameo of culturally generated  ...  At first sight, it seems e-retail marketplaces do not fit the technical or ordinary definition of producer.  ... 
doi:10.1515/jetl-2022-0003 fatcat:rtjpc4d5s5ctbn6fxrw62edrdy

Market-oriented Grids and Utility Computing: The State-of-the-art and Future Directions

James Broberg, Srikumar Venugopal, Rajkumar Buyya
2007 Journal of Grid Computing  
We examine the recent innovations in these systems (from 2000-2007), looking at the state-of-the-art in price setting and negotiation, grid economy management and utility-driven scheduling and resource  ...  They provide no incentive for users to request resources judiciously and appropriately, and do not accurately capture the true value, importance and deadline (the utility) of a user's job.  ...  [13] N/A Highest Unit Value First No FirstReward [20] N/A Highest Unit Value First 1 Yes FirstProfit [32] N/A Highest Per-job Profit First Yes FirstOpportunity [32] N/A Highest Total Profit First  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10723-007-9095-3 fatcat:vpd2tk6aabhpvh5qi2nncs5enu

Walmart And Flipkart: The Biggest Deal In Indian E-Com Startup Market

Pawan Kalyani
2018 Zenodo  
April 2013 Moves to a marketplace model from an inventory-led model, where a company no longer owns the goods sold through its portal.  ...  Some strategic decisions are for long term, if we look at the current scenario the deal is big, investors of Walmart are no so happy, there is a dip in the stocks of Walmart after the deal.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1407354 fatcat:gvj3oaen2vgphi5lbbjj6schqq

The cultural work of microwork

Lilly Irani
2013 New Media & Society  
Amazon's services, in turn, would put these tasks in an online marketplace with the price set by the client; there, thousands of people at their computers all over the world would connect to Amazon to  ...  Alongside the centralized data storage and data processing services offered from Amazon's data centers, Bezos introduced a twist on digital data services.  ...  Hand-wringing usually takes the form of one of the following reservations about AMT and microwork more generally. The first set of reservations focuses on fairness.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1461444813511926 fatcat:sqyugaqkojbi7pcl534ktvjrb4

Cellular Capitalism: Life and Labor at the End of the Digital Supply Chain [chapter]

2022 Digital Work in the Planetary Market  
On one end of the line, a consumer touches the smooth glass surface of their mobile phone.  ...  On the other, a new kind of logistical laborer enters the correspondingly smooth landscape this device claims to deliver.  ...  as, first and foremost, a logistical media technology.  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/13835.003.0020 fatcat:c3wq7swd4jf7lbnt4hsfxyybky

From Online Cart to Plate: What Amazon's Retail Domination Means for the Future of Food

Carly Livingstone, Irena Knezevic
2020 Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development  
We next take a closer look at two services that have infiltrated the agri-food sector through a process of stealth: AWS and Amazon Prime.  ...  food processors and grocery stores using Amazon's Marketplace, competitors are now Amazon's customers; those customers are increasingly at the whim of Amazon as the setter of terms.  ... 
doi:10.5304/jafscd.2020.094.017 fatcat:zaco7vsflvcwpm7ajnuhuwwdbq

From the University Presses -- The Hidden Digital Revolution in Scholarly Publishing: POD, SRDP, the "Long Tail," and Open Access

Sanford G. Thatcher
2013 Against the Grain  
"No one has yet confronted the fact that the upfront costs for publishing a monograph are at a whole different level ..."  ...  The development of more sophisticated eBook reader technology, with the invention of electronic "ink" enabling the introduction of the Sony Reader and Amazon's Kindle, encouraged publishers to take a look  ... 
doi:10.7771/2380-176x.2576 fatcat:qflfsbmghrgv7myijssnbqxqui

Digital Platforms and Competition Policy: A Business-Ethical Assessment

Manuel Wörsdörfer
2021 Journal for Markets and Ethics  
It does so by utilizing a distinct business ethics perspective, i.e., ordoliberalism.  ...  closer look at each of those allegations: 1.  ...  Section 3 takes a closer look at four major digital platforms, i.e., Amazon, Apple, Facebook, and Google, and analyzes their business practices.  ... 
doi:10.2478/jome-2021-0007 fatcat:glfrgwogmnhk3psvlulv3xnuqi
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