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The aim of this study is to explore the nature of the semantic effects in the picture-word interference paradigm. ... In particular, we focused on the (a) identity effect, (b) semantic interference effect, (c) semantic facilitation effect, and the semantic facilitation in categorization. ... ML was supported by the Boehringer Ingelheim Fonds. AC was supported by the ''Ramon y Cajal program'' from the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologı´a. ...doi:10.1016/j.neucom.2005.12.114 fatcat:vctc5qip4vexre5exne44wvd6y
Explains the verbal interference effect in terms of cerebral dominance and interhemispheric interaction and suggests that a similar mechanism may apply in classical cases of agnosia. 13 ref.—J. ... ., 12, 1973, 207-218. 15 patients with aphasia were shown 50 pictures, 40 depicting animals and objects. The set of pictures were shown to patients 12 times, one after another, in the same sequence. ...
The use of the developed memorization technique in everyday life allowed the patient to effectively memorize relevant information. Conclusion. ... Such a restructuration approach may be applied to memory. Objective. ... sons and wife Categorization test (5 tasks) 5 of 5 are correct Verbal fluency (1 min) 11 words Picture arrangement task Is unable to find the correct order of pictures Table 3 3 Various Methods ...doi:10.11621/pir.2018.0307 fatcat:fn2bhhkcxfgehjn3xkgf5iuedi
In Block |, pictures primed words while in Block 2 words were used to prime pictures. ... However, significantly more interference was determined by whether the (ir- relevant) print color belonged to the set of colors actually used as target words in the course of the experiment. ...
This may help elucidate the neural mechanisms underlying arousal and valence, and offer a new approach to exploring the complex dynamics of the how and why of emotional experience. ... We propose that (1) neurodynamic synchrony with musical stimuli gives rise to musical qualia including tonal and temporal expectancies, and that (2) music-synchronous responses couple into core neurodynamics ... If this approach is on the right track, however, then this way of thinking about core affect may lead to a better understanding why music is such an especially effective means of affective communication ...doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00072 pmid:24672492 pmcid:PMC3956121 fatcat:7kpk4ffcirfdtch2m3dxgc2gmm
The decrease in executive functions correlated with the growth of neurodynamic disorders in elderly study participants. ... But there is a social request to prolong the physical and mental activity of older people. The study of the dynamics of cognitive aging is timely and relevant. ... cohorts (Picture 1). ...doi:10.1051/bioconf/20202201015 fatcat:6ssyaoaxtzfppmxgacplxj24tm
The data revealed that the ERP effects were reduced in bilinguals in comparison to monolinguals but only in the Stroop task and limited to the N400 and the sustained fronto-central negativegoing potential ... The present study was designed to examine the impact of bilingualism on the neuronal activity in different executive control processes namely conflict monitoring, control implementation (i.e., interference ... Our goal was to investigate the impact of bilingual experience on the neurodynamics of distinct control processes, i.e., conflict monitoring, interference suppression, overcoming of inhibition, and conflict ...doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00821 pmid:26124740 pmcid:PMC4467069 fatcat:d6svtsop5jco5ejaeufymkhmne
Brain and Cognition
The present article on executive control addresses the issue of the locus of the Stroop effect by examining neurophysiological components marking conflict monitoring, interference suppression, and conflict ... The N400 is mainly generated by the ACC and the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and is thought to reflect interference suppression, whereas the LSP plausibly reflects conflict resolution processes. ... Declaration of Competing Interest The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper ...doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2020.105637 pmid:33217721 fatcat:w45x5bltizdszd46efaycyyo4m
The purpose of this paper is to show the incidence of primary or idiopathic MP referred to the vascular surgery outpatient clinic because of leg pain and present the clinical approach to realize the diagnosis ... the clinical picture of primary MP, were evaluated with more investigational studies to rule out other pathologies. ...doi:10.24966/avs-7397/100024 fatcat:cthps44y35drrbe4unnt2yvyza
The present study seeks to elucidate these issues comparing the effect of regulation and of strategy to both neutral and emotional words and pictures. ... Whilst there has been extensive study of the mechanisms underlying the effect of regulation for the emotions elicited by pictures, the ability and the mechanisms beyond the regulation of words remains ... However, in this experiment the modulation of words followed a previous modulation of pictures, making it hard to disentangle the regulation of pictures from the regulation of words. ...doi:10.1101/490409 fatcat:da34yzrw2jcl3dyh2k5iczy7lu
The ability to switch attention from one aspect of an object to another or in other words to switch the "attentional set" as investigated in tasks like the "Wisconsin Card Sorting Test" is commonly referred ... In this work we present a biophysically detailed neurodynamical model which illustrates the neuronal base of the processes related to this cognitive flexibility. ... Acknowledgements This work was supported by the 'Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft' (DFG), Project Number FOR 480/1-1. Very special thanks are directed to Werner X. ...doi:10.1007/s10827-007-0034-x pmid:17510782 fatcat:iot4cn2yzzfgxbgye4cde4fvym
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by the Centre for Integrative Neuroscience and Neurodynamics (CINN) at the University of Reading. ... The authors thank the students who took part in this study and members of the CINN for their help. We are grateful to our reviewers for their helpful comments on an earlier version of the manuscript. ... in interference effects. ...doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00201 pmid:23734116 pmcid:PMC3659338 fatcat:oqri2rvlwnetlkwalppvq2dm6u
Then the information is sent to amygdala for emotional evaluation and to the frontal cortex for content evaluation. ... The brain pays attention to what is relevant to daily life, always asking: "What's going on?" and "How is it important relevant to me?" The senses pass on 40,000 bits of information every second. ... The sequences of thinking measured across very narrow areas of the brain. Today's research encourages a "whole brain "approach to learning. ...doi:10.26634/jpsy.5.4.1683 fatcat:ltiryt4lovh3ligrbo2nqlupvu
Results obtained using continuous and discrete wavelet transforms as applied to problems in neurodynamics are reviewed, with the emphasis on the potential of wavelet analysis for decoding signal information ... The following areas of application are considered: (1) the microscopic dynamics of single cells and intracellular processes, (2) sensory data processing, (3) the group dynamics of neuronal ensembles, and ... Acknowledgments The authors are deeply grateful to N A Brazhe and A R Brazhe for numerous discussions and the joint work on the analysis of intracellular dynamics, to G van Luijtelaar for many helpful ...doi:10.3367/ufne.0182.201209a.0905 fatcat:nbxzthms5fggtbovzdbbp7gluu
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author is grateful to Prof. C.J. Baker ... Neurodynamic programming provides a principled approach for a solution (albeit suboptimal but perhaps adequate) to the resource management problem. ... This approach is the only statistical approach, in which a model of the received signal accounts for two factors contributing to the specification of information: ■ statistical nature of interference ( ...doi:10.1109/msp.2006.1593335 fatcat:pyyjpslmfjahvpdyqysmmz32n4
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