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Neural Mechanisms of Cognitive Control: An Integrative Model of Stroop Task Performance and fMRI Data

Seth A. Herd, Marie T. Banich, Randall C. O'Reilly
2006 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
& We address the connection between conceptual knowledge and cognitive control using a neural network model. This model extends a widely held theory of cognitive control [Cohen, J.  ...  to the Stroop task we model here.  ...  O'Reilly, Department of Psychology, University of Colorado Boulder, 345 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0345, or via e-mail: oreilly@psych.  ... 
doi:10.1162/089892906775250012 pmid:16417680 fatcat:sxzful4mhbaz3hcq6wc6nqdd6q

Fractionating the Neural Mechanisms of Cognitive Control

Bruno Kopp, Sandra Tabeling, Carsten Moschner, Karl Wessel
2006 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
7z SP Figure presents a summary of the present data as well as their theoretical integration into the domain hypothesis of the neural mechanisms of cognitive control.  ...  frame- works related to the neural mechanisms of cognitive control.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2006.18.6.949 pmid:16839302 fatcat:rnylaawmibgvtl7wh5hx6w2gue

Neural Mechanisms, Temporal Dynamics, and Individual Differences in Interference Control

Birte U. Forstmann, Wery P. M. van den Wildenberg, K. Richard Ridderinkhof
2008 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
These results, which are consistent against the backdrop of the larger literature on cognitive control, could have been derived neither from the standard data-driven fMRI approach, nor from inspecting  ...  & Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) methods may help in understanding processes of response capture and response inhibition in conflict tasks, such as the Simon task.  ...  Forstmann, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychology, Amsterdam Center for the Study of Adaptive Control in Brain and Behavior (Acacia), Roetersstraat 15, 1018 WB Amsterdam, the Netherlands, or  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2008.20122 pmid:18370596 fatcat:cqenn4wuozb35fugmqv7pibut4

Motivation and Cognitive Control: From Behavior to Neural Mechanism

Matthew Botvinick, Todd Braver
2015 Annual Review of Psychology  
Research on cognitive control and executive function has long recognized the relevance of motivational factors.  ...  More broadly, we argue that neuroscientific evidence plays a critical role in understanding the mechanisms by which motivation and cognitive control interact.  ...  Such an effect has indeed been recently observed in an fMRI study by Esposito and colleagues (2014) , who found that inducing mental exhaustion-resulting from sustained performance of a novel task-led  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-010814-015044 pmid:25251491 fatcat:ez6kqpz4qnawjmdjy42b4oiete

Aging Affects Dopaminergic Neural Mechanisms of Cognitive Flexibility

Anne S. Berry, Vyoma D. Shah, Suzanne L. Baker, Jacob W. Vogel, James P. O'Neil, Mustafa Janabi, Henry D. Schwimmer, Shawn M. Marks, William J. Jagust
2016 Journal of Neuroscience  
Few studies have combined measurement of brain dopamine with examination of the neural basis of cognition in youth and aging to delineate the underlying mechanisms of these associations.  ...  Combining in vivo PET imaging of dopamine synthesis capacity, fMRI, and a sensitive measure of cognitive flexibility, we reveal three core findings.  ...  of aging on dopaminergic neural mechanisms of cognitive flexibility.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.0626-16.2016 pmid:27807030 pmcid:PMC5157103 fatcat:igif4bihsncspicl45z2y7j5s4

Turning down the heat: Neural mechanisms of cognitive control for inhibiting task-irrelevant emotional information during adolescence

Marie T. Banich, Harry R. Smolker, Hannah R. Snyder, Jarrod A. Lewis-Peacock, Detre A. Godinez, Tor D. Wager, Benajmin L. Hankin
2019 Neuropsychologia  
In our study, adolescent participants performed an emotion word - emotional face Stroop task requiring them to determine the emotional valence (positive, negative) of a task-relevant word in the context  ...  As such, we provide insights into the more precise mechanisms by which cognitive control influences task performance on a trial-by-trial basis during adolescence.  ...  The work reported in this paper was enabled by a James McKell Cateen sabbatical award to the first author and support from R01MH105501 to M. Banich and B. Hankin (MPIs).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.12.006 pmid:30615898 pmcid:PMC6771039 fatcat:vusq24s23bbsdaz7oku25b6ohi

A neural mechanism of cognitive control for resolving conflict between abstract task rules

Yi-Shin Sheu, Susan M. Courtney
2016 Cortex  
In the current study, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the mechanism by which we can select relevant over irrelevant task rules.  ...  Phonological and semantic tasks were used in which performance depended on learned, abstract representations of information, rather than sensory features of the target stimulus or on any habituated stimulusresponse  ...  fMRI data acquisition and pre-processing fMRI scanning was conducted at the F. M.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2016.09.018 pmid:27771559 pmcid:PMC5127732 fatcat:cgy47h6sknchjlei7t2st5hseq

Psychological and neural mechanisms associated with effort-related cardiovascular reactivity and cognitive control: An integrative approach

Nicolas Silvestrini
2017 International Journal of Psychophysiology  
Psychological and neural mechanisms associated with effort-related cardiovascular reactivity and cognitive control: An integrative approach.  ...  The present integrative approach builds on the research on cognitive control and its brain correlates that shows that dACC function can be related to conflict monitoring and integration of information  ...  Effort-Related Cardiovascular Reactivity and Cognitive Control 25  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.12.009 pmid:28017637 fatcat:jpkjzjxg5raphgbn55qhwbmsn4

Conditioned task-set competition: Neural mechanisms of emotional interference in depression

Aleks Stolicyn, J. Douglas Steele, Peggy Seriès
2016 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
This study proposes a novel integrative computational model of neural mechanisms of both the classical and emotional Stroop effects, drawing on the previous prominent theoretical explanations of performance  ...  Simulation results suggested a candidate mechanism responsible for the pattern of depressive performance at the classical and the emotional Stroop tasks.  ...  Modelling aims Our first aim is to attempt to better explain the neural mechanisms involved in generating the emotional Stroop effects, within an integrative model of both the classical and emotional Stroop  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13415-016-0478-4 pmid:27943159 fatcat:2iv4wqbszjhsdirj7wt4fympie

Exploring Neural Mechanisms Related to Cognitive Control, Reward, and Affect in Eating Disorders: A Narrative Review of FMRI Studies

Joseph A Wonderlich, Mariya Bershad, Joanna E Steinglass
2021 Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment  
Many of these studies have focused on three domains: 1) cognitive control, 2) reward processing, and 3) affective processing.  ...  Studies using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have contributed to our understanding of possible neural abnormalities among individuals with eating disorders.  ...  not show fed-versus-fasted neural differences and the HC group did. 49 Reward processes may be linked with cognitive control in that cognitive control may be part of forgoing an immediate reward.  ... 
doi:10.2147/ndt.s282554 pmid:34188475 pmcid:PMC8232881 fatcat:omcylwh27bhvbhpmbbwdvt2wiq

Elevated body mass index and maintenance of cognitive function in late life: exploring underlying neural mechanisms

Chun Liang Hsu, Michelle W. Voss, John R. Best, Todd C. Handy, Kenneth Madden, Niousha Bolandzadeh, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
2015 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
The possible neural mechanisms underlying the benefit of higher BMI on cognition in older adults are largely unknown.  ...  At baseline, participants performed a finger-tapping task during fMRI scanning.  ...  The FEN is involved in executive function-related cognitive processes and the maintenance of an extended cognitive state during task performance (Dosenbach et al., 2006; Seeley et al., 2007) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2015.00155 pmid:26347646 pmcid:PMC4539697 fatcat:yrfkf4lpibfcnalrpb4qikhwsu

How brains beware: neural mechanisms of emotional attention

Patrik Vuilleumier
2005 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
This work should help to elucidate the neural processes and temporal dynamics governing the integration of cognitive and affective influences in attention and behaviour.  ...  These modulatory effects implement specialized mechanisms of 'emotional attention' that might supplement but also compete with other sources of top-down control on perception.  ...  In variants of the Stroop task, naming the colour of a word or picture is slowed when the stimulus has an emotional meaning (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2005.10.011 pmid:16289871 fatcat:5vvv3jil4jbe5a4wz5hbyo5qt4

Distracted and down: neural mechanisms of affective interference in subclinical depression

Roselinde H. Kaiser, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Jeffrey M. Spielberg, Stacie L. Warren, Bradley P. Sutton, Gregory A. Miller, Wendy Heller, Marie T. Banich
2014 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
However, findings are mixed regarding the neural mechanisms and network dynamics of affective interference.  ...  The present study addressed these issues by comparing neural activation during emotion-word and color-word Stroop tasks in participants with varying levels of (primarily subclinical) depression.  ...  During session 2, fMRI data were collected during two Stroop tasks, with task order counterbalanced across participants.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsu100 pmid:25062838 pmcid:PMC4420741 fatcat:ast2ghmtw5getlgdsnjhqandkq

Efficacy and neural mechanism of acupuncture treatment in older adults with subjective cognitive decline: study protocol for a randomised controlled clinical trial

Chao-Qun Yan, Ping Zhou, Xu Wang, Jian Feng Tu, Shang-Qing Hu, Jian-Wei Huo, Zhong-Yan Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Ya-Nan Zhang, Jun-Qiu Li, Jun Wang, Cun-Zhi Liu
2019 BMJ Open  
study that investigates the efficacy and mechanism of acupuncture in SCD.  ...  IntroductionSubjective cognitive decline (SCD) refers to individuals' perceived decline in memory and/or other cognitive abilities relative to their previous level of performance, while objective neuropsychological  ...  The study is designed to examine the effect and neural mechanism of acupuncture treatment on cognitive function before and after a 12-week intervention period.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028317 pmid:31601583 pmcid:PMC6797373 fatcat:clhjo6w4drfbrj422euolq7gzq

Face-induced expectancies influence neural mechanisms of performance monitoring

Roman Osinsky, Jennifer Seeger, Patrick Mussel, Johannes Hewig
2015 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
We analyzed electrocortical signatures of performance monitoring at the stages of cue processing, task performance, and feedback reception.  ...  We recorded an electroencephalogram while participants completed a time-estimation task, during which they received performance feedback from a strict and a lenient evaluator.  ...  The CNV has been interpreted to reflect an anticipatory preparation of neural mechanisms which are later involved in task processing (Brunia et al., 2012) .  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13415-015-0387-y pmid:26527096 fatcat:kzcklcdyd5fxzdy7ggleisoyje
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