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Neural activation during anticipated peer evaluation and laboratory meal intake in overweight girls with and without loss of control eating

Johanna M. Jarcho, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff, Eric E. Nelson, Scott G. Engel, Anna Vannucci, Sara E. Field, Adrienne L. Romer, Louise Hannallah, Sheila M. Brady, Andrew P. Demidowich, Lauren B. Shomaker, Amber B. Courville (+2 others)
2015 NeuroImage  
Twenty-two overweight and obese (BMIz: 1.9±0.4) adolescent (15.8±1.6y) girls with LOC eating (LOC+, n=10) and without LOC eating (LOC−, n=12) underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during  ...  We therefore examined brain regions associated with anxiety in relation to LOC eating and energy intake in the laboratory.  ...  the Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research (OBSSR) of the NIH (to JAY and MTK); Human Imaging Core Facility of the Center for Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.12.054 pmid:25550068 pmcid:PMC4323624 fatcat:5cwg34f6a5h7hnfuiqrv5t6mga

Behavioral and neurodevelopmental precursors to binge-type eating disorders: support for the role of negative valence systems

A. Vannucci, E. E. Nelson, D. M. Bongiorno, D. S. Pine, J. A. Yanovski, M. Tanofsky-Kraff
2015 Psychological Medicine  
Background.Pediatric loss-of-control (LOC) eating is a robust behavioral precursor to binge-type eating disorders.  ...  Future neural and behavioral research on the developmental trajectory of LOC and binge-type eating disorders is required.  ...  Acknowledgments Research support: Intramural Research Program, NIH, grant 1ZIAHD000641 from the NICHD with supplemental funding from NIMHD; Intramural Research Program, NIMH.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s003329171500104x pmid:26040923 pmcid:PMC4589435 fatcat:bb5nwry5vncqdk2xbbp27mcf64

Oral Processing, Satiation and Obesity: Overview and Hypotheses

Arnold Slyper
2021 Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity : Targets and Therapy  
Increasing the speed of eating or decreasing the amount of chewing of a test meal significantly decreases its satiation, increases concomitant caloric intake, and influences entero-endocrine secretion.  ...  Individuals with obesity have an increase in bite size, less chewing per bite, decreased satiation, and greater food intake.  ...  It is produced especially in the stomach and activates cells in the brain centers. Levels of this hormone increase during fasting and decrease after a meal.  ... 
doi:10.2147/dmso.s314379 fatcat:54nt55kkkzcuvlanpahldrfp5u

Neurocognitive correlates of obesity and obesity-related behaviors in children and adolescents

J Liang, B E Matheson, W H Kaye, K N Boutelle
2013 International Journal of Obesity  
Executive dysfunction is associated with obesity-related behaviors, such as increased intake, disinhibited eating, and less physical activity. Physical activity is positively linked with motor skill.  ...  More longitudinal research is needed to determine the directionality of such relationships, to point towards crucial intervention time periods in the development of children, and to inform effective treatment  ...  We also thank the UCSD CHEAR (Center for Healthy Eating and Activity Research) lab for their support and feedback in the writing of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1038/ijo.2013.142 pmid:23913029 pmcid:PMC4456183 fatcat:kvixzexj4zekjjlphdx76pzboe

Theoretical, practical, and social issues in behavioral treatments of obesity

S C Wooley, O W Wooley, S R Dyrenforth
1979 Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis  
Full involvement of the patient in setting goals and planning treatment is recommended.  ...  Rather than reflecting poor compliance with treatment, these findings are consistent with known compensatory metabolic changes that operate to slow weight loss and promote regain.  ...  In any event, these findings begin to make it clear how people may be overweight without eating more than their lean peers and quite apart from differences in activity level.  ... 
doi:10.1901/jaba.1979.12-3 pmid:468747 pmcid:PMC1311346 fatcat:xl7yrp3eljeo5dsilgvuumpkz4

Poster Sessions

2013 Obesity Facts  
Methods: To investigate energy balance, Comprehensive Laboratory Animal Monitoring System was used to measure heat production, respiratory exchange ratio (RER), locomotor activity, food intake, and water  ...  Introduction: One major approach to weight bias reduction consists of decreasing beliefs on the personal controllability of and responsibility for overweight by educating about the biogenetic causes of  ...  Visceral obesity is a greater problem than obesity per se in the elderly Polish population  ... 
doi:10.1159/000170983 fatcat:g6rs7njq2je4djt7yknh3tx624

Can eating pleasure be a lever for healthy eating? A systematic scoping review of eating pleasure and its links with dietary behaviors and health

Alexandra Bédard, Pierre-Olivier Lamarche, Lucie-Maude Grégoire, Catherine Trudel-Guy, Véronique Provencher, Sophie Desroches, Simone Lemieux, Hans De Steur
2020 PLoS ONE  
The aims of this review were to map and summarize data currently available about 1) key dimensions of eating pleasure; 2) associations of eating pleasure, and its key dimensions, with dietary and health  ...  Thus, eating pleasure may be an ally in the promotion of healthy eating.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors are grateful to Mylène Turcotte and Annie Lapointe for their valuable assistance in the scoping review process.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0244292 pmid:33347469 fatcat:vnjdvg3unzdehc6whkafimqzqq

Food Addiction: Implications for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Overeating

Rachel C. Adams, Jemma Sedgmond, Leah Maizey, Christopher D. Chambers, Natalia S. Lawrence
2019 Nutrients  
However, with several DSM-5 criteria having limited application to overeating, the term 'food addiction' is likely to apply only in a minority of cases.  ...  Understanding the similarities and differences between the addictive characteristics of food and illicit substances should prove fruitful in further developing these interventions.  ...  Compared to the sham condition, active stimulation was also associated with a reduction in food intake during an ad-libitum eating phase.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu11092086 pmid:31487791 pmcid:PMC6770567 fatcat:bpxkdjhhanehvncer4tecua5v4

24th European Congress on Obesity (ECO2017), Porto, Portugal, May 17-20, 2017: Abstracts

2017 Obesity Facts  
T3P56 Disordered eating, weight and shape concerns among bariatric patients and controls Lev-Ari, L. 1 ; Zohar, A. 1 ; R. 1 ; Globus, I. 2 ; A. 3 ; Latzer, Y. 4 Acknowledgement: We would like to thank  ...  T3P110 Implementation and evaluation of the '5As of obesity management' in primary care: Results from the 5As team (5AsT) study Acknowledgement: This work was supported by Fapemig and CNPq.  ...  Therefore, we sought to evaluate glucose and lipid metabolism in EAT explants from heart failure patients, with and without diabetes.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000468958 pmid:28528328 pmcid:PMC5661480 fatcat:peggszxdsber3f6zhjihx4cswu

Poster Sessions

2007 Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism  
inflammatory mediators in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated macrophages and suppresses angiogenic markers in vascular endothelial cells.  ...  In cocultivated macrophages and vascular endothelial cells, LPS significantly enhanced nitric oxide (NO) production and tube formation, whereas cotreatment with I3C inhibited such enhancement.  ...  Acknowledgement This study was financially supported by research fund of Chungnam National University in 2006. Acknowledgment Acknowledgment Thank to FAPESP-Brazil-by the financial suppport.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000105121 fatcat:7tiintkunjcjtcmhez2nxndjve

Obesity: Evaluation and treatment

William P. Blocker, Henry J. Ostermann
1996 Disease-a-month  
Overweight is often determined by culture, the century in which one lives, and peer pressure.  ...  We eat unconsciously in front of the television. . We eat in anticipation—“eat now, you may not get a chance later.” .  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0011-5029(96)80001-0 pmid:8982059 fatcat:3d5rbc4zzjgxzg4ch25gozxkl4

Dublin Meeting 5–8 July 2004

2004 Proceedings of the Nutrition Society  
Food fortification with folic acid is primarily aimed at reducing neural tube defects, but is also expected to have some benefit in terms of CVD via a homocysteine (Hcy)-lowering effect.  ...  Controversy currently exists, however, regarding the dose of folic acid required to achieve optimal Hcy lowering in IHD patients, with some suggesting that the dose necessary may be as high as 0.8 mg folic  ...  J.E.C. is in receipt of a National Public Health Career Scientist Award.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0029665104000230 fatcat:b46g7pyvffc7jphaa5f2vgqaim

A Randomized Controlled Trial in Young Women of the Effects of Consuming Pork Meat or Iron Supplements on Nutritional Status and Feeling of Well-being

Jennifer O. McArthur, Peter Petocz, Ian D. Caterson, Samir Samman
2012 Journal of the American College of Nutrition  
the fall is associated with the increase in overweight and obesity in young girls [86, 261] .  ...  The research shows: 1. a correlation between low folic acid intakes of women during pregnancy and newborn infants with neural tube defects (NTD); and reduced numbers of infants born with NTD following  ...  Please think about the activities you do at work, as part of your house and yard work, to get from place to place, and in your spare time for recreation, exercise or sport.  ... 
doi:10.1080/07315724.2012.10720025 pmid:23204154 fatcat:whr33tdwsbfafhalbxahjkhzyu

Abstracts of Original Communications

2002 Proceedings of the Nutrition Society  
It is recognised that feeding legumes results in higher dry matter intakes and this, along with reduced feed retention time in the rumen, helps to increase the flow of dietary C18:2n-6 and C18:3n-3 to  ...  during the intervening winter.  ...  Of the overweight or obese girls, 93% reported eating some fruit compared with 78% of the normal-weight girls; however, of the overweight or obese boys, only 67% reported eating some fruit compared with  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0029665102000277 fatcat:huvckifkobfuhkhuddzk4fpebm

Obesity and Eating Disorders

Kelly C. Allison, Albert J. Stunkard
2005 Psychiatric Clinics of North America  
Premenopausal overweight women do not lose bone during moderate weight loss with adequate or higher calcium intake Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 972-980.  ...  A controlled trial of reduced meal frequency without caloric restriction in healthy, normal-weight, middle-aged adults Am J Clin Nutr 2007 85: 981-988.  ...  CCM and LWT participated in the fieldwork and in the analyses of dietary and anthropometric data. GGD assisted with the GC-MS procedures. JBB provided laboratory support and advice.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.psc.2004.09.006 pmid:15733611 fatcat:u2j5e6toxfcxjih544m2uyddya
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