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Neural correlates of "social gaze" processing in high-functioning autism under systematic variation of gaze duration

A.L. Georgescu, B. Kuzmanovic, L. Schilbach, R. Tepest, R. Kulbida, G. Bente, K. Vogeley
2013 NeuroImage: Clinical  
with high-functioning autism (HFA) and a matched control group.  ...  Employing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a parametric design, we investigated the neural correlates of the influence of gaze direction and gaze duration on person perception in individuals  ...  Nora Vetter, Silvia Linnartz and Astrid Gawronski deserve much appreciation for the help with stimulus generation and evaluation and Natacha Santos for valuable feedback on an earlier version of this paper  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2013.08.014 pmid:24273718 pmcid:PMC3815020 fatcat:equgkm7nbjcifjo4idpjhom7au

Two social brains: neural mechanisms of intersubjectivity

Kai Vogeley
2017 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
It is the aim of this article to present an empirically justified hypothesis about the functional roles of the two social neural systems, namely the socalled 'mirror neuron system' (MNS) and the 'mentalizing  ...  system' (MENT, also 'theory of mind network' or 'social neural network').  ...  variation of the experience of being gazed at by virtual characters with different durations in a study employing fMRI [51] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0245 pmid:28673921 pmcid:PMC5498305 fatcat:bojal5ibezfsphivybc4errxly

The Use of Virtual Characters to Assess and Train Non-Verbal Communication in High-Functioning Autism

Alexandra Livia Georgescu, Bojana Kuzmanovic, Daniel Roth, Gary Bente, Kai Vogeley
2014 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
High-functioning autism (HFA) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, which is characterized by life-long socio-communicative impairments on the one hand and preserved verbal and general learning and memory  ...  One of the areas where particular difficulties are observable is the understanding of non-verbal communication cues.Thus, investigating the underlying psychological processes and neural mechanisms of non-verbal  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank Ralf Tepest for his helpful feedback with an earlier version of this manuscript and Marius Jonas and Susanne Holocher for help with the literature search.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00807 pmid:25360098 pmcid:PMC4197646 fatcat:6x5vceyv5bed5eaz4ad67dnpia

Impact of oxytocin reactivity on infant social gaze at four months

Isabelle Müller
2015 unpublished
Therefore, it is investigated whether oxytocin has a moderating impact on infant social gaze and, therefore, may influence the healthy development of the child.  ...  In particular, an increase in infant oxytocin predicted a better social adjustment of infants.  ...  Studies with mammals display plenty of evidence that variations in maternal care are predicted by levels of oxytocin and the number of oxytocin receptors in relevant neural regions (Champagne et al.,  ... 
doi:10.25365/thesis.37742 fatcat:wmjrxn7oczayzdd7zvpmg3anty

Genetic origins of social networks in rhesus macaques

Lauren J. N. Brent, Sarah R. Heilbronner, Julie E. Horvath, Janis Gonzalez-Martinez, Angelina Ruiz-Lambides, Athy G. Robinson, J. H. Pate Skene, Michael L. Platt
2013 Scientific Reports  
in our understanding of the genetic basis of sociality.  ...  Affiliative tendencies were predicted by genetic variation at two loci involved in serotonergic signalling, although this result did not withstand correction for multiple tests.  ...  (C) Proportion of social gaze as a function of high vs. low prosocial sessions (median split on the preference indices) for BLA OT, BLA saline, dlPFC OT, and dlPFC saline injection.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep01042 pmid:23304433 pmcid:PMC3540398 fatcat:i2goliyucnaupa4ckfonq4s7ry

It's in your eyes—using gaze-contingent stimuli to create truly interactive paradigms for social cognitive and affective neuroscience

Marcus Wilms, Leonhard Schilbach, Ulrich Pfeiffer, Gary Bente, Gereon R. Fink, Kai Vogeley
2010 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
The field of social neuroscience has made remarkable progress in elucidating the neural mechanisms of social cognition.  ...  imaging, thus, providing an innovative tool to generate gaze-contingent stimuli in spite of the constraints of this experimental setting.  ...  This procedural dimension of 'social gaze' in 'online' interaction has only recently begun to be systematically investigated (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsq024 pmid:20223797 pmcid:PMC2840847 fatcat:otml2sjivzfkneqmrpeypsp5xq

Neurobiological Correlates of Fatherhood During the Postpartum Period: A Scoping Review

Mónica Sobral, Francisca Pacheco, Beatriz Perry, Joana Antunes, Sara Martins, Raquel Guiomar, Isabel Soares, Adriana Sampaio, Ana Mesquita, Ana Ganho-Ávila
2022 Frontiers in Psychology  
Although the impact of such experience in the mother has been increasingly studied over the past years, less is known about the neurobiological correlates of fatherhood—that is, the alterations in the  ...  activity in several brain networks related to empathy and approach motivation, emotional processing and mentalizing, emotion regulation, dorsal attention, and default mode networks) as a result of fatherhood  ...  The interaction of high plasma OT and A allele of the rs379686 SNP of the CD38 gene predicted longer durations of parent-infant gaze synchrony.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.745767 pmid:35185716 pmcid:PMC8850250 fatcat:yyhmvkk5enepdh2zxcrkqdnssy

Design of a Gaze-Sensitive Virtual Social Interactive System for Children With Autism

U. Lahiri, Z. Warren, N. Sarkar
2011 IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering  
Index Terms-Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), blink rate, eyetracking, fixation duration, pupil diameter, virtual reality (VR).  ...  Given the promise of VR-based social interaction and the usefulness of monitoring eye-gaze in real-time, a novel VR-based dynamic eye-tracking system is developed in this work.  ...  in social gaze-based experiments [36] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnsre.2011.2153874 pmid:21609889 pmcid:PMC3860755 fatcat:avqbik3ijzaalhmeon2njhckxm

A Non-Verbal Turing Test: Differentiating Mind from Machine in Gaze-Based Social Interaction

Ulrich J. Pfeiffer, Bert Timmermans, Gary Bente, Kai Vogeley, Leonhard Schilbach, Mark W. Greenlee
2011 PLoS ONE  
The character's gaze reactions were systematically varied along a continuum from a maximal probability of gaze aversion to a maximal probability of gaze-following during brief interactions, thereby varying  ...  Previous investigations, however, have relied on paradigms in which participants are passive observers of other persons' gazes and do not adjust their gaze behavior as is the case in real-life social encounters  ...  versions of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0027591 pmid:22096599 pmcid:PMC3212571 fatcat:nmaqeizhqvhulnhdzxo7era5zu

Detecting Gaze Towards Eyes in Natural Social Interactions and its Use in Child Assessment [article]

Eunji Chong, Katha Chanda, Zhefan Ye, Audrey Southerland, Nataniel Ruiz, Rebecca M. Jones, Agata Rozga, James M. Rehg
2019 arXiv   pre-print
As a result, measures of eye contact arise in a variety of applications such as the assessment of the social communication skills of children at risk for developmental disorders such as autism, or the  ...  We report an overall precision of 0.76, recall of 0.80, and an area under the precision-recall curve of 0.79, all of which are significant improvements over existing methods.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS e authors would like to thank Yin Li for helpful discussions, and Marcus Autism Center for sharing their dataset with the authors. is study was funded in part by the Simons Foundation under  ... 
arXiv:1902.00607v1 fatcat:tz63fofrjfh77kclbyjhpbhv7i

Assessing Self-Awareness through Gaze Agency

Regina Gregori Grgič, Sofia Allegra Crespi, Claudio de'Sperati, Marina A. Pavlova
2016 PLoS ONE  
In addition to putting a lens on this novel cognitive function, measuring gaze agency could reveal subtle self-awareness deficits in pathological conditions and during development. Discovery Task.  ...  Both tasks turned out to be well suited to measure both increases and decreases of gaze agency. We did not find evident oculomotor correlates of agency discovery or detection.  ...  Gaze agency in the physical/technological domain is different from social gaze agency.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0164682 pmid:27812138 pmcid:PMC5094589 fatcat:qqqgq6xbbzavbgztrniqc542ae

Pre-emptive Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder: Theoretical Foundations and Clinical Translation

Pamela S. Douglas
2019 Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience  
ASD are polygenetic spectrum disorders of neural connectome development, in which one or more feedback loops amplify small genetic, structural, or functional variations in the very early development of  ...  These perturbations trigger a 'butterfly effect' of unpredictable cascades of structural and functional imbalances in the global neuronal workspace, resulting in atypical behaviors, social communication  ...  By three months of age, social gaze is the primary modality of coordinated interactions, occurring 30-50% of the time in low risk infants.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnint.2019.00066 pmid:31798425 pmcid:PMC6877903 fatcat:6e5s4on26rhzlddegqrxlyl7lm

Broader Autism Phenotype in Siblings of Children with ASD—A Review

Ewa Pisula, Karolina Ziegart-Sadowska
2015 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Boys are particularly at risk, with the correlation three times higher than in girls.  ...  However, the studies in this area are highly diverse in terms of aspects such as design, instruments used, participant groups, as well as number of participants, their ages, and functions of interest,  ...  Acknowledgments This paper was funded by the project of the National Science Center of Poland, #UMO-2011/03/B/HS6/03326 and by the University of Warsaw.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijms160613217 pmid:26068453 pmcid:PMC4490493 fatcat:spp5a7vdcreydhkqhgbrzz5uyy

Cross-Modal Coordination of Face-Directed Gaze and Emotional Speech Production in School-Aged Children and Adolescents with ASD

Tanner Sorensen, Emily Zane, Tiantian Feng, Shrikanth Narayanan, Ruth Grossman
2019 Scientific Reports  
The objective of the present study was to characterize the dynamic relation between speech production and facial expression in children with autism and to establish how face-directed gaze modulates this  ...  in autism.  ...  Content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-019-54587-z pmid:31797950 pmcid:PMC6892887 fatcat:t2us2fgydfetbm5pexdqiz2m4m

Spring School on Language, Music, and Cognition

Rie Asano, Pia Bornus, Justin T. Craft, Sarah Dolscheid, Sarah E. M. Faber, Viviana Haase, Marvin Heimerich, Radha Kopparti, Marit Lobben, Ayumi M. Osawa, Kendra Oudyk, Patrick C. Trettenbrein (+5 others)
2018 Music & Science  
In particular, researchers approached questions concerning cognitive processes, computational procedures, and neural mechanisms underlying the temporal organization of language and music, mainly from two  ...  and emotions in their communicative function (i.e., an interpersonal perspective).  ...  of "QVM Innovation in der Lehre" and "Cologne Summer School."  ... 
doi:10.1177/2059204318798831 fatcat:evfb2chokfbo7lacq3bpbkwaea
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