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Front Matter: Volume 8657

Proceedings of SPIE, Charles A. Bouman, Ilya Pollak, Patrick J. Wolfe
2013 Computational Imaging XI  
(United States) 8657 08 Neutron imaging with coded sources: design pitfalls and the implementation of a simultaneous iterative reconstruction technique [8657-8] H. J. Santos-Villalobos, P. R.  ...  Gregor, Univ. of Tennessee (United States) PHYSICS-BASED MICROSCOPIC IMAGING I 0A Model based iterative reconstruction for Bright Field electron tomography S.  ...  Paraschiv, Univ. of Victoria (Canada) RECONSTRUCTION, INVERSE PROBLEMS, AND NOISE REDUCTION I 8657 0P Light field image denoising using a linear 4D frequency-hyperfan all-in-focus filter [8657-25  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2021498 dblp:conf/cimaging/X13 fatcat:kffbjmapy5be3gqqhoezfhmbc4

Power pulsing of the CALICE tile hadron calorimeter

Mathias Reinecke
2016 2016 IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium, Medical Imaging Conference and Room-Temperature Semiconductor Detector Workshop (NSS/MIC/RTSD)  
This achievement was recognised through the award of the 2015 Nobel prize for physics to the leaders of the SNO and Super-Kamiokande experiments for the conclusive establishment of the phenomenon of neutrino  ...  Nevertheless, as a result of a series of innovative large experiments in the last 20 years, we have learnt a great deal about neutrinos.  ...  M13A-9: A Direct Image Reconstruction Algorithm for PET Scanners Based on Monolithic Crystals Acknowledgments: This work was done as part of the INSERT collaboration, which is supported by the EC: FP7-  ... 
doi:10.1109/nssmic.2016.8069748 fatcat:zjgd7dmfdbhntb4kfwdtrlejhi

Advancing Fusion with Machine Learning Research Needs Workshop Report

David Humphreys, A. Kupresanin, M. D. Boyer, J. Canik, C. S. Chang, E. C. Cyr, R. Granetz, J. Hittinger, E. Kolemen, E. Lawrence, V. Pascucci, A. Patra (+1 others)
2020 Journal of fusion energy  
These advances, along with the urgency of need to bridge key gaps in knowledge for design and operation of reactors such as ITER, have driven planned expansion of efforts in ML/AI within the US government  ...  This paper describes the results of a joint FES/ASCR DOE-sponsored Research Needs Workshop on Advancing Fusion with Machine Learning, held April 30–May 2, 2019, in Gaithersburg, MD (full report available  ...  Compliance with Ethical Standards  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10894-020-00258-1 fatcat:pzk3vza7v5eytbsrg2htkr5ujq

A Model for Online Interactive Remote Education for Medical Physics Using the Internet

Milton K Woo, Kwan-Hoong Ng
2003 Journal of Medical Internet Research  
The same Monte Carlo simulation codes were applied to an imaginged detector made of water and immensed at the center of a 16-cm diameter water phantom.  ...  design and implementation of Web-based access to radiological data, with emphasis on implementation and security.  ...  A commercially available test object (ALVIM™) * , containing holes of different sizes and various kinds of materials, is about the size of a hand and can be imaged with the same radiographic techniques  ... 
doi:10.2196/jmir.5.1.e3 pmid:12746208 pmcid:PMC1550549 fatcat:tsyf45yusza2jiglkq62rgo3qm

Digital Volume Correlation: Review of Progress and Challenges

A. Buljac, C. Jailin, A. Mendoza, J. Neggers, T. Taillandier-Thomas, A. Bouterf, B. Smaniotto, F. Hild, S. Roux
2018 Experimental mechanics  
A general and unified DVC framework is introduced. Various sources of measurement bias and uncertainties are analyzed.  ...  First and foremost, DVC can be considered as a stand-alone technique, which has seen its field of applications grow over the last ten years.  ...  For instance dual source x-ray tomography with a simultaneous acquisition of the two perpendicular beams set at two different energies provide two 3D images with different contrasts [67, 113, 180] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11340-018-0390-7 fatcat:ke5ctqw32jczrk5u6beqkewsla

Recent advances in cardiac SPECT instrumentation and imaging methods

Jing Wu, Chi Liu
2019 Physics in Medicine and Biology  
(CFR), multi-radionuclide imaging, and improved image quality as a result of attenuation, scatter, motion, and partial volume corrections (PVCs).  ...  While conventional dual-head SPECT scanners using parallel-hole collimators and scintillation crystals with photomultiplier tubes are still the workhorse of cardiac SPECT, they have the limitations of  ...  Acknowledgment This work is supported by an internal funding from the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging at Yale University, and NIH grant R01HL123949.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1361-6560/ab04de pmid:30726779 fatcat:dlanwzmuvfh47cix3s6opaxreq

TU-B-I-617-01: High Field MRI - Technology, Applications, Safety, and Limitations

RJ Stafford
2005 Medical Physics (Lancaster)  
These include the source photon, neutron capture photon, fast neutron, and thermal neutron dose components. The LDR 137 Cs source used for comparison was the 3M Model 6500.  ...  The investigators also developed a technique for reconstructing 4D MVCT images. Image data was collected axially with the couch stationary during the imaging of each slice.  ...  The Monte Carlo calculations were performed with the BEAMnrc/DOSXYZnrc code system for the external beam cases and with the MCNP5 code for the 192 Ir cases, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1118/1.1999700 fatcat:yub56igoe5cl3cthdpzwrdvjp4

SU-EE-A3-06: An Efficient Algorithm for Image-Based Dose Deformation and Accumulation

M Kaus, V Pekar, T McNutt, K Bzdusek
2005 Medical Physics (Lancaster)  
These include the source photon, neutron capture photon, fast neutron, and thermal neutron dose components. The LDR 137 Cs source used for comparison was the 3M Model 6500.  ...  The investigators also developed a technique for reconstructing 4D MVCT images. Image data was collected axially with the couch stationary during the imaging of each slice.  ...  The Monte Carlo calculations were performed with the BEAMnrc/DOSXYZnrc code system for the external beam cases and with the MCNP5 code for the 192 Ir cases, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1118/1.1997464 fatcat:zue2hfmc5ze6ziwu332w3u2lue

TU-EE-A3-05: Scatter Radiation in Digital Tomosynthesis

B Liu, S Glick, X Gong
2005 Medical Physics (Lancaster)  
These include the source photon, neutron capture photon, fast neutron, and thermal neutron dose components. The LDR 137 Cs source used for comparison was the 3M Model 6500.  ...  The investigators also developed a technique for reconstructing 4D MVCT images. Image data was collected axially with the couch stationary during the imaging of each slice.  ...  The Monte Carlo calculations were performed with the BEAMnrc/DOSXYZnrc code system for the external beam cases and with the MCNP5 code for the 192 Ir cases, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1118/1.1998434 fatcat:jnqebvqstnhixdmecqmh35gfbi

Particle and nuclear physics instrumentation and its broad connections

M. Demarteau, R. Lipton, H. Nicholson, I. Shipsey
2016 Reviews of Modern Physics  
Subatomic physics shares with other basic sciences the need to innovate, invent, and develop tools, techniques, and technologies to carry out its mission to explore the nature of matter, energy, space,  ...  Thus, detector research and development has not only advanced the current state of technology for particle physics, but has often advanced research in other fields of science and has underpinned progress  ...  Acknowledgments 44 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to acknowledge the support and assistance of Reviews of Modern Physics Editor Paul Grannis.  ... 
doi:10.1103/revmodphys.88.045007 fatcat:43oupgsmfndgdd5yczwvrztdfy

Validation of nonlinear gyrokinetic transport models using turbulence measurements

A. E. White
2019 Journal of Plasma Physics  
of the fundamentals of synthetic diagnostic models and a discussion of frontiers in turbulent-transport model validation.  ...  It presents a brief history of validation of gyrokinetic simulations, the principal challenges encountered, a limited survey of common turbulence diagnostics used on tokamaks and stellarators, an overview  ...  The author is also indebted to the referees and to A. J. Creely, N. T. Howard, J. Rice, P. Rodriguez Fernandez, F. Sciortino and J.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0022377818001253 fatcat:tokdaw7xbbbjzg34a2djadsplq

SU-FF-I-79: Java-Based Plugin for Tomographic Reconstruction for SPECT Data

M Andrade, M Costa, A Marques da Silva
2006 Medical Physics (Lancaster)  
Purpose: Digital tomosynthesis (DTS) is a method for reconstructing 3D images from cone-beam projection data acquired with limited angulation (e.g., 40 o ) of an x-ray source, and is much faster and lower  ...  On-board DTS images were reconstructed from a subset of the CBCT projection data (81 projections, 44 o ).  ...  Method and Materials: A unique measurement geometry of simultaneous multiple point source illumination was implemented in the design and development of the handheld based optical probe.  ... 
doi:10.1118/1.2240759 fatcat:5we2nvgwx5hrxcv2ngufce6obq

Liprotides: a New Class of Protein Lipid-Complexes

Jannik N. Pedersen, Henriette Kristina S. Frislev, Jan S. Pedersen, Daniel E. Otzen
2016 Biophysical Journal  
The optical design of the beamline and the results from x-ray tracing simulation [2] are discussed. The source is an in-vacuum undulator with 2 m magnetic length.  ...  advantage of the unique properties of the source -its brilliance, low emittance and high degree of coherence.  ...  With recent development of pulsed neutron sources, a new technique to measure the diffraction, Bragg-edge transmission analysis, attracts attention in the field of neutron imaging [1] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2015.11.3085 fatcat:eqeeb47atfc4lisnurb25n55gu

Massive MIMO functionality splits based on hybrid analog-digital precoding in a C-RAN architecture

Dong Min Kim, Jihong Park, Elisabeth De Carvalho, Carles Navarro Manchon
2017 2017 51st Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers  
It has many applications, as a core 5G technology, and also as a conduit for emerging applications of wireless to fixed access, vehicular, aerial, and wearable networks.  ...  I describe the signal processing challenges associated with fast antenna array configuration.  ...  , Alejandro Ribeiro, University of Pennsylvania, United States WA3b-3 A Graph Diffusion LMS Strategy for 11:05 AM Adaptive Graph Signal Processing WA4a-2 Iterative Image Reconstruction for Neutron  ... 
doi:10.1109/acssc.2017.8335612 dblp:conf/acssc/KimPCM17 fatcat:jujepkjavrftfdg2w7ooy3lucy

Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment (DUNE) Near Detector Conceptual Design Report [article]

A. Abed Abud, B. Abi, R. Acciarri, M. A. Acero, G. Adamov, D. Adams, M. Adinolfi, A. Aduszkiewicz, Z. Ahmad, J. Ahmed, T. Alion, S. Alonso Monsalve (+1054 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This report describes the conceptual design of the DUNE near detector  ...  techniques, They have also led to a deep appreciation of analysis pitfalls and a better understanding of the error budget.  ...  unambiguous 3D imaging of particle interactions, drastically simplifying the reconstruction; and new dielectric light detection techniques with ArCLight [61] and LCM (Light Collection Module), which  ... 
arXiv:2103.13910v1 fatcat:7nnk337au5bahov4g7g42vumfi
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