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Neural markers of loss aversion in resting-state brain activity

Nicola Canessa, Chiara Crespi, Gabriel Baud-Bovy, Alessandra Dodich, Andrea Falini, Giulia Antonellis, Stefano F. Cappa
2017 NeuroImage  
These results suggest that the individual degree of (neural) loss aversion represents a stable dimension of decision-making, which reflects in specific metrics of intrinsic brain activity at rest possibly  ...  Within the resting-state networks highlighted by a spatial group Independent Component Analysis (gICA), we found a significant correlation between strength of activity and behavioral loss aversion in the  ...  Loss aversion and resting-state/task-related brain activity.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2016.11.050 pmid:27884798 fatcat:5xhgh6dvcvc2nbrn2swgfmatti

Understanding Suicidal Behavior: The Contribution of Recent Resting-State fMRI Techniques

Gianluca Serafini, Matteo Pardini, Maurizio Pompili, Paolo Girardi, Mario Amore
2016 Frontiers in Psychiatry  
Although fMRI may investigate brain activity both in resting conditions and during activation, in the present paper, we mainly focused on brain imaging in resting conditions estimating regional brain activity  ...  assumption that brain resting-state activity may be defined in a functional/physiological manner rather than anatomically/structurally.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2016.00069 pmid:27148097 pmcid:PMC4835442 fatcat:r3obpqbnxva3bmj3uvuxjje5sm

Appetitive and aversive cue reactivities differentiate biotypes of alcohol drinkers [article]

Yu Chen, Chiang-Shan R. Li
2022 bioRxiv   pre-print
In the current study, we performed meta-analyses of drug cue-elicited reactivity and win and loss processing in the monetary incentive delay task to identify distinct neural correlates of appetitive and  ...  We observed a significant correlation of β estimates of cue-elicited activity of the appetitive and aversive circuit. However, individuals varied in appetitive and aversive cue responses.  ...  The funding agencies are otherwise not responsible for the design of the study, data collection or analysis, or in the decision to publish these results.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2022.07.31.502197 fatcat:fwea5uufkzbd3myxfckgyq5dwa

Your Resting Brain CAREs about Your Risky Behavior

Christine L. Cox, Kristin Gotimer, Amy K. Roy, F. Xavier Castellanos, Michael P. Milham, Clare Kelly, Angela Sirigu
2010 PLoS ONE  
Methodology/Principal Findings: We employed resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) and resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) methods to investigate differences in the brain's  ...  Conclusions/Significance: Task-based activation in the IFG and insula has been associated with risk-aversion, while activation in the nucleus accumbens and parietal cortex has been associated with both  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Saroja Bangaru for her assistance in data analysis, Dr. Maarten Mennes, Dr. Xi-Nian Zuo, Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012296 pmid:20808870 pmcid:PMC2924392 fatcat:ikdjit7l3rb4vkq5diddcvlpz4

Brain Imaging in Gambling Disorder

Saskia Quester, Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth
2015 Current Addiction Report  
This review focuses on brain imaging studies of reward and loss processing, with an emphasis on loss avoidance and aversion as well as brain volume and functional connectivity in gambling disorder.  ...  is an important task for neuroimaging researchers in exploring the neural signatures of addiction.  ...  Default mode activity, intrinsic neural activity during the resting state, correlated positively with brain activity in the posterior cingulate cortex [105, 106] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40429-015-0063-x pmid:26273544 pmcid:PMC4529460 fatcat:6aq226h2znearnnswsw2yvtfvi

Approach-related left prefrontal EEG asymmetry predicts muted error-related negativity

Kyle Nash, Michael Inzlicht, Ian McGregor
2012 Biological Psychology  
In two studies, we used electroencephalography (EEG) to test whether approach-motivation-related brain activity would predict reduced sensitivity to negative outcomes.  ...  Hierarchical regression analyses of the separate frontal nodes that comprised the asymmetry score further showed that left frontal activity predicted reduced ERN amplitude whereas right frontal activity  ...  In two studies we assessed whether a neurophysiological marker of approach motivation (leftward PFC asymmetry) would predict lower amplitude ERNs (a neural marker of aversive motivation and distress).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2012.05.005 pmid:22634389 fatcat:lpkqbcrhfbgefm7sjh3jllxvea

Amygdala Functional and Structural Connectivity Predicts Individual Risk Tolerance

Wi Hoon Jung, Sangil Lee, Caryn Lerman, Joseph W. Kable
2018 Neuron  
Here we identify intrinsic neural markers for risk tolerance in a large (n=108) multimodal imaging dataset of healthy young adults, which includes anatomical and resting-state functional MRI and diffusion  ...  Risk tolerance, the degree to which an individual is willing to tolerate risk in order to achieve a greater expected return, influences a variety of financial choices and health behaviors.  ...  Satterthwaite for helpful comments on an early draft of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2018.03.019 pmid:29628186 pmcid:PMC5910234 fatcat:4nmvlwdk7nb45b7lsa27cf7a3a

Page 2134 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 89, Issue 6 [page]

2002 Psychological Abstracts  
—Three conditioned (CON) aversive responses were used to infer the existence of an unobservable central state of CON fear, and the roles of certain amygdala subregions in producing these responses were  ...  —Reports the observation of neural processing that occurs within 265 ms after outcome stimuli that inform human Ss about gains and losses in a gambling task.  ... 

Neural Oscillatory Correlates for Conditioning and Extinction of Fear

Carlos Trenado, Nicole Pedroarena-Leal, Laura Cif, Michael Nitsche, Diane Ruge
2018 Biomedicines  
Consequently, neural oscillatory correlates of such mechanisms appear relevant regarding the development of novel therapeutic approaches to counterbalance abnormal activity in fear-related brain circuits  ...  Here, we provide an account of state-of-the-art neural oscillatory correlates for the conditioning and extinction of fear, and also deal with recent translational efforts aimed at fear extinction by neural  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/biomedicines6020049 pmid:29724018 pmcid:PMC6027138 fatcat:c72wtg2hnzaw3dk6udf2camfbe

The Anatomy of Suffering: Understanding the Relationship between Nociceptive and Empathic Pain

Jamil Zaki, Tor D. Wager, Tania Singer, Christian Keysers, Valeria Gazzola
2016 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Sensitivity: the probability of engaging a neural marker given that a particular mental state is present.  ...  Specificity: the probability of not engaging a neural marker when a particular mental state is not present. Box 1.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2016.02.003 pmid:26944221 pmcid:PMC5521249 fatcat:jmzy2eodqbd4nbmsrd6eknnw3e

How psychotherapy changes the brain – the contribution of functional neuroimaging

D E J Linden
2006 Molecular Psychiatry  
modulation of brain activity as a way of improving symptoms.  ...  A thorough investigation of the neural effects of psychotherapy is needed in order to provide a neurobiological foundation for widely used treatment protocols.  ...  in that area, although volume loss in areas outside the limbic-cortico-striato-pallido-thalamic loop has rarely been reported in MDD. 45 Whether loss of brain tissue might have thus explained some of  ... 
doi:10.1038/ pmid:16520823 fatcat:zsejalmujzeltejaysrvwrrsb4

FMRI studies in neuro-fuzzy and behavioural finance: a case based approach

Mohammad Khoshnevisan, Saeid Nahavandi, Sukanto Bhattacharya, Morteza Bakhtiary
2008 Investment Management & Financial Innovations  
We saw activation regions differences between risk-seeking and risk-aversion selection in addition to larger activated regions in selection funding in comparison with no selection.  ...  Thus, consideration of anticipatory neural mechanisms may add predictive power for economic decision-making.  ...  Combined with such a view, these findings provide neural targets for investigating complex risk phenomena such as loss aversion, in which people weigh losses more than gains of equivalent size (Kahneman  ... 
doaj:42b2ab208c8346ee9eaa2ad73be0ab00 fatcat:2bnafvtlmvb3lbcxpvdj6vneme

The Human BNST: Functional Role in Anxiety and Addiction

S N Avery, J A Clauss, J U Blackford
2015 Neuropsychopharmacology  
Emerging evidence implicates a tiny brain region-the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST)-in the body's stress response and in anxiety and addiction.  ...  The consequences of chronic stress on brain structure and function are far reaching.  ...  The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.  ... 
doi:10.1038/npp.2015.185 pmid:26105138 pmcid:PMC4677124 fatcat:uzmy7xhfu5bapk4s627nucf2ea

Neural markers of individual differences in decision-making

Joseph W Kable, Ifat Levy
2015 Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences  
The establishment of such markers would achieve one of the stated goals of neuroeconomics, which is to improve the prediction of economic behavior across different contexts.  ...  The establishment of such markers would achieve one of the stated goals of neuroeconomics, which is to improve the prediction of economic behavior across different contexts.  ...  Different forms of structural and functional imaging have found individual differences in morphometry, structural and functional connectivity, or resting neural activity [12--14] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.08.004 pmid:28413814 pmcid:PMC5389668 fatcat:wxnubjtjkffx3b653twtorvobu

Increased activation in the right insula during risk-taking decision making is related to harm avoidance and neuroticism

Martin P Paulus, Corianne Rogalsky, Alan Simmons, Justin S Feinstein, Murray B Stein
2003 NeuroImage  
These results are consistent with the hypothesis that insula activation serves as a critical neural substrate to instantiate aversive somatic markers that guide risk-taking decision-making behavior.  ...  This investigation examined the hypothesis that the degree of risk-taking is related to the degree of activation in the insular cortex.  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge the invaluable help of Larry Frank, Rick Buxton, and Eric Wong in supporting the fMRI experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1053-8119(03)00251-9 pmid:12948701 fatcat:aeccidvzkrdedheavk3vsfjooa
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