19,092 Hits in 11.6 sec

Neural correlates of enhanced working-memory performance in dissociative disorder: a functional MRI study

2006 Psychological Medicine  
To assess working memory in dissociative patients functional magnetic resonance imaging was used during performance of a parametric, verbal working-memory task in patients with a dissociative disorder  ...  Memory functioning has been highlighted as a central issue in pathological dissociation.  ...  This study aims to contribute to the characterization of workingmemory functioning in terms of cognitive and neural information processing in a group of female dissociative patients.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0033291706008932 pmid:17018171 fatcat:72j45znksbhzlilzr4gdcidghu

Sentence Reading: A Functional MRI Study at 4 Tesla

D. Bavelier, D. Corina, P. Jezzard, S. Padmanabhan, V. P. Clark, A. Karni, A. Prinster, A. Braun, A. Lalwani, J. P. Rauschecker, R. Turner, H. Neville
1997 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
In addition they point to areas only more recently considered as language-relevant including the anterior portion of the superior temporal sulcus.  ...  This area has not been reliably observed in imaging studies of isolated word processing.  ...  Robert Balaban of NHLBI, NIH, for giving us access to the MR Facilities. We are grateful to M. Sereno and A. Dale for lending us one of their 3-D inflated brains for the figures and to J.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.1997.9.5.664 pmid:23965123 fatcat:qw63wjkuunej3gzoeg5nge7x5q

Probing the neural correlates of associative memory formation: A parametrically analyzed event-related functional MRI study

Indira Tendolkar, Jennifer Arnold, Karl Magnus Petersson, Susanne Weis, Anke Brockhaus-Dumke, Philip van Eijndhoven, Jan Buitelaar, Guillén Fernández
2007 Brain Research  
The medial temporal lobe (MTL) is crucial for declarative memory formation, but the function of its subcomponents in associative memory formation remains controversial.  ...  Most functional imaging studies on this topic are based on a stepwise approach comparing a condition with and one without associative encoding.  ...  (Tulving, 1983) , functional imaging studies have begun to delineate the neural processes underlying declarative memory formation at the brain system level.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2007.01.040 pmid:17306237 fatcat:q5wluwmunbfsrdlkydpiifw4di

The functional anatomy of attention to visual motion. A functional MRI study

C Buchel
1998 Brain  
We were interested in the modulatory effect of attention to visual motion on cortical responses as measured by functional MRI.  ...  Attention can enhance or modulate neural responses to stimuli at early and late stages of sensory processing.  ...  Acknowledgements We wish to thank A. Brennan, J. Galliers and G. Lewington for help with fMRI scanning. C.B., O.J., G.R., R.T., C.D.F. and K.J.F. are supported by the Wellcome Trust.  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/121.7.1281 pmid:9679780 fatcat:lwsbb4vl5je4tnvlyyvwfk3woe

Motor Response Selection in Overt Sentence Production: A Functional MRI Study

Pascale Tremblay, Steven L. Small
2011 Frontiers in Psychology  
The objective of the present study was to examine the neural underpinnings of motor response selection in a set of overt language production tasks.  ...  Further, the present study suggests that response selection in sentence production engages neural resources similar to those engaged in the production of isolated words and oral motor gestures.  ...  The study was supported by a research grant from the NIDCD (R01 DC003378) to S. L. Small, and by a postdoctoral fellowship from CIHR (Canadian Institute of Health Research) to P. Tremblay.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00253 pmid:21994500 pmcid:PMC3183829 fatcat:bplby7aofnc6rbtzkwrd6pfjt4

Neurophysiological correlates of increased verbal working memory in high-dissociative participants: a functional MRI study

2005 Psychological Medicine  
In the present study, the authors sought to extend these findings by using functional magnetic resonance imaging during performance of two parametric working memory tasks.  ...  Dissociation, defined as a disruption in usually integrated mental functions, is found not only in DSM-IV dissociative disorders, but also in post-traumatic stress disorder and eating disorders.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The research described in this paper was funded by the Nederlandse organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO) as part of the Priority Program Research on Memory and Dementia.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0033291704002971 pmid:15841675 fatcat:np4rxx43xnbxpkmkgws5ygkyk4

Young and Middle-Aged Schoolteachers Differ in the Neural Correlates of Memory Encoding and Cognitive Fatigue: A Functional MRI Study

Elissa B. Klaassen, Sarah Plukaard, Elisabeth A. T. Evers, Renate H. M. de Groot, Walter H. Backes, Dick J. Veltman, Jelle Jolles
2016 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We studied young and middle-aged male schoolteachers. They were compared in a study with functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate differences during successful memory encoding.  ...  The schoolteachers were additionally subjected to an induced fatigue condition involving the sustained performance of cognitively demanding tasks and to a control condition.  ...  function within the context of the general linear model.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2016.00148 pmid:27092068 pmcid:PMC4823302 fatcat:ecgads47sfbrrikrymzkoxiney

Does simile comprehension differ from metaphor comprehension? A functional MRI study

Midori Shibata, Akira Toyomura, Hiroki Motoyama, Hiroaki Itoh, Yasuhiro Kawabata, Jun-ichi Abe
2012 Brain and Language  
In this study, we investigated the neural substrates involved in the comprehension of metaphor and simile using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to evaluate whether simile comprehension differs  ...  Since Aristotle, people have believed that metaphors and similes express the same type of figurative meaning, despite the fact that they are expressed with different sentence patterns.  ...  Acknowledgments 19 This research was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists (Start-up: 2080000108) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2012.03.006 pmid:22534570 fatcat:hix3afqrcrau7jqzwqiv2xhvta

Training-Induced Neural Plasticity in Youth: A Systematic Review of Structural and Functional MRI Studies

Olga Tymofiyeva, Robert Gaschler
2021 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Significant correlation of performance improvement with neural changes was reported in 51% of the studies. Yet, only 48% of the studies had a control condition.  ...  Here, we systematically review MRI-based evidence of training-induced neural plasticity in children and adolescents. A total of 71 articles were included in the review.  ...  Type of MRI. In 70.4% (N = 50) of the studies, functional MRI was involved. Specifically, 58% of the studies were taskbased fMRI studies utilizing a variety of tasks.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2020.497245 pmid:33536885 pmcid:PMC7848153 fatcat:oebewauzhfa3zdlil3xo3rnoo4

Brief Report: Anomalous Neural Deactivations and Functional Connectivity During Receptive Language in Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Functional MRI Study

Ariel Karten, Joy Hirsch
2014 Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders  
Further, functional connectivity between the superior temporal gyrus and regions that exhibited a NBR during receptive language in control participants was increased in ASD participants.  ...  In this study, functional magnetic resonance imaging showed that the NBR in ASD participants was reduced during passive listening to spoken narratives compared to control participants.  ...  in Neuroscience) and Spiro Pantazatos (Columbia University Graduate Program in Physiology and Cellular Biophysics), and for mentoring guidance, Jay Edelman (The City College of  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10803-014-2344-y pmid:25526952 pmcid:PMC4441908 fatcat:7fh55mbmr5gkfew4fodphg7foq

Brain activation during semantic judgment of Chinese sentences: A functional MRI study

Lei Mo, Ho-Ling Liu, Hua Jin, Ya-Ling Yang
2005 Human Brain Mapping  
A functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was conducted to investigate whether the anatomic substrates of semantic memory may reflect categorical organization and to determine whether the left  ...  Unlike previous studies using a word-retrieval task (e.g., word generation, naming, and word categorization), we used a typical task of semantic knowledge retrieval in cognitive psychology in which subjects  ...  Functional imaging techniques, which can explore the neural basis of semantic information in human volunteers directly and noninvasively, have greatly facilitated the study in this field since the last  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.20091 pmid:15704153 fatcat:p3x72lbtcfhnhnovi5t2sf5nwa

Can medial temporal lobe regions distinguish true from false? An event-related functional MRI study of veridical and illusory recognition memory

R. Cabeza, S. M. Rao, A. D. Wagner, A. R. Mayer, D. L. Schacter
2001 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
To investigate the types of memory traces recovered by the medial temporal lobe (MTL), neural activity during veridical and illusory recognition was measured with the use of functional MRI (fMRI).  ...  Twelve healthy young adults watched a videotape segment in which two speakers alternatively presented lists of associated words, and then the subjects performed a recognition test including words presented  ...  The study was supported by grants from the National Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Alberta Heritage  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.081082698 pmid:11287664 pmcid:PMC31915 fatcat:pfeatzmdq5agtcp3cng5wdn5fi

Autism in Fragile X Syndrome; A Functional MRI Study of Facial Emotion-Processing

Andrew G. McKechanie, Sonya Campbell, Sarah E. A. Eley, Andrew C. Stanfield
2019 Genes  
Previous functional imaging studies of fragile X syndrome have typically focused on those with fragile X syndrome compared to either neurotypical or autism spectrum disorder control groups.  ...  Individuals in the autism group had a region of significantly reduced activity centered on the left superior temporal gyrus, compared to those with FXS alone, in response to the fearful faces.  ...  One of the central features of autism is a difference in reciprocal social communication and interaction. What underlies this from a biological basis has been the basis of a number of theories.  ... 
doi:10.3390/genes10121052 pmid:31861230 fatcat:urbewbbaz5g23hn46z6cmrzf7a

Changes in cortical activity during mental rotation A mapping study using functional MRI

M. S. Cohen, S. M. Kosslyn, H. C. Breiter, G. J. DiGirolamo, W. L. Thompson, A. K. Anderson, S. Y. Bookheimer, B. R. Rosen, J. W. Belliveau
1996 Brain  
one was a mirror-image of the other.  ...  Abbreviations: BA = Brodmann's area; fMRI = functional MRI Shepard and Metzler (1971) showed subjects pairs of perspective line drawings of chiral shapes, and asked whether the shapes were identical or  ...  To investigate these questions, we studied the neural basis of mental rotation with functional MRI, a new technique that reveals localized changes in blood flow associated with neural activity during sensorimotor  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/119.1.89 pmid:8624697 fatcat:lt23vdtcmjaclly5py6e5x2poy

Avoiding monetary loss: a human habenula functional MRI ultra-high field study

Kathrin Weidacker, Seung-Goo Kim, Camilla L. Nord, Catarina Rua, Christopher T. Rodgers, Valerie Voon
2021 Cortex  
However, studying habenula functionality in humans using standard 3 T MRI is inherently limited by its small size.  ...  A number of convergent human neuroimaging and animal studies suggest that habenula neurons fire in anticipation of non-rewarding outcomes, and suppress their firing in anticipation of rewarding outcomes  ...  The MID is especially suited for studying the neural basis of anticipation and receipt due to separating the anticipation and outcome phases in time.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2021.05.013 pmid:34186462 pmcid:PMC8422162 fatcat:3xreohu74zdfnky27ftgnxu5ju
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