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News Labeling as Early as Possible: Real or Fake? [article]

Maryam Ramezani, Mina Rafiei, Soroush Omranpour, Hamid R. Rabiee
2019 pre-print
Therefore, one of the challenging tasks in this area is to identify fake and real news in early stages of propagation.  ...  The time gap between the news release time and detection of its label is a significant step towards broadcasting the real information and avoiding the fake.  ...  NEC can label the stream of a news to fake or real class as early as possible, by utilizing the recurrent neural network. A.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3341161.3342957 arXiv:1906.03423v1 fatcat:6pu43urekbhw5aqeyaw3jvst6y

Fake or Real? A Study of Arabic Satirical Fake News [article]

Hadeel Saadany and Emad Mohamed and Constantin Orasan
2020 arXiv   pre-print
One very common type of fake news is satire which comes in a form of a news website or an online platform that parodies reputable real news agencies to create a sarcastic version of reality.  ...  This type of fake news is often disseminated by individuals on their online platforms as it has a much stronger effect in delivering criticism than through a straightforward message.  ...  An early attempt to automatically detect satirical fake news has been conducted by Burfoot and Baldwin (2009) .  ... 
arXiv:2011.00452v1 fatcat:bvsn42c7kzcfffjfrzdgpherve

3-D Virtual Replicas and Simulations of the Past: "Real" or "Fake" Representations?

Fabrizio Galeazzi
2018 Current Anthropology  
Are they original digital representations of our cultural heritage or just virtual "fakes"?  ...  In the past 20 years, the use of new technologies for the 3-D documentation and reconstruction of cultural heritage has altered approaches to the analysis and interpretation of tangible heritage.  ...  With the development of new technologies, the physical fakes, such as Hearst Castle, have been replaced by digital fakes.  ... 
doi:10.1086/697489 fatcat:wmc2xzsdgjfdnepc4r4ls3vmhi

"I Don't Know If It Is Fake or Real News" How Little Indonesian University Students Understand Social Media Literacy

Hamdani M. Syam, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia, Febri Nurrahmi, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Indonesia
2020 Jurnal Komunikasi Malaysian Journal of Communication  
and real news.  ...  University students, as the most active social media users, are susceptible to consume and distribute fake news.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This study would have not been possible to accomplish without the research grant No. 56/UN11.2/PP/PNBP/SP3/2019 from Universitas Syiah Kuala.  ... 
doi:10.17576/jkmjc-2020-3602-06 fatcat:fb4eecs6ybg2rbrf5yo54jni5i

Faking Fake News for Real Fake News Detection: Propaganda-loaded Training Data Generation [article]

Kung-Hsiang Huang, Kathleen McKeown, Preslav Nakov, Yejin Choi, Heng Ji
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Eventually, we create a fake news detection training dataset, PropaNews, which includes 2,256 examples.  ...  We then explicitly incorporate propaganda techniques into the generated articles to mimic how humans craft fake news.  ...  The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of DARPA, or the U.S.  ... 
arXiv:2203.05386v1 fatcat:pa7j7mhecbburjcinj7nccpkju

What is Fake News?

M.R. X. Dentith
2018 University of Bucharest Review Literary and Cultural Studies Series  
Talk of fake news is rife in contemporary politics, but what is fake news, and how, if anything, does it differ from news which is fake?  ...  I then go on to argue that fake news is not a new problem. Rather, if there is problem with fake news it is its centrality in contemporary public debate.  ...  As Gelfert notes: [M]uch of the initial credibility of fake news derives from real-world back-stories, and almost all fake news purports to be about real-world actors and entities. (100) That is, fake  ... 
doaj:b77bd0fd0cb147c6b30704b71f185bfe fatcat:w2td6agz5zcazdbjlyp6l7gsqu

The Fake News Spreading Plague

Eni Mustafaraj, Panagiotis Takis Metaxas
2017 Proceedings of the 2017 ACM on Web Science Conference - WebSci '17  
Then, we take this misinformation spreading recipe and indicate how it was successfully used to spread fake news during the 2016 U.S. Presidential Election.  ...  Among its findings were the discovery and documentation of what was labeled a "Twitter bomb", an organized effort to spread misinformation about the democratic candidate Martha Coakley through anonymous  ...  One important feature that has rolled out recently is the labeling of news posts as "Disputed" via fact-checking, third-party providers such as Snopes or PolitiFact.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3091478.3091523 dblp:conf/websci/MustafarajM17 fatcat:qztiqdbjvrhuvaruuuubsbdnrq

Polarization and Fake News

Michela Del Vicario, Walter Quattrociocchi, Antonio Scala, Fabiana Zollo
2019 ACM Transactions on the Web  
Moreover, such information may be embedded as a new feature in an additional classifier able to recognize fake news with 91% accuracy.  ...  Our aim is to use this information to determine in advance potential targets for hoaxes and fake news.  ...  slightly smaller probability of falsely labeling a not fake as fake.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3316809 fatcat:pregz4kogvevze44iytn2gy67q

Embracing Domain Differences in Fake News: Cross-domain Fake News Detection using Multi-modal Data [article]

Amila Silva, Ling Luo, Shanika Karunasekera, Christopher Leckie
2021 arXiv   pre-print
technique to select a set of unlabelled informative news records for manual labelling, which can be ultimately used to train a fake news detection model that performs well for many domains while minimizing  ...  As motivation, we empirically show that news records from different domains have significantly different word usage and propagation patterns.  ...  ∈ R U as false or real news records.  ... 
arXiv:2102.06314v4 fatcat:aa6w2it3kjadjmdgsttnjyakeq

Fake or Genuine? Contextualised Text Representation for Fake Review Detection [article]

Rami Mohawesh, Shuxiang Xu, Matthew Springer, Muna Al-Hawawreh, Sumbal Maqsood
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Online reviews have a significant influence on customers' purchasing decisions for any products or services. However, fake reviews can mislead both consumers and companies.  ...  To deal with this, this paper proposes a new ensemble model that employs transformer architecture to discover the hidden patterns in a sequence of fake reviews and detect them precisely.  ...  FAKE OR GENUINE?  ... 
arXiv:2112.14343v1 fatcat:bj6pwmcaeje4npyvccuozqayeq

Fake Information Detection Techniques

2020 VOLUME-8 ISSUE-10, AUGUST 2019, REGULAR ISSUE  
forms of fake and unverified facts, respectively, and need to be detected as soon as possible for averting their results.  ...  Fake or unverified information spreads same as actual facts on the internet, hence maybe going viral and influencing the general public opinion and their choices. fake news represents the maximum present-day  ...  Categorization of fake news real news, such as the ones produced by websites like The Onion and lercio.it.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijitee.g1004.0597s20 fatcat:gpn46edlmzerxlmlrbazxifnxy

Desiring Fakes AI, Avatars, and the Body of Fake Information in Digital Art [chapter]

Daniel Becker, Daniel Becker, Annalisa Fischer, Yola Schmitz
2018 Faking, Forging, Counterfeiting  
In the early time of the Internet the net artist Alexej Shulgin launched the project FuckUfuckme (fufme.com, offline, 1999) to discuss the new possibilities of cybersex.  ...  to spread 'fake news' in social networks.  ... 
doi:10.14361/9783839437629-013 fatcat:qyrqukytmnb5vim3egl6p5ssoe

Evaluating Changes to Fake Account Verification Systems

Fedor Kozlov, Isabella Yuen, Jakub Kowalczyk, Daniel Bernhardt, David Freeman, Paul Pearce, Ivan Ivanov
2020 International Symposium on Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection  
Using challenge-based verification systems such as CAPTCHAs or phone confirmation as a response for detected fake accounts can enable erroneously detected real users to recover their access, while also  ...  Disabling or deleting these detected accounts is not tractable when the number of false positives (i.e., real users disabled) is significant in absolute terms.  ...  We seek to understand iteration effectiveness: the degree to which a new or improved challenge is more successful in both stopping fake accounts and letting real users through.  ... 
dblp:conf/raid/KozlovYKBFPI20 fatcat:e52axyebjvgatlpi7ebobxbw5y

Fake News Detection via NLP is Vulnerable to Adversarial Attacks

Zhixuan Zhou, Huankang Guan, Meghana Bhat, Justin Hsu
2019 Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence  
In this paper, we argue that these models have the potential to misclassify fact-tampering fake news as well as under-written real news.  ...  To address these weaknesses, we argue that fact checking should be adopted in conjunction with linguistic characteristics analysis, so as to truly separate fake news from real news.  ...  The dataset contains 6,335 articles. 3,171 of them are labeled as real and 3,164 of them are labeled as fake. The ratio of real and fake news articles is roughly 1:1.  ... 
doi:10.5220/0007566307940800 dblp:conf/icaart/ZhouGBH19 fatcat:7wzxmjll7ne3zp2gzygasmizqm

Fake News in Media Art: Fake News as a Media Art Practice Vs. Fake News in Politics

Hadas Emma Kedar
2019 Postdigital Science and Education  
Fake news has become popular in the last few years and appears mainly in the form of alleged news articles that spread via social media or as satire.  ...  This article concludes that fake news in politics is dangerous and that fake news in media art has an educational potential to fight fake news and promote critical deliberation.  ...  While the common practices of fake news usually aim to mislead for as long as possible, tactical media fake practices aim to be exposed for reflection, ethical and critical deliberation and educational  ... 
doi:10.1007/s42438-019-00053-y fatcat:mov6kqq5vbdspowt22wgpmu6xi
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