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Neural Correlates of Protection Motivation for Secure IT Behaviors: An fMRI Examination

Merrill Warkentin, Eric Walden, Allen Johnston, Detmar Straub
2016 Journal of the AIS  
Our fMRI results suggest that fear appeals elicit threat and threat response assessments, which partially supports fear appeal theory but does not support the presence of an actual fear response.  ...  Furthermore, appraisals of recommended threat responses had a stronger impact on intentions to enact security behaviors than appraisals of the threat itself, which suggests that a focus on threats might  ...  We also acknowledge the research support of the Mississippi State College of Business and the Mississippi State Distributed Analytics and Security Institute (DASI).  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00424 fatcat:n3qrvtz75vedjen6b7k2hbw2iq

Aggression in Women: Behavior, Brain and Hormones

Thomas F. Denson, Siobhan M. O'Dean, Khandis R. Blake, Joanne R. Beames
2018 Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience  
Fear of being harmed is a robust inhibitor of direct aggression in women. There are too few studies and most are underpowered to detect unique neural mechanisms associated with aggression in women.  ...  We review the literature on aggression in women with an emphasis on laboratory experimentation and hormonal and brain mechanisms.  ...  Two fMRI studies investigated the neural correlates of alcohol-related aggression in men and women.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2018.00081 pmid:29770113 pmcid:PMC5942158 fatcat:674qy5febjgetnxd757jv34tga

Common and divergent psychobiological mechanisms underlying maternal behaviors in non-human and human mammals

Joseph S. Lonstein, Frédéric Lévy, Alison S. Fleming
2015 Hormones and Behavior  
importance of this body of work is thought to be its relevance for understanding similar controls in humans.  ...  We here review many of the important biopsychological influences on maternal behaviors in the two best studied non-human animals, laboratory rats and sheep, and directly examine how the conceptual framework  ...  Aya Dudin for their valuable input to components of this review. We would also like to thank all the scientists whose work has contributed to the formulation of the ideas expressed in this review.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2015.06.011 pmid:26122301 pmcid:PMC4546863 fatcat:6gpc3j5qbfhx3l5eu4wbxpszmq

"Can Secure Behaviors Be Contagious? A Two-Stage Investigation of the Influence of Herd Behavior on Security Decisions "

Ali Vedadi, Middle Tennessee State University, Merrill Warkentin, Mississippi State University
2020 Journal of the AIS  
to engage in protection-motivated behaviors.  ...  IT users often make information security-related decisions in complex and multidimensional environments, which could lead to phenomena like behavioral anomalies.  ...  Neural correlates of protection motivation for secure IT behaviors: An fMRI examination. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 17(3), 194-215. Witte, K., & Allen, M. (2000).  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00607 fatcat:ic4zvmlgxrft3lyvslb7epqtmm

Behavioral Inhibition: Linking Biology and Behavior within a Developmental Framework

Nathan A. Fox, Heather A. Henderson, Peter J. Marshall, Kate E. Nichols, Melissa M. Ghera
2005 Annual Review of Psychology  
Research on behavioral inhibition has examined the link between this set of behaviors to the neural systems involved in the experience and expression of fear.  ...  The current chapter reviews these areas of research and provides an integrative account of the broad impact of behavioral inhibition research.  ...  In this sense, mothers in secure dyads who have inhibited children may support their children's strategies for coping with an unfamiliar and/or stressful situation.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.55.090902.141532 pmid:15709935 fatcat:gqggcc4vnvgh3ef6uegly2ocpi

Adolescent suicide and suicidal behavior

Jeffrey A. Bridge, Tina R. Goldstein, David A. Brent
2006 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines  
This review examines the descriptive epidemiology, and risk and protective factors for youth suicide and suicidal behavior.  ...  A model of youth suicidal behavior is articulated, whereby suicidal behavior ensues as a result of an interaction of socio-cultural, developmental, psychiatric, psychological, and familyenvironmental factors  ...  For example, through fMRI studies, the development of response inhibition, and the neural structures supporting it, have been well studied.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2006.01615.x pmid:16492264 fatcat:gopl3oxcuvh4zapvw6mfou2jhe

Sex Differences in Response to Visual Sexual Stimuli: A Review

Heather A. Rupp, Kim Wallen
2007 Archives of Sexual Behavior  
These differences are of practical importance to future research on sexual arousal that aims to use experimental stimuli comparably appealing to men and women and also for general understanding of cognitive  ...  Sexual motivation, perceived gender role expectations, and sexual attitudes are possible influences.  ...  PET, because it uses the accumulation of radioactive tracers, is more clearly linked to neural activity and, unlike fMRI, can detect both increased activation and deactivation of neural activity.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10508-007-9217-9 pmid:17668311 pmcid:PMC2739403 fatcat:fjjo7ongyba7la7sawv6kzfwky

Therapist's Empathy, Attachment, and Therapeutic Alliance: Neurobiological Perspective

Seongjun Kim
2018 International Journal of Psychology & Behavior Analysis  
It is also important to build secure attachments for therapeutic alliance that may lead to better treatment for clients.  ...  For future research, empirical study is recommended to be conducted using fMRI to assess brain functions for the examination of how therapist's empathy, attachment, and therapeutic alliance function in  ... 
doi:10.15344/2455-3867/2018/140 fatcat:4wfpbk5kija2rckywgyfm7t6wm

Dopamine and Oxytocin Interactions Underlying Behaviors: Potential Contributions to Behavioral Disorders

Tracey A. Baskerville, Alison J. Douglas
2010 CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics  
This bi-directional role of dopamine has also been implicated during some components of sexual behavior.  ...  This review will discuss evidence for the existence dopamine/oxytocin positive interaction in social behavioral paradigms and associated disorders such as sexual dysfunction, autism, addiction, anorexia  ...  Pair Bonding Most studies examining the neural correlates of pair bonding use prairie voles as unlike rats, they form longlasting bonds after mating and can display high social functioning in certain behavioral  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1755-5949.2010.00154.x pmid:20557568 fatcat:ut4x2alnqrcb3nexi77ikw3j4e

Empathy: Gender effects in brain and behavior

Leonardo Christov-Moore, Elizabeth A. Simpson, Gino Coudé, Kristina Grigaityte, Marco Iacoboni, Pier Francesco Ferrari
2014 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
Examinations of the neurobiological underpinnings of empathy reveal important quantitative gender differences in the basic networks involved in affective and cognitive forms of empathy, as well as a qualitative  ...  Evidence suggests that there are differences in the capacity for empathy between males and females. However, how deep do these differences go?  ...  We propose that an examination of interindividual differences in empathetic skilland sex/gender differences, specifically -can be informative for understanding the nature of empathy, including its proximate  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.09.001 pmid:25236781 pmcid:PMC5110041 fatcat:hmxbhqdq7vefng5jjvkfyeog2e

Explaining individual variation in paternal brain responses to infant cries

Ting Li, Marilyn Horta, Jennifer S. Mascaro, Kelly Bijanki, Luc H. Arnal, Melissa Adams, Ronald G. Barr, James K. Rilling
2018 Physiology and Behavior  
By identifying neural correlates of variation in paternal subjective reactions to infant crying, these findings help lay the groundwork for evaluating the effectiveness of interventions designed to increase  ...  whether these neural responses were correlated with measured characteristics of fathers and infants that were hypothesized to modulate these responses.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Erin Trifilio, Nicole Asante and Lynnet Richey for assistance with various aspects of this study. Li et al. Page 17 Physiol Behav.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2017.12.033 pmid:29730041 pmcid:PMC6015531 fatcat:qb6xyf5tnbh7lpzvwtxws2ncx4

Cultural Attachment: From Behavior to Computational Neuroscience

Wei-Jie Yap, Bobby Cheon, Ying-yi Hong, George I. Christopoulos
2019 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Epistemologically, whereas we currently have an adequate predictivist model of CA, it is necessary to prepare for a mechanistic approach that will not only predict, but also explain CA phenomena.  ...  Cultural attachment (CA) refers to processes that allow culture and its symbols to provide psychological security when facing threat.  ...  The preparation of this article was partially supported by the Academic Research Fund (AcRF) Tier 1 (RG 1/11 M4010946.010) from the Ministry of Education, Singapore, awarded to GC; the Nanyang Assistant  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2019.00209 pmid:31281247 pmcid:PMC6596443 fatcat:rohaz5zirvg4naz4lmgas4hmsi

Behavioral and Brain Activity Indices of Cognitive Control Deficits in Binge Drinkers

Sean Molnar, Lauren Beaton, Joseph Happer, Lee Holcomb, Siyuan Huang, Donatello Arienzo, Ksenija Marinkovic
2018 Brain Sciences  
This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine behavioral and brain activity indices of cognitive control during the Stroop task as a function of binge drinking.  ...  Greater conflict-induced activity in the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC) and thalamus was observed in HED participants and it was positively correlated with alcohol intake and alcohol-related harmful  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank members of the Spatio-Temporal Brain Imaging Lab at SDSU for their assistance. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci8010009 pmid:29300304 pmcid:PMC5789340 fatcat:gxf2y43mqrc4dhzkdebo4ae7bu

Behavioral Roles of Oxytocin and Vasopressin [chapter]

Benjamin C.
2012 Neuroendocrinology and Behavior  
In a fMRI study, securely attached mothers exhibited a more robust OXT response to images of their own infants when crying and smiling, and also had increased neural responses in brain regions association  ...  It appears that male prairie vole paternal behavior may rely on the neural effects of both peptides.  ... 
doi:10.5772/50422 fatcat:cyiyat7zdbbmfeklpwfynd2zz4

The Effect of Centralized Financial and Social Incentives on Cooperative Behavior and Its Underlying Neural Mechanisms

Leticia Micheli, Mirre Stallen, Alan G. Sanfey
2021 Brain Sciences  
Here, we investigated the effect of centralized incentives on cooperation, firstly in a behavioral study and then replicated in a subsequent neuroimaging (fMRI) study.  ...  These results speak to the efficacy of different types of centralized incentives in increasing cooperative behavior, and they show that incentives directly impact the neural mechanisms underlying cooperation  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci11030317 pmid:33801568 pmcid:PMC7998905 fatcat:ctmhselcqrhd7dka5flilindfe
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