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Bouchard, «Les relations épistolaires de Nicolas Mavrocordatos avec Jean Le Clerc et William Wake», Ο Ερανιστής, 11 (1974), pp. 67-92 . 4 Nicolas Mavrocordatos, Les Loisirs de Philothée, texte établi ... , traduit et commenté par Jacques Bouchard, avantpropos de C.Th. ...doi:10.12681/comparison.10803 fatcat:kldge7mr2zfrpmurxsc7e4cul4
La notion de liberté n'est par absente des oeuvres de Nicolas Mavrocordatos; il écrit: «ό γαρ νους άνετόν έστι χρήμα και ελεύθερον» (Φ.Π., ρ. 142). ... NICOLAS MAVROCORDATOS ET L' «EPOQUE DES TULIPES» 1 à Jean-François et Amaury L'époque des Lumières se caractérise dès ses débuts par une insatiable curiosité à l'égard des sociétés exotiques et par un ...doi:10.12681/er.307 fatcat:xpekzglkcbhe5box6twptn6odu
We state below the weak version of Bouchard and Touzi  , we let v * and v * denote the lower-and upper-semicontinuous envelopes of v. Proposition 3.1. ...doi:10.1051/proc/201965145 fatcat:f7v54afrq5c3vmhbodr34qsg3m
révèle cette correspondance à propos des curiosités scientifiques de Nicolas. ... Nicolas eut comme professeur de latin le Père Jacques Pipéri; voir la lettre du P. ...doi:10.12681/er.9386 fatcat:gk62bq4xi5agbfmd4dt4s26xh4
Empirical findings suggest a positive correlation between inequality and social immobility, a phenomenon coined the Gatsby curve. However, complete explanations of the phenomenon have not yet been proposed. This paper answers two questions: What are Gatsby curves? When do they exist? We build a theoretical environment in which parental investment and education improve the economic prospects of children. Gatsbian economies and Gatsby curves are formally defined, and we characterize thedoi:10.2139/ssrn.3526604 fatcat:doxczcrevbfidjgainbe2rqflm
more »... under which they will arise. We show that an economy may go from being Gatsbian to non-Gatsbian. Finally, we show that the better network of relations of those with high-paying jobs may also generate a Gatsbian economy.
Theano is a linear algebra compiler that optimizes a user's symbolically-specified mathematical computations to produce efficient low-level implementations. In this paper, we present new features and efficiency improvements to Theano, and benchmarks demonstrating Theano's performance relative to Torch7, a recently introduced machine learning library, and to RNNLM, a C++ library targeted at recurrent neural networks.arXiv:1211.5590v1 fatcat:ep2hj6pufffvtevzl7m3yvhtua
Ben Hamouda, Mathieu Bouchard (dir.), La construction d'un espace euro-... ... Les revues « méditerranéistes » -étudiées par Mathieu Bouchard -qui se sont succédées depuis l'entre-deux-guerres et qui ont été portées par une élite intellectuelle composée surtout de penseurs et d'écrivains ...doi:10.4000/cdlm.8245 fatcat:cda552tlbzfkdphbhf6mzaymyy
Funding: This study was funded by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (grant Hyposkel 18-CE14-0018-01); and Fondation pour la Recherche Médicale (grant DGE20111123012); Nicolas Banc-Sylvestre was supported ...doi:10.3390/biomedicines9111538 pmid:34829765 pmcid:PMC8615291 fatcat:6x2l4vrglfe2daf7yu2ugwt5ty
A Novel Mutation in a Large French-Canadian Family with LGMD1B Nicolas Chrestian, Paul N. Valdmanis, Najmeddine Echahidi, Denis Brunet, Jean-Pierre Bouchard, Peter Gould, Guy A. ... Rouleau, Jean Champagne, Nicolas Dupré ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors thank Doctor Danielle Dion for referring us some of the patients involved, Madeleine Plante for blood sampling, and Pierre Provencher ...doi:10.1017/s031716710000891x fatcat:ptxez2z735asbdsxusa6f7jm3i
We propose a general framework for studying the optimal impulse control problem in the presence of uncertainty on the parameters. Given a prior on the distribution of the unknown parameters, we explain how it should evolve according to the classical Bayesian rule after each impulse. Taking these progressive prior-adjustments into account, we characterize the optimal policy through a quasi-variational parabolic equation, which can be solved numerically. The derivation of the dynamic programmingdoi:10.1137/16m1070815 fatcat:pet7fygkovdfzk47b7zxqkk25i
more »... quation seems to be new in this context. The main difficulty lies in the nature of the set of controls which depends in a nontrivial way on the initial data through the filtration itself.
The worldwide prevalence of hypertension is forecast to reach 29.2% by 2025. 1 Cardiovascular diseases (CVD), particularly ischemic heart disease and stroke, were among the leading causes of death worldwide between 2002 and 2012. 2 According to WHO projections for 2030, this trend will likely continue. 3 Several lines of evidence show that lowgrade inflammation plays a key role in increasing CVD, 4 and hypertension can be considered a state of systemic inflammation. However, it is difficult todoi:10.1093/ajh/hpv025 pmid:25780017 fatcat:vd7sped4cfejldoba46quyeaue
more »... etermine whether the proinflammatory state associated with hypertension is a cause or a consequence of CVD. 5 Poor oral health has been associated with higher levels of low-grade inflammation and CVD risk. 6, 23, 24 The present observational study aimed to investigate if there is an association between oral status and the risk of hypertension in a large French subject cohort. METHODS Study population The population analysis comprised 102,330 participants (mean age 43.7 ± 12.7 years) who had undergone medical and dental examinations between January 2002 and December 2011, in Parisian medical centers subsidized by the French National Healthcare System (Centre d'Investigations Préventives et Cliniques: IPC). The sample was split according to age, one subset was <65 years (n = 96,435; male 63.3%), and the other was ≥65 (n = 5,895; male 53.9%). Clinical and biological investigations Each subject underwent biological and morphometric examination. The subjects were placed in the supine position. After 10 minutes of rest, blood pressure measurements were recorded by a trained nurse, three times consecutively with an electronic device (TM-2541 hemodynamometer A&D Company, Tokyo, Japan). The mean of the second and third measurements was used for analysis. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) higher than 140 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) higher than 90 mm Hg. Normal blood pressure was defined in three classes: SBP <120 mm Hg and DBP <80 mm Hg, SBP of 120-129 mm Hg and DBP of 80-84 mm Hg, SBP of 130-139 mm Hg and DBP of 85-89 mm Hg. 7 Body BaCkgrOunD Chronic periodontal diseases involve bacteria-induced inflammation of the tissues supporting the teeth. An inflammatory origin for hypertension has been proposed, and periodontal diseases are associated with an increased risk of vascular disease. The present study was performed to assess whether oral health conditions were associated with the risk of hypertension in adult population. METHODS The sample comprised 102,330 subjects, who underwent medical and oral examinations between 2002 and 2011. A full-mouth clinical examination was performed using simplified plaque index, calculus index, and simplified modified gingival index to assess dental plaque, dental calculus and gingival inflammation. The number of teeth was recorded. Biological parameters, including blood pressure were assessed. A subset analysis according to age (<65 or ≥65 years) was conducted. The association between blood pressure and oral conditions was explored using a logistic regression approach. rESulTS In the sample of subject ≥65 years, no significant association was found between oral variables and the risk of hypertension. In subset <65 years, oral variables and risk of hypertension were associated. Insufficient masticatory function and missing teeth (>10) showed odds ratio (OR) = 1.20 [95% CI = 1.08-1.32] and OR = 1.17 [95% CI = 1.04-1.31], respectively. Hypertension was also associated with high level of dental plaque [OR = 1.90, 95% CI = 1.55-2.33], dental calculus [OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.07-1.29] and gingival inflammation [OR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.35-1.80] Moreover, in this subset <65 years, the risk of hypertension increases with the number of dental exposure. COnCluSiOnS The present study indicates that insufficient masticatory function, poor oral hygiene, and oral inflammation are associated with hypertension in subject <65.
Entanglement is at the heart of many unusual and counterintuitive features of quantum mechanics. Once two quantum subsystems have become entangled, it is no longer possible to ascribe an independent state to either; instead, the subsystems are completely described only as part of a greater, composite system. As a consequence of this, each entangled subsystem experiences a loss of coherence following entanglement. We refer to this decrease in coherence as decoherence. Decoherence leadsdoi:10.1038/srep15330 pmid:26469000 pmcid:PMC4606782 fatcat:nbsz6fz3u5ayrpycjktmfipo6q
more »... to the leaking of information from each subsystem to the composite entangled system. Here, we demonstrate a process of decoherence reversal, whereby we recover information lost from the entanglement of the optical orbital angular momentum and radial profile degrees of freedom possessed by a photon pair. These results carry great potential significance, since quantum memories and quantum communication schemes depend on an experimenter's ability to retain the coherent properties of a particular quantum system.
On Riemannian and non-Riemannian Optimisation, and Optimisation Geometry Jeanne Lefevre * Florent Bouchard * * Salem Said * * * Nicolas Le Bihan * Jonathan H. ... On Riemannian and non-Riemannian Optimisation, and Optimisation Geometry Jeanne Lefevre * Florent Bouchard * * Salem Said * * * Nicolas Le Bihan * Jonathan H. ...doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2021.06.119 fatcat:2ki4m32ns5dgfdrfocqmfuulsa
Navigation of retinal projections towards their targets is regulated by guidance molecules and growth cone transduction mechanisms. Here, we present in vitro and in vivo evidences that the cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB 2 R) is expressed along the retino-thalamic pathway and exerts a modulatory action on axon guidance. These effects are specific to CB 2 R since no changes were observed in mice where the gene coding for this receptor was altered (cnr2 2/2 ). The CB 2 R induced morphological changesdoi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070849 pmid:23951024 pmcid:PMC3739758 fatcat:koonrkwy4vgdxdzeu57yo36soa
more »... bserved at the growth cone are PKA dependent and require the presence of the netrin-1 receptor, Deleted in Colorectal Cancer. Interfering with endogenous CB 2 R signalling using pharmacological agents increased retinal axon length and induced aberrant projections. Additionally, cnr2 2/2 mice showed abnormal eye-specific segregation of retinal projections in the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) indicating CB 2 R's implication in retinothalamic development. Overall, this study demonstrates that the contribution of endocannabinoids to brain development is not solely mediated by CB 1 R, but also involves CB 2 R.
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