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Theory of mind (ToM) encompasses a range of abilities that show different developmental time courses. However, relatively little work has examined the neural correlates of ToM during early childhood. ... Our data provide new insights into the neural correlates of multiple aspects of ToM in early childhood and may have implications for both typical and atypical development of ToM. ... Author manuscript; available in PMC 2020 January 01. ...doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.09.079 pmid:30273714 pmcid:PMC6230512 fatcat:4whwvd4f2rdg3nv6auryyx5xeq
Theory & psychology
Whereas for neuroimaging approaches, which have gained substantial traction in recent years, the advances in describing the developing 'connectome' has been challenged by awareness of imaging artifacts ... findings, the resolution of these challenges charts the development of the field itself. ... Nonetheless, our reasoning suggests, that cognitive neuroscience is in a unique position to offer the kind of evidence required to settle the debate on whether early competencies in theory of mind are ...doi:10.1177/0959354316662158 fatcat:jlkodaxu3nh4pawoslz3b4qzdu
(U California-San Diego, a of Psychology, La Jolla, CA). Early development and its neural correlates. [In: (PA Vol 80:21671) Handbook of neuropsychology, Vol. 7. Handbook of neuropsychology. ... DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY cious Cognitive competencies, toddlers’ representational abili- ties, young children’s theories of mind and concepts of natu- ral kinds, the understanding of emotions, and biological ...
—The theory-theory is not supported by evidence in the everyday ac- tions of infants and toddlers whose lives a Theory of Mind is meant radically to transform. ... (University Paul Savatier, Tou- louse, France) The Faces of Development: A Review of Early Face Processing over Childhood. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 2004(Oct), Vol 16(8), 1426-1442. ...
The title Contemporary Perspectives on Research in Theory of Mind in Early Childhood Education was a little misleading. ... There were also several favorable aspects of Contemporary Perspectives on Research in Theory of Mind in Early Childhood Education. ...doi:10.14507/er.v23.1924 fatcat:zdcyk77eorfcxk3hpblicebxpa
Children's explicit theory of mind (ToM) understandings change over early childhood. We examined whether there is longitudinal stability in the neurobiological bases of ToM across this time period. ... theory of mind tasks. ... We extend our gratitude to Anastasia Christopher who helped with data collection, and to the parents and children who participated in the study. ...doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2019.100705 pmid:31593908 pmcid:PMC6974892 fatcat:yopgu6bj2jaxvjl3fmwrk4y4qy
However, the protracted structural and functional development in adolescence and early adulthood of the brain regions involved in theory of mind might be expected to affect mental state understanding. ... This is known as theory of mind or mentalising. ...doi:10.1258/jrsm.2011.110221 pmid:22434810 pmcid:PMC3308644 fatcat:b3rrcfavmvedzdkqh3df5avro4
An example of FS can be seen in the role of the temporoparietal junction (TPJ) during theory of mind processing. ... refer to the process of developing neural specificity. ... ., University of Maryland including a Dean's Research Initiative Seed grant and a Maryland Neuroimaging Center Seed grant to E.R., and by the NIMH and NINDS Intramural Research Programs (ZICMH002888) of ...doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20600-0 pmid:29396415 pmcid:PMC5797124 fatcat:bei3u5qqkrexhck6ghzvjlu5sa
Results offer a new affective theory of mind task for children in the scanner that robustly recruits activity in theory of mind regions. ... Theory of mind (ToM), the ability to think about the perspectives, beliefs, and feelings of another, develops throughout childhood and adolescence and is an important skill for social interactions. ... ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Natalie Kleeman and Alexandra Arnold for their help in data collection. ...doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.714176 pmid:34955950 pmcid:PMC8703015 fatcat:6ayjpvribnf7ll5rffuwkium2u
Accordingly, this longitudinal study explored whether normative variation in the quality of early maternal behaviour predicts the functional connectivity of large-scale brain networks in late childhood ... Infants' experiences are considered to determine to a large degree the strength and effectiveness of neural connections and fine tune the development of brain networks. ... The authors thank Andre van der Kouwe from the Massachusetts General Hospital for the use of the MPRAGE 4-echo sequence. ...doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2018.06.003 pmid:30056292 pmcid:PMC6969303 fatcat:2pkyn6ee3nf75pcspkeqeju6dq
Based on Knudsen's theory, middle childhood is considered to be a "sensitive period" because of the active role that experiences play in brain development (4) . ... This is because through middle childhood, Middle childhood, from six to 12 years of age, is often known as the 'forgotten years' of development because most research is focused on early childhood development ...doi:10.1093/pch/17.2.81 pmid:23372398 pmcid:PMC3299351 fatcat:tgzg3fzxgbc5xb5ho7yum54kpm
Moreover, there has been increased interest in life-span research from the early stages of life up to the elderly. ToM neural correlates have also been investigated. ... The Theory of Mind (ToM) paradigm was born almost 40 years ago with the study "Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind?" by Premack and Woodruff (1978) . ... Moreover, there has been increased interest in life-span research from the early stages of life up to the elderly. ToM neural correlates have also been investigated. ...doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01425 pmid:27713714 pmcid:PMC5031761 fatcat:gubq2farufcqjf53fivvpnybvi
Theory of mind (ToM) is a core topic in both social neuroscience and developmental psychology, yet theory and data from each field have only minimally constrained thinking in the other. ... The two fields might be fruitfully integrated, however, if social neuroscientists sought evidence directly relevant to current accounts of ToM development: modularity, simulation, executive, and theory ... Acknowledgment Preparation of this manuscript was supported by a NSERC Postgraduate Scholarship to CEVM. ...doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2014.01.002 pmid:24552989 pmcid:PMC6989753 fatcat:f67zc7xbxbau3mx7kp3lpidbp4
While normally developing children begin to pass Theory of Mind tasks by age five, the brain structures that underlie mentalizing (mPFC and STS/TPJ) undergo substantial development well beyond early childhood ... If you search for [Theory of Mind in autism] on the web today you get over one million entries! ...doi:10.1080/17470210701508715 pmid:18038337 fatcat:tkkycttqdrhxhd3r3quu7ccvtu
Childhood maltreatment is associated with a lifetime increase in risk of mental health disorder. We propose that such vulnerability may stem in large part from altered patterns of social functioning. ... Finally, we explore how computational psychiatry approaches, alongside systematically reported measures of social functioning, can complement studies of neural function in the creation of a mechanistic ... The theory of latent vulnerability postulates that these alterations can be understood in part as adaptations to early adverse or neglectful environments in line with the notion of experiential canalization ...doi:10.1177/1077559519830524 pmid:30897955 fatcat:ic7dldjhnrcsferqwhranucun4
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